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The Finance Committee reported that they had purchased twenty-two shares of the stock of the Worcester Rail-road, amounting to $2458 50.
George C. Crowninshield, Boston, and Francis George Theiler, Dorchester, were admitted members.
Adjourned four weeks to March 6th.
Feb. 13th, Erhibited.-Flowers: From the President of the Society Twenty varieties of Camellias, viz., Albertus, Donckelaèrii, tricolor, ochroleuca, Palmer's, Perfection, fimbriàta, imbricata, Floyii, Gilesii, conspicua, eximia, Fördii, Wilderi, William IV., Eclipse, élegans, álba plena, Práttii, Colvillii, Chandleri and Duchesse d'Orleans; also, a fine cut specimen of Acacia spectábile, one of the finest of this showy family, and flowers of Chorízema vårium.
Messrs. Hovey & Co. exhibited fourteen varieties of Camellias, as fol. lows :-Floyii, álba plena, Henri Favre, élegans, Vauxii, Carswelliana, Landréthii, corallina, tricolor, myrtifòlia, conspicua, Goussònia, Donckelaèrii and Chándlerii ; also six pots of Chinese primroses, two of which were the rare and beautiful double white, with several trusses of flowers on each. From W. Quant, 12 varieties of Camellias, and six pots of Chinese Primroses, among which was a seedling of a peculiar tint of blush, very pretty.
The Premiums for Camellias and Chinese Primroses were awarded today, as follows:
Camellias.—For the best twelve varieties of cut flowers with foliage, premium to Messrs. Hovey and Co., of $8.
For the second best twelve varieties, to W. Quant, a premium of $5.
A gratuity of $8 was also awarded to the President for a variety of Camellias.
CHINESE PRIMROSES.–For the best six plants, a premium to Wm. Quant, of $3.
For the next best, a premium to Messrs Hovey & Co., of $2.
Art. III. Answers to Correspondents. Root PRUNING.-A. R. Pope. The best season for performing root pruning is in April. A trench should then be dug about three feet from the trunk of the tree, extending in a circle completely around it: All the very large roots should then be cut clean off, either with a sharp spade or knife, being careful not to injure the small roots. The trench should then be filled up, and the ground properly manured and cultivated ; the following year, the results of the operation will be perceived, or, if not so decidedly then, the second year ; some trees are so very vigorous, that even cutting off the large roots does not check them at once. We should judge that the peach tree you speak of, however, was not the true kind; perhaps it is a seedling, and that is the cause of its non-productiveness.
STRAWBERRIES. - W. We stated, some time since, that the Black Prince was considered as worthless by the London Horticultural Society; those who cultivate it will find it so, in comparison with better kinds. The Swainstone seedling is also quite unworthy of cultivation ; it is a very high flavored fruit, but only of medium size, and a poor bearer ; the vines quite tender in winter, and burnt by the sun in summer : in some situations, it may produce half a crop ; but all who cultivate it, will be greatly disappointed if they trust to the statements which have been made in regard to it. It has been cultivated around Boston six years, but we have never yet known a single box offered for sale, or but one box exhibited before the Massachusetts Horticultural Society.
Dahlias, J. P.-Dahlias have been so much improved, that the catalogues do not now contain any really poor varieties : but there is quite a variety of excellence in the many kinds which make up the great number. The following are twelve fine kinds for show flowers :-Admiral Stopford, Antagonist, Duke of York, Cleopatra, Marchioness of Ormonde, Harlequin, Arethusa, Orlando, Punch, Sir E. Antrobus, Beeswing and Standard of Perfection.
CINERARIAS. A Prize Exhibitor.–This beautiful tribe, which has recently been so much improved, is of easy cultivation, either by seeds, cuttings, or offsetts, and excellent articles will be found in our two last volumes on their growth. Raising from seeds, is the way to get new varieties, and if choice seeds are procured fine kinds may be expected. The seeds should be sown immediately, in a pot, placed in a hot-bed, or the green-house, and in spring the plants can be pricked out into the open ground. Taken up and properly potted in the autumn, they will make beautiful plants for exhibition in the spring of 1848.
PELARGONIUMS. C.-Twelve fine pelargoniums, of such kinds as can be obtained of our nurserymen, are as follows :-Sylph, Queen Phillippi, Celestial, Bridegroom, Priory Queen, Jenny Lind, Conservative, Sophia Matilda, Foster's Matilda, King John, Erectum and Medora. Beck's new seedlings are far superior to most of these, but they are yet rare, of them for sale in American collections till the next autumn.
Grape Vines in the green-house will now have just broken their eyes, and will be pushing forward with vigor ; by the lauter part of this inonth, if they have been properly treated, the shoots will be about ten inches in length, and will show their flower-buds ; syringings should be freely given in all good weather, until the eyes are all broken, and the usual attention given to bending down the shoots, should the upper eyes get the advance of the lower ones : the main object with a good grape-grower, is, to break every eye. Vines in pots, which are now showing fruit, should be moderately supplied with water. A temperature of 45 to 50 deg. at night is ample for this month.
Apple Trees may now be root-grafted, and placed in boxes, where they may remain in a cool place till the season for planting out in April.
Raspberry Plants and Strawberry beds may be uncovered the last part of the month, should the weather prove mild.
Scions may now be cut, and placed away in a cool place till wanted.
Pruning Trees may now be attended to where there are large quantities, in order to prevent the accumulation of too much work in April.
Pear, Apple and Quince Seeds should be planted as soon as the frost is out of the ground.
FLOWER DEPARTMENT. Camellias will now begin to make their new growth ; keep them well watered, syringing the foliage twice a week ; pick off all decayed flowers ; and prune off dead wood, or crooked branches ; the Camellia bears tho knife well, and its freer use would prevent the quantity of unsightly plants, which abound in every collection. Water once a fortnight with weak guano. Inarching may now be performed.
Pelargoniums will now be coming forward in fine condition, if our remarks have been followed. If there are any plants which have not been potted, now is the time to do it ; and if any have not been properly trained, they should not be neglected any longer : keep down the green fly, and occasionally syringe the foliage.
Japan Lilies will now have grown 6 or 8 inches, and will require moderate quantities of water, and a good airy situation on the stage.
Gloxinias should now be potted and placed in a hot-bed, or warm situation, to start them into growth.
Calceolarias will require another shift into larger pots.
Fuchsias. The old plants may now be turned out of the pots, the earth partially rubbed off, and repotted again into a suitable compost.
Roses will now be coming into bloom, and will now require occasional syringing over the foliage.
Cinerarias should now be shifted into larger pots.
Gesnera zebrina should now be placed in a hot-bed, to give the little corms a rapid start.
Dahlias for early blooming may still be potted.
Hyacinths and Tulip beds will require attention the latter part of the month ; if the weather is very mild, part of the covering may be removed.
Annual flower seeds, such as 10-week Stock, Brachycome, Phlox Drummondii, Verbena, Petunia, Lotus jacolæus, and other choice varieties, may now be planted, for early blooming in the open border.
Plants in frames will now need airing every fair day.
Heliotropes, salvias, scarlet geraniums, and other showy plants, should now be propagated for a stock, for bedding out in spring.
ART. I. Horticulture of the Past, as compared with the Pres
ent. By T. S. HUMRICKHOUSE, Coshocton, Ohio.
At this remote distance of time, it is very difficult for us to estimate justly what proficiency the Antients may have had in Horticulture. Evelyn did not rate it very high. In a letter to Mr. Wotton, he says:"Concerning the gardening and husbandry of the Antients, which is your inquirie (especially of the first), that it had certainly nothing approaching the elegancy of the present age, Rapinus (whom I send you) will abundantly satisfy you. The discourse you will find at the end of Hortorum, lib. 4. capp. 6, 7. What they called their gardens were only spacious plots of ground planted with platans and other shady trees in walkes, and built about with porticos, xisti, and noble ranges of pillars, adorned with statues, fountaines, piscariæ, aviaries, &c. But for the flowery parterre, beds of tulips, carnations, auricula, tuberose, jonquills, ranunculus, and other of our rare coronaries, we hear nothing of, nor that they had such store and variety of rare exoticks, orangeries, myrtils, and other curious greens; nor do I believe they had their orchards in such perfection, nor by far our furniture for the kitchen. Pliny, indeed, enumerates a world of vulgar plants and olitories, but they fall infinitely short of our physic gardens, books, and herbals, every day augmented by our sedulous botanists, and brought to us from all quarters of the world. And as for their husbandry and more rural skill, of which the same author has written VOL. XIII.—NO. IV.
so many books in his Natural History, especially lib. 17, 18, &c., you'll soon be judge what it was. They took great care, indeed, of their vines and olives, stercorations, ingraftings, and were diligent in observing seasons, the course of the stars, &c., and doubtless were very industrious; but when you shall have read over Cato, Varro, Columella, Paladio, with the Greek Geoponicks, I do not think you will have cause to prefer them before the modern agriculture, so exceedingly of late improved, for which you may consult and compare our old Tusser, Markham, the Maison Rustic, Hartlib, Walter Blith, the Philosophical Transactions, and other books, which you know better than myself.”
If all this might well be said by Evelyn in his day, with how much more propriety now, by us in ours; and with how much greater justice might we not also include his catalogue of the then Moderns. If we examine, however, more critically his remarks, so as to take in the whole scope of the premises he lays down, may we not doubt if his be not too severe a judgment ? In what consists the mighty difference? Evelyn goes into particulars; and it cannot be doubted that, of many things, now the rarest and most admired ornaments of our gardens, and the most exquisite delicacies upon our tables, they were entirely destitute; of others, they possessed not the same nor the abundance of excellent varieties that we do: but our author is careful further to note, that "they took great care indeed of their vines and olives, stercorations, ingraftings, and were diligent," &c. : and Solomon, had he consulted him, would have resuted much that he advances about gardens; and Virgil, had he borne him in mind, would have put to flight much more in reference to horticultural skill.
Having mentioned Solomon, however familiar he may be to most readers, I must be indulged in one quotation from him —but one, out of many beautiful passages that occur in his Song. “A garden enclosed is my sister, my spouse ; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire with spikenard, spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices. A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon. Solomon had a vineyard at Baalhamon; he let