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Mr. Richard Jones, Llanwnda, near Carnarvon, (Gwyndav Eryri,) is by occupation a stone mason, but has obtained some distinction as a poet. His procluctions, however, do not appear to deserve any very high commendation. In a small volume of his, which now lies before me, entitled “The Melody of the Muse,' there are about eighteen pieces of various lengths, but none of those that my patience has allowed me to peruse, display poetic genius. He composed several Carols, which are not positively bad; they contain good divinity and some little poetry. He seems to have mastered the Cynghanedd, and his lines are like so many bells, which give abundance of sound, but the sound of those instruments is not poetry. This individual obtained the bardic chair at the Eisteddvod held at Carnarvon, in the year 1821, but I have not been able to learn what was the subject on which he composed. He was also rewarded with a silver medal, by the Gwyneddigion Society, at an Eisteddvod held at Llangevni, in the year 1816, for the best poem on ‘A respectful Remembrance of the Ancestors of the Cymry, who struggled for the Freedoin of their Country. The termination of this Awdl refers to the land of perfect liberty:

“Gwlad nad oes oerloes erlid, -waith arvau,

Na thervyn ar ryddid,
Ond seiniaw goruwch llaw llid,

Vwyn awen ddigyvnewid.” Mr. D. Grufydd of Carnarvon, (Clwydvardd,) is a poet of some merit.

Mr. Taliesyn Williams, (Taliesyn ab lolo,) the son of lolo Morganwg, is a native of Glamorganshire, and a man of some literary distinction, as a Welsh scholar. His poetic compositions are generally obscure, and encumbered with expletives and redundant words. His poem on · The Druids of the Isle of Britain,' for which he was placed in the bardic chair of Morganwg, at the Cardiff Eisteddvod, in the year 1834, is not ree from these faults. But his superior knowledge of the


subject, combined with correct versification, must have easily secured for him the palm of victory.

Mr. Wm. Edwards of Llanberis, (Gwilym Padarn,) has published a collection of Odes, &c., on various subjects, which he has called “Eos Padarn;' the meaning of which is The Nightingale of Padarn. He is a sensible old man and a good poet.

Mr. G. W. Edwards of Trinity College, Dublin, son of the last mentioned individual, is a young man of promising abilities, both as a poet and a writer of prose.

He is the editor of the ' Protestant,' a paper which comes out every fortnight at Mold. Some of his compositions in that paper, display much talent and considerable learning.

The Rev. John Williams of Aberduar, in Carmarthenshire, is a native of Llanrwst. He published, a short time since, a volume of poetry, the title of which is Llofyn y Prydydd,' &c., that is, The Poet's Gleanings. There is much good poetry in this volume; the pieces, generally, are very simple and very pretty ; they are well adapted to please and improve the rising generation.

There are two gentlemen residing in London, possessed of much poetic merit; I refer to T. Edwards, Esq., (Caervallwch,) and Mr. Wm. Williams, (Gwilym Twrog.)

The Rev. Morris Williams, M.A., of Bangor, is engaged in preparing a metrical version of the Psalms. Several of his pieces have already appeared in different periodicals. The versification is good, and runs smoothly, and the version as faithful as the nature of the work requires it to be. Those which have appeared are well adapted for congregational singing, a commendation which cannot be given to the whole of Archdeacon Pryse's version, however much, in other respects, it claims to be admired.

The Rev. John Williams, M.A., Curate of Llanvor near Bala, is a poet of od taste, but is better known as a writer of prose. His Welsh style is of the purest kind, and has much of the idiom which the language peculiarly requires. He is the author of a small volume, which was originally published in Welsh, and afterwards in English, entitled “The Church of England independent of the Church of Rome in all ages."

The Rev. Daniel Jones of Liverpool has been rewarded for the labours of his Muse.

The Rev. Richard Parry of Conway, but a native of Llanerchymedd, (Monwysiad,) obtained the bardic chair at the Eisteddvod held at Llanerchymedd, in the year 1835. The subject of his poem is é Commerce, and the production displays considerable poetic talents.

The Rev. Samuel Roberts, Llanbrynmair, has published a very pretty and sweet little volume of Odes, &c. His excellent Essay on The necessity of law to maintain good manners,' obtained the premium at the Denbigh Eisteddvod in 1828.

The Rev. Wm. Ambrose of Port Madoc in Carnarvonshire has produced some superior pieces of poetry. He composes well both in the English and Welsh languages.

Mr. John Hughes, Bodedern, Anglesey, has some of the inspirations of the Awen in him. He is, at the present time, preparing a small collection of his productions, for the press. This Island has several other bards, now living, some of whom have obtained medals or premiums for their productions, but I am not able to say anything very definite in regard to their merit.

And here my catalogue of the living poets must be closed. I entertain no doubt that a great many more, connected with every county in the principality, might be mentioned, who possess poetic talents, which they frequently exercise. Many of them, it may be, are poets of merit, but the writer not having had the opportunity of perusing their compositions cannot venture to express an opinion of their character.

It is much to be regretted that our best bards so much

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neglect the department of sacred poetry, adapted for congregational singing. We are in possession of some very excellent hymns, which would bear comparison with anything of the kind in the English language ; but there is not sufficient variety, of a superior kind, to answer the demand of public worship, and to satisfy the general taste. The psalms of Archdeacon Pryse, and the hymns of the sweet songster of Wales, the Rev. W. Williams, of Pantycelyn near Llandovery, are held in high estimation.

In theology we have a large collection of works, many of which are valuable, As far as we know, the late Rev. Peter Williams was the first that ever favoured Wales with explanatory notes on the Bible. They are full of sweetness, very sound in regard to doctrine, and are of a practical tendency. The Bible of this divine, with notes and marginal references, has passed through many editions, in a large quarto, and is the family Bible of the peasantry throughout the principality. Another Commentary, in three quarto volumes, was completed, a few years ago, by a Baptist Minister of the name of Mr. John Jenkins, near Merthyr Tydvil. It is the humble production of a sensible man, without any pretensions to learning. The Rev. Thomas Jones, late of Carmarthen, wrote very excellent Expositions on the five books of Moses, Job, the Canticles, and the Epistle to the Hebrews. A Bible, with short notes, was published, not long ago, by the Rev. Mr. Davies of Swansea. And the Rev. Joseph Harris, of the same place, issued from his press a duoglott Bible, the English and Welsh being in collateral columns. A few Expositions on the whole of the New Testament, have also been prepared and published by natives of the principality. The one by Dr. Lewis has already been mentioned. Dr. Phillips of Neuaddlwyd, Cardiganshire, completed another, but not having seen it, I cannot speak of its merits.

The following have been translated from the English language :

The Commentary of Samuel Clarke, and that of Dr. Coke on the whole Bible : Matthew Henry's, in like manner, has been recently finished. Some parts of a critical Exposition, have just been sent forth, from the press of Mr. John Jones, Llanidloes. The work is a selection from the Commentaries of Coke, Clarke, Benson, Watson, and Suttcliffe, and is well executed. A kind of a Pictorial Bible, with critical notes, has been noticed in another part of this Essay. On the New Testament, Burkitt's Exposition has been completed; and Dr. Gill's came out, many years ago, as far as the second Epistle to the Corinthians. Those of Dr. Guise and John Wesley, have been rendered into Welsh. The ponderous work of Dr. Adam Clarke, comes out, at the present time, in parts, being well translated by a very able scholar, the Rev. Isaac Jones, Curate of Llanddaniel, Anglesey.

Nevertheless it is to be feared that, when all the works now in progress will be completed, the Welsh language will still be in want of a Commentary of standard excellence, combining critical examinations of difficult texts, with lucid exposition of doctrinal subjects, so as to edify the church, and promote practical religion, in the principality.

We have had, in the present age, a few Dictionaries of the Bible. The one by Mr. Charles of Bala, has been already mentioned. The Rev. Isaac Jones translated, not many years ago, the Dictionary of Gurney; and a Theological Dictionary, of great merit, has appeared, under the editorship of the Rev. W. Jones, Bridgend, Glamorganshire. A body of divinity, under the title of “The Silver Palace,' was published, some years back, by an individual already mentioned, as an Expositor of the Bible—the Rev. John Jenkins near Merthyr. It has but few qualities that entitle it to commendation, as it, as well as the Exposition, advocates a very tight system of Calvinism. In sermons the literature of Wales is


deficient. A dozen or fifteen volumes, of various sizes and qualities, are all that we possess.

A kind of an Introduction to the study

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