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which, methinks, his judgment resembleth that of MR. ADDISON'S FREEHOLDER, N° 46. a French taylor on a villa and gardens by the “ When I consider myself as a British freeholder, the Thames : “ All this is very fine; but take * I am in a particular manner pleased with the laaway
the river, and it is good for nothing." * bours of those who have improved our language But very contrary hereunto was the opinion of “ with the tranflations of old Greek and Latin MR. PRIOR
“ authors.--We have already most of their hifto. himself, saying in his Alma (u),
“rians in our own tongue, and, what is more for o Abelard ? ill-fated youth,
“ the honour of our language, it has been taught Thy tale will justify this truth :
“ to express with elegance the greatest of their But well I weet, thy cruel wrong
poets in each nation. The illiterate among our Adorns a nobler poet's song :
own countrymen may learn to judge from DryDan Pope, for thy misfortune griev'd, “ den's Virgil of the most perfect epic performance. With kind concern and skill has weav'd “ And those parts of Homer which have been pube A filken web; and ne'er shall fade “ lished already by Mr. Pope, give us reason to Its colours : gently has he laid
" think that the Iliad will appear in English with The mantle o'er thy fad distress,
“ as little disadvantage to that immortal poem." And Venus fhall the texture bless, &c. As to the rest there is a light mistake, for this Come we now to his translation of the Iliad, younger muse was an elder: nor was the gentlecelebrated by numerous pens, yet fhall it fuffice to man (who is a friend of our author) employed mention the indefatigable
by Mr. Addison to translate it after him, fince he SIR RICHARD BLACKMORE, Knight, faith himself that he did it before (y). ContrariWho (though otherwise a severe censurer of our wise, that Mr. Addison engaged our author in author) yet Ityleth this a “ laudable transla. this work appeareth by declaration thereof in the tion (o)."
preface to the Iliad, printed some time before his That ready writer
death, and by his own letters of October 26, and MR. OLDMIXON,
November 2, 1713, where he declares it is his opiin his forementioned essay, frequeotly commends nion that no other person was equal to it. the same. And the painful
Next comes his Shakspeare on the stage : "Let MR. LEWIS THEOBALD
“him” (quoth one, whom I take to be thus extolls it (x),“ The spirit of Homer breathes MR. THEOBALD, Mif's Journal, June 8, 1728). “all through this translation. I am in doubt, “ publifh such an author as he has leaft studied, “ whether I should not admire the justness to the “ and forget to discharge even the dull duty of an “ original, or the force and beauty of the language, “ editor. In this proje& let him lend the booksch " or the founding variety of the mumbers : but “ ler his name (for a competent fum of money) to “ when I find all these meet, it puts me in mind promote the credit of an exorbitant subscription." “ of what the poet says of one of his heroes, Gentle reader, be pleased to cast thine eye on the “ That he alone raised and fung'with case a proposal below quoted, and on what follows (some “ weighty stone, that two common men could 1 months after the former assertion) in the same " to lift from the ground; just so, one single per Journalist of June 8, “ The bookseller proposed " son has performed in this tranflation, what ! " the book by subscription, and raised some thou
once despaired to have seen done by the force “ fand of pounds for the fame : I believe the gen." “ of several masterly hands." Indeed the same " tleman did not share in the profits of this extragentleman appears to have changed his sentiments
vagant subscription." in his Essay on the Art of Sinking in Reputation “ After the Iliad, he undertook" (faith (printed in Mitt's Journal, March 30, 1728), MIST'S JOURNAL, June 8, 1728.) where he lays thus : « In order to sink in repu “ the sequel of that work, che Odysley; and having « tation, let him take it into his head to descend “ secured the success by a numerous subscription, “inco Homer (let the world wonder, as it will, “ he employed fome underlings to perform what, “ how the devil he got there), and pretend to do “ according to his proposals, should come from his “ him into English, fo his version denote his nc “ own hands." To which heavy charge we can
glect of the manner how.” Suange variation ! in truth oppose nothiog but the words of Wc are told in
MR.POPE'S PROPOSAL FOR THE ODYSSEY MIST'S JOURNAL, June 8.
(printed by J. Watts, Jan, 10, 1724.), " That this translation of the Iliad was not in all “ I take this occafion to declare that the subscrip“ refpe&s conformable to the fine tafte of his friend “tion for Shakspeare belongs wholly to Mr. Ton" Mr. Addison; insomuch that he employed a “ fon : and that the benefit of this propofal is oot
younger muse in an undertaking of this kind, folely for my own use, but for that of two of my “ which he supervised himself.” Whether Mr. “ friends, who have affifted me in this work." But Addison did find it conformable to his taste, ar these very gentlenjen are extolled above our Poet Ibot, best appears from his own testimony the year himself in another of Mift's journals, March 30, following its publication, in these words:
1728, saying, “ That he would not advise Mr.
Pope to cry the experiment again of getting a (u) Alma, Cant. 2.
) In bis El 195, vol. 1. frinted for 6. Gurll, (y) Vid. prof. to Mr. Tickeli's translation of the (1) Censor, vol. ü. 2. 33.
forf book of the sliad, 4to.
s great part of a book done by alliftants, left those “plagiaries, that pretend to make a reputation by
extrarieous parts should unhappily ascend to the stealing from a man's works in his own life-time, "sublime, and retard the declension of the whole.” " and out of a public print.”. Let us join to this Behold! these underlings are become good writers! what is written by the author of the Rival Modes,
If any lay, that before the faid proposals were the said Mr. James-Moore Smith, in a letter to our princed, the subscription was begun without de author himself, who had informed him a month claration of such aslistance; verily those who set it before that play was acted, Jan. 27, 1726-7, that on foot, or (as the term is) secured it, to wit, the " These verses, which he had before given him right honourable the Lord Viscount Harcourt, “ leave to insert in it, would be known for bis, were he living, would testify; and the right ho “ some copies being got abroad. He desires, nenourable the Lord Bathurt, now living, doch “ vertheless, that since the lines had been read in teftify, the fame is a falsehood.
“ his comedy to several, Mr. P. would not deprive Sorry I am, that persons profesling to be learned, “ it of them,” &c. Surely, if we add the teli. er of whatever rank of authors, should either falsely monies of the Lord Bolingbroke, of the Lady to tar, or be falsely taxed. Yet let us, who are only whom the faid verses were originally addreffed, of reporters, be impartial in our citations, and proceed. Hugh Bethel, Esq; and others, who knew them as
MIS I'S JOURNAL, June 8, 1728. our author's, long before the said gentleman com« Mr. Addison raised this author from obscu- | pored his play; it is hoped, the ingenious, that "rity, obtained him the acquaintance and friend- affe& not error, will rectify their opinion by the “ fhip of the whole body of our nobility, and trans- suffrage of so honourable personages. " ferred his powerful interests with those great And yet followeth another charge, insinuatingno * men to this rising bard, who frequently levied less than hisfenmity both to church and state, which
by that means unusual contributions on the could come from no other informer than the said " public.” Which surely cannot be, if, as the MR. JAMES-MOORE SHITH. author of the Dunciad Disiected reportech, Mr. “ (a) The Memoirs of a Parish Clerk was a very Wycherly had before “ introduced him into a “ dull and unjust abuse of a person who wrote in "familiar acquaintance with the greatest peers and “ defence of our religion and constitution, and “ brightest wits then living."
" who has been dead many years.” This seemeth * No sooner (faith the fame journalist) was his also mos untrue; it being known to divers that u body lifeless, but this author, reviving his resent these memoirs were written at the seat of the Lord * ment, libelled the memory of his departed friend; Harcourt in Oxfordshire, before that excellent pero " and what was ftill more heinous, made the scan fon (Bishop Burnet's) death, and many years before, " dal public.” Grievous the accusation! unknown the appearance of that history, of which they are the accafer! thc person accused, no witness in his pretended to be an abuse. Most true it is, that own cause; the person, in whose regard accused, Mr. Moore had such a design, and was himself the dead! But if there be living any one nobleman man who prelt Dr. Arbuthnot and Mr. Pope to whose friendship, yea any one gentleman whose aliit him therein; and thac he borrowed those subscription Mr. Addison procured to our author, memoirs of our author, when that history came ļet him stand forth, that truth may appear! Ami- forth, with intent to turn them to such abuse. cus Plato, amicus Socrates, fed magis amica veritas. But being able to obtain from our author but In verity, the whole story of the libel is a lie ; wit one single hint, and either changing his mind, or less those persons of integrity, who, several years having more mind than ability, he contented him. before Mr. Addison's decease, did see and approve felf to keep the said memoirs, and read them as his of the faid verses, in no wise a libel, but a friendly own to all his acquaintance. A noble person there rebuke sent privately in our euthor's own hand is, into whose conipaoy Mr. Pope once chanced to io Mr. Addison himself, and never made public, introduce him, who well remembereth the contill after their own journals
, and Curll had printed versation of Mr. Moore to have turned upon the the same. One name alone, which I am here au. “ contempt he had for the work of that reverend thorised to declare, will sufficiently evince this prelate, and how full he was of a design he detruth, that of the right honourable the Earl of “ clared himself to have of exposing it.” This Burlington.
noble person is the Earl of Peterborough. Next is he tared with a crime (in the opinion of Here in truth should we crave pardon of all the some authors, I doubt, more heinous than any in foresaid right honourable and worthy personages, morality), to wit. Plagiarism, from the inventive for having mentioned them in the fame page with and quaint-conceited
such weekly riff-raff railers and rhymers; but that JAMES-MOORE SMITH, Gent. we had their ever-honoured commands for the "(z) Upon reading the third volume of Pope's fame ; and that they are introduced not as witnesses " miscellanies, I found five lines which I thought in the controversy, but as witnesses that cannot be " excellent; and happening to praise them, a gen controverted : not to dispute, but to decide. "tlemap produced a modern comedy (the Rival Certain it is, that dividing our writers into two " Modes) published last year, where were the same claffes, of such who were acquaintance, and of such * verses to a tittie.
who were ftrangers to our author; the fornier are “ These gentlemen are undoubtedly the first those who speak well, and the other thosc who
" praise !
(pcak evil of him. Of the first class, the most noble
MR. WILLIAM BROOME, JOHN DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM " (f) Thus, nobly rising in fair vireue's cause, fums up his character in these lines :
“ From thy own life transcribe th' unnerring (6) And yet so wondrous, so sublime a thing,
“ laws." “ As the great Iliad, scarce could make me fing, And, to close all, hear the reverend Dean of St. "Unless I justly could at once conimend
Patrick's: “ A good companion, and as firm a friend; “ A soul with every virtue fraught, « One moral, or a mere well-natur'd deed, " By patriots, priests, and poets taught. “ Can all desert in sciences exceed."
" Whose filial piety excels So also is he decypher'd by the honourable
“ Whatever Grecian story tells. SIMON HARCOURT.
“ A genius for each business fit, " (c) Say, wondrous youth, what column wilt “ Whose meancit talent is his wit," &c. " thou choose,
Let us now recreate thee by turning to the other " What laurel'd arch, for thy triumphant muse ? side, and showing his character drawn by those " Though each great ancient court thee to his with whom he never conversed, and whose coun. á fmrine,
[thine, tenances he could not know, though turned against Though every laurel through the dome be him : first again commencing with the high voiced " Go to the good and just, and awful train! and never enough quoted Thy foul's delight,
MR. JOHN DENNIS, Recorded in like manner for his virtuous disposi- | Who, in his Reflections on the Essay on Criticism, tion, and gentle bearing, by the ingenious
thus describeth him : “ A little affeded hypocrite, MR. WALTER HART,
“ who has nothing in his mouth but candour, truth, in this apostrophe :
“ friendship, good-nature, humanity, and magna. (d) Oh! ever worthy, ever crown'd with niniity. He is so great a lover of fallehood,
" that, whenever he has a mind to calumniate his u Bleft in thy life, and bleft in all thy laye, contemporaries, he brands them with some defect “ Add, that the Sisters every thought refine, “ which was just contrary to some good quality, “ And ev’n thy life be faultless as thy line, “ for which all their friends and acquaintance “ Yet envy still with fiercer rage pursues, “ commend them. He seems to have a particular “ Obscures the virtue, and defames the muse, “pique to people of quality, and authors of that “ A foul like thine, in pain, in grief, resign'd, “ rank. He muft derive his religion from St.
“ Views with just scorn the malice of mankind." " Omer's "--But in the character of Mr, P. and The witty and moral satirist
his writings, (printed by S. Popping, 1716, he DR. EDWARD YOUNG,
faith, “ Though he is a professor of the worst rewishing some check to the corruption and evil ligion, yet he laughs at it;” but that, " nevermanners of the times, calleth out upon our Poet “theless, he is a virulent papist; and yet a pillas to undertake a talk so worthy of his virtue : “ for the church of England." * (e) Why slumbers Pope, who leads the muses Of both which opivions
MR. LEWIS THEOBALD “ Nor hears that virtue, which he loves, com seenis also to be; declaring in Milt's Journal, of MR. MALLET,
June 22, 1718, That, if he is not shrewdly in his Epistle on Verbal Criticilm:
abused, he made ic his practice to cackle to both “ Whose lise, severely scann'd, transcends his “ parties in their own sentiments." But, as to his “ lays;
pique against people of quality, the fame journalist “ For wit supreme, is but his second praise;" doch not agree, but faith (May 8,1728), “ He had, MR. HAMMOND,
by fome means or other, the acquaintance and That delicate and correct imitator of Tibullus, in " friendship of the whole boly of our nobility." his Love Elegies, Elegy xiv.
However contradictory this may appear, Mr. “ Now, fir'd by Pope and virtue, leave the age, Dennis and Gildon, in the character last cited,
In low pursuit of self-undoing wrong, make it all plain, by assuring us, “That he is a crea. “ And trace the author through his moral page, “ture that reconciles all contradictions: he is a 66 Whore blameless life ftill answers to his “ beast, and a man; a Whig, and a Tory; a writer “ song.”
(at one and the fame time) of () Guardians MR. THOMSON,
" and Examiners; an afir.lor of liberty, and of in his clegant and philosophical Poem of the Sea “ the dispensing power of kings; a Jesuitical profons :
“ fessor of truth; a base and a foul pretender to “ Although not sweeter his own Homer fings, “ candour.” So that, upon the whole account,
“ Yet is his lite the more endearing long.". we must conclude him either to have been a great To the same tune allu fingeth that learned clerk, hypocrite, or a very honest man; a terrible imof Suffolk,
poser upon both parties, or very moderate to ei
ther. (6) Verses to Mr. Pope on bis translation of Homer. Be it as to the judicious reader shall seem good. (c) Poem prefixed to his works. (d) In his Poems, printed for B. Lintot.
(f) In bis Poems, and at the end of the Odylley.
fore it is, he is litele favoured of certain authors, , " upon love (s).” He also, in taxing Sir Richard whose wrath is perilous ; for one declares he ought Blackmore for his heterodox opinions of Homer, io have a price fec on his head, and to be hunted challengeth him to answer what Mr. Pope hach down as a wild beast (6). .. Another protests that said in his Preface to that poet, he does not know wha: may happen; advises him
MR. OLDMIXON to ensure his person; fays, he has bitter enemies, calls him a great master of our tongue ; declares and expressly declares it will be well if he escapes " the purity and perfection of the English language, with his life (i). One desires he would cac his own “ to be found in his Homer; and saying there are throat, or hang himself (á). But Pasquin seemed “ more good verses in Dryden's Virgil chan in any rather inclined it should be done by the govern. “other work, excep: this of our author only(t). ment, representing him engaged in grievous de The Author of a Letter to MR. CIDBER figns with a lord of parliament then under prose. I says, (u) Pope was so good a versifier (once) cacion (!). Mr. Dennis himself hath written to a " that his predecessor Mr. Dryden, and his contempminister, that he is one of the molt dangerous per porary Mr. Prior, excepted, the harmony of his soas in this kingdom (m); and assureth the public, “ numbers is equal to any body's. And that he that he is an open and mortal enemy to his coun " had all the merit that a man can have that, try; a monster, that will, one day, show as daring i way." And ; a foul as a mad Indian, who runs a muck to kill the
MR. THOMAS cooke, firit Chriftian he meets (n). Another gives ina after much blemishing our author's Homer, crieth formation of treason discovered in his poem (o) out, Ms. Curll boldly supplies an imperfect verfe with “ But in his other works what beauties shine, kings and princesses (P). And one Matthew Con. “ While sweetest music dwells in every line! Çanen, yet more impudent, publishes at length the “ These he admir'd, on these he stamp'd bis two most sacred names in this nation, as members
praise, of the Dunciad (9):
“ And bade them live to brighten future This is prodigious! yet it is almost as strange,
days (20)." tha: in the midt of these invectives his greatest So also one who takes the name of enemies have (I know not how) borne teltiniony
H.STANHOPE, to some merit in him.
the niaker of certain verses co Duncan Campa MR, THEOBALD,
bell (*), in that poem, which is wholly a fatire in censuring his Shakspeare, declares, “ He has so upon Mr. Pope, coníefleth, “ great an efteen for Mr. Pope, and so high an
"'Tis true, if finest notes alone could show opinion of his genius and excellencies; that, not. “ withstanding he professes a veneration almost
(Tun'd juftly high, or regularly low)
“ That we should fame to these mere vocals “ riling to idolatry for the writings of this inimi* table poet, he would be very loth even to do " him justice, at the expence of that other gentle.
“ Pope more than we can offer should receive : " 'man's character (r)."
“ for when some gliding river is his thenie, MR. CHARLĖS GILDON,
“ His lines runs smoother than the spiootheft
“ stream," &c. after having violently attacked him in many pieces, at last came to wish from his heart, “ That Mr. MIST'S JOURNAL, June 8. 1728. " Pope would be prevailed upon to give us Ovid's Although he says, “ The smooth numbers of the “ Epiftles by his hand, for it is certain we see the “ Dunciad are all that recommend it, por has it " original of Sappho to Phaon with much more life " any other merit;" yet that fame pap. Thath these " and likeness in his version, than in that of Sir words : " The author is allowed to be a perfect * Car Scrope. And this (he adds) is the more to " master of an easy and elegant versification. In “ be wished, because in the English tongue we have all his works we find the moll happy turns, and (carcely any thing truly and naturally written “natural fimilies, wonderfully short, and thick
" sown." (6) Thesbald, Letler in Miff's Journal, June 22, The Essay on the Dunciad also owns, p. 25. it iş 1728
very full of beautiful inages. But the panegyric, (i) Smedley, Prej to Gulliveriana, p. 14. 16. which crowns all that can be said on this poem, is (d) Gulliceriana, p. 332. (1) Anno 1723.
bestowed, by our laurea', (a) Anna 1723
MR. COLLEY CIBEER, (3) Preface to Rem, on the Rape of the Lotk, p. 12. who“ grants it to be a better poem of its kind than and in the last page of tbol treatise.
ever was writ:" but adds, " it was a victory ) Page 6, 7. of the Preface, by Concanen, to a book over a parcel of poor wreiches, whom it was alintituled, A Colle&tion of all the Letters, Ejays, Ve'fes, and dvertisements, occafioned by Pope and Swifi's (1) Commentary on tbe Duke of Buckinglam's Aluge Miscellanies. Printed for A. Moore, 8vo, 1712. Svo, 1721, p. 97, 98. (P) key to the Dunciad, 3d edit. p. 18.
(1) In bis prose Ellay or Criticism. (9) A List of Persons, 60. at the end of the foremen, (w) Printed by J. Roberts, 1742, f. 11. tioned Collection of all the Letters, Elays, 6'6.
(iv) Battle of the Peets, folio, p. 15. (v) Introduction to bis Sbalspeare Rytored, in quarto, (*) Printed under the title of the Progress of Dela
ness, 12mo, 1728.
most cowardice to conquer.- A man might as , " dation, and ought to have been published in att “well triumph for having killed so many tilly flies' age and country more worthy of it. If my tel" that offended him. Could he have let them "timony be of any weight, you are sure to have “ alone, by this time, poor souls: they had all been " it in the amplest manner,” &c &c. &c. " buried in oblivion (y).” Here we see our excel Thus we see every one of his works hath beer Icnt laureat allows the justice of the fatire co eve extolled by one or other of his most inveterate ry man in it but himself; as the great Mr. Den enemies; and to the success of them all they do Dis did before him.
unanimously give testimony. But it is sufficient, inThe Said MR. DENNIS and MR. GILDON, Par omnium, to behold the great critic, Mr. Dennis, in the most furious of all their works (the forecie-sorely lamenting it, even from the Effay on Cri. ed character, p. 3.) do in concert (2) confefs, ticism to this day of the Dunciad! “ A moit no“ That some men of good understanding value “ torious instance (quoth he) of the depravity of of him for his rhymes." And (p. 17.) “ that he has genius and taste, the approbation this essay meets
got, like Mr Bays in the Rehearsal (that is like “ with (6).-I can safely afferm, that I never at“ Mr. Dryden), a notable knack at rhyming, and “ tacked any of these writings, unlefs they had « writing smooth verse.”
“ success infinitely beyond their merit. This, of his Esay on Man, numerous were the praises “though an empty, has been a popular scribbler. bestowed by his arowed enemies, in the imagina-“ The epidemic madness of the times has given tion that the same was not written by hín, as it “him reputation ().-If after the cruel treatment was printed anonymously,
“ so many extraordinary men (Spenser, Lord BaThus fang of it even
con, Ben. Jonson, Milton, Butler, Orway, and BEŽALEEI MORRIS.
others) have received from this country, for “ Auspicious bard! while all admire thy strain, “these last hundred years, I should thist the scene, “ All but the selfish, ignorant, and vain; " and show all that penury changed at once to riot * I, whom no bribe to fervile flattery drew, " and profuseness; and more squandered away “ Muit pay the tribute to thy merit due:
upon one siobject, than would have fatisfied the Thy mule sublime, lignificant, and clear, greater part of those extraordinary men; the “ Alike informs the foul, and charms the car.” “ reader to whom this one creature should be un&c.
“ known, would fancy him a prodigy of art and And
Dature; would believe that all the great qualiMR. LEONARD WELTSTED “ties of these persons were centered in him alone. thus ivróte (a) to the unknown author, on the first “ But if I should venrure to assure him that the publication of the said efay; " I must own, after “ People of England had made fuch a choice, the * the reception which the vileft and most immor “ reader would believe me a malicious enemy, and “ al ribaldry hath lately met with, I was surpris. “ fanderer ; or that the reign of the last (Qucen
ed ro fee what I had long defpeired, a perfor “ Anne's) ministry was deligned by fate to en
mance deserving the namic of a poet. Such, Sir, courage fools (d').” o is yout work. It is indeed above all commen But it happens, that this our poet never had any
place, pension, or gratuity, in any fhape, from the (y) Ciller's Letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9-12. said glorious qucen, or any of her ministers. Alphe
(3) In concert.) Hewr bow Mr. Dennis baib proo- owed, in the whole course of his life, to any court, ed our mistake in tbis place': " As to my eriting in cor. was a subfcription for his Homer, of 2001. from “ cert with Mr. Gildon, 1 declare upon the honour and King George I. and 100 l. from the prince and • Flord of a gentleman, that I never wrote so much as princess.
one line in ccncert with any one man ubatsoever. And However, left we imagine our anthor's success "ibele ruo letters from Gildon will plainly bore, tbat was constant and universal, they acquaint us of we are not writers in concert witb cach otber. certain works in a less degree of repure, whereof, Sir,
although owned by others, yet do they assure us - The beight of my ambition is to please men of the he is the writer. Of this fort, Mr. Dennis (e) hef judgment; and finding that I bave entertained my aferibes to him two farces, whole names he does majler agreeably, i bave the extent of the reward of not tell; but alurcs us that there is not onc jeft in
them; and an imitation of Horace, whose title he
does not merrtion; but affurcs us it is much more • I bod not the opportunity of bearing of your excels execrable than all his works (S). The Daily Jant bent pompbiet till ibis day. I am infinitely satisfied and rial, May 11. 1728,"affures us, “ He is below lom pleased with it, ard Lope you will meet avitb tbat er “ Durfey in the drama; because, as that writer couragement ; our admirable performance deferver,' &C. “thinks, chc Marriage-hater matched, and the
• CH GILDON.' Boarding school, are better than the What d'ye " Nowo, is it not plain, tbat any one who fends such « call it;" which is not Mr. P.'s, but Mr. Gay's. compliments to another, has not been ufed to write in
partner feip witb bin to whom be fends tbem?" Der (6) Dernis, prof. to bis Réfleet. on the tbe Efsay ex nis, remarks on the Dunciad, p. 50. Mr. Dennis is tbere- Criticism. fore welcome to take tbis piece to bim:felf.
(c) Preface to his remarks on Homer. (a) In a better under bis own band, dated March (d) Rem.on Homer, p. 8, 9. ( 16. p. 3,