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Página 238 - ... residuary nitrous gas will be found. These facts clearly point out the theory of the process : the elements of oxygen may combine with a certain portion of nitrous gas, or with twice that portion, but with no intermediate quantity. In the former case nitric acid is the result ; in the latter nitrous acid: but as both these may be formed at the same time, one part of the oxygen going to one of nitrous gas, and another to two, the quantity of nitrous gas absorbed should be variable ; from 36 to...
Página 107 - Who take the ruffian billows by the top, Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them With deaf'ning clamours in the slippery clouds, That, with the hurly, death itself awakes ? Canst thou, O partial sleep! give thy repose To the wet sea-boy in an hour so rude; And, in the calmest and most stillest night, With all appliances and means to boot, Deny it to a king ? Then, happy low, lie down ! Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.
Página 237 - If 100 measures of common air be admitted to 72 of nitrous gas in a wide vessel over water, such as to form a thin stratum of air...
Página 271 - ... with water, &c. retain their elasticity or repulsive power amongst their own particles, just the same in the water as out of it, the intervening water having no other influence in this respect than a mere vacuum. 3. Each gas is retained in water by the pressure of gas of its own kind incumbent on its surface abstractedly considered, no other gas with which it may be mixed having any permanent influence in this respect.
Página 278 - An enquiry into the relative weights of the ultimate particles of bodies is a subject, as far as I know, entirely new : I have lately been prosecuting this enquiry with remarkable success. The principle cannot be entered upon in this paper ; but I shall just subjoin the results, as far as they appear to be ascertained by my experiments.
Página 181 - Our wrestling at arms is turned to wallowing in ladies' laps; our courage to cowardice; our running to riot; our bows into bowls; and our darts to dishes. We have robbed Greece of gluttony, Italy of wantonness, Spain of pride, France of deceit, and Dutchland of quaffing. Compare London to Rome, and England to Italy, you shall find the theatres of the one, the abuses of the other, to be rife among us.
Página 176 - ... man should abstain from animal food; for by him that kills merely to eat, life is sacrificed only to life; and if man had lived upon fruits and herbs, the greater part of those animals which die to furnish his table, would never have lived; instead of increasing the breed as a pledge of plenty, he would have been compelled to destroy them to prevent a famine. There is great difference between killing for food and for sport. To take pleasure in that by which pain is inflicted, if it is not vicious,...
Página 245 - ... 2. To determine the relative weights of the different gases in a given volume of atmospheric air, such as it is at the earth's surface. 3. To investigate the proportions of the gases to each other, such as they ought to be found at different elevations above the earth's surface.
Página 282 - ... between the thumb and fore-finger of each hand ; bring the middle of the piece into slight contact with the edges of the lips ; taking care to keep it straight at the time, but not to stretch it much beyond its natural length : after taking these preparatory steps, extend the slip suddenly ; and you will immediately perceive a sensation of warmth in that part of the mouth which touches it, arising from an augmentation of temperature in the Caoutchouc : for this resin evidently grows warmer the...