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read, in the spirit of Miss Grace Roe, an untamed advocate of votes for women who, when arraigned before a magistrate after the raid on a London office of the Pankhurst society, cried : “I glory in the fight women are making. I say to them: 'Go on burning, burning, burning.'”. The papers seized by the authorities afford evidence, it is said, that persons of the highest rank in England, not excepting members of the royal family, contribute to the Pankhurst crusade. The motive in some cases is suspected to be a wish to avoid the inconveniences of militancy. The King alone can not purchase immunity. Militant organs insist that the right of petition to His Majesty is inherent in British citizenship, a point upon which the London Telegraph comments :
"Has the subject the right of direct access to the Sovereign in order to expose a political or other grievance? Yesterday's attempt to reach Buckingham Palace in order to lay before the King in person the demand for the vote which is put forward by a large number of women renders this something more than an academic matter.
“The theory of the Constitution is that the King can do no wrong, and consequently no action lies against him or any of his departments of state, except, as a result of formal application, permission be given for an appeal to the courts of law. This prerogative has been jealously preserved. As a rule, it is exercized fairly and justly, to the detriment of no one who presents a prima facie case of injustice. There is a recognized mode of approaching the Sovereign in all such cases. One of the duties of the Home Secretary, as the principal Secretary of State, is to act as the medium between the King and his subjects. On the other hand, there can be no doubt that the right to have personal audience of the King does not, and never has existed. It would be an outrage on the Constitution, unwritten tho it be and resting on precedent, if there were such a privilege. It would be peculiarly anomalous in reference to any attempt to promote legislation, because legislative authority has been delegated to Parliament, and it is to the Legislature, consequently, that petitions for the redress of political grievances lie. In these days the right of appeal to Parliament has, under our rigid parliamentary systeni, ceased to have anything like the value that it once possessed. But, nevertheless, it remains a fact that it is to Parliament, and to Parliament only, that subjects, whether they be men or women, can present their petitions in favor of any alteration in the law."
Alarm at What the Suffragets
May Attempt Next. UGGESTIONS of some spectacular and dramatic
stroke by the Pankhurst following appear from time to time in London dailies. The apprehension of irreparable damage to the nation's property, says the conservative and indignant London Standard, "some grievous outrage which would be felt for generations, through the diabolic folly of a few hundred untamable termagants,” is grave and well founded. For this, it adds, England can thank the Home Secretary, Mr. Reginald McKenna, who inaugurated the policy of the cat-and-mouse act:
rages must be stopped, however.stern may be the suppression required. The insolent design of presenting a petition to the King, when such an appeal had been very properly forbidden, was defeated, but not without scenes of violence in the streets of the metropolis which were witnessed with disgust and recorded with shame at the thought that English women should thus degrade themselves and their
This indecent and senseless defiance of authority was followed yesterday afternoon by an even more abominable affront to the King and Queen in His Majesty's Theater. The screaming furies who tried to interrupt the performance may be fitter inmates for a lunatic asylum than for a prison; but whatever the most suitable place of confinement, it is clear that such people, distraught or merely vicious, ought not to be let loose on society. The injury done to works of art at the National Gallery and Royal Academy, yesterday and on previous occasions, makes it still more inn. perative to stop the spread of this epidemic of criminal lunacy. It is a menace to the peace. It is having a most detrimental effect on the women's mental and bodily health. It is a scandal and disgrace to our civilization."
"It is doubtful if a word of protest would be heard from any reasonable being against a declaration that these out
Great Britain's militants seem to be the champion cut-ups when it comes to art.-Louisville Post.
In England the feminist movement is largely towards the police station.-Charleston News and Courier.
English suffragists believe that the brick is mightier than the pen.-Washington Herald.
Ladies visiting British art galleries are requested to have their knives and axes checked at the door.-Cleveland Plaindealer.
BRITISH DREAD OF THE AMERICANIZATION
French elements. "It may be added," it says, too, "that
he will benefit even before his arrival from the popuceeds a British Prince in the post of Canadian
larity and respect which encircles his august sister, Governor-General than a member of the Dominion Par
Queen Mary." The French Canadian people, declares liament uttered a loud protest. He did not think it expedient to confine so exalted a post to royalty or,
the daily, will give him both officially and personally a
most respectful and most hearty welcome. La Patrie indeed, to introduce royalty to Canada in so executive a capacity. The subject had become delicate, for the
says the appointment is a delicate homage paid to the appointment of Prince Alexander of Teck was definitely
most important colony of the empire and the Canadian made. Great regret was expressed in official circles at
people appreciate it at its full value. La Presse supple
ments this with the assurance that “all Canadians now certain attacks on the choice of His Serene Highness.
extend respectful homage to his Highness the Prince of His welcome in Ottawa next autumn is likelier to be all the warmer as a result. On the other hand, the
Teck, their future governor-general, as well as to his Montreal Daily Mail declares itself firmly against the
gracious wife of royal blood, and are awaiting the early
pleasure of extending to them the most hearty of welprinciple of royalty being chosen as the head of the
' Canadian government. In practice, it says, it can not
comes.” The English press of the Dominion has be
stowed high praise upon the Prince as well, devoting be claimed that the etiquet surrounding royalty has be
many columns to studies of his personality and career. come popular in Canada. It is not understood and has
British ideas of the significance of the appointment is robbed more than one state visit of satisfactory results, besides leaving an aftermath of critical gossip and heart
conveyed by the following remarks from the editorial
columns of the London Times: burnings. In saying this the Montreal daily explains that it does not inveigh against the personal character
“The work which lies before him [Prince Alexander of istics of the genial and popular gentleman now at Rideau
Teck] is Royal in the fullest sense of a word that has grown Hall nor against his stately Duchess, nor does such
to have a wider meaning for the people of the British frank utterance involve disrespect to a crowned head Dominions during recent years.
That this is so is very in the proper atmosphere where tradition and custom largely the result of King George's interpretation of his uphold the scepter and the palace.
opportunities and obligations, while he was still Prince of Wales, as much as since his accession. The Duke of Con
naught has fulfilled his duties in Canada in the same spirit. Canada and the Attitude to Royalty
It has not been merely that he is a Prince of the Blood.
It has been that, as our Canadian Correspondent said in PROTEST against the appearance of Prince Alexander as Governor-General in Canada seems to the
summing up one of his tours, he has known how ‘to interOttawa Citizen, an independent conservative journal,
pret the Throne to Canada, and to reveal the natural alli
ance between Royalty and Democracy which English people symptomatic of the growth of a democratic spirit in the
understand.' Personality is the secret of such a success; Dominion. No one objects to the personality of His
the dignity that is self-abnegation; the power that comes Serene Highness, whose delightful qualities and whose
from sympathy unhampered by high birth; the unerring high character win tributes in the whole Canadian press. insight and instinctive rightness of the gentleman. Prince Nevertheless, observes the Ottawa paper, Canada is a Alexander has shown, so far as opportunity has allowed land wherein hereditary or any titles must appear in- him as yet, that he too possesses these qualities.” congruous and utterly out of harmony with the aspirations of those who are working to build up a nation free
Americanization of Canada from the meaningless and artificial distinctions implied
as Seen in England. or synonymous with the claims of inherited superiority.
could not reproduce any other land without treason Other Canadian dailies here and there hint that the diffi
to her own great opportunity to express herself. These culty is less with the British princes, who have shown
statements from the Vancouver News-Advertiser are themselves modest, kindly and democratic, than with
reproduced with approval by the Toronto correspondent their suites. Certain old families in England seem to
of the London Time's in a study of what to him seems regard their members as the natural guardians of royal
the Americanization of the Dominion. There is no etiquet. In the train of a British prince one is, there
doubt, he declares, that the Vancouver News-Advertiser fore, likely to find "gold sticks” and equerries whose
expresses the feeling of the most imperial of the tactless insistence upon old-world forms proves irri
Canadian provinces and for the time the general sentitating and humiliating. Half the time the British roy
ment of the country as it is to be gleaned from great alty never knows what is commanded in his name by a
dailies like the Toronto Globe. But what of the future? too zealous member of the suite until some awkward
Can we prophesy with confidence? Is there a growth incident arises.
or a decline of British feeling? In reply the Canadian
journalist says it seems to be the fashion in Great French Canadians Welcome
Britain to regard Canada as bound by historic tradition, the Royal Appointment. by long association, by common interest and common FRENCH dailies published in Quebec seem to hail sentiment, to the mother country. This was the fact
the appearance of another royal Governor-General when a dominant English and French population poswith enthusiasm. Prince Alexander of Teck has nobly sessed the country, when French-Canadians had the done his duty as a soldier and has interested himself in "balance of power” in politics, and when there was no
by the bestowal of the assumption of a nomenclature NEVER will there be another Britain and Canada
serious pressure of commercial or social influences from of population is obstructed by differences of language, conoutside and no considerable admixture of foreign ele
ditions, and customs. Canada and the United States have ments within. But through the enormous inflow of
common traditions and common institutions, à common immigrants new conditions appear and new problems
language and a common faith. They are separated for hun demand consideration. "Probably we can inspire all
dreds of miles by an invisible boundary. Into the Dominion these elements with a common Canadian patriotism.”
pour multitudes who will quickly develop a Canadian patriotism.
What attitude will they take towards Great Is it so certain that they can be moulded into a common
Britain and the Empire? What will be the ultimate effect devotion to the Empire? Is it so certain that they will
of Lloyd George teaching on ‘Democrats' in Canada ? At never be attracted by the vision of an independent the moment it is not wholesome. It may become dangerCanadian Republic?
ously divisive and destructive. One catches a new note
now and again. As yet we are all passive Imperialists. Do Canadians Feel More Interest
But there are elements in Canada to which an appeal against In America than in Britain? Imperialism can be made, and who know no 'Mother CounTHE HE enormous circulation of American newspapers,
try.'" magazines and periodicals in Canada has been referred to more than once with apprehension by the
Great Britain Takes Heed Toronto correspondent of the London Times. He
of the Canadian Warning. points out that the cable news services are designed primarily for consumption in the United States. The ARTICLES of the kind which, in Britain's greatest
daily, call attention to the Americanization of truth of this statement has been conclusively demon- Canada find an echo in papers so important as the Lonstrated in all the recent dispatches covering the struggle don Post and the London Mail. Their appearance albetween British Liberals and British Unionists over
most simultaneously with the choice of Prince AlexHome Rule for Ireland, describing conditions in Ulster, ander of Teck as Governor-General is held to be the and estimating the state of feeling in Great Britain. merest accident, however. The opinion expressed by We have a further illustration in the eruption between the Ottawa Free Press is that Canada will continue to the United States and Mexico. Over the wires come receive princes of the royal blood as governors-general literally pages of dispatches, following in elaborate de- hereafter. "It is thought that in the course of a few tail the movement of American troops and vessels, the years the post may be made permanent and that a proceedings in Congress, the statements of the Presi
prince once appointed to represent the King in Ausdent and his advisers, and incidents at Tampico and tralia, Canada and the other oversea possessions may be elsewhere. “This in itself is desirable, but it is not satis- appointed for life.” Nevertheless, as the London Times factory to Canadians that Ulster should be relegated asks editorially, are all things working as they should to the background, that the cable dispatches should be for a British Canada in the future or for an Americondensed to insignificance, that only a few vagrant can? Its speculations on that theme run thus: telegrams should be devoted to the King's visit to France, and that we should be almost shut out from the "It is not a matter, in the ordinary sense, of British rest of the world through the natural absorption of the patriotism or loyalty to the British connexion. In the American press in the contest with Mexico.” The griev
United States, no doubt, there is still the old belief that ance is not in what is done, but in what is left undone.
Canada must some day, and by her own will, be 'annexed”; but that is merely a survival of antiquated ideas about the
unity of North America, which has no real relation to Labor in Canada Associates modern conditions. They were only pertinent to a time with Labor Here.
when objection could be taken to government from DownA LL the headquarters of the great unions to which
ing Street, and became obsolete when Canada grew into a Canadian workmen belong are in the United States, nation and one of the responsible units of the Empire. Buť a fact of which much is made by the correspondent of the question of the development of Canada, as such an inthe British daily. Generally, too, the labor conven- dependent unit of the Empire, either along British lines as tions are held in the United States. There is a steady they present themselves in the Mother Country or along increase in the number of branch factories of Amer
others, is what confronts us now; and our Canadian Correican manufacturing concerns in Canada.
spondent warns us gravely that the prevailing tendencies
are towards what may be generally called 'Americanization.' “To these come skilled American workmen, and they are This by no means due simply to the number of citizens officered by Americans. Alert and capable, they are in- of the United States who have been settling in the Western fluential in the communities in which they settle. While Provinces more particularly. It is the natural result of they are loyal to Canada, are they ever likely to feel any contiguity to the United States and the greater ease with sense of obligation to Great Britain or any impulse towards which American influence can operate. The news that fills Imperial citizenship? We are affected by American social the American newspapers takes the same sort of proportion and political movements.
in the Canadian, and Mexico bulks larger than Ulster. “A portion of our Press begins to ascribe all social and Baseball has become the popular game. 'International political evils in Great Britain to the landlords' and 'the leagues for sport, “international unions for labor, bring aristocracy. Letters from special correspondents come to Americans and Canadians together. The American magaCanadian journals aflame with contempt, if not with hatred, zines, carrying American advertisements, spread American for lords and dukes. We have writers aping and dema- ideas of life and make American openings for trade. The gogues mouthing Lloyd George, and boldly challenging the Canadian picture-palaces are supplied with films manufoundations of many honored and venerable British insti- factured in the United States, presenting American themes tutions. Is there only concern for 'autonomy' behind the and glorifying the Stars and Stripes, while English films desperate resistance to naval cooperation with Great are conspicuous by their absence. The result, if these conBritain ?
ditions are permanent, can only be a steady drift of the “Canada occupies no such isolated position as Australia Canadian mind away from the practices and traditions of or New Zealand or South Africa. In Europe movement the Mother Country.”
PERSONS IN THE FOREGROUND
THE GROWING ADMIRATION IN
IN AMERICA FOR
UERTA must go.
There drinking until his eyelids grow heavy When, later, he was assigned to the seems no escape from that and his head nods and he falls to sleep Geographical Survey Commission, he situation, to judge from all in his chair. But we find this writer was the one member, according to recent reports from Mexico. also, before he closes, paying tribute to President Diaz, whose calculations
But as his enemies hem him his “strength, indomitable will, fixity of never needed correction. He is, therein closer and closer on all sides-Villa, resolve, and absolute ignorance of fore, very far from being an uneduGonzales, Obregon, Zapata and the rest fear."
"No one doubts cated man. Aside from his military -a sneaking admiration for the old Huerta's bravery. He does not know position, he is a professional engineer. Indian seems to be growing in the fear. Into the muzzle of a gun he will Huerta was selected by Diaz to quell United States. You can hear it in con- look with the very same indifference revolt after revolt, and his success versation, you can see it in the news- with which he regards a plea for mercy. carried him up the ladder rapidly. It papers and you can even read it be- He is nothing more than a rough sol- is said that Diaz distrusted him at one tween the lines in the attacks of his dier, but down in his heart he has ad- time, but it was to Huerta that Diaz enemies. Several articles in American miration and respect for a brave man. at the last, when leaving Mexico, enperiodicals have recently appeared that . . If he was ever whipped no one trusted the lives of himself and his set forth the facts of his career with no remembers the engagement. Sometimes family. It was to Huerta also that attempt to extenuate his misdeeds, but he ran away, but always he came back.” De la Barra entrusted the operations indicating an evident admiration, more The most informing and, to all ap- against Zapata. And in spite of a or less suppressed, for the stern old pearances, the most fair and impartial quarrel with him, it was to Huerta warrior.
article on Huerta that has appeared is again that Madero appealed to check In the Review of Reviews, N. c. one in the June Atlantic Monthly, by the formidable advance begun by
C. Adossides, in the first half of an article Louis C. Simonds, for thirty years a Orozco. And it was to him again that on Huerta, presents him in pretty dark resident of Mexico. He lays stress on Madero turned when Felix Diaz with colors as a drunkard, a crafty intriguer, the necessity of seeing and judging his guns was at the very gates of the and a boaster. Yet in the latter half Huerta according to his environment palace. If Huerta is indeed the treachof the article you can see a strong dis- and according to the standards of his erous hound some have described him, position to admire him in spite of all own people. All the men, we are re- three Presidents of Mexico have been his failings. As a war correspondent minded, who, in the last half-century, strangely blind in entrusting him with in Mexico in 1912, Mr. Adossides saw have shown any capacity to govern power. In the last chapter of Madero's much of Huerta in the field, and, speak- Mexico have been largely or wholly of career, when many think he had lost ing of the latter's love for alcoholic the indigenous race. Juarez was a full- all balance and was fit for an asylum, liquors, he says: “One became accus- blooded Indian of the Zopoteca tribe.' Huerta had a particularly difficult positomed to see him borne away to his Diaz, tho tracing his ancestry back in tion. He was in command of a disafapartments by his intimates among the part to European stock, showed in his fected army, unable to feel any enthustaff officers." Yet in spite of these and physique and temperament the predom- siasm for a civilian President. He beother similar incidents, we find the inan't characteristics of the Mixteca lieved more than once that he was same writer, before he concludes his tribe. Tejada, of pure European de- about to be arrested by Madero. And, article, making admissions like this: scent, failed and was driven from the according to Mr. Simonds, he was be"Like Porfirio Diaz, and the analogy country. Maximilian failed and was sieged by prominent Mexicans of all between the two men is marked, Huerta put to death. Madero, descended from parties—senators, judges, bankers and will be recognized by foreigners and the Portuguese Jews, failed and paid business men—as well as by foreign Mexicans as a great man.” He has not the penalty with his life. Huerta is residents and even foreign diplomats, had time to show what he can do in about half Indian, tho in sentiment to end the struggle that was fast laying the way of pacifying Mexico; it took much more than half. He is descended Mexico City in ruins. Our own amDiaz twelve years to restore order. from the warlike Xalixca tribe. This bassador was one of those who apBut, says Mr. Adossides, he has already importance of the Indian in Mexican pealed to Huerta to end the carnage in "proven himself to be a potent adminis- political affairs must be kept in mind the streets, and it was under the roof trator as well as a most efficient mil- by anyone who attempts to judge of our embassy that the pact between itarist.” He has "surrounded himself Huerta. As a boy he probably wore Huerta and Felix Diaz was drawn and with competent men," and he has the humble cotton garb of the Indian, signed. "shown the penetrating power of a the coarse straw hat, the scapular and As to the murder of Madero, Mr. veritable statesman." sandals, and received the rudiments of Simonds speaks with
uncertainty. This sort of extorted admiration is an education from the parish priest. Juarez could not, we are reminded, be seen also in an article by A. H. Wil. But he was an apt pupil, and General brought to see that the life of Maximiliams, in the N. Y. Herald. He de- Guerra, being attracted by his intelli- lian should be spared. That course was scribes Huerta as cruel, merciless and gence, sent him to the military school too much at variance with his Indian treacherous, and paints a vivid picture at Chapultepec, the West Point of ideas. Whether the fate of Madero and of him as he appears every evening in Mexico. There he distinguished him- Suarez was due to the same racial inhis home, with a bottle of cognac by self in topography and astronomy, and stincts in Huerta is not known, says his side, his waistcoat unbuttoned, took all the chief prizes of his class. Mr. Simonds. Huerta himself has
been willing to
the In other respects Mr. Simonds gives easy way in his intercourse with the question, tho it has been put to him Huerta a much better character than common people, and can be very genial directly in written form. “His friends he has generally been credited with. when he lays aside the cares of state. ascribe his reticence on the subject to His family life, for instance, “bears Says Mr. Simonds, in conclusion: the native dignity of which he has comparison with that of other Mexi- “Such is Victoriano Huerta, as I see given not a few proofs, and they say cans of his class.” As for his drinking, him: a character very human, very imthat he will clear himself when he we are told that his appearance “shows perfect. no doubt, but almost biblical can do so without seeming to yield no traces of dissipation and those who in a certain simplicity and intelligibilto the pressure of irresponsible foreign have business to transact with him find ity, and fitting, not inharmoniously, opinion.” Mr. Simonds believes that him invariably clear-headed.” He is, into this Mexican cosmos." Madero fell by the same hands that further, "unquestionably the most com- In short, Huerta seems, from all acslew Gustavo Madero, tho he thinks petent military man in Mexico," and counts, to be the sort of character we Huerta may have been guilty of "con- "the idol of the army to a greater ex- delight to meet in a Dumas novel or tributory negligence.” He admits that tent than Diaz was toward the close of an Anthony Hope romance. He would it would be absurd to represent Huerta his administration.” Intellectually, he have loomed up gloriously in the meas a humane man. “He is doubtless not has a very direct mind, readily distin- dieval ages. Pan Michael or Zagloba exempt from that utter disregard of guishing essentials from non-essentials. would have hailed him as a kindred human life which, when political ex- He is quick at repartee and verbal fenc- spirit. It is his misfortune to live, in pediency or the so-called reason of ing, and, when he wishes to do so, can a medieval country, indeed, but in an state intervenes, characterizes all suc- maintain an impenetrable reserve. At age that has other standards into which cessful military leaders in Mexico, par- official ceremonies, his features settle he fits badly. Just as soon as he is ticularly if they are wholly or largely into an almost hieratic dignity, like an down and out, we in America are likely of the Indian race."
Indian stone effigy. "He has a natural, to admire him greatly.
THE DEMEANOR OF JOHN D.
OF JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER,
OR the first time in the forty William M. Wood for the Lawrence sent,” said Mr. Rockefeller. "We have years of his life, John D. strike, so the younger Rockefeller is gotten the best men obtainable and are Rockefeller, Jr., has been the put forward as responsible for the Colo- relying on their judgment. We follow target of direct and open at- rado strike, tho he has not been in
the very same policy in philanthropic and
social work that we are following in busitack. Hitherto all the shafts Colorado for ten years nor attended a
ness; that is, we put the best men aimed in his direction have been in- meeting of the board of directors of
can in charge.” tended for his father. But for fifteen his company out there in that length “While you were engaged in social upyears the elder Rockefeller has been of time.
lift work,” said Chairman Foster, “did it out of all active participation in busi- It is interesting to observe the way ever occur to you to investigate condiness affairs and the only occasion he has in which Mr. Rockefeller has borne tions among your own employees?". furnished for new attacks has been in himself in this ordeal. He has not, it
"When I was foreman of the Grand connection with his philanthropic plans. must be admitted, pleaded the baby act. Jury,” replied Mr. Rockefeller, “I did not As the son had nothing to do with the He has not acted the part of a coward personally acquaint myself with vice and
white slavery, because there were other methods employed for amassing the . He has acknowledged his share of the Rockefeller wealth, he has been passed responsibility, and he has not apol- investigation and report. They were ex
men so much better qualified to make an over almost entirely by the muck- ogized for the course of his associates. perienced in the business. I was not. I rakers. But the Colorado trouble is On the contrary, he has expressed his sent Dr. Flexner to Europe for the same another matter. He is a director in the full confidence in them, has upheld their reason." Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, and course in all respects, and has declared by reason of the large interest repre- that he and his father will sustain them When it was suggested that he was sented by him can reasonably be held even if such action requires the loss of a dummy director, he repelled the sugto be the dominant power in the com- every cent they have put into the busi- gestion and asserted that he had kept pany, which is the largest corporation ness in Colorado. Put to a grilling ex
in close touch with the situation ever involved in the trouble. When the Presi- amination by the members of the House since the strike began. Here is another dent sent an appeal for action on the committee on mines, he was polite and part of the examination: part of that company that might end suave through it all, but never wavered the strike, it was to John D., Jr., not in his position. Here is a portion of the
Q.—But the killing of people and shootJohn D., Sr., that he made the appeal. examination:
ing of children-has not that been of
enough importance to you for. you to When the House committee on mines
communicate with the other Directors and wanted information on the strike, it
"I believe,” said Chairman Foster, see if something might be done to end was again to the son that it directed "that you are connected with sociological that sort of thing? its inquiries. And when Upton Sin- and uplift movements and that you were A.-We believe the issue is not a local clair and his band of I. W. W. fol- recently the foreman of a Grand Jury one in Colorado. It is a national issue, lowers saw a good chance to get into which reported upon the white slave traf- whether workers shall be allowed to work the limelight, it was against the son, fic. Do you not think you might have under such conditions they may choose. not the father, that they directed their paid some attention to these bloody strike As part owners of the property our in
terest in the laboring men in this country demonstrations. Just as Andrew Car- conditions out in Colorado, where you
have 1,000 employees in whose welfare is so immense, so deep, so profound that negie was held personally responsible have 1,000 employees in whose welfare
you seem not to have taken any deep we stand ready to lose every cent we put for the Homestead strike, tho he was personal interest?”
in that company rather than see the men in Scotland at the time; just as George “I have done what I regard as the very we have employed thrown out of work F. Baer was held personally responsible best thing in the interest of these em- and have imposed upon them conditions for the coal strike in Pennsylvania and ployees and the large investment I repre- which are not of their seeking and which