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sumption of the latter in its
refused to enter the latcomments on French affairs
Europe. being, observes the former,
through the events of the all wrong What France
month in France, faces a reshould aim at, says the Man
vival of militarism which, chester daily, is a policy
says his Humanité, threatbased upon a better under
ens civilization itself. The standing with Germany.
one hope, he thinks, is united The idea is fantastic, if we
action by the Socialist groups may trust the Kreus-Zei
now so strong in the parliatung, very near to the official
ment of France, Germany circle surrounding Emperor
and Great Britain. He proWilliam and speaking with
fesses himself bewildered by almost the voice of Prussian
thie infatuation of British militarism. We find it say
politicians for a triple ening now:
tente of which militarist
Russia is a member. To the "Altho it can not be dis
London Chronicle he has puted that President Poincaré
conveyed, over his signature, in all he turns his attention
these expressions of his opinto proves unfortunate, he has
ion: AND THEY CALL THIEMSELVES FRENCH STATESMEN! succeeded this time. He has
Big BLACKGUARD (member of the military committee in the managed to bring the Prime chamber): “Just what is a general ?”
“This mad race of armaMinister, likewise the Min
POLITICAL PARASITE: “A general is one who goes in to his ments is developing a revolu
meals behind a sub-prefect.” ister of Foreign Affairs, Vi
tionary situation in France, viani, into the path of the
as in other parts of Europe. presidential policy—the policy of an imperialistic tendency Here we have a bad principle that is fast approaching its which must sooner or later of necessity lead Europe into extreme consequences. Its ruinous action is reflected in war. He feeds French Jingoism with Russian hatred of the conduct of society, and the class that is most exploited Germany and devotes all his efforts to drawing England is awakening to the consciousness that not only its own into a combination in which no party will be its own master.” interests but the interests of humanity will be involved in
the threatened uprising against militarism, a fact which will Jean Jaurès on the Horrors act as a spur to revolt. of Impending Militarism. “Not only is this so in France.
"The monstrous abuse of militarism will act as a supreme upon Jean Jaurès, veteran leader of French So- impulse in the days of the revolution which capitalism is cialism, in the interest of the Viviani ministry; but he gradually preparing throughout the world."
PRESSURE of the severest kind was brought to bear
BELFAST AND DUBLIN ARM FOR THE CIVIL
WAR IN IRELAND WITH the passage the other day in the Lords of the
The Amending Irish Bill
to Avert Civil War. Home Rule act, an appeal to arms becomes the inevitable THE plan by which the Asquith ministry hopes at
this eleventh hour to avert the horrors of civil war solution of the crisis facing the British cabinet. This
in Ireland is dismissed furiously by the conservative statement, tho sensational and pessimistic, is the ma
London Post. The bill just brought in, it explains, is tured judgment of all the opposition organs. Liberal dailies are inclined to fear that Belfast has been so
merely the Prime Minister's proposal of over three
months ago to put into legislative form the trite sugworked upon by the bellicose Sir Edward Carson that episodes of a regrettable kind may be “staged." "The gestion that any Ulster county shall be at liberty to
vote itself out of the Home Rule act for six years government have had their last chance of preventing and for six years only. Any county in Ulster can civil war by their own exertions and they have thrown it away.” The sentence fairly typifies every utterance
decide its fate, moreover, by a bare majority. An
area thus excluded would send members to the British of the London Times, from which it is copied. The
and not to the Irish House of Commons. The whole great daily sometimes wonders whether "even now"
scheme was rejected by Ulster when suggested first by the people of England and of Scotland fully realize the
Mr. Asquith in March, says the Tory organ with inpresent condition of affairs in Ireland. Its columns
dignation, and it is evidently put forward again now contain almost daily evidence of what it describes as "the passions that are rising and are increasingly dif
in order to befog the issue afresh. Sir Edward Carson ficult to check.” The Ulster issue, it affirms, is for the
expressed the view of Orangemen generally when he
declared that he would be hanged straight away bemoment ceasing to be one of politics and is drifting towards the domain of psychology. “It may very soon
fore he would keep a rope around his neck for six
years. become a problem not of boundaries nor of time limits but of what masses of excited and exasperated people
Home-Rulers in Ireland may do under certain circumstances.” If some solu
Take Up Arms. tion be not found, it predicts a resort to mob action in INFURIATED by the revival of a plan to exclude Ireland very soon and Prime Minister Asquith will Ulster from the scope of Irish Home Rule, the exwring his hands vainly over the ruin he has wrought. tremists among John Redmond's followers have flown
to arms on the Belfast model. Ulster never drilled and troduction of 35,000 rifles into Ulster was connived maneuvered with such energy as is now displayed in at by the British ministry. Hence the swift flying to Cork, in Dublin and in the south and west of Ireland. arms in the south. All the influence of Mr. Redmond failed in checking this latest development, which, as Conservative dailies
The Roman Catholic Army That
Will Face the Orangemen. in London admit, received a tremendous stimulus when the British army officers stationed in Ireland showed CONFIDENT as Sir Edward Carson may feel in their reluctance to march against Sir Edward Carson's
the prowess of his Ulstermen, he is warned by the
Unionist London daily already mentioned that the "troops” in Ulster. “The kernel of the matter," as the
Roman Catholic army rising in the south of Ireland Unionist London Telegraph admits, “is that from the
may overwhelm him. Even the members of the Ancient moment in which it was known that the armed forces
Order of Hibernians were given permission, we read, of the crown declined to be used as a political machine
to enroll themselves in the ranks of the Irish Volunin Ireland, the existence of a military or semi-military
teers. The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland—"ever body in the south and west of the island became of
ready to take the lead in an inevitable enterprize"overwhelming importance and even a necessity.” In
bestowed an unhurried blessing. Mr. John Redmond, no other way, as the Home Rulers thought, could a show of equality be maintained against Ulster. The "seeing that the only chance of controlling the growing Dublin Freeman's Journal, not originally enthusiastic tendency was to adopt it lock, stock and barrel,” took
the militarists into the official fold of Home Rule. The over displays of militarism on the Belfast model, has revised its ideas on the whole subject. Irish priests, organization of this great army for the sole purpose of revised its ideas on the whole subject. Irish priests, hurling defiance at Sir Edward Carson was deprecated doubtful at first, are now neutral. All are arming.
from the beginning by. Mr. Redmond. He looks with
consternation, it even seems, at the prospect of a sudDistrust of Mr. Asquith in Home-Rule Circles.
den march on Ulster if the talk about exclusion be WHATEVER happens in Ulster during the next few not incontinently dropped. “Ireland a unit”—that is
months, Prime Minister Asquith will not send the slogan of the volunteers who will make short work the British army to enforce the Home Rule act.
of "areas of exclusion," "time limits" and the various learned a severe lesson on that point when the military parliamentary devices suggested so recently in the magnates rebelled last March. This is not admitted House of Lords. This attitude is making the position in any Liberal organ in London, but it is hinted in of Mr. Redmond in London more and more delicate and patriotic papers in the south of Ireland.
difficult. viction put a new face upon the whole situation in Ire
Bulletins from the Theater of land from the standpoint of the Nationalist press. The
Civil War in Ireland. National Volunteers, as the regiments in opposition to
LL factions in Dublin look with confidence to the the Ulstermen are called, became of first importance. results of Mr. Redmond's appeal to the Irish in the Fanatical Home Rulers seem to think that the rebellious United States. “The people of Ireland,” he wrote to British army officers had secret instructions from the President Michael J. Ryan of the United Irish League cabinet in England. Mr. Asquith is said to wink at the of America, “are faced by an armed force which importation of arms into Ulster and there are sus threatens to stand between Ireland and the decision of picions that he might connive at a descent of the Ulster- parliament to give her liberty.” Sympathizers in this men upon the unarmed Home Rulers at a timely mo country are understood to have supplied already funds ment. Ridiculous as it may seem, admits the London that ought to strengthen the Irish Volunteers in meetTelegraph, many even of the most intelligent Home ing what Mr. Redmond terms an "audacious attempt Rulers living just outside the Ulster frontier do credit of the British aristocracy and an Irish minority to put the tales of this peril. They fear that the recent in down by force the liberties of the Irish people.” Now
Mr. Redmond, as the unfriendly LonLATEST
don Telegraph admits, was literally STYL
driven into this step. “But his action BEGORRA! ARISH
is only a palliative." So long as the TWEEDS
Ulster Volunteers remain as a body to SPECIALITY
be reckoned with and the British Army in Ireland is an entirely neutral force, the need for the Nationalist Volunteers will remain. V"Every difficulty caused by a partition of Ireland
will be regarded as an additional proof SUITS
that the extremist Home Rulers were TO
right and that Mr. Redmond was ORDER
wrong.” The course of Irish politics must, our contemporary fears, be directed by those who possess the confidence of the armed and disciplined Roman Catholics. No conceivable authority now or in the future will be
capable of disbanding them. Ireland A DIFFICULT ORDER
comes into view as a self-governing naMR. ASQUITHI: “And yet the suit must be made to fit."
tion with a military spirit like Prussia's.
-London Jolu Bull
THE SUFFRAGETS SEE ASQUITH
Can the Army in the South of of Ulster would exclude the whole province, it insists.
Ireland Cancel the Army in
The Unionist Irish Times thinks a way will yet be found
just said, will be that on which he orders a mobiliza Liberal-Unionist organ of northeast Ulster, insists that tion of the Orangemen for the defense of their rights every Orangeman will reject the latest "worthless offer” and liberties. Nevertheless, the Liberal London News by the Prime Minister. “If Mr. Asquith has spoken his seems more convinced than
last word,” it says, “there is ever that Sir Erward Car
nothing between Ulster and son is playing his gigantic
civil war." game of bluff on a greater scale than before. It ob
Ireland Between Her jects to Lord Landsdowne's
Two Armies. reference to the Roman
RESH appeals for a gen
eral election are heard Catholic army in the south as "a most serious complica
above the din of the preparation" of the Irish problem.
tions for an appeal to arms What he really meant, insists
in Ireland. How absurd, exthe Liberal organ, was that it
claims the Liberal Westhad simplified matters. “The
minster Gazette (London), Irish Volunteers cancel out
is this cry for a general electhe Ulster Volunteers. They
tion by a party in England eliminate force from the dis
which has no policy for Irecussion of the Home Rule
land when Ireland is the isquestion." This elimination
sue of the day! The Ulster of force kills the plan of ex
Volunteers say they will clusion. There will, predicts
have nothing less than the the radical London Chironi
permanent exclusion of the cle, be no exclusion. Indeed,
whole of Ulster. The Irish. as the Dublin Freeman's
Volunteers say they will not Journal in more ways than
have Ireland mutilated by one has intimated of late, the
the permanent exclusion of result of Mr. Redmond's ac
the whole or of any part of
Ulster. This is the crux of tion in accepting responsibility for the army that sprang
the controversy as the Libup in his ranks is that the
eral organ sees it. It proparty he leads could not ac
ceeds to elucidate the sub
“THE SINCEREST FLATTERY” cept the permanent exclusion
ject in the following terms: GENERAL JOHN REDMOND: Ulster king-at-arms, is ut? We'll be afther of the whole or any part of showin' 'em what the other three provinces can do!
“We have seen the Unionist Ulster from the Home Rule
Party gradually stiffened by bill. The Cork Free Press, organ of William O'Brien, the Ulster Volunteers to increase their demand from the seems to read the situation in much that way; but it holds
exclusion of a part to the exclusion of the whole of Mr. Redmond responsible for the mismanagement which
Ulster; we now see a counter-pressure exercized upon has brought on this aspect of the crisis. From the Belfast
the Government to prevent the permanent exclusion of
any part of Ulster. It is equally futile for either party Newsletter, mouthpiece of the Ulstermen in arms, we
to complain that the other is coerced, for the plain fact learn that the followers of Sir Edward Carson expect
patent to everyone is that both are coerced; and that, to do, to dare and to die for the covenant they signed
whichever way the balance of the British electorate might and that "unless we are to regard Mr. Asquith's pro
swing at a general election, either party, if it returned posal as a first bid for peace" it would be preferable to to power, would find itself up against the same problem, fight the issue out on the bill as it stands. A referendum tho the parts might be reversed.”
AN IMPEACHMENT OF THE GOOD FAITH OF THE
Sylvia Pankhurst arrived at the House of Commons the residence of the American Ambassador in London. with the avowed purpose of dying outside the entrance, That diplomatist, it seems from the London organ of Prime Minister Asquith received a deputation of women the militant cause, has greatly disappointed the followers at Downing street. They went away disappointed be of the Pankhursts by his lack of courage in defending cause he did not at once give a definite and favorable the Americans who, from time to time, involve themanswer to the demand for an immediate government selves with the London police by smashing windows and measure favoring votes for women. However, the suf throwing stones. Meanwhile those officials continue fragets await, or so they say, in a hopeful mood the re their policy of "harrying" the militants, even seizing a sult of that careful and mature consideration which Mr. house in Campden Hill Square which has been used as a Asquith promised to give to their demand. If they do headquarters of the Pankhursts since the raid on the not hear from him in a favorable sense, there is soon to Westminster premises. The militancy of the month inbe a revival of unpleasant scenes not only in Downing cludes besides disturbances in theaters the burning of
CRITICISM of the organization of the Pankhurst
another church, an attempt to destroy the cottage of the inexplicable stupidity. It is just as clever and as calculated poet Burns and various other efforts.
as every move which has preceded it. These attacks on
churches, insults to the King, wild scenes in the police How the Pankhursts Make courts, are not directed to obtain the vote, but to defer Lots of Money.
the vote, and, incidentally, to stimulate the crowd of sub
scribers on whom the Union depends.” militancy of the Pankhursts are thought to be responsible for some recent insinuations against the good
The Militancy of the Militants faith of those ladies. This explains the policy of Home
Merely Military. Secretary McKenna, too, it appears, in undertaking a crusade against those who supply the funds of the Pank
we to hurst "union.” An act may be devised, too, giving power
nished at different times by different authorities in the to the executive to declare illegal any association formed London Suffragette, misconceives the very nature of for the perpetration of a crime and making all con militancy. The campaign to win votes for women is, tributors to its resources responsible for the conse
we read, a war. Mrs. Pankhurst herself calls attention quences of its acts. Mr. McKenna, in fact, the London from time to time to the militancy of the men who wish Post fears, has not adequately realized the relation in to achieve results in the political sphere. When men which the Women's Social and Political Union stands wanted triumph in Mexico, declares Mrs. Pankhurst, now to its subscribers nor the objective to which its they adopted a policy of militancy. What do we see in energies are directed. The Union has always been able Ireland but the application of the same principleto boast, we read, of an easily replenished exchequer Orangemen militant in Belfast, Home Rulers militant and has maintained a close and careful hold of all the in Dublin? Enemies of the idea of votes for women funds it has received. There has been no concealment are reminded that militancy itself refutes the notion that in the columns of The Suffragette of the union's finan woman can not make war. Naturally a body at war is cial strength. It is, affirms the London Post, a bitter governed as if it were an army, which the Pankhurst foe of the Pankhurst movement, "an ever increasing de- society or union has become. Mrs. Annie Besant, too, sire for money that is responsible for the present ap places herself passionately on the side of militancy, parently insane policy of destruction.” That is why which, she told an audience in London last month, is there has been such a centralization of control in the the result of the brutality of the police. Militancy, she Pankhurst hands. “A single family has in cuckoo fash- added, has made woman suffrage a practical issue.
The ion thrust all dangerous rivals out of the union nest.” suffraget who slashed the Rokeby Venus with a hatchet,
Mary Richardson, is quoted on the subject thus:
“What I did I had thought over very seriously before
I undertook it. I have been a student, and perhaps care English feminism remembers the expulsion of Mr. as much for art as anyone but I care more for justice and Mrs. Pethick-Lawrence from the Pankhurst ranks. than I do for art, and I firmly believe that when the nation Ever since, as soon as anyone showed sufficient intelli shuts its eyes to justice and prefers to have women who gence to question a policy or challenge the disposal of
are not only denied justice but who are ill-treated and funds, according to the information in the London Post
tortured, then I say that this action of mine should be
understandable. I don't say it is excusable, but at least -provided by “one who is particularly well qualified
it ought to be understood. to speak with authority on the subject”—she was forced
“The outrage which the Government has committed on to go, “shouldered out without any regard for manners
Mrs. Pankhurst is the ultimatum of outrages. It is murder. or even for diplomacy.” Mrs. Pankhurst determined to
It is slow murder. It is premeditated murder. That is be an autocrat and an autocrat she has since remained: how I look at it. In view of the fact that the Government “She has herself all the great qualities which any leader
permit and commit murder, I think anything that a sufmight envy, and she asked nothing from her subordinates
fraget does falls into a lesser degree of crime than murder." that she shrank from herself. The rewards, indeed, were
The philosophy of militancy is likewise expounded by very different, but so sensitive to suggestion has been her
an active English militant, Margaret Martin, in these following that on so sordid an issue there has been but
words: little trouble. The funds of the Union were transported to a place of safety, and a member of the ruling house "The actual ‘militant' deed is insignificant to a degree sat down in Paris beside them. ..
compared with—I will name them, its 'complements. Our “The keeping of these subscribers interested and excited modern life is intricate and complex; there is interdehas been of late the problem with which the Family has pendence to such a degree that when upheavals take place been faced, because any flagging in the militant movement in certain parts the discomfort is felt in the whole life of is at once recorded in a falling off of the funds. Money the people, those parts approximating more nearly to the has become with the Family the prime objective-indeed center of disturbance naturally feeling the shock of unthere is good reason to believe that militancy is now being heaval most. In conjunction with this intricacy is a wish persisted in to prolong the contest for the vote, and so for peace, comfort, and smoothly running life, and a willingto prolong also the period in which the subscribers' pockets ness to conciliate by concessions rather than have the can be tapped successfully. ...
reverse to any great extent, for an indefinite length of time. “This, then, is the explanation of what has seemed an Suffrage militancy is based on knowledge of this."
Here's another effect of mad militancy. King George wants more salary.—Cleveland Plain-Dealer.
Some of the London militants, before they go a hunger strike, appease their appetites by biting policemen.—Toledo Blade.
Militant attacks on famous paintings may be attributed to an innate antipathy to any old master.—Washington Post.
Those fifty-two American institutions of art, learning and humanity, which have urged the president of China not to let the vandals destroy the country's ancient monuments, might next use their influence in England.—Springfield Republican.
King George can't understand why he should still be persecuted. He has made Mary an army officer—and yet the militants keep on throwing things.—Cleveland Plain-Dealer.
PERSONS IN THE FOREGROUND
HENRY FORD; OR, HOW TO BE HAPPY ON A
MILLION A MONTH N or near the city of Detroit lives including stenographers and office-boys, that would draw me away from here. a slim active little man who is Henry Ford has been the subject of Nothing from the Presidency down said to have the third largest in- innumerable discussions on both sides would induce me to enter any field of
in actual cash in the wide, of the sea. One of the assumptions endeavor other than that in which I wide world. He has $15,000,000 was that he was in pursuit of political am engaged at present.” on deposit in the banks of that for- honors. One of the members of the Now if that doesn't sound like the tunate city. He owns 55 per cent. of executive committee of the Progressive voice of a happy man, then we don't the stock in an automobile company party in Michigan wrote to him know the symptoms. To have found that is reported to have cleared last promptly, asking him if he would not one's life-work and to be in love with year the tidy sum of $15,000,000. Two consent to be that Party's candidate for il carries one a long way on toward incredible things are reputed of this governor this year. Ford's reply was: the Delectable Mountains. But Mr.
One is that he is happy and the “I have no political aspirations of any Ford has other joys than those he gets other is that he doesn't care for any kind whatever and absolutely decline from his little stunt of manufacturing more money.
him to be directly affiliated with any party 250,000 cars, more or less, a year. He from time to time to invest in stocks or such offices as it has to tender.” In has two fads—boys and birds. Every and bonds of other companies that are
an interview afterward, he reiterated year he gathers up from one to two paying good rates of interest; but his this in the following words: “I have a dozen street boys in Detroit, sends invariable reply is to this effect: “What life's work at my plant, and there is them to school in the winter and puts do I want with more money? I shall nothing any political party could offer them to work on his farm in the sumnever use what I have, most likely.”
A good share of the time he is wearing overalls, and overalls are cheap apparel. Until a few weeks ago he was living most of the time in an inexpensive bungalow on a farm a few miles out of Detroit and employing but two house servants. He has recently replaced this frame cottage with a stone dwelling, but his habits of life remain as inexpensive as ever. He has but one child, a son named Edsel, who is nineteen, and who is described as a hardworking lad, fully able to take care of himself and with every intention of doing so. Not long ago the father remarked to a friend that money meant little to him because he had no one to leave it to, which, as the boy is said to be the apple of his eye, seemed to imply but one thing—that he intends that the boy shall have a chance to make his way in the world without the handicap of a crushing fortune to carry. Lastly, this rich and happy man is a sort of ascetic, neither drinking nor smoking, doing no gambling or horseracing, spending but little in the way of art-collecting, and being content to ride, when he uses an automobile, in a Ford car. The last fact is not, however, so strange in view of the fact that the man is the manufacturer of that car and has spent the best part of his life in perfecting it according to his ideas.
Ever since the announcement of the profit-sharing scheme, by which the Ford Manufacturing Company will dis
A NEW ADVISER TO THE PRESIDENT tribute among its employees about $10, Henry Ford, who was called into consultation by President Wilson last month on the general 000,000 a year, and pay a minimum business situation, is a- self-made man who does not worship his maker. He is described as un
assuming, of the utmost simplicity of character, and so far from uncouth and boorish that he wage of $5.00 a day to all employees,
is “almost a dandy in his well-tailored, well-pressed clothes."