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A Publisher Attacks

works appears frequently on the ob-
“Best Sellers."
THEN is a “best seller" not a noxious list of "best sellers," and took
best seller? Frequently, ac-

no joy in the fact that, in Mr. Wilcording to Mr. Frederick A. liam Marion Reedy's phrase, it is "sex Stokes, the New York publisher. That o'clock in American fiction.” “Repreis, as he explained at a recent con

sentative Ainerican booksellers and vention of the American Booksellers, publishers," he said, "constantly show dealers often attempt to accelerate the their contempt for the mercenary mosale of certain novels by falsely re

tives of the pandering writer." porting that they are in great demand, thus making the public believe that it

Cheap Novels and Cheap

Newspapers. must read the book to be in fashion. UT the modern novel has found He did not allude to the rumor that

a severer critic than Mr. Stokes. publishers themselves sometimes stoop Mr. Chester S. Lord, one of the to the use of a similar device, giving greatest living journalists, for many the impressive name "edition" to a

years editor of the New York Sun, printing of five hundred copies, but he told the Connecticut Editorial Assowas earnest in his denunciation of the ciation that the literature of to-day is custom of referring to “best sellers,” vastly inferior to that of the Vicsaying that it destroyed respect for the torian period and he mentioned the work of our novelists. He told this modern novel as a symptom of our soilluminating story:

cial and mental demoralization. "Nine

tenths of the novels now written," he "A traveling salesman was greeted by a said, "are so-called sex novels, in which customer somewhat as follows: 'What is the matter with that “Love the Conqueror” cussed with a freedom that could not

sex relations are described and disof yours? You sold me twenty-five copies the last time you were here and I've only have been tolerated fifty years ago and got rid of one. I've done everything I

that must have excluded them from could for it. I've put it in front, and I've libraries and from homes." He menreported it in the best selling books. tioned, as conspicuous examples of this John! (calling a clerk), 'did you report pernicious sort of writing, the three "Love the Conqueror” last month as our novels by British authors that attracted best seller ?' 'Yes, sir. 'There, you see !'” most attention during the winter—those

of Hall Caine, H. G. Wells, and John Mr. Stokes regretted the choice of Galsworthy—and he added, significantly, subject of some of the authors whose

“What the immediate future has in
store in the direction of intellectual
and moral nourishment may be indi-
cated by some of the publishers' an- A PUBLISHER WHO SCORNS "BEST

nouncements of books for summer read-
ing.” Mr. Lord did not confine himself According to Frederick A. Stokes the "best

seller" is sometimes the worst seller. to the novel; the newspaper came in for its share of criticism. He said:

good, and the habitual attitude of the

newspaper is one of effort towards the “Every editor knows that the more de- best its audiences will tolerate." tails of sin, vice, and crime you cram into a newspaper the more copies of that news

Ambassador Page Makes paper will be sold, and every editor knows

Another Joke. that the most subtle tempta'ion that ever MBASSADOR PAGE has a larger besets him is the temptation to print the audience for his jokes than any things that should not be printed, and that

other man. The audience, howtemptation is. inore acute because he knows

ever, cannot be called appreciative. the people want to read them. Ay! there's People insist on taking his remarks the rub! The people want the sensational with deadly seriousness and his afterstuff.”

dinner speeches generally are followed Mr. Lord is thus inclined to blame by a chorus of protest from the Amerthe public for the degeneration of the ican press. His humorous remarks newspaper and he quoted with approval about the Panama Canal still attract the late Whitelaw Reid's saying: “To editorial attention, and at the annual say that the newspapers are getting banquet in London of the Royal Litworse is to say that the people are get- erary Fund for the Relief of Neces

ting worse. They may work more evil sitous Authors he supplied his critics HE BLAMES IT ON THE PUBLIC

now than they have ever wrought be- with new material. He said:

fore, because the influence is more Chester S. Lord says the people demand sensa

"From the viewpoint of mere barnyard tional journalismi.

wide-spread; bụt they also work more gumption it is absurd for anybody to start

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to spend his life writing. Gambling is scription supposed in some way to sug- less she does not desert him for his more likely to yield a steady income. It gest the alleged charm of its heroine. picturesquely strong cousin Julian. She is an absurd career and a foolish fool

The critics, however, fail to find Dore says: "He's mine, and I wouldn't have hardy business. No man has a right to

charming; they fail to find her even him altered for the world. I don't want take it up who can avoid doing so.”

possible. Mr. Lucian Cary, the literary him perfect. If anything goes wrong, Of course these remarks, which Mr. editor of the Chicago Evening Post, pro- well, let it go wrong! I'm his wife. Page undoubtedly uttered in humorous tests, in that excellent journal, against I'm his !" "The Price of Love" is the deprecation of his own literary efforts, giving a girl of twenty-two the powers wholesomest and cheerfulest of Mr.

have given umbrage to many an editor. of a Ninon de Lenclos in her prime Bennett's stories of the Five Towns The New York Tribune says: “It is with the morals of a husband-hunting and according to the New York Times perhaps as good a tribute as any to Victorian miss. "N. D.," in her Review of Books it is superior to his the sense of humor possessed by the “Books of the Week” article in the other novels in plot, dialog and char'majority of his countrymen that Dr. New York Globe, finds "The Sala- acter-drawing. The reviewer concludes Page's propensities in this direction do mander" "only a highly-colored and a highly favorable study of "The Price not more seriously interfere with his

of Love" with the words: usefulness as Ambassador." And the

"The Arnold Bennett 'boom' is overNew York Times, by no ineans the

and this is good for the world and better severest of Mr. Page's critics, says:

for Mr. Bennett. Now no longer does he “The scrivening fraternity are

need to be ostentatiously, militantly a than likely to tell the Ambassador that

‘realist,' to consider literary movements he needn't look far to find somebody to

and creeds. He does not, indeed, see life whom literature has been generous as well

steadily, but he sees it more nearly as a as kind, and, as for 'barnyard gumption,'

whole than before, that is, he sees he will be told that while that is un

ordered plan, a logical sequence of cause doubtedly a fine thing and a useful pos

and effect, something more satisfactory session in its place—which is in the barn

than that deceptive spectacle the 'crossyard—there are other places and other

section. His art has lost none of its diswisdoms that many besides himself pre

tinction, but it has mellowed; to-day he fer."

makes no startling photographs of human- . Mr. Owen Johnson's

ity, but sympathetic interpretations." Unnatural History, HE salamander is a fabulous lizard

The Financier Gets Out living in fire. The heroine of Mr.

of Jail.

UT altho Mr. Bennett has forOwen Johnson's "The Salamander" (Bobbs-Merrill) lives in fire, and

saken the ways of the orthodox the critics say that she is a fabulous

realist, Mr. Theodore Dreiser, animal. The historian of Mr. Dink

whose work he praised highly during Stover's momentous career at Law

a visit to America, still is a pessimist renceville and Yale has attempted social

and an eager student of the most unsatire; has attempted, as he says, to

pleasant details of life. His new novel show "that a young girl without phys

“The Titan” (John Lane) is the second ical temptation may be urged by mental

part of his “Trilogy of Desire” and curiosity to see life through whatever

tells the story of the life of Frank windows, that she may feel the same im

Algerton Cowperwood after his release petuous frenzy of mood as her brother, THE HISTORIAN OF THE FIVE TOWNS from the penitentiary to which, it will

Mr. Bennett is a realist, but in his new novel the same sample each new

be remembered, he was sent in the

he celebrates marital fidelity. excitement that she may arrogate

concluding chapters of "The Financier." to herself the right to examine every- sentimentalized tale with a Robert W. thing, question everything, peep into Chambers' moral," and adds: “The everything—tentatively to project hier- Chambers' way, as everybody knows, is self into every possibility, and after to make vice attractive and virtue dull a few years of this frenzy of excited and then in loud and moralistic tones curiosity can suddenly be translated in- advise the dull.” to a formal and discreet mode of life." .

Arnold Bennett on the So the Salamander, Dore Baxter, comes

Side of the Angels. from the country to live in a New НЕ novelists

reforming. York hall bedroom, and to "project Those erstwhile astonishers of herself into every possibility." These the bourgeoisie, Elinor Glynn and possibilities are chiefly amatory. She Frank Danby, have given us in “Your remains technically virtuous but she Affectionate Grandmother" (Appleton) makes a living by captivating various and "Full Swing" (Lippincott) stories distinguished citizens of the metropolis. that are not only harmless but-acThe wealthy voluptuary, Sassoon, the tually!-edifying. And the versatile distinguished Judge Massingale, the Mr. Arnold Bennett has thrown to the famous journalist, Harrigan Blood, winds that treasured property of British and the aristocratic spendthrift, Garry realists, the unhappy ending. His rathLindaberry—all these pay tribute to the er melodramatically named novel “The beauty and audacity of the irresistible Price of Love" (Harper and Brothers) Salamander. She accepts their gifts is a study of the pure and enduring of dinners, flowers, candy, books and passion of Rachel Fores for her husmoney, lures them on, deceives them, band. Louis Fores is a ne'er-do-well then marries and lives happily ever of the Five Towns. Rachel thinks him after. The book has been the subject of a splendid hero when she marries him,


MUCK-RAKES SOCIETY much comment, and its name has been but gradually discovers his weakness,

Mr. Johnson's interpretation of American girl. given to feminine garments of every de- selfishness and dishonesty. Neverthe

hood is not flattering to our national pride.






Page and Company). But Penrod
Schofield is interpreted with such sym-
pathy and skill that the reader is irre-
sistibly reminded of Mark Twain. We
first meet him, a reticent, imaginative
boy of eleven, sitting in his sanctum
sanctorum, a great box of sawdust in
the barn, writing by the light of an
old lantern hung from a nail on the
inside of the box. We see him organ-
izing a show, playing a broken-down
accordion, enjoying the companionship
of his excellent dog, Duke, making love
to the supercilious and amber-curled
Marjorie Jones and showing his resent-
ment at being called a little gentleman
by starting a miniature riot with well-
directed handfuls of tar. We see him
also as the Child Sir Lancelot in a
Children's Pageant of the Table Round
and we understand his indignation at
being forced to wear his sister's silk
stockings and a portion of his father's
red flannel underclothes disguised with
strips of silver braid along the seams.
Penrod's emotions in this costume give

Mr. Tarkington a chance to make some

shrewd and entertaining observations

He Critics say that the hero of Mr. Dreiser's upon the psychology of clothes.

HE HAD THE BEST JOB ON EARTH new novel was suggested by the late Charles writes: T. Yerkes.

Charles Edward Russell shows in his remni. "A human male whose dress has been niscences that years of service have not taken damaged or reveals some vital - lack suf

away his enthusiasm for the newspaper business. Cowperwood comes out of prison to

fers from a hideous and shameful loneli- cialism but admits the interest of his use his great forces in a campaign,

ness which makes every second absolutely more or less of revenge, against the

chronicle. There are many amusing unbearable until he is again as others of world. The scene of his captivity is his sex and species; and there is no act

anecdotes scattered through Mr. RusChicago in the years immediately fol- or sin whatever too desperate for him in sell's rather serious reminiscences. lowing the great fire. Cowperwood his struggle to attain that condition. Also One of these deals with the attempt does battle with business men and poli- there is absolutely no embarrassment pos- of a managing editor named Goodman ticians and always wins; he makes love sible to a woman which is comparable to signalize the Pigott disclosures to many women, married and unmar- to that of a man under corresponding which defeated the case that the Lonried, and always wins. So he piles up circumstances; and in this a boy is a

don Times and the English Tories had man." a tremendous fortune and a tremendous

worked up against Parnell. Mr. Russtock of amatory experience. The book There is plenty of good psychology sell writes: is in intent thoroly, almost ostenta- in “Penrod” and, what is better, there

The tiously, masculine, and therefore femi- is plenty of amusing reading.

“On the night when Parnell's vindinine opinions of it are of special interest. Chicago Evening Post calls the book Mr. Goodman ... issued an order that

cation became overwhelming and complete, Miss Hildegarde Hawthorne reviewed "truly delightful." "Penrod” is

every article and every item in the whole it at length in the New York Times good a book, in its way, as "Monsieur

paper, big or little, should end with the Review of Books. She does not find Beaucaire” and it is a refreshing con

exclamation, 'A Great Day for Ireland!' Cowperwood particularly titanesque nor trast to that depressing document “The It was tempting fate to do such a thing does she find the narrative as a whole Flirt."

and of course the inevitable happened. either convincing or interesting. She

One Hennessey, the janitor of a public praises Mr. Dreiser's study of the

A Newspaper Man building in Brooklyn, playing on the top

floor with his children, fell over the railgradual degeneration of Aileen, Cow- HE best job on earth is that of ing of the air-well and was killed. A perwood's unhappy wife, but adds:

the city editor of a New York Great Day for Ireland !' Grim old Re"Here is no vision of a mighty phase

daily. So says Charles Edward corder Smythe had before him a notorious of the American spirit, mingled of good Russell in “These Shifting Scenes” burglar called O'Shaughnessy and senand evil, welding and breaking. Here is (George H. Doran Company). And tenced him to sixty-five years in Sing instead a lot of little people doing a lot of Mr. Russell ought to know, for he has Sing. A Great Day for Ireland !' Willittle things, often interesting, occasionally spent twenty-five years in the news

liam Mulrooney, a well-known philanamusing, at times dull and distasteful. If paper business, and was city editor for thropist of the East Side, choked to death one asserts, but this is life,' it is fair to part of that time. In the pages of this

on a chicken-bone. 'A Great Day for retort, a commonplace view of life, lack

Ireland !'” book he gives the world the “inside ing dignity and perspective, more like a crowd in the street seen from a window story" of many events of great public The editor-in-chief, Colonel John A. than the intimate understanding and ex

interest; discloses some secrets of Re- Cockerill, saw the proofs in time to perience of a human being at grips with publican and Democratic national con- prevent a riot and extra compositors circumstances and existence.'"

ventions, and narrates his surprising were called in to take out the offending

adventures in pursuit of information. lines. Mr. Russell has not, of course, Mr. Tarkington's Bad Boy.

The account of his journey to Johns- , told all that he could tell about the E IS not a new Tom Sawyer, this town at the time of its famous flood way in which news is handled by those entertaining Indiana boy whose is particularly thrilling. The Boston who deal in it but he has told enough

adventures Mr. Booth Tarking- Evening Transcript is annoyed by Mr. to give the reader a new idea of the ton chronicles in “Penrod” (Doubleday, Russell's King Charles's head of So- making of a newspaper.



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WROTE NOVELS NNA KARENINA is empty duties was spent at her writing table rect them by telegraph. Several times, in

stuff. It is tedious and vul- off the zala. She spent whole evenings consequence of these rewritings, the printgar. What Philistine dared revising his manuscripts and frequently ing of the novel in the 'Russky Vyéstnik' to make such criticisms of a sat up late at night after every one

was interrupted, and sometimes it did not masterpiece of realistic fic- else had gone to bed.

come out for months together.” tion? Why, one Count Lyoff Tolstoy, Tolstoy's handwriting, we learn, was

And yet, after all this labor, "Anna who had rather intimate knowledge very illegible and he had the habit - Karenina” was not satisfactory to its of the novel in question. He ex

which his son calls "terrible"-of writ- author. "What difficulty is there in pressed these opinions while he was at ing in whole sentences between the writing about how an officer fell in work on the book, and after it was lines, or in the corners of the page,

love with a married woman?” he said. completed, according to the reminis- or sometimes right across it. When "There's no difficulty in it, and above cences contributed by his son, Count anything was beyond the Countess's all, no good in it.” And his son adds: Ilya Tolstoy, to The Century Magazine, powers to interpret, she would take it “I am quite convinced that if my father he said much harder things about it. to her husband's study and ask him could have done so, he long ago would

Count Ilya's unconventional remi- what it meant. He would take the have destroyed the novel, which he niscences of his illustrious father show manuscript in his hand and ask, with never liked and always wanted to dethat the wife of the great Russian some annoyance, his son says, "What stroy.” novelist was an industrious and long- on earth is the difficulty ?” and would

But the Countess Tolstoy was more suffering person.

Some English and begin to read it aloud. When he came than a hard-working amanuensis; she American Tolstoyans are wont to con- to the difficult place he would mumble sider their idol a sort of domestic and hesitate and sometimes had the martyr who, dressed in a peasant's greatest difficulty in making out, or, garb, did a peasant's hard toil while his father, in guessing, what he had writfamily lived in luxurious ease. It is ten. Often, we are told, his wife distrue that he wore the dress of a covered and corrected gross gramnatpeasant, but if there was a martyr in ical errors. the family it was his wife.

Here is a picture of domesticity that Her work, Count Ilya tells us, seemed should warn women of the peril of much harder than her husband's be- marrying philosophical anarchists: cause she was actually seen at it by the family and because she worked much "When ‘Anna Karénina' began to come longer hours than he did. All of her out in the 'Russky Vyéstnik,' long galleytime that was not taken by household proofs were posted to my father, and he

looked them through and corrected them.

“At first the margins would be marked with the ordinary typographical signs, letters omitted, marks of punctuation, etc.; then individual words would be changed, and then whole sentences, till in the end the proof-sheet would be reduced to a mass of patches quite black in places, and it was quite impossible to send it back as it stood, because no one but my mother could make head or tail of the tangle of conventional signs, transpositions, and era


Count Tolstoy, however, had not the peasant's "My mother would sit up all night copying the whole thing out afresh.

was also a housewife of the type "In the morning there would lie the pages on her table, neatly piled together, that New England somewhat arrogantly covered all over with her fine, clear hand- claims for its own and she took excelwriting, and everything ready so that lent care of her six children and that when 'Lyovótchka' got up he could send seventh child, her husband. Her son the proof-sheets off by post.

cherishes her memory and gives an at“My father carried them off to his study tractive picture of the energetic, afto have just one last look, and by the fectionate Russian woman, directing evening it would be just as bad again, the the cook, making clothing, educating whole thing having been rewritten and her boys and girls, revising manuscript, messed up.

'Sonya, my dear, I am very sorry, but generally with a baby at her breast. I've spoiled all your work again; I

Tolstoy was not an easy husband to

promise I won't do it any more,' he would feed, it seems. Count Ilya tells one say, showing her the passages he had story that is especially significant. inked over with a guilty air. “We'll send There was jelly for dessert one day, them off to-morrow without fail.' But and the author of "War and Peace" this to-morrow was often put off day was not pleased. "All jelly is good by day for weeks or months together. for," he said in humorous indignation,

“There's just one bit I want to look “is to glue paper boxes.” So the through again,' my father would say; but children ran off to get some paper and he would get carried away and recast the

their father made it into boxes with SHE HELPED TOLSTOY WRITE HIS

whole thing afresh. NOVELS

“There were even occasions when, after the aid of the despised jelly. We are Countess Tolstoy seemed to have the hardest part posting the proofs, he would remember not surprised to learn that "Mama was of the work, her son says.

some particular words next day, and cor- angry."


Courtesy of the Century Company



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ALT Whitman in his lat- him of a eulogistic review in some Washington. When Julius Chambers, out ter years was a fine old ultra-advanced English periodical, in of the rare kindness he somehow develgentleman. This state- which Whitman was compared to oped for me, first appealed to me to send

them scraps of thought for The Herald ment may annoy many Christ. Whitman, when Traubel told

-I think it was the period when Cleveof his most enthusiastic him of it, said: “Yes, I have had such admirers, but its truth is proved be- slaps, but I assure you I do not appre- for having sent a present to the Pope

land was being so sharply taken to task yond a doubt by the third volume of ciate them: some of the wild fellows

on his Jubilee I wrote a few lines in Horace Traubel's

work think they must say such things.” effect of this purport: I for one must go "With Walt Whitman in Camden,” re- “They are too previous," he added on record approving the President's accently published by Mitchell Kennerley. humorously, "too previous, to say the tion: more than that, I contended, rather Whitman is in no way definitely char- least.”

than having done too much the President acterized by Mr. Traubel, but the ex- In a conversation with Traubel con

has done too little: my own impulse haustive record of his doings and say- cerning Queen Victoria's sympathy would have been to send, send to the ings during the daily visits of his with the Union forces during the Civil Pope: to send likewise to the Queen friend reveal him with astonishing War, he showed an attitude toward the thought of those serious years so much

to England's Queen—from whose foreclearness. And he appears, in the huge established rulers of the world that un

of good came to us. I never sympavolume now under consideration, not doubtedly surprised his friend. Mr. thized with—always resented—the comas the aged priest of a strange philos- Traubel's account follows:

mon American criticisms of the Queen,'" ophy, nor as an enemy or a savior of society, but simply as a fine old gen

"'I for one feel strongly grateful to The term "eugenics" had not been tleman, informed, patriotic, friendly Victoria for the good outcome of that invented in Whitman's time, but he and humorous.

struggle—the war dangers, horrors, final- knew and opposed some of the ideals Critics of the first two volumes of ly the preservation of our nationality: which the advocates of eugenics have

she ' this work have called it "the most truth

taken for their own. He spoke of the ful biography in the language.” No

“horrible falsity” of the Malthusian one can read the third volume without

doctrine and said that he had never acknowledging the justice of this com

been inclined to a moment's acceptance ment. Mr. Traubel—to judge him by

of it. "No social theories complaining the columns of his magazine The Con

of overpopulation are to me tenable," servator—is by no means patriotic, yet

he said. “Whatever the reason for he has not hesitated to give in full

poverty may be, it's not that." Whitman's numerous expressions of

There are many references to the love for "these States." Nor has he;

late Richard Watson Gilder, whom in deference to the doctrinaire radicals

Whitman frequently spoke of by his who are so loud in their praise of

middle name. On one occasion 'he Whitman, left out the poet's criticisms

said: "Some of the hard and fast of certain phases of the revolutionary

penny-a-liners affect to despise Gilder: movement, nor his enthusiastic appre

they are a poor lot! most all of them: ciation of such “reactionary” authors

Gilder has written some poems which as James Fenimore Cooper and Sir

will live out the lives of most of the Walter Scott. Mr. Traubel has been

second-class songs of his day: genuine, absolutely honest with his subject. He

fine, pretty big stuff: some of it almost has written down, without reservation,

free. I sometime incline to believe that it seems, an account of everything that

Watson wants to be free but don't care Whitman did and said in his presence.

to. At any rate, he has my admiration This volume covers the period from

for some things he has done-yes, adNovember 1, 1888, to January 20, 1889.

miration: and my personal love surely, It is not a book to be read through

always, always." consecutively from cover to cover, but WALT WHITMAN DRESSED FOR A WALK

It is interesting to learn that he could it lends itself admirably to occasional The photographer gave his subject an inappropri

not read Tolstoy's “Confession.” Apreading. Nearly every page has its in

ately formal setting.

parently his favorite novelist was Sir teresting remark or its illuminating in

Walter Scott, who is mentioned many cident.

again: 'Victoria and Albert ! Victoria times in this volume. In spite of the Even during Whitman's lifetime, we

and Albert !' He had 'often thought to illness that confined him to his room learn, anarchists, socialists and other put this on record, at least for his own

and frequently to his bed, he was satisfaction. It seemed like his duty to usually happy, enjoying books and radicals tried to read him into their

write something: to put myself square groups. A young Englishman named

of his with the higher obligations all must in magazines, the conversation Pease, an ardent socialist, was partic- time come to acknowledge.'

I asked friends, and his daily treat of wine. ularly insistent in his efforts to get quizzically, 'If you wrote such a thing, He could take a hostile criticism with the rather weary old poet to commit what would Tucker and O'Connor do?' good grace, and, according to Mr. himself definitely to his creed. "I He laughed heartily: 'I don't know: but Traubel, “exploded in quiet chuckles" don't so much object to socialism,” said that would not deter me: and at any rate, after he recalled Carlyle's remark Whitman, “as to being talked to about O'Connor is fully conscious of the truth about him to Moncure D. Conway: it.”

of what I say: we often talked it over at "He's the fellow who thinks he must be

the time.' Now it had become 'commonThe extravagant praise which he re

a big man because he lives in a big ceived from some of his admirers an

place' to anyone who chose to know it-
four public men—the better type of our

noyed him.
Mr. Traubel met Michael public men—all know what it signifies :

But some of the attacks upon him, J. Ryan, President of the Irish-Ameri- especially is it conceded by those who naturally, he remembered with indignacan Club, on the train and learned from have been part of the inner circle in

tion. Here is a significant story, which



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