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Europe's War as an Ar-
gument for the Wilson

Administration.
THIS
HIS is not by any means the only

tribute of the kind paid to the President by those dissociated from him in political convictions. Senator La Follette is as far removed from the N. Y. Sun politically as he well could be; but both he and the Sun have a high appreciation of the President's strength before the country. According to the Senator, the President today “holds a supreme place in the confidence of the people of the United States." The Sun, which has no sympathy whatever for the trend of legislation these days, says:

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war.

“There certainly has not been during that time (the last few months] a marked increase in popular enthusiasm over Democratic leadership or Democratic conduct in the House of Repre

sentatives, independent of the PresiUNCLE Sam: "I guess my Red Cross will do more good than the iron ones.”

dent's leadership and performance. It -Marcus in N. Y. Times is hard to escape the conclusion and

we are going to express candidly our ng the postal savings bank law. The President's conviction on the subject—that the strength of the Demoprogram has been put through with remarkable com cratic position at the present time is primarily due to leteness. “No President since Lincoln," says the

the people's admiration of the manner in which Woodrow Charleston Neu's and Courier, “has exercized the

Wilson has met the emergency and carried the heavy power which Mr. Wilson has enjoyed." "By compari

burden of responsibility forced upon him by the European

There is a patriotic reason for sustaining him now, con," says the Washington Star, "Mr. Cleveland looks

and it is difficult to sustain the President without helping ike a befogged and hopeless amateur." This sort of

the party which he leads." comment is becoming so common as to be “bromidic.”' The Democratic party, remarks the N. Y. Times, has The President's adherents have been quick to force never been easy to handle. “Under just two Presidents this view of the case to the front. The Springfield as this Donnybrook Fair of a party bcome a disciplined Republican, for instance, notes that "lines of attack on irmy moving as one man-Jackson and Wilson." There

the administration's record, which had been carefully s no anti-Wilson faction, the same paper goes on to opened up, are now completely blocked.” Even Mr. point out. There are only individuals here and there

Roosevelt has publicly announced an abandonment of who are disgruntled, like Cole Blease, of South Carolina, his assault on the President along the line of his foreign ind Henry Watterson, of Kentucky, and Senators policy. The Republican adds: Hitchcock and Reed. The party has remained united ind compliant with the President's wishes, especially in “The country is not likely in the coming elections to Congress. The congressional election, therefore, should weaken seriously the President's influence either at home se a test of the hold the President has obtained on the or abroad. He must remain President of the United iation. That statement, however, logical tho it seems, States throughout the war period, and in him rest the s in need of modification. The President has secured

world's best hopes of peace as soon as conditions render | degree of confidence which Congress and his party

it advisable for him to again offer his friendly offices. He

will need the strong and undivided support of his countryhave been far from securing. He is jointly responsible

men in order that he may speak at the opportune moment or what Congress has actually done, but he has not

with such prestige that the powers in conflict will listen een responsible for all that Congress has attempted to

to his counsel.”. lo. Says Collier's IVeekly, which is more of a Proressive organ than a Democratic organ:

Extravagance of the Demo

cratic Congress. “A discerning critic could very readily draw a distinction YET it is the same paper that is quoted above that .

a he tariff, nearly all of the Wilson measures which have failure” to redeem the promises of its party in regard roved popular have had a non-Democratic inspiration. To

to economy. Its appropriations, even exclusive of the bass nearly all of them he has leaned upon Progressive

river and harbor bill, run to a sum well over a billion ind Republican votes. The most embarrassing hostility dollars, and have never before been equaled in our las come from the Democratic party, and some of his vest measures would have failed utterly had he relied

history. The army appropriations exceed those ever olely on the Democratic party to pass them.

It is just

before made in time of peace. The naval appropriations nough that Wilson should have a vote of confidence.

exceed those ever made at any time. Many new federal But the Democratic party would be improved by a little offices have been created. The rivers and harbors bill, of the discipline of adversity."

until it was whittled down to twenty millions by a fili

THE DECLINE OF PROGRESSIVISM

307

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buster in the Senate, led by Senators Burton, Kenyon, Gallinger, Clapp and Norris, was in excess of any similar bill ever drafted. As it passed the lower house, it contained $43,000,000 and, in addition, authorizations of $32,000,000 for future appropriations. The sundry civil bill also appropriated over $10,000,000 for river and harbor work and to these handsome sums the Senate Committee added nearly 7,000,000, making a grand total of more than $93,000,000. Chairman Fitzgerald, of the house committee on appropriations, in vain expostulated with his Democratic colleags. He said:

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"We charged the Republicans for twelve years of my service in the House under Republican administration with being grossly extravagant and reckless in the expenditure of the public money. I believed that charge to be true. I believed that my party, when placed in power, would demonstrate that the charges we had made in good faith were true. We are entitled to the help and to the support of the members on this side of the House in honest efforts to carry out the pledges of the Democratic party, and in our attempts to show that what we charged in order to get into power was true. We have not had that support. Our Democratic colleags have not given that support to us thus far during this session of Congress. They have unnecessarily piled up the public expenditures until the Democratic party is becoming the laughingstock of the country."

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Is the Progressive Movement
Losing Power?

HITCHING!
O

- Fitz in St. Louis Post-Dispatch by the elections this month is whether there is an ebb-tide in the movement of "progressivism." This is so-called progressive Republicans won a single Republican a larger question than that relating to the Progressive primary victory this year.” party. The "progressive” tendencies in the Democratic and Republican parties are also involved, and the effect

The Republican Old Guard upon these of the direct primaries, now in force in most

Again in Power. of the states, has been noted with care. In Wisconsin, THE same situation is noted by the N. Y. Times. where the Republican party has been for years domi

Senator Smoot, it observes, still holds control of the nated by "progressive" ideas, the candidate selected for

Republican party in Utah. “The old machine still runs

Illinois.” In Ohio Foraker did not win but his old governor this year (Philipp) was a Taft Republican two

lieutenant, Harding, did. Penrose is in full charge in years ago and is termed by Senator La Follette a reactionary. He was successful in the direct primaries tho

Pennsylvania. The Republican national committee "is

The Times he received but one-third of the votes, the progressive" stand-pat from one end to the other.” Republican vote being split up among five candidates.

(strongly Democratic this year) goes on with its In Illinois, the nomination of Roger Sullivan for Demo

charges: “All along the line the Old Guard is in full

control. There is no disguise, no pretense of ‘regenercratic candidate for Senator and the nomination of "Uncle Joe" Cannon for Republican candidate again

ation' or 'chastening. The rebuilding of the Republican for Congress give point to the assertion that in both

house is intrusted not only in Pennsylvania but through

out the Union to Penrose, Gallinger, Cannon, and all the old parties the "progressive" movement is losing its

old crowd." In New York state neither Glynn, Demoleavening force. The same thing is true in Kansas, according to the Emporia Gazette. The eight Republican candidate, has been closely identified with the state or

cratic candidate for governor, nor Whitman, Republican candidates for Congress in that state (chosen in direct primaries) are, according to the Gazette, all "stand-pat

ganization of his party; but the two candidates for ters," as are also the Republican candidates for state

U. S. Senator, Gerard (Dem.) and Wadsworth (Rep.), offices, and the platform contains no definite promise on

are known as organization men. There is little reason to any issue of importance that was not in the platform

doubt that all four men would have been nominated by

the old convention system. "Experience with the direct twelve years ago. “It's the same old crowd,” says this Bull Moose paper, “and the same old platform”:

primary," says the N. Y. Evening Post (Ind.), "is more and more showing that the skilled practitioners can use

that political tool as successfully as any other.” Not “In the nation it's Cannon, Penrose, McKinley, Barnes and the crowd that fought Roosevelt in Chicago.

only in the Republican but in the Democratic party, it is

The same forces that beat Bristow in Kansas and put up the

observed, this tide of progressivism is receding. The reactionary platform, beat the Progressives in Iowa and

N. Y. Journal of Commerce notes, on the part of Presisaved Cummins for seed, to hold the weaklings in line;

dent Wilson, a "tendency toward soberness and conthe same crowd dominated Cannon and Penrose.

servatism in the handling of public questions" which "All over the nation it is the same. Nowhere have the "will probably put him before the country in a light

uite decidedly different to that which has been cast the federal government. A recent sign of this is his upon him heretofore.” The Lewiston Journal (Prog.) grant of a roving commission to Dr. Charles Ferguson, ven goes so far as to accuse the President of having whose duties are to involve "the important function of gone over to the trusts" and "become the willing bringing the business communities of the country into ervant of big business.” It seems certain, from the close and intelligent touch with the plans of the DePresident's own utterances, that he deprecates the con partment of Commerce and the operation of commerce inuance of friction and distrust between business and throughout the world.”

When an absurdity cannot be used in a political platform it is mployed as the basis of a musical comedy.— Topeka Capital.

Panama demands a more favorable permanent boundary, but ust at present nobody seems to be able to supply anything pernanent in the boundary line,New York American.

There's no occasion to worry over the prosperity of this country. When times get tight all we have to do is assess another $100,000,000 war tax.- Washington Post.

An election to the Ananias Club is about the only iron cross for valor that we have in this country.—Boston Evening Transcript.

JAPAN'S ASSERTION OF HERSELF IN THE

FAR EAST TOKYO, speaking officially through Baron Kato, war upon which Japan was bent. Hence no misunder

minister of foreign affairs, apprises the diplomatic standings exist, no prejudice has been aroused. The vorld that she understood beforehand the efforts to be United States government stands in absolute neutrality nade to prejudice American opinion against her. No between Germany and Japan, precisely as she stands in ooner was war between Japan and Germany proclaimed absolute neutrality between Germany and Great Britain. han rumors of fresh friction with the United States Any other course, the slightest suggestion that Washvere disseminated in Europe. The echoes reached ington distrusts Tokyo, would, if officially made, prejuWashington, observes the Asahi Shimbun, where they dice the neutrality the American people maintain. Such vere discounted. Those Tokyo journals which are sup is the trend of inspired comment in Tokyo. Never, posed to derive their inspiration from officials highly according to Baron Kato, was there a more cordial laced were anticipating the tactics of the malicious, as understanding between Japan and the United States. ne authorized statement has it. The foreign office in Tokyo had consulted the foreign office in London with

Official Tokyo and Amerpecial reference to the effect upon Washington of the

ican Interests.

before the Austro-Hungarian government joined its ally in the struggle. The effect from a naval standpoint is negligible, since Francis Joseph has no feet in the far East. The occasion was improved by Baron Kato to call the newspaper correspondents together for the enlightenment of American opinion. Reports of things said and done in Washington were disturbing Tokyo. Now it is the settled policy of Japan, affirmed her foreign minister, and the policy is approved by the Emperor, by the elder statesmen, by the influential element, that under all future conditions she will act strictly in accordance with the terms of the alliance that includes Great Britain. The treaties with the United States are to be loyally observed. The Washington government has already signified its appreciation of the high motives inspiring Tokyo statesmen. Japan is proud of the confidence reposed in her by the American government. She will restore Kiao-chau. She will respect the territorial integrity of China. The terms of the ultimatum to Germany are to be adhered to whether Tsing-tau be taken by force or otherwise.

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Complication of the War Be

tween Japan and Germany. BRITISH forces under General Barnardiston lost, no

time in coming to the aid of the Japanese in their movement against the Germans at . Tsing-tau. Official Berlin protested to Peking against the violation of neutrality. Yuan Shi Kai could not satisfy the German legation of his efficiency in the premises, whereupon the protest from Berlin was renewed with emphasis. Yuan Shi Kai, as we learn from the London Mail, disclaimed any responsibility for the violation of Chinese neutrality, which, he said, he is unable to defend in the face of the

SIIRAPNEL DID IT This is a view of one portion of the Rheims Cathedral, which las stood through the wars of 700 years. It still stands, but sadly isfigured by German shrapnel, and with the roof gone. The roof an be restored, but many of the other injuries are irreparable.

THE CZAR AS A FIGHTING MAN

309

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enormously powerful belligerents "at the front door." The Germans made a special grievance of the fact that the Japanese had been allowed to land at Lung-kau without any notification from the Peking authorities to the other belligerent. Yuan Shi Kai takes the position that he was under no obligation to notify the Germans. China is acting just as she did during the war between Japan and Russia. German opinion, as set forth from Berlin, implies that China has been guilty of a breach of faith for which she will pay dearly if Germany emerges triumphant in Europe. Yuan Shi Kai is said in the Kreuz-Zeitung to be eager for Japan's defeat by the Ger

“NEITHER TO THE RIGHT NOR TO THE LEFT" mans. Yuan Shi Kai is represented

That is what Italy is saying, pulled in one direction by the Czar and President Poincaré, in the Temps (now of Bordeaux) as in the other by the Kaiser and the Emperor. This is one of a series of picture post-cards

that have become very popular in Italy. immensely relieved by the outbreak of war among the European powers. The great

the outbreak of war in Europe from all fear of dismemCantonese has long entertained an impression that the berment in the near future or in the course of the great powers are great nuisances. He hopes they may century, at least so far as the western world is conexterminate one another, or at least eliminate themselves cerned, declares a high authority on the situation in the from the far East. Nothing of this is allowed to appear

London Westminster Gazette. The cautious Yuan will in his official attitude. Never was Chinese courtesy moderate the fury of his resentment against Japan. more correct, we read in the Paris Matin.

There is no one at hand to deal with him for the moment except the Japanese. America will not let Japan

dismember China. There will be little interference in Japanese Intentions in the Far East.

the internal affairs of the empire except on the part of BERLIN dailies, when they notice the war with

the rebels. The redoubtable “White Wolf” is reported Japan at all, express the opinion that China dis slain, but he will have a successor.

The immediate trusts the purposes of the Tokyo government. This future in the far East depends upon the ability of Yuan assertion is contradicted by the London dailies. A sys to maintain himself in Peking. The subject is one on tematic effort is made in Washington by the German which European opinion is divided. The significant fact government to inspire distrust of Japan, they say, but, to the London News is that for the first time in many as the London Times believes, without effect. The as years the European powers are eliminated from the sitsurances Japan has given to restore Kiao-chau to China uation in the far East. The burden of asserting the have been satisfactory to President Wilson, declares the views of the West among the Asiatics falls upon the organ of British opinion. China, in fact, is rescued by United States.

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And

We shall soon have as many peace treaties as Belgiuin. look at her.-Los Angeles Times.

An exchange is bewailing the many misfortunes which have befallen the Hapsburg dynasty. Never mind. The misfortunes of the Hapsburg dynasty are almost over.—Charleston News and Courier.

Only side for neutrals is the outside.-N. Y. Wall Street Journal.

HOW A NEW RUSSIA EMERGED FROM THE

EUROPEAN CRISIS N

ICHOLAS II. has spent the weeks that have now when the train arrives at each rendezvous of the troops, passed since the outbreak of war in a series of per there are prayers.

Not that the material element is sonal visits to the units of his vast host in the field. In overlooked. Never in Russian history, if we may trust defatigable in the inspection of guards and regiments, French and English dailies, have the soldiers of the his Majesty, as a correspondent of the Paris Gaulois Czar taken the field better shod or more adequately says, seems to have constituted himself a drill master, armed. leaving the grand strategy of the campaign to the gen

Sudden Liberalism of eral staff in Petrograd. The Czar looks not only to the

the Czar. shoes and the guns, he concerns himself, according to

UNEXPECTED as was the conversion of Nicho the French authority, with the spiritual welfare of his las II. to the progressive political ideas exemplified armies. Pious as is the Russian mind by instinct, its in his recent decrees, they are accepted in good faith prayers within the past weeks have been incessant and by the Petrograd press. The Novoye Vremya, for exNicholas II. has led them. Hence that injection of the ample, hitherto exceedingly cautious in its attitude to purely religious element into the war, which strikes the radical element in the Duma, is incessant in its all commentators upon the development of the Russian proclamation of a new era in Russian history. The uncampaign. As Nicholas II. emerges from his special car usual freedom with which the press is permitted to com

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RETURN FROM THE HUNT
AUSTRIA: "I'm bringing him home alive, Wilhelm !"

-London Westminster Gazette

spired by the Russian intellectuals who, we read in the British paper, have studied German militarism on the spot in the German universities and who realize how the end of that militarism must emancipate Russia herself. For once Russian intelligence and Russian bureaucracy stand together. Nicholas II. has thrown off the yoke of William II.

a

Effect of the Kaiser's

Defeat on the Czar. WILLI

ILLIAM II. would drag down with him, in the

event of his defeat, all that goes by the name of

reaction in Russia. This is the matured conviction of 'I'LL DO MY WORST-THIS MAY BE MY LAST APPEARANCE!"

the western European press. Some great dailies abroad -Harding in Brooklyn Eagle

expect a revolution in Russia when the war is over,

revolution that must put an end to all dread of the ment upon domestic political conditions as well as upon domination of the Slav in western Europe. The Poles, che operations of the war itself has attracted attention as the Paris Figaro points out, have benefited most by in western Europe. The Viedomosti, the Moscow paper the upheaval. Polish nationalists, however, regard the which has been consistently liberal in its views for a Czar's proclamation on the subject of Poland as useless long time, affirms that Russia has entered the path of in itself, having importance simply because it reopens constitutional progress definitely and permanently. The the Polish question as such, making it a matter of imdemocratic Riech of Petrograd talks of a liberation of mediate world politics. “For thirty years the Polish the German masses from the tyranny of militarism. All question has been suppressed,” as one authority says in these dailies insist that the reforms inaugurated by the the Manchester Guardian, "but now it will be disCzar will remain a durable feature of Russian domestic cussed.” Representative Polish opinion, as given in policy. They note with indignation the sneers of the European dailies, is to the effect that Poland's prospects German reactionaries, the skepticism in the utterances are bright. It is to the interest of Europe in general, of the Berlin press, but they remain undisturbed in a they say, and of England and France especially, that serene faith that the Czar's government is henceforth to Poland should be a united and independent state. Had be liberal to the end.

Poland recovered her integrity, the present war might

never have occurred, "for an independent Poland would Russian Reactionaries

have acted as a barrier between Russia and Germany,

Become Liberal. just as, in the middle ages, she acted as a barrier beIN THE Russian Duma itself there has been a decided tween Europe and the Mongols.” It is to the interest

conversion to liberalism among many hitherto con of France that there should be a buffer state between servative. The most conspicuous instance is that of Russia and Germany and it is to the interest of Great Doctor Pourishkevitch. He has openly repented and Britain that the Russian Empire be not enormously enrecanted, notes the London News, announcing that all larged. should have equal rights in the Russian empire as citizens. “This applies not only to Russia proper, but

Efficiency of the Russian to Poland, to Finland and to the Caucasus." Russians,

War Machine. this observer proceeds, have sunk their differences. WHET

HETHER the Czar will strike first at Berlin or at They are showing a united front. At the end of last Vienna is of minor consequence, according to the July there were barricades in the strects of Petrograd. London Telegraph. The great point to the British daily The day the war was declared, the barricades disap is that the Czar can do in this particular what he likes. peared. The men who had held them were the first to “Nothing has been more exhilarating in this war than join the army. "They were willing to lay aside their the brilliant strategy of Petrograd. The Russian grievances in the desire to strike a blow, and it was at soldiers have proved not only their steady persistence militarist Germany they would strike.” They were in a quality which we always knew to be one of their

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