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23d Cong. 1st þess.]

Documents accompanying the President's Message. they can be held in check only by a similar force, and by issued all the subsistence required. 'The continued failits occasional display among them. Almost every year ures that took place, and frequently in the most critical has witnessed soine outrage committed by them upon our state of affairs, the controversies arising out of the percitizens, and as many of the Indian tribes from the coun- petual attempts to issue unsound provisions, and the se. try this side of the Mississippi have removed and are re. rious obstacle which these and the other operations of moving to that region, we may anticipate their exposure the system interposed to the public service, must be fresh to these predatory incursions unless vigorous measures in the recollection of every military man who participated are adopted to repel them. We owe protection to the in the events of those periods. The army is now well emigrants, and it has been solemnly promised to them. and promptly supplied, and the faithful officer at the head And this duty can only be fulfilled by repressing and of the subsistence department has established a system of punishing every attempt to disturb the general tranquil. purchasing, of issuing, and of responsibility, wbich, while lity. Policy and humanity equally diciate this course, it insures this result, guards the public interest against and there is reason to hope that the display of this force loss and imposition, so far as a business necessarily so exwill itself render unnecessary its hostile employment. tended permits. During the fifteen years in which this The more barbarous tribes will perceive that their own department has been in operation, more than five millions safety is closely connected with the permanent establish- and a half of dollars have been expended under its direcment of pacific relations, boih with the United States and tion, and the whole loss which has been incurred by the with the other Indians.

de alcations of its officers, does not amount to sixteen It is due to the regiment of dragoons to remark that its thousand dollars. composition is believed to be good, and I anticipate it I consider that the time has arrived when the present will do lionor to the army, and render effectual service arrangement should be rendered permanent, and i there to the country.

fore present the subject with that view to your notice. I feel it a duty once more to ask your favorable inter. And I also beg leave to suggest that the compensation to position in behalf of the medical corps. There is no the clerks in the office should be increased. It is now portion of the army whose compensation is so utterly in lower than the average amount allowed in the other pubadequate to their services. The pay of the highest grade lic offices, and less than is due to their labor and responbut little exceeds that of a captain, and the pay of the sibility. lowest that of a first lieutenant; and these two grades The report of the visiters appointed to examine the constitute the whole range of service within the reach of a litary Academy shows that the institution is in a prosmedical officers. In the line of the army, and most of the perous condition, and is fulfilling the duties committed to staff departments, there are successive gradations of rank, il

, in the education of the young men destined for the each with increased emulument, 10 stimulate the exer- military service of the country. The suggestions made tions and to reward the services of the othcers. The im- by the visiters for the improvement of this national school, portance of professional skill and talent in the medical are the result of a careful examination, and, coming as corps will not be doubted; and the dispersed condition of they do from a body of able and impartial citizens, are our army in time of peace, and its exposure to the effects entitled to much consideration. They appear to me just of various climates, render the conservation of its health in themselves, and promising, in the event of their adopan object of much solicitude; and, in time of war, this tion, salutary consequences to the institution. solicitude will be increased by the perils of active ser- There is one subject which I feel particularly desirous vice.

of placing before you. The situalion of teacher of draw. In order to place in a proper condition this branch ofing corresponds neither with the nature and importance our military establishment, a system of examination bas of the duties required of that officer, nor with the profesbeen recently instituted, by which the pretensions of sional merit of the distinguished artist who has relinquishmedical gentlemen, seeking appointments in the army, ed the fair prospects held out to bim in a foreign country will be subjected to rigid scrutiny. A board, composed to accept it. The art itself is highly important to military of able and experienced surgeons, has been organized, men, and its acquisition is essential to a respectable and the various members of the department tave been standing at the academy. It is very desirable that the inexamined by them. The result lias already been bighly structer should unite in his person those high qualificauseful, and cannot fail to be su for the future. But, while lions, natural and acquired, which have in all ages been the standard of professional acquirements is thus increas. the lot of those who have attained eminence in the art, ed, justice demands that the rate of compensation should and which have placed it among those pursuits that are be examined, and that it should be rendered commensu. at once the cause and the effect of advanced improverate with the duties and responsibility of this most useful ment in society. I respectfully recommend that this officlass of officers. It is not to be expected that the medi- cer be placed in the same situation as the professors at cal corps can retain the able men who now compose it, the academy, and I cannot but believe that such a measor see others join it, unless their services are adequately ure would not only be just in itself, but would be a proprewarded.

er tribute of respect to the liberal arts, and a proper no. The act organizing the subsistence department expires, lice of one whose professional talents and success have by its own limitalion, on the 20 day of March next. It been honorable to his country. was originally passed in 1818, and has been continued by I have had the bonor hereiofore to submit to your con. successive temporary acts, till the present time. The rea- sideration my views in relation to brevet commissions in son of this course of legislation is undoubtedly to be found the army, and I am induced, as an act of justice to those in the fact that the introduction of the system was an expe- entitled to them, again to present the subject. If no new riment, and it was deemed prudent to test its operations legislation is contemplated, nor any action of the Senate, before a permanent character was given to it. This bas which shall change the principle or practice heretofore been fully done, and the result is, in every point of view, prevalent, no objections occur to me to delay, any longer, satisfactory. All who were acquainted witli the mode of these promotions. The officers have earned them by supplying the army previously to, and during the late war, length of service, agreeably to the established usage; and for a few years after its termination, must be sensible and to make a discrimination without any previous dec. of the superiority of the present plan. In the quality of laration, so as to exclude from this advantage those who the provisions, in the certainty of the supply, and in the are at this time entitled to it, does not seem called for by economy of administration, its operation is decidedly su- the exigency of any circumstance connected with this perior to the old system, wliere contractors furnished and I subject. And, in fact, there are no very obvious reasons Documents accompanying the President's Message.

[23d Cong. 1st Sess.

occurring to me, why these professional honors, which, in It is believed that the means which may be realized common cases, make no demand upon the Treasury, but agreeably to Ibis suggestion would be found sufficient to serve to foster those professional feelings which give ele- provide for the maintenance of this class of persons, whose vation to the military character, should not be granted, condition is now so hopeless, and so unsuited to the charas they have heretofore been. Under ordinary circum- acter of the Government and the feelings of the commu. stances they will produce no fractical operation, either nity, with relation to emolument or command. When they The experience of every year adds to the conviction should do either, it would be precisely when their value that the sooner the Indians remaining east of the Missis. would be enhanced by the very state of things producing sippi migrate to the region west of that river, the sooner this change in their operation ; when the greater expe- will they be relieved from the embarrassments of their rience of the brevet officer would entitle him to an en- present position, and placed in a situation where they larged command, and to a corresponding rank over those, may physically and morally improve, and look forward to whether in the regular army or the militia, whose qualifi- a prosperous and permanent destiny. All the reports cations, so far as these depend upon service, are less than which reach the Department upon this subject, concur in bis.

the representation that the emigrants already there are The attention of the army has been frequently drawn comfortable and contented; that the region assigned to to a project for the establishment of a fund for the sup- them is fertile, salubrious, and as extensive as they and port of invalid officers, and of the widows and children their descendants, for many generations, can require. of such as may die in the service. The object is a com. They are making improvements and erecting dwellings, mendable one, and, as the only aid expected of the Gov. and are evidently laying the foundations of a social syserament is such legislative provision as may be necessary tem which, it is to be hoped, will afford them security to give effect to the measure, in conformity with the and prosperity. As a striking proof of their improvegeneral views of the officers of the army, it is certainly ment, and of the quantity of provisions raised among them, entitled to the favorable regard of the Government. A it may be stated that one of the contracts for furnishing moderate and stated deduction from the pay of each offi- provisions has been taken by a Choctaw, who is said to cer would create a fund which would afford essential have a supply of his own amply sufficient to enable him relief to many who otherwise would be exposed to want to meet his engagement. It is fortunate for the Indians and penury, and might soothe the declining years of themselves, and for the great cause of humanity, that the meritorious officers who may have necessarily expended efforts of the Government to persuade them peaceably in the maintenance of their families the whole allowance and voluntarily to remove, are every year crowned with made to them by law, and who, without such an arrange more and more success.

Since the last annual report ment, would look forward with anxiety for the future. from this Department, the conditional arrangement made Whatever plan may be ultimately adopted, a legal organi- by the Seminoles for their emigration has been rendered zation is essential to its operation and success. And as absolute by a personal inspection of the country proposed the funds will be provided by the officers themselves, and for their residence. They have examined and are satis. for their own advantage, the administration will no doubt fied with it; and if the treaty should be ratified by the be committed to them, io be exercised by such persons Senate, they will soon leave the Territory of Florida. An and in such manner as ihey may direct. The consilera. arrangement has also been made with the separate bands tions connected with this measure are so obviously just, in that Territory by which they have agreed to emigrate; and in accordance with the dictates of prudence and bu- and thus provision has been made for the removal of the manity, that I trust they will be favorably considered. whole Indian population from Florida. And I also feel it my duiy to bring before you a kindred The treaty with the Chickasaws has terminated all difsubject connected with the rank and file of the army, and ficulties with that tribe. It is understood that the exhaving for its object a provision for the support of super- ploring party provided for in that instrument are about to annuated soldiers. In our service, as at present organized, commence their journey with a view to select a residence a soldier can only be retained as long as his physical pow. west of the Mississippi. If they succeed, they will reers are sufficient to enable him to perform the duties move within the period limited; if they do not, and choose required of him. When his constitution fails, unless it is to remain, they will become, with their own consent, citithe result "of disability incurred in the line of his duty," zens of Mississippi, and will occupy, as absolute owners, be is discharged without any provision for his support, the several traces of land assigned to them. and, generally, from the babits of his life, without the dis- The obligations assumed by the United States in the position and too often the power to labor, and without treaty with the Choctaws, for the removal of those Inthe means of suppart. He is then thrown upon the char-dians, have been fulfilled.' From ihe reports which have ity of the community, after devoting the best of his life to been made to the Department, it appears that about fif. the service of his country.

teen thousand individuals of this tribe bave been removed. This result may be easily obviated without expense to A party, estimated to contain from fifteen hundred to the Government, and an ample provision made for those three thousand persons, have changed their usual place of discharged soldiers who are unable to procure means residence in Alabama, and have declined accompanying uf support. The principle which has been long and wisely other Indians in their emigration. It is believed that applied to the navy may be safely applied to ihe army. this party is composed principally of the worst portion of An inconsiderable deduction from the pay of each soldier the tribe, and that they intend to bang upon the white setwould go far towards the creat.on of a fund for this pur- tlements, in order to indulge the vicious habits they have pose; and if this deduction were to commence with those acquired. As the Government has scrupulously fulfilled who might enlist after the passage of the law, there could its engagements with these people, which terminate with be no objections on account of the previous engagements this year, and as every exertion has been made by the formed with the soldiers. And there are three auxiliary proper agents to induce them to remove, nothing remains sources of revenue which may be applied towards the but to leave them to the results of their own experience. former object, These are

It cannot be long before they will feel the necessity of Fines assessed by courts martial;

rejoining the great body of the tribe. The pay due to soldiers who may die without leaving Satisfied as you have been, that the very existence of any heirs to claim it;

the Creeks in Alabama required their establishment in A proportion of the post fund, which is principally de- the country west of the Mississippi, where so many of rived from a lax upon sutlers.

their tribe already reside, you bave not besitated to em, VOL X-B

23d Cong. 1st Sess.]

Documents accompanying the President's Message.

brace every opportunity which offered of accomplishing United States, and for the establishment of some general this object. Instructions have been three times given to principles by which their own internal government can ascertain their views, and to endeavor to persuade them be safely administered by themselves, and a general suto acquiesce in this course. The two first attempts proved perintending authority exercised by the United States, so unsuccessful: the result of the last is unknown. Inde far as may be necessary to restrain hostilities among pendent of the general reasons arising out of our Indian them and incursions into our borders. Until such a sys. relations, which operated to induce these efforts, the pe- tem is adopted, it is evident that the condition of these 10. culiar state of things among these Indians, and a strong dians cannot be secure, nor will the obligation imposed desire to remove the difficulties connected with them, upon the Government be fulfilled. The task requires an had much influence in directing the negotiations. intimate knowledge of the local circumstances of the

The Sacs and Foxes bave quietly removed to the re-tribes of that region, and of the countrv they inhabil, and gion assigned to them, and the Winnebagoes bave left a practical acquaintance with Indian babits, feelings, and the country upon Rock river, agreeably to the stipulations mode of life. ` I trust the commissioners will be able to of the treaty with them, and retired across the Missis. report a plan which will fulfil the expectation of those sippi, to their lands north of the Ouisconsin.

who have observed, with solicitude, the course of this Treaties have been formed with the Pottawatamies, matter, and wbich will eventually secure the prosperity Chippewas, and Ottawas, claiming the district on the of the Indians. As it is probable, however, that this canwest side of Lake Michigan, south of Green Bay, and not be effected within the time limited for the duties of north of Chicago, for its cession to the United States, and the commissioners, I would respectfully suggest the prowith the Pottawalamies of the peninsula of Michigan for priety of their term of service being prolonged until the the relinquishment of their reservation south of Grand close of the next year. rirer.

There have been presented for allowance, under the With the exception, therefore, of the Miamies, in the pension act of June 7, 1832, thirty thousand six hundred State of Indiana, of a band of the Wyandois, at Upper claims. The whole of these have been examined, and Sandusky, in Ohio, and of scattered portions of the Ot. either admilted, rejected, or returned to the parties for tawas and Chippewas, in the peninsula of Michigan, north supplementary action. Twenty-three thousand four bunof Grand river, and of Saginaw bay, probably not exceed-dred and thirty-eight certificales have been issued, eleven ing, altogether, five thousand individuals, the whole coun- hundred and eleven claims have been rejected, three huntry north of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi, includ- dred returned cases are in the office, a waiting or undering the States of Obio, Indiana, and Illinois, and the Ter- going re-examination, thirteen hundred and fifty-one, which ritory of Michigan as far as the Fox and Ouisconsin rivers, are incomplete in their proofs, are suspended lill these are has been cleared of the embarrassments of Indian relations; furnished, and four thousand four hundred and twentyand the Indianst hemselves have either already emigrated, five are in the hands of the parties for additional evidence or have stipulated to do so within limited periods, and or authentication, or in transilu between them and tbe upon such terms as will ensure them adequate subsis. office. tence and the means of establishing themselves comforta- It is creditable to the industry and efficiency of the Pen. bly in their new residence, unless, indeed, the aid and sion office that such a mass of business should have been efforts of the Government are rendered useless by their performed within the period which has elapsed since the habitual indolence and improvidence. The Cherokees passage of the above law. occupying portions of land in Georgia, Alabama, North I have the honor to be, Carolina, and Tennessee, and probably riot exceeding

Very respectfully, sir, eleven thousand persons, are the only Indians south of the

Your obedient servant, Ohio and east of the Mississippi, with whom an arrange

LEWIS CASS. ment has not been made, either for emigration or for a change of political relations. It is to be regreited that the same causes which have heretofore prevented an ad- REPORT OF THE MAJOR GENERAL OF THE

ARMY.
justment of the difficulties of that tribe, and their removal
west, yet continue to deseat the efforts of the Govern.

HEAD QUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
These causes are, no doubt, principally to be

Washington, November 23, 1833. traced to the ascendency of particular individuals, and to Sin: Since my last annual report on the state of the their desire to retain political influence and power. It is army, nothing meterial bas occurred in the movements of expected that about five bundred of these Indians will the troops worthy of par:icular notice. The discipline remove west this season, and the residue of the Chero of the several corps continues to be maintained with regkees then remaining east of the Mississippi will be, agree. ularity, and there is every reason to believe that they ably to previous computations, about ten thousand five are in a condition for active service. bundred.

The battalion of mounted rangers has been discharged, The commissioners west of the Mississippi are engaged in conformity with your instructions, and the regiment of in the execution of the duties connected with our Indian Dragoons, authorized by the act of the 2d of March, 1833, relations in that quarter. They have succeeded in ar- in lieu of that battalion, has been partially raised. Five ranging, satisfactorily, the disputed question of bounda- companies of it are mounted, and have been ordered to ries between the Creeks and Cherokees, which has, for Fort Gibson under Colonel Dodge, to be in readiness to some time, occasioned much embarrassment. They have accompany the commissioners in the ensuing season, en also formed treaties with the Creeks, the Cherokees, the their contemplated visit to the Indian country. The reSenecas, and Shawanese, the Quapaws, and the Seminoles, maining five companies are being raised. Tbe lateness of Florida, by which all matters connected with these of the selections and appointments of the captains and tribes have been satisfactorily adjusted. Their labors will other officers, from the mounted rangers, bas been the be now direcied to the other subjects indicated in their cause of the delay in filling the regiment: but there is instructions, and which are important to a permanent ar- every prospect that, before the end of the year, the regi. rangement of the various ques:ions arising out of ihe new ment will be completed to its establishment, stale of things which will be created in that region. The results expected to be produced by the operation Among these, one of the most interesting is a practical of the act of the 20 of March of the last session of Conplan for regulating the intercourse of the various tribes, gress, "for the improvement of the condition of the nonindigenous and emigrant, with one another, and with the commissioned officers and privates of the army, and for

ment.

Documents accompanying the President's Message.

[230 Cond. 1st Sess.

the prevention of desertion," so far as they can be ascer. 2. Proceeds of the sales of public property, tained, are decidedly favorable and satisfactory. The either unfit for service, or no longer remen who now offer to enlist, are found to be of a more quired for public use, and rents received respectable class, and the number of enlistments does not for public lands and buildings not requirdiminish. In regard to desertions, there are strong indi- ed for military purposes,

26,221 15 cations of the salutary operations of the law, as the 3. Errors, overcharges, and disallowances average number of men who have deserted, for a given credited by officers in their accounts with period since the passage of the bill is, by a comparison the department, from the second quarwith the number of desertions for corresponding periods ter of 1829 to the second quarter of 1832, in the three years preceding, one-third less. A further as ascertained by an examination of the proof of the beneficial influence of the law on the rank several accounts,

5,506 27 and file of the army is found in the fact that soldiers who have honorably completed their term of service, now Making the total to be accounted for, $1,260,911 27 more readily re-enlist, which is considered a decided Of which, there has been accounted for: advantage to the public, both as it regards economy in 1. By disbursements, viz. the expenditure for the military service, and in reference in the second and third quarters of 1832, to the efficiency of the army.

not included in the last report, the acIn compliance with your instructions, 1 here with fur- counts not having been received at its nish the following statements and returns :

date, including an error in that report of 1st. A statement showing the organization of the army,

$480 44,

$12,268 74 marked A.

In the fourth quarter of 1832, 294,601 11 2.1. A return of the actual state of the army, marked B. In the first quarter of 1833, 169,178 06

3d. A return exhibiting the strength of the Eastern In the second quarter of 1833, 241,100 03
Department, designating the posts and garrisons, mark. In the third quarter of 1833, 450,641 20
ed C.
4th. A return exhibiting the strength of the Western

$1,167,789 65
Department, designating the posts and garrisons, mark- 2. By deposites to the credit
ed D.

of the Treasurer of the 5th. A statement showing the number of recruits United States,

1,835 14 enlisted in the army from the 1st of January to the 30th 3. By amount turned over to of September, 1833, marked E.

the Ordnance department 6tb. An estimate of the funds required for the recruit. by the asaistant quartering service for the year 1834, marked F.

master at Detroit, being 7th. An estimate of the contingent expenses of the part of the proceeds of head-quarters of the army, including those of the office public property sold at of the Adjutant General, for the year 1834, marked G. that place,

7,000 00 I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,

Total accounted for,

1,176,624 79 ALEXANDER MACOMB, Major General commanding the Army.

Leaving a balance to be accounted for of $84,286 48 Honorable LEWIS Cass, Secrelary of War.

The accounts of six officers remain to be received, which will reduce this balance $10,629. The remainder

is distributed among more than fifty officers at the various REPORT OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL. posts in the Union, and is applicable to the service of the

present quarter, and it is confidently believed that the QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S Office,

whole of it will be applied to the proper objects, and acWashington City, November 27, 1833.

counted for at the close of the quarter. Sir: In obedience to your order, I have the honor to istration of the department is promptly accounted for by

The large amount of public property under the admin. report the operations of this department for the first, the officers who receive it, as well of the department as second, and third quarters of the present year; in addi; of the several corps of the army. tion to which I include that portion of 1832 not embraced

The balance remaining in the Treasury of the appro. in my last annual report.

priation for the Quartermaster's department proper, with The balance remaining to be accounted for

The sums due to it for expenditures on account of other by the several officers of the department,

branches of service, will be fully sufficient for all demands at the date of that report, amounted to $87,230 14 against it for the remainder of the year; but it is appreTo which is to be added:

henved there will be an arrearage on account of the ap1. Remittances, viz.

propriation for the transportation of the army, and also on In the fourth quarter of last

account of that for the travelling allowance of officers. year, $218,652 45

Of the public works under the direction of the departIn the first quarter of the

ment, the military road in the State of Maine, wbich bas present year,

198,049 86

been in a course of construction for several years, is now In the second quarter of the

completed, and is represented by the officer charged with present year,

304,124 99

its superintendence, to be of a superior character. ConIn the third quarter of the

necting as it does the sources of the Atlantic with an inpresent year, 383,232 10

terior post on a distant frontier, it may be justly considerIn small sumos during the year

ed a work of importance, at least in its military relations. from other departments

The road from Fort Howard, Green Bay, to Fort Crawnot on requisitions from

ford, on the Mississippi river, has been surveyed and this office, but accounted

located during the present season. This is an important for through it,

37,894 31

military communication, intended to connect three of the

exterior posts on the Northwestern frontier. To comTotal amount of remittances,

$1,141,953 71 | plete the work, a further appropriation will be necessary.

.

230 Coxg. 1st Sess.]

Documents accompanying the President's Message.

year 1835.

The Washington and Jackson road, in the Territory of The whole length of the breakwater, ac. Arkansas, has been extended as far as the limited appro. cording to the plan, is

3,600 feet. priation made at the last session of Congress for the pur- The deposite of stone already extends 2,700 feet. pose would warrant; but the road being a highly import- of which there are elevated five feet ant communication, connecting the centre of the Terri- above the plane of high water 1,007 feet. tory with its frontier on the Red river, it should be put Nearly level with high water 950 feet. in a state to be used at all seasons of the year, for which Averaging fifteen feet above the purpose a further appropriation is required.

sea bottom

743 feet. The road from Pensacola to Tallahassee, and thence to the whole length of the ice breaker, ac. St. Augustine, in Florida, has been partially repaired; but cording to the plan, is

1,500 feet. the appropriations have been found altogether insuffi. The deposite of stone extends already 1,400 feet. cient. Uniting as it does the posts on an important fron- of which there are elevated above tier, it should be kept at all times in good repair. I con. the level of high water 978 feet. sider the small sums which have been appropriated for Level with high water

300 feet. some years past, from their inadequacy, as money wasted. Averaging fourteen feet above To put the road in good repair, a liberal appropriation the sea bottom

122 feet. is required. That portion of the road from Memphis, Tennessee, to

One hundred and fifty-four thousand four hundred and Little Rock, Arkansas, lying between the latter place and fifty-nine tons of stone were deposited during the past Saint Francis river, bas been in a course of repair in pur. season, and if we had had money to pay for it, one hunsuance of the appropriation made for that object.

dred and fitty thousand tons more might readily have been Measures were taken early in the year to procure a

deposited, with but little increase of the contingent exsuitable site for the barracks authorized in the vicinity of penses of the work. New Orleans, but the malignant diseases which have pre.

I have increased the estimate for the ensuing year vailed there ihroughout the season bave occasioned much eighty thousand dollars, because there is no longer any delay, and prevented any conclusive arrangement being doubt of the great advantage of the work to the commade. The officer charged with the negotiation has, how- merce of the

country. Twenty thousand dollars of that ever, been instructed io close with one of the several sum is for a permanent light-house, to be placed on the propositions made; and an experienced officer is on bis western extremity of the breakwater. It is required even way to New Orleans, with instructions to adopt immedi- now to point out the entrance into the barbor during the ate and energetic measures to accomplish the work; and night, and it can be constructed at less expense while unless the diseases which have proved so destructive the operations upon the breakwater are in progress, than should continue through the winter, it is believed that after they shall have terminated. If adequate appropriaccommodations for two companies, at least, may be ations be made, the work may be entirely finished in ine ready by the first of June. Arrangements have been made for repairing the bar.

The claim for furniture for their quarters has been racks and building a hospital at Baton Rouge, but a fur preferred from time to time by a portion of the officers ther appropriation will be necessary to accomplish the of the army; but as such an allowance has never been auwork in a suitable manner.

thorized in the land service, either by law or regulation, A site has been obtained for the barracks authorized to I have not considered it proper to present an estimale be erected in the city of Savannah, and the officer charg. for the funds required to provide it, but I consider it to ed with the superintendence has obtained a part of the be my duty to submit the subject for your consideration; materials, and has commenced the work. To complete measure, that the attention of Congress be invited to it,

and I respectfully recommend, shouid you approve of the it properly, a further appropriation is required.

The barracks at Fort Crawford, owing to the interrup- and that an appropriation be asked for, at least sufficient tion of operations by the presence of ine cholera, and to furnish the quarters of officers below the rank of causes connected with our Indian relations in that vicin. brigadier general, stationed at permanent posts. Furni. ity, have not yet been completed. They are, however, and at the raval stations on shore. The officers of the

ture is furnished for naval officers when serving at sea, in progress, and the work will be prosecuted as steadily army think they have an equal claim to it, fur

they canas circumstances will permit.

Nor has it been practicable to complete the barracks at not perceive that that which is right in relation io one Fort Howard, Green Bay. They are also in progress, but service, can be wrong in relation to the other. another season and an additional appropriation will be re

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, quired to complete them.

TH. S. JESUP, The storehouse authorized to be erected in Pittsburg,

Quarlermasler General. Pennsylvania, bas been completed in accordance with the

The honorable Lewis Cass, appropriation for that object, and the necessary repairs

Secretary of War. have been bestowed on ihe wharf at Fort Washington, Maryland.

In regard to the Delaware breakwater, the experiment REPORT FROM THE ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, has now been fairly made. That work already affords a good harbor for the vessels engaged in transporting the

ENGINEEN DEPARTMENT, materials used in its construction, as well as for such ves

Wushinglon, November 23, 1833. sels engaged in commerce as take shelter under it in time Sır : In accordance with your instructions, I have the of storm.

honor to submit the following report of the operations of General Bernard's estimate to complete the

this department during the year ending the 3016 Septemwork was

$2,216,950 ber last. It presents a general view of the state of the The several appropriations up to this date

works under ine direction of the department at that date, amount altogether to

1,160,000 and is accompanied by statements marked A, B, and c:

the two firsi relate to its fiscal concerns, and the last Leaving, of the estimate not yet appropri

exhibits the works projected by the Board of Engineers, ated, a balance of

$1,056,950 which have not been commenced, and an es'imate of

their cost.

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