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banks of the great river. Those who took it upon themselves to execute this commission, retraced their steps in a short time, saying they had seen traces of a great many people, and that the enemy was not far away. At the same time, some harvesters, leaving their work, came running toward the Village, declaring that they had seen new [34] faces,—those of people dressed in an unusual manner, who were keeping themselves hidden in the woods. Spies were sent out; but, as they discovered nothing, this information was ascribed to ill-founded fears or panic.

"On the twenty-second of the same month, the men returned to the work of harvesting; and, in order to give security to the harvesters, some sentinels were placed on the edge of the woods. The Iroquois, growing impatient, rushed out upon one of these sentinels, for the purpose of learning the condition of our settlement. This man took to his heels; but they overtook him, and gave him two or three blows on the head with clubs or hatchets, hurting him severely, although these blows were not mortal. There was then no longer any doubt that the enemy [35] were in the field, or, rather, in the forests.

'' On the twenty-third, they appeared on the water as well as on the land. The canoe that had hidden among the Islands, as already mentioned, seeing that no one appeared, left its post to cross the river and go to join those eleven boats which the enemy had placed in ambush on the other bank. We gave chase after it, not so much to fight with it as to find out, by its means, whether the enemy were many in number. But, as we could not overtake it, the Captain of the fort sent an armed shallop, well manned, up the river."

Ecoutons-le parler, i'ay tiré ce qui fuit de la copie de l'vne de fes lettres. A peine nos gens étoient-ils [36] eloignés d'vn quart de lieuë du fort, qu'ils apperceurent vn grand nombre de canots, echoués dans vne ance: ils déchargent deffus leurs armes à feu, & aulïl-toft reprennent leur route vers le fort. Le Tambour, à qui i'auois commandé de donner quelques coups de baguettes fur fa caiffe, en cas que la chalouppe eut découuert l'ennemy, me rapella dans le fort; comme i'en approchois, ie vy vn grand nombre d'Iroquois, courans à bride abbatuë, comme on dit, a trauers les champs, faifant mine de venir attaquer la Bourgade. Ie crie aux armes: ie fay fermer les portes, & rouler deux pieces de canon, que i'auois difpofé pour ce fujet. Ces Barbares au bruit de ce tonnerre, fe iettent fur des beftiaux qui paffoient proche du Bourg, ils les [37] pouffent dans le bois, & les ayans maffacrés, ils courent fur les riues du grand fleuue, déchargeans leurs fuûls fur noftre chalouppe, qui fe vit affaillie de tous coftés: car les onze ou douze canots, dont nous auons parlé, vinrent fondre fur elle, la voulant contraindre de s'approcher de la terre pour eftre battuë, & par eau & par terre. On fit feu de tous coftés: l'air fut bientoft remply de flammes & de fumée. Ie fit tirer plus de vingt coups de canon en vn quart d'heure, qui n'eurent autre effet, pour ce que nos boulets n'eftoient pas de calibre, que de faire retirer l'ennemy, & donner paffage à noftre chalouppe, qui fe defendit vaillamment, & auec vn bon-heur: car nos gens tirerent & blefferent quelques Iroquois, & pas vn deux ne receut aucun dommage.

[38] Ces demis Demons voyans qu'ils au oient efté

Let us hear him speak; I have taken what follows from the copy of one of his letters.4 "Scarcely had our people [36] proceeded a quarter of a league from the fort, when they perceived a large number of canoes that had stranded in a cove; they discharged their firdarms at these, and immediately resumed their course toward the fort. The Drummer, whom I had ordered to give some drum-beats in case the shallop should discover the enemy, called me back into the fort; as I approached it, I saw a great number of Iroquois running with loose rein, as the saying is, across the fields, and acting as if they were coming to attack the Village. I called to arms, had the gates closed and two pieces of ordnance discharged, which I had arranged for this purpose. Those Barbarians, at the noise of this thunder, rushed upon the cattle that were passing near the Village, [37] drove them into the woods, and, after butchering them, ran to the banks of the great river, discharging their muskets at our shallop. The latter found itself assailed on all sides; for the eleven or twelve canoes that we have mentioned, came and pounced upon it, trying to force it to approach the shore, that it might be beaten both by land and by water. Fire was opened on all sides, and soon the air was full of flames and smoke. In a quarter of an hour, I had more than twenty cannon shots fired,—which, because our balls were not of the right caliber, produced no farther effect than to make the enemy retire and give passage to our shallop. This defended itself valiantly and with success; for our people used their firearms and wounded a number of Iroquois, while not one of them received any injury.

[38] " These half-Demons, seeing that they had maltraités, allerent décharger leur colere fur nos bleds d'Indes, & fur nos bleds François. Ils couppoient tout ce qu'ils pouuoient rencontrer, bruflans les charrues, & les charettes laiffées en la campagne, pour mettre le feu dans les tas de pois, & de bled qu'ils ramaffoient: ils mirent le feu en quelques maifons écartées, tuerent les beftiaux des Peres, qu'on n'auoit peu retirer affés toft: en vn mot, on eut dit qu'ils eftoient enragez, tant ils faifoient paroi ftre de fureur.

Ie fi rouler vn canon, fur vn platon, & ie le fi tirer deffus eux; les Sauuages s'auancerent, faifant quelques efcarmouches, & dans ces petits combats vn de nos Algonquins receut vn coup de fufil [39] au genoiiil, & nous bleffafmes, & tuafmes quelques Iroquois.

Enfin ces Barbares fe retirerent faifant mine d'auoir affoupy leur rage, & leur vengeance: mais à deffein de s'approcher la nuit de la Bourgade pour y mettre le feu, n'eftant enuironnée en plufieurs endroits que de gros arbres. Nous fufmes fous les armes tant que la nuit dura, ie redoublay les fentinelles: le Trompette, & le Tambour ioiierent quafi toûjours au fort. On n'entendoit par tout que ces paroles, qui va là: la Redoute tira plufieurs coups d'arquebufe, fi bien que l'ennemy qui faifoit fes approches, épouuanté par ces bruits, defefpera de nous pouuoir ny prendre, ny furprendre.

Pendant cette nuit, arriua vn canot Algonquin qui venoit de la chaffe, & qui fut bien eftonné de [40] fe voir fain & fauue au milieu de tant de dangers. Il arriua auffi vn canot François, qui nous dit que le Pere Poncet auoit efté pris au Cap rouge, és enuirons been hardly used, proceeded to vent their wrath on our Indian corn and French wheat. They cut down all that they could find, burning the plows and carts left in the field, in order to set fire to the heaps of peas and grain that they gathered together. They set fire to some scattered houses and killed the Fathers' cattle, which we had been unable to place in safety soon enough. In a word, one would have said they were madmen, so great fury did they manifest.

"I had a cannon rolled out upon a level place,5 and fired at them. The Savages advanced, engaging in several skirmishes; and in these little actions one of our Algonquins received a musket-ball [39] in the knee, and we wounded and killed several Iroquois.

"At length, these Barbarians retired, feigning to have glutted their rage and vengeance, but planning to approach the Village at night and set fire to it, as it is surrounded in several places only by large trees. We were under arms all night long; I doubled the sentinels, and the Trumpeter and Drummer played almost constantly at the fort. Everywhere was to be heard only the cry, ' Who goes there?' The Redout fired several arquebus volleys; and, as a result of all this, the enemy, after making their approach, were frightened by these noises, and despaired of being able either to capture or to surprise us.

'' During that night there arrived a canoe of Algonquins, who were returning from the chase; they were much astonished to [40] find themselves safe and sound in the midst of so many dangers. There also arrived a canoe of Frenchmen, who told us that Father Poncet had been made prisoner at Cap rouge, in the neighborhood of Quebec; and that a squad of Frenchmen and Christian Savages, full of determina

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