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wrote: “My deepest feeling is this: I have the impression of my class. The writers who have preceded me are all of the middle class. I am not interested in the same things that they are. All the moral crises of literature have been the moral crises of the middle class.... I have rather to think of the workingman and of daily bread.” But he was not interested in creating propaganda for the proletariat. His books were written, says M. Dunois, out of his own instincts and liis own experiences. They were not the result

a program, but of human life-particularly his own. There is something in his work that will always bother the Gides and the middle-class littérateurs, says this radical critic. That is this profound class-consciousness with which his entire work is animated. “With Philippe as with Guillaumin it is the world of labor, so different from the old bourgeois world, v:hich is creating a literature in its own image. The curiosity of the lettered and of the snobs

niay mentarily excited by the work of a Philippe; but only the working-class will ever possess the power to understand it and to love it."

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The Culture Cartoons of

Will Dyson.
ILL DYSON, whose vigorous
labor cartoons were a striking

feature of the now extincť London Daily Herald, has recently been exhibiting his anti-militaristic pictorial satires in the British capital. A critic in the London Atlie

CIRCE nacii compares the art of Dyson Of the vigorous anti-militaristic cartoons of Will Dyson, H. G. Wells has written this with its trenchant force and "idea'd eulogy: "Mr. Iyson perceives in militaristic monarchy and national pride a threat to the world,

to civilization and all that he holds dear, and straightway he sets about to slay it with his pencil.” vitality,” to that of Hogarth. H. G.

“Circe" is acclaimed as the greatest anti-war cartoon yet inspired by the great European conflict. Wells wrote an appreciation of these war cartoons in the catalog of the ex

Improving Upon William up and down the room, whispering to

Shakespeare. hibition, expressing his conviction that

TTEMPTS which have been made herself, in broken ejaculations—'Glamis no medium could be more graphic than

thou art-and Cawdor. And . . . shalt

to simplify or popularize standWill Dyson's to express the horror

be what thou hast promised. Yet do I

ard works of literature furnish and degradation of war. Dyson's pen material for an instructive study in

fear thy nature. It is too full of the

milk of human kindness to catch the is facile but sword-like in its cleanness things which are better left undone, nearest way.

. . Thou

would'st be and cruelty. In one of the most strik

notes the London Spectator, comment- great ... art not without ambition ... ing of his drawings, he depicts Militar- ing on “Macbeth: Told by a Popular and yet would not dare to the uttermost ism as a modern Circe, turning men

Novelist," a book recently published in to attain it. What thou would'st highly, and nations into bloodthirsty swine by London. "Paradise Lost" was im- that would'st thou nobly. Would'st not the intransigence of her all-pervading proved upon some years ago by a gen- play false—and yet would'st wrongly logic. Unlike the work of many of the

win. tleman named Mull. “Canned” ver

Ah !—to what wasted opportuniBritish cartoonists, Dyson's work is sions of Scott have been published. tion lead?

ties will such weak-kneed procrastina

Yet—were he here . 110t merely anti-German but preemi- Chaucer has been modernized—evi- he

here. nently anti-militant. Dyson is a native dently upon the advice of one of our

Pausing

the

leaned her arm against the bare stoneof Australia, who developed his artis- humorists who declared that the author work of the embrasure, from which the tic idea from extremely modest be- of Canterbury Tales was a great poet oval orifice looked out over the low-lying ginnings by drawing Syndicalist and but could not spell. Shakespeare has marshes. And in the white curve of her strike cartoons during the three years always been a victim of these literary elbow she rested her throbbing temples.” le contributed to the Daily Herald. criminals, but the present case, accordHis anti-war satires, no less fiery and ing to the Spectator, is too flagrant to

This “popularization” of Shakespeare inflamed than his earlier work, have

pass uncondemned. Here is an "im- suggests startling possibilities for enerso strongly appealed to the English provement” on Shakespeare's text, the getic “popular" novelists, but fortunatepublic that Stanley Paul is publishing musing of Lady Macbeth awaiting the ly this book has not been published them in a volume prefaced by Mr. arrival of Duncan:

in the United States. It is to be hoped Wells, under the title of “Kultur Car

that our own popular novelists will not toons.”

"Il'ith hasty steps she began to pace discover in it.a new field of activity.

were

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THE GREAT RUSSIAN NOVEL

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THE RENAISSANCE OF INTEREST IN RUSSIAN

LITERATURE USSIA is to the young intel- youngest of all literatures, it seems to of conscience, but simply with a view to lectuals of to-day what Italy be spiritually the oldest."

a big provincial circulation—we are natwas to the Victorians," notes

urally restricted as to choice of subject. Rebecca West in The New "In some respects it seems to have be

“There is a note of vigorous appetency Republic. And practically all come overripe before it reached maturity. in this literature; of experimentation and of the leading periodicals of England But herein, perhaps, lies the secret of its unconventionality—so novel that it someand France have admitted the debt of greatness, and this may be the value of times gives us a shock (we hate being

told what we did not know before); a European literature to that of Russia. its contribution to the soul of mankind. It is

full-blooded and warming element absent, "The wonder of Russian literature is

‘Old in grief and very wise in tears'

for instance, in that of another young as indisputable as the glory of and its chief gift to mankind is an ex

country, America; the joy of roving Rome," enthusiastically exlaims the pression, made with a naturalness and a (Gorky: the typical nomad) in unexplored usually critical Rebecca West, and sincerity that are matchless, and a love

domains of the mind. Only a small perNorman Douglas, Hon. Maurice Bar- of reality which is unique,—for all Rus- centage of these authors draw their ining, and Gustave Lanson, all call at- sian literature, whether in prose or verse, spiration from traditional Western themes, tention to its cultural supremacy over

is rooted in reality-of that grief and that the rest are non-derivative in their work; the literary products of all the Euro- wisdom; the grief and wisdom which only a very few are of wealthy stock or pean nations during the past century; large enough to embrace the world and come from a great heart; a heart that is born in the capital, the rest are from ob

scure country places, poor in worldly Gustave Lanson, the distinguished

to drown all the sorrows therein with the goods but not in heart, their mentality French savant, contrasts, in the Revue immensity of its sympathy, its fraternity, clarified and intensified in the school of de Paris, German culture and “Rus- its pity, its charity, and i'; love."

suffering. Literary Russia is not yet censian humanity.” The victorious charm

tralized, like France; not yet commercialof Russian literature has conquered Norman Douglas presents an in- ized, like England.” Occidental Europe, according to Lan- teresting explanation of the prolixity son, because it has renounced the liter- which has rendered some of the great- sian novel, according to the Edinburgh

One of the .chief values of the Rusary modes of the Occident, and has est Russian novels, like Tolstoy's “War

Scotsman, is that it possesses the assumed the task simply of reflecting and Peace" and Dostoevsky's "The the Russian soul—“to reclothe with Brothers Karamazov,” so difficult for strange power of “shaking up

ideas.” “It leaves the ordinary reader the beauty of art the aspirations of the Occidental readers. “Those whose annational consciousness. Tolstoy, Dosto- cestors have been accustomed to roam

disagreeably disturbed and not quite evsky, Gorky, to cite but three names,

sure if for his own comfort it would over endless plains may be supposed

not have been better to have left alone wrote only in order to diminish human to have acquired a wider vision, a suffering. All their work is a crusade more restless mind.” This is reflected, such an unpleasant world.” The same

these disquieting authors who describe against evil, an invitation for all men Mr. Douglas points out in the English critic declares the Russian novel to be to throw aside egoism, wickedness, Review, in Russian literature. “They hardness, greed. They pity the people, like a wide grasp of their subject; they

more pessimistic than Ibsen, "more but without indulgence for its vices. reach out too far and yet must per; literature.”

pessimistic than contemporary French They are severe toward the great and force include it all. ... It is not wilful

Yet, in spite of these the wealthy, but without prejudiced prolixity; it is an irresistible hereditary startling generalizations, the Scotch calumny. Nothing in German litera- straining after spaciousness and wide paper admits that behind the disturb

ing realism of Russian literature there ture, nor in any other literature, is dimensions.”

glows a fair and beautiful spirit. Decomparable to this great wave of humanity with which the Russian novel

spite all the pain and anguish in the

“Whoever takes the trouble to delve a has inundated Europe."

little into the imaginative writers of Rus- writings of Tolstoy, the Scotsman dissia will be astonished at many things : at

covers “no more gentle and winning their sense of technical justesse, for ex

doctrine in the world of letters.” And “The spread of the Russian novel

this spirit seems to pervade the work throughout the Occident marks an epoch ample. That there are vignettes in the

scenery of life which look best in the in European civilization: it has trans

even of the most desperate of the Rusformed, for us especially, art and lit- epigram; that fleeting emotions will befit

microscopic setting of a sonnet or even sian writers. erature. Realism, naturalism, for French writers, used to mean pessimism, irony, tale, while whoever wishes to delineate sian novel is to be found the explanation

tie prose poem, compact entities the short “In the history and genesis of the Ruscruelty. Goodness and idealism were ridi- the teeming markets of mankind and all of this uniformly compassionate senticuled as the relics of the romantic virus. The Russians have revealed to us, have the geographical complexities of conti

There is no gainsaying the fact nents must call for the Gargantuan canvas taught us anew, if you prefer, that one

that Russian fiction is the outcome of of Ana Karenina: these are surely very might be true, exact, and close to life, obvious rules. But how often are they cently has it been written by men who

the sufferings of the people. Only rethat one was even truer, more exact and closer to life in expressing pity, tender

violated by English writers! Take up the themselves belonged to the masses. Tcheness and, in a word, in being 'human.””

last ten novels published here, and you kov was the son of a serf and Gorky_the may wager that half of them are merely son of a laborer; but Tolstoy and Tur

short stories which have been padded out genev belonged to the higher social ranks. Supreme realism of Russian litera- by all sorts of preposterous methods so as Notwithstanding this, it was from conture is for Maurice Baring, whose to make up the requisite number of pages sidering the misgovernment of Russia, “Outline of Russian Literature” has for a six-shilling book. A baroque, in now happily awakened to a new life, that just been published in the Home Uni- congruous structure, this novel of ours. the impulse to write came, and the comversity Library (Holt), one of its most It is not only that we are a nation of mon purpose was to contribute by the distinguishing characteristics. Russian shopkeepers, even in products of the im- symbolism of the novel to an appreciation literature begins in the nineteenth cen

agination. We have been fed too long of social problems. tury—“there is in Russian literature no

upon the literary beefsteak pies and bat The Russian school of fiction is, in Middle Ages, no Villon, no Dante, no

ter-puddings of the Victorian epoch to fact, the most democratic in Europe. It

savor the delicacy of the simple tale; may seem strange that this should be the Chaucer, no Renaissance, no Grand

moreover, writing as we do for a myth case in a country which up to the present Siècle. ... In spite of its being the ical young person—not from any scruples time has been the most despotically Ov

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the preface of his valuable outline, of masterpieces. A manifesto from "leadtranslations of some of the great Rus- ing English men of letters” has recentsian masters:

ly been addressed to Russian authors, "There is in England no complete trans

embodying an expression of the “inlation of Pushkin. This is much the same

spiration which Englishmen of the last as tho there were in Russia no complete two generations have found in your translation of Shakespeare or Milton.

literature.” But among the signatories I do not mean by this that Pushkin of this manifesto, the names of some is as great a poet as Shakespeare or of those most active in the attempt to Milton, but I do mean that he is the create an interest in Russian letters and most national and the most important art, George Moore, Stephen Graham, of all Russian writers. There is no

Dr. W. L. Courtney, Rosa Newmarch, translation of Sal

and a number of others, are strangely tykov, the greatest of Russian satir

missing. ists; there is no

Efforts to supply the missing transcomplete transla

lations of some of the more recent tion of Leskov, novels

Artzybashev's one of her great “Sanin” is published in this country by est novelists, while B. W. Huebsch. The short-stories of Russian criticism Anton Tchekov will shortly appear in and philosophy, as

new editions. Fisher Unwin (London) well as almost the

has announced a cheap edition of Anwhole of Russian poetry, is

dreyev's “The Red Laugh,” which is

said to contain some of the best depletely beyond the ken of England.

scriptions of war which recent literaThe knowledge of ture has produced. Concerning this what Russian civ masterpiece of Leonid Andreyev, Wil

ilization, with its fred Harvey notes in the London TILE AL'TILOR OF “SANIN” Mikail Artzyhashev is one of the younger and most revolutionary of

glorious fruit of

Globe : Russia's novelists. His sinister masterpiece has just been published in

literature, consists this country.

in, is still a sealed

“Andreyev seems, indeed, to be most at book far

home in a region of horrer, tho it is very erned of all European States; but it is, England is concerned.”

much psychologized horror, a horror full of course, for that very reason that Rus

of fine shades. He sets forth the anasian novelists have turned to painting the miseries of the poor, and the sufferings

England's belated tribute to the su

chronism of war as that anachronism is

felt by a writer of genius. His tale is a of the innocent." premacy of Russian literature is not

story of war with the mask off, war as it without a phase of irony, in view of

is waged to-day. Andreyev makes no atOne reason why the English-speak- the fact that Germany was the first of

tempt to palliate, to refine. The title was ing world has only recently awakened the Occidental nations to welcome this

suggested by a horrible incident when a to the beauties of Russian literature is literature, through a wealth of im

shell carried off the head of an officer the lack, as Maurice Baring notes in mediate translations of all the Russian as his lips were twitching into a smile."

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A NEW GLIMPSE AT THE MYSTERIOUS AUTHOR

OF “CYNARA"

once

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ICHARD LE GALLIENNE But Victor Plarr, an old friend of little information. But he is emphatic

remarked that Ernest the unfortunate poet, is of the opinion in denying that Dowson legend which Dowson had the distinction that the Dorson legend which has shows him in the light of "an unpleasof having written in “Cynara” grown up since his death in 1900—a ant sort of wastrel,” and is not slow

the finest poem of passion melancholy and lurid myth—has been to accuse the American, Talcott Wilwhich English poetry had produced in too greatly influenced and colored by liams, as well as Arthur Symons and half a century. In his memoir, pub- the atmosphere of that matchless lyric, Holbrook Jackson of presenting Dowlished an introduction to “The the atmosphere of “madder music" and son in a derogatory light. The myth, Poems of Ernest Dowson” (John Lane “stronger wine” of the "bought red according to Mr. Plarr, was born while Company), Arthur Symons declared mouth," and the riotous roses. In Ernest Dowson was still in his youth. that in this lyric Dowson has epito- "Ernest Dowson, 1888-1897. Remi- "In the years of the formation of the mized himself and his whole life. “In niscences, Unpublished Letters, Mar Dowson myth, which has now grown a lyric which is certainly one of the ginalia" (Laurence J. Gomme, New half diabolic, the pet was modest, greatest lyrical poems of our time, York), Victor Plarr, who is librarian charming, a boy. The Devil, a spirit *Non sum qualis eram bonae sub regno of the Royal College of Surgeons of of imperfect education, a rebel angel, Cynarae,' he has for once said every- England, attempts to dispel this myth who had refused to go through the thing, and he has said it to an intoxi- and to depict the true character of his mill, threw his shadow over our becating and perhaps immortal music. friend. Victor Plarr first met Dow loved poet's fame. And we, who are Here, perpetuated by some unique son when the latter was about twenty on the side of the Angels, refuse to energy of a temperament rarely so one years old; and their friendship con give him up to the Demon, and shall much the master of itself, is the song tinued until a few years before Dow die, some of us, still contesting the of passion and the passions, at their son's pathetic death. Of Dowson's Dowson myth." eternal war in the soul which they “last period,” when the unhappy poet, Dowson is depicted in the intimate quicken or deaden, and in the body in his death struggle with tuberculosis, portrait of Victor Plarr as a charming which they break down between them.” avoided his comrades, Victor Plarr has boy, embodying the spirit as well as

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the faults of youth. We are informed Plarr criticizes for that Dowson received no regular edu- his view of Ernest cation "unless we count his one half Dowson, has mythic year at college."

taliated in the "He had learned Latin from an Italian

pages of T. Pi's priest in a mountain village in Italy

Il'cckly of which possibly Senta, a place beloved by him.

he is editor, anAt least this is the tradition as it came

nouncing that to me from him. In many ways he was "Mr. Victor Plarr surprisingly and refreshingly ignorant. plunges Quite gravely once he averred to me that

more in bewilderhe supposed the Red Indians in the United ing mists.” The States greatly outnumbered the white

Dowson myth has men, and that he hoped the natives in their war-paint would soon march on

grown up out of New York, destroy it, and thus break the suppressions, deback of transatlantic civilization! Yet he

clares Holbrook had many charming American acquaint- Jackson, "clumsily ances, and perhaps his truest admirers are supported by its in the States.

latest antagonist.”

If Victor Plarr Of Dowson's unhappy love for the

had thrown daughter of an innkeeper, Victor Plarr refrains from speaking. And during light on the mys

terious death Ernest Dowson's “last phase" (1897

Dowson's parents; 1900), he' met the dying poet only a few times. Mr. Plarr describes one of if he had revealed these meetings.

what he knew con

cerning Dowson's "Once he passed me

on the London

love affair — "the pavement. . . . So ill and absent-minded,

dominant incident so pale and, to me, forbidding did he look,

in his life”—and if that I could not summon up courage to

Courtesy Jolin Lane Co.

he had printed all address him. Cui bono? Of course I am

MYTHS CLUSTER ABOUT ILM quite wrong, but we all know this state of of the poet's letters

This drawing of Ernest Dowson is by Will Rothenstein. Instead feeling. It is useless to accuse me of

of being a decadent wastrel, Victor Plarr declares that Dowson incarinstead of excerpts,

nated the spirit of eternal boyhood. being of the irritable genus. I am not he would have conunduly morbid, and who does not know tributed something of real value con an unholy delight, in tasting the bitterwhat it is to slacken pace behind someone cerning the decadent poet, asserts Hol- sweet of actions potent with remorse. who has failed in cordiality towards one

brook Jackson, in a challenging tone. They loved the cleanliness in unclean and has seemed bored by one's advances

Victor Plarr does not clear Ernest things, the sweetness in unsavory alliand reminders? I had no idea that Ernest

ances; they did not actually kiss Cynara, Dowson of his reputed decadence, acDowson was then in London or how long cording to the author of “The Eighteen-bought red mouth.

they kissed her by the proxy of some he would stay. He had received a facial

It was as tho they injury, easily remediable, which may have

Vineties," who again points out in what had grown tired of being good, in the old partly accounted for his unwillingness to qualities this decadence resided:

accepted way; they wanted to experience revisit old and faithful friends.

He was
“To kill a desire, as you can, by satis-

the piquancy of being good after a demusing as usual, and seemed to see noth

bauch. Dowson had not all the symptoms fying it, is to create a new desire. The ing, his eyes almost bulging from his

decadents always did that, with the result of decadence, he had by no means the head. He was wrapped in a heavy coat that they demanded of life, not repetition desolation, apart from the degradation to

worst, but he had the stigmata of spiritual and had a larger cigar than of old in his

of old, but opportunities for new mouth...."

which it reduced him, and the inherited periences. The whole attitude of the deAlready myths had begun to cluster cadence is contained in Dowson's best- bodily degeneration which destroyed him

at the age of thirty-three, after giving to about him. Dowson visited the Plarrs known poem: Non sum qualis cram bonae

literature half a dozen poems which must only once after that. He disappeared sub regno Cynarae, with that insatiate demand of a soul surfeited with the food tions of moods peculiar' but real.

live because they are faultless interpretafrom the Plarr home in abrupt and

that nourishes not, and finding what relief singular fashion. Mr. Plarr infers that it can in a rapture of desolation :

“It may be urged against Dowson's it was only in his last period that Er

fame that his muse was not robust, and nest Dowson could have appeared as

“I cried for madder music and for stronger there is no answer to such criticism. But described by Guy Thorne in recently But when the feast is finished, and the lamps

that does not destroy the artistic value of expire,

his poetry. Poems of temperament must published memories of the author of Then falls thy shadow, Cynara! the night is

stand or fall by their truth to moods, Cynara: "a youthful ghost strayed And 'I am desolate and sick of an old passion, however fitful and strange, and by the inamongst the haunts of men. Pale, Yea, hungry for the lips of my desire : I have been faithful to thee, Cynara, in my

evitability of their art. By such a test emaciated, in clothes that were almost

Dowson's poetry takes rank among perragged, poor Ernest Aittered about in

manent, if limited, verse.” search for some

In that poem we have a parable of the one with whom to

decadent soul. Cynara may be taken as a Like Aubrey Beardsley, Dowson had talk. When he found a friend, his face symbol of the unattained and perhaps unwould light up with a singular and attainable joy and peace which is the

one supreme virtue, notes Tlie Dial : penetrating sweetness that made one eternal dream of man. The decadents of “If they were not true to everything to forget an untidiness—to use no other the Nineties, to do them justice, were not

which we demand allegiance they were word—that verged upon offence." so degenerate as either to have lost hope true to the best thing in them. It is no This is not the Ernest Dowson Vic- in future joy or to have had full faith in piece of rhetoric that furnishes the refrain

Coming late in a

to Dowson's poem : tor Plarr knew and loved, and he in- their attainment of it. fers that it was scarcely the real Ernest attainment, they embodied a tired mood, century of material pressure and scientific 'I have been faithful to thee, Cynara, in my

fashion.' Dowson, who has been described so

rejected hope, beyond the moment, and It is the precise truth. He was faithful to sympathetically by Edgar Jepson. took a subtle joy in playing with fire and an ideal of art. And so was Beardsley.

Holbrook Jackson, whom Victor calling it sin; in scourging themselves for They literally died for it."

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A L'ANEL FOR A RESTAURANT One of the striking results of cooperation in mural decoration, this panel is said to have been subtly designed to awaken the spirit of gaiety and

gustatory emulation.

a

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come

COOPERATIVE MURAL DECORATION-AN ATTEMPT TO

ESTABLISH DEMOCRACY IN ART X THE great days of painting, the In the catalog of the exhibition, liss and a kitchen maid, altho decoration bottegha, school, or shop repre Dreier has explained the method of the is, he believes, actually the twin sister sented number of assistants cooperative decorators. The plan gen- of architecture. “This would be quite working under the direction and erally runs thus:

different if our best painters had any inspiration of a single master. "To band together a group of earnest

chance." There are plenty of build“Art has always had the great masters painters who desired to express them- ings to be decorated. But, as Mr. and their pupils—the founders of the selves in decorative art.

Gregg analyzes the situation, imaginagreat schools and shops," so

"To take a problem — whether it be tion and talent are neglected, in order reminded by Katherine Dreier, who panels for a church, school, restaurant, that dullness and mediocrity may not calls attention to Cimabue, Bellini, private or public building, and to discuss be inconvenienced. “The politics of Veronese, Titian, Tintoretto, Rubens it in its various phases. To study what the studio is rampant. So able artists and other masters of the past. “These

form would best express the need of that stick to easel painting, being tired of men were leaders and their pupils or

special problem, whether abstract decora-
tiou or a more realistic form.

struggling against those who are enassistants had to carry out their ideas

"After discussing the problem thor- trenched in power and influence.” The of art.” But in the continuance of oughly and agreeing on the form, the value of the new movement for cothis system, in Miss Dreier's opinion, group disbands, to

again with operative mural decoration, this critic a great injury has been done to Art. sketches for the problem under considera- believes, is that it will tend to em“In modern times this (system) has tion.

phasize the essential and not the casual grown to the extent that it is rarely

“The merits of these sketches

and makeshift; the opportunity is that Art is considered. Instead there next under discussion. in case no one

great, he notes, “and even to disturb is taught the successful mannerisms of had succeeded in carrying out the idea to

the

stupid and make them the satisfaction of all, they disband to the successful painters of the day. meet again.

fortable is no mean end in itself." But such training is detrimental to all "Should, however, several sketches meet

Regarding the actual result of the progress in art."

the need, a discussion would arise as to group which is now exhibited, Charles In March, 1913, a small group of the relative merit of each sketch, and one H. Caffin writes that an absence of decorative artists, under the leadership would be chosen or a composit made. leadership and consequently of unity is of Miss Dreier, decided to seek the

“After the sketch had been decided on evident in the panels. He admits the principles of art along the lines of by vote, it would next be placed in the presence, as we have noted, of the democracy, and to make a vigorous knowledge of the construction of a wall This critic notes in the American: hands of the person who had the most

truly decorative spirit and principle. attempt to bring democracy into the

panel. From there it would pass into the realm of art. "In place of the older hands of the one with the finest color “As to the principle involved in this empiricalistic ideal of leadership heresense, until each member had contributed

new departure, it is pertinent to ask tofore held,” these decorators decided his best to the whole.

whether democracy has ever yet accomto found a shop the work of which was "The sketches being complete, the final plished or ever will accomplish anything to be based on cooperation. The first panels would be begun, everyone working great without a leader. The voice of the panels of the group have just been ex

on them, never losing sight of the beauty people is confined to registering a 'Yes' hibited, and, to Charles H. Caffin, of and oneness of the whole, which is the

or 'No.' It is the absence of leadership, in the New York American, they are the underlying principle of all good art.”

the sense of a single mind conceiving and work of real decorators. "No work so Frederick James Gregg, in a note on

controlling the whole, that one is con

scious of in these panels. The compositruly decorative, in principle as well the general question of decoration in tion is not unified; nor do the lines and as in accomplishment, has hitherto to America, which is also published in masses flow freely into one another. They my knowledge been produced in this the same catalog, compares mural suggest a compromise between slightly country."

decoration in this country to a drudge different motives of feeling.”

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