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JANUARY, 1815.

Bank of the United States.

Senate.

a

of election. And stockholders actually resident within the same, from being also liable for, and chargeable the United States, and none other, may vote in elec- with, the said excess. Such of the said directors who tions by proxy.

may have been absent when the said excess was con2. Not more than three-fourths of the directors in tracted or created, or who may have dissented from office, at the time of an annual election, shall be elected the resolution or act whereby the same was so confor the next succeeding year, and no person shall be a tracted or created, may respectively exonerate themdirector more than three out of four years; but the di- selves from being so liable, by forthwith giving notice rector who shall be the president at the time of an elec- of the fact, and of their absence or dissent, to the Prestion, may always be re-elected.

ident of the United States, and to the stockholders, at a 3. None but a resident citizen of the United States, general meeting, which they shall have power to call and holding at the time of bis election not less than for that purpose. ten shares, bona fide in his own right, shall be a direc- 10, The said corporation shall not, directly or inditor; and if any director shall cease to be a stockholder rectly, deal or trade in anything except bills of exchange, to that amount, he shall cease to be a director.

gold or silver bullion, or in the sale of goods really and 4. No director shall be entitled to any emolument truly pledged for money lent, and not redeemed in due The stockholders may make such compensation to the time, or goods which shall be the proceeds of its lands. president, for his extraordinary attendance at the bank, It shall not be at liberty to purchase any public debt as shall appear to them reasonable.

whatsoever ; nor shall it take more than at the rate 5. Not less than seven directors shall constitute a of six per cent. per annum for or upon its loans or board for the transaction of business, of whom the presi- discounts. dent shall always be one, except in case of sickness or 11. The said corporation shall not, in any one year, necessary absence, in which case his place may be sup- sell any portion of the public debt constituting a part plied by any other director whom he, by writing, un of its capital stock aforesaid, to an amount exceeding der his hand, shall depute for the purpose. And five millions of dollars, without the consent of Congress. the director so deputed, may do and transact all the 12. No loan shall be made by the said corporation, necessary business belonging to the office of the pres- for the use, or on account, of the Government of the ident of the said corporation, during the continuance / United States, to an amount exceeding five hundred of the sickness or necessary absence of the president. thousand dollars; or any particular State, to an amount

6. A number of stockholders not less than sixty, exceeding fifty thousand dollars; or to any foreign who, together, shall be proprietors of one thousand Prince or State, unless previously authorized by a law shares or upwards, shall have power at any time to of the United States. call a general meeting of the stockholders, for purposes 13. The stock of the said corporation shall be assignrelative to the institution, giving at least ten weeks' able and transferable according to such rules as shall notice in two public newspapers of the place where the be instituted in that behalf, by the laws and ordinances bank is seated, and specifying in such notice the object of the same. or objects of such meeting.

14. The bills obligatory and of credit, under the seal 7. Every cashier or treasurer, before he enters upon of the said corporation, which shall be made to any the duties of his office, shall be required to give bond, person or persons, shall be assignable by endorsement with two or more sureties, to the satisfaction of the thereupon, under the hand or hands of such person or directors, in a sum not less than fifty thousand dollars, persons, and his, her, or their executors or administra. with a condition for his good behaviour, and the faithful tors, and of his, her, or their assignee or assignees, and performance of his duties to the corporation.

the executors or administrators of such assignee or as8. The lands, tenements, and hereditaments, which signees, and so as absolutely to transfer and vest the proit shall be lawful for the said corporation to hold, shall perty thereof in each and every assignee or assignees, be only requisite for its immediate accommodation in successively, and to enable such assignee or assignees, relation to the convenient transacting of its business, and his, her, or their executors or administrators, to and such as shall have been bona fide mortgaged to it maintain an action thereupon in his, her, or their own by way of security, or conveyed to it in satisfaction of name or names. And the bills or notes which may be debts previously contracted in the course of its dealings, issued by order of the said corporation, signed by the or purchased at sales, upon judgments which shall have president and countersigned by the principal cashier been obtained for such debts.

or treasurer thereof, promising the payment of money 9. The total amount of debts which the said corpo- to any person or persons, his, her, or their order, or to ration shall at any time owe, whether by bond, bill, bearer, although not under the seal of the said corponote, or other contract, over and above the debt or ration, shall be binding and obligatory upon the same, debts due for money deposited in the bank, shall not in the like manner, and with the like force and effect, exceed the sum of thirty millions of dollars, unless the as upon any private person or persons, if issued by him, contracting of any greater debt shall have been pre- her, or them, in his, her, or their private or natural caviously authorized by a law of the United States. In pacity or capacities, and shall be assignable and negocase of excess, the directors under whose administra- tiable in like manner as if they were so issued by such tion it shall happen, shall be liable for tbe same, in private person or persons ; that is so say: those which their natural and private capacities, and an action of shall be payable to any person or persons, his, her, or their debt may, in such case, be brought against them, or order, shall be assignable by endorsement, in like manany of them, their or any of their heirs, executors, or ner, and with the like effect, as foreign bills of exchange administrators, in any court of record of the United now are; and those which are payable to bearer shall States, or either of them, by any creditor or creditors be assignable and negotiable by delivery only. of the said corporation, and may be prosecuted to judg- 15. Half yearly dividends shall be made of so much ment and execution, any condition, covenant, or agree of the profits of the bank as shall appear to the direcment, to the contrary notwithstanding. But this pro- tors advisable ; and once in every three years, the di. vision shall not be construed to exempt the said cor- rectors shall lay before the stockholders, at a general poration, or the lands, tenements, goods, or chattels, of meeting, for their information, an exact and particular

Senate.

Bank of the United States.

JANUARY, 1815.

same.

statement of the debts which have remained unpaid sons applying for such issue or exchange. The said after the expiration of the original credit, for a period corporation shall, at all times, distribute among the of treble the term of that credit, and of the surplus of offices of discount, deposite, and distribution, and of profits, if any, after deducting losses and dividends. If deposite and distribution only, and at all the banks there shall be a failure in the payment of any part of employed in lieu of such offices as aforesaid, a suffiany sum subscribed by any person, copartnership, or cient sum, in the various denominations of the notes of body politic, the party failing shall lose the benefit of the said corporation, and in the Treasury notes which any dividend which may have accrued prior to the time it may receive upon deposite from the Government, to for making such payment, and during the delay of the answer the demand therefor, and to establish a suffi

cient circulating medium throughout the United States 16. The directors of said corporation shall be bound and the Territories thereof. to establish a competent office of discount and deposite 18. The officer at the head of the Treasury Depart. in the District of Columbia, whenever any law of the ment of the United States shall be furnished, from time United States shall require such establishment; and it to time, as often as he may require, not exceeding once shall be lawful for the said directors to establish offices a week, with statements of the amount of capital stock wheresoever they shall think fit, within the United of the said corporation, and of the debts due to the States or the Territories thereof, for the purposes of dis- same; of the moneys deposited therein ; of the notes count, deposite, and distribution ; or for the purposes in circulation; and of the cash in hand; and shall have of deposite and distribution only; and upon the same a right to inspect such general accounts in the books terms, and in the same manner, as shall be practised of the bank as shall relate to the said statement: Proat the bank; and to commit the management of the vided, That this shall not be construed to imply a right said offices, and the business thereof respectively, to of inspecting the account of any private individual or such persons, and under such regulations, as they shall individuals with the bank. deem proper, not being contrary to law or to the con- Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That if the stitution of the bank. Or, instead of establishing such said corporation, or any person or persons for or to the offices, it shall be lawful for the directors of the said use of the same, shall deal or trade in buying or selling corporation, from time to time, to employ any other any goods, wares, merchandise, or commodities whatbank or banks, at any place or places that they may soever, contrary to the provisions of this act, all and deem safe and proper, to manage and transact the busi- every person or persons by whom any order or direcness proposed as aforesaid to be managed and trans- tion for so dealing or trading shall have been given, acted by such offices, under such agreements, and sub- and all and every person and persons who shall have ject to such regulations, as they shall deem just and been concerned as parties or agents therein, shall forproper. But the managers and directors of every of- feit and lose treble the value of the goods, wares, merfice of discount, deposite, and distribution, established chandises, and commodities, in which such dealing and as aforesaid, shall be annually appointed by the direc- trade shall have been ; one half thereof to the use of tors of the bank, to serve one year; each of them shall the informer, and the other half thereof to the use of be a citizen of the United States, and shall hold, at the the United States, to be recovered in any action at law, time of his appointment, not less than five shares in the with costs of suit. said bank, bona fide in his own right; and if he shall Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That if the said cease to be a stockholder to that amount, he shall cease corporation shall advance or lend any sum of money, to be a manager or director of such office of discount, for the use or on account of the Government of the deposite, and distribution; and not more than three- United States, to an amount exceeding three hundred fourths of the said managers or directors in office at the thousand dollars; or of any particular State, to an time of an annual appointment, shall be re-appointed amount exceeding fifty thousand dollars; or of any for the next succeeding year; nor shall any person foreign Prince or State, (unless previously authorized be a

a manager or director for more than three out of thereto by a law of the United States,) all and every four years; but the president may be always re-ap- person and persons, by and with whose order, agreepointed.

ment, consent, approbation, and connivance, such un17. The said corporation, all offices of discount, de- lawful advance or loan shall have been made, upon posite, and distribution, and of deposite and distribu- conviction thereof, shall forseit and pay, for every such tion only, which shall be established by the said die offence, treble the value or amount of the sum or sums rectors as aforesaid, and all banks by the said directors which shall have been so unlawfully advanced or lent; employed in lieu of such offices as aforesaid, shall be one-fifth thereof to the use of the informer, and the bound to receive, upon deposite, the Treasury notes of residue thereof to the use of the United States. the United States which have been or may be hereafter Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the bills issued by virtue of any law or laws of the United States; or notes of the said corporation, originally made pay, but it shall be optional with the said corporation to pay able, or which shall have become payable on demand, and discharge the checks or drafts of the persons making shall be receivable in all payments to the United such deposite, in Treasury notes, for the amount thereof, States, until otherwise directed by act of Congress. either in gold or silver coin, or in the notes of the bank, Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That if the subor in Treasury notes. And all banks by the said di- scriptions and payments to the said bank shall not be rectors employed as aforesaid, in lieu of the offices made and completed, so as to enable the same to comaforesaid, shall be further bound to receive on deposite, mence its operations, or if the said bank shall not comand to circulate, the notes of the said corporation, on the same terms, and in the same manner, as the notes

mence its operations on or before the first day of March,

one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, then, and in of the said banks respectively are received and circu- that case, this act shall be null and void. Jaled; and, from time to time, issue and exchange for Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That it shall at the said notes of the said corporation, other notes of all times be lawful for a committee of either House of the said corporation, or the notes of the said banks re- Congress, appointed for that purpose, to inspect the spectively, or Treasury notes, at the option of the per- books, and to examine into the proceedings, of the cor..

FEBRUARY. 1815.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

poration hereby created, and to report whether the pro- dise, manufactured, within the United States, was visions of this charter have been by the same violated read a second time. or not: and whenever any committee, as aforesaid, On molion, by Mr. Giles, two members were shall find and report, or the President of the United added 10 the Committee on Military Affairs; and States shall have reason to believe, that the charter has Messrs. Smith and VARNUM were appointed. been violated, it may be lawful for Congress to direct, or the President to order a scire facias to be sued out informed the Senate that the House have passed

A message from the House of Representatives of the circuit court of the district of Pennsylvania, in

a bill, entitled "An act giving the right of prethe name of the United States, (which shall be executed upon the president of the corporation, for the emption in the purchase of lands to certain settime being, at least fifteen days before the commence

tlers in the Indiana Territory;" also, a bill, entiment of the term of said courl) calling on the said tled "An act to authorize the payment for propcorporation to show cause wherefore the charter hereby erty, lost, captured, or destroyed by the enemy, granted shall not be declared forfeited: and it shall be while in the military service of the United States;" lawful for the said court, upon the return of the said in which bills they request the concurrence of the scire facias, to examine into the truth of the alleged Senate. violation; and if such violation be made appear, then The two bills last mentioned were read, and to pronounce and adjudge that the said charter is for- passed to the second reading. feited and annulled: Provided, however, Every issile i Mr. Varnum, from the Militia Committee, reof fact which may be joined between the United States ported a bill to authorize a detachment from the and the corporation aforesaid shall be tried by jury. militia of the United States; and the bill was And it shall be lawful for the court aforesaid to require read. the production of such of the books of the corporation

Mr. Tait, from the Committee on Naval Afas it may deem necessary for the ascertainment of the fairs, to whom was referred the bill, entitled "A. controverted facts; and the final judgment of the court aforesaid shall be examinable in the Supreme Court of act concerning Matthew Guy, John Woodward, the United States, by writ of error, and may be there Samuel Tennison, and Wilfred Drury,” reported' reversed or affirmed, according to the usages of law.

it with amendinenis. Sxc. 15. And be it further enacted, That, during

Mr. Taylor, from the committee to whom was the continuance of this act, and whenever required by referred the bill, entitled "An act to amend the the Secretary of the Treasury, the said corporation act, entitled 'An act to provide additional revshall do and perform the several and respective duties enues for defraying the expenses of Government, of the Commissioners of Loans for the several States, and maintaining the public credit, by laying a dior any one or more of them, at the times, in the man- rect tax upon the United States, and to provide ner, and upon the terms, to be prescribed by the Sec- for assessing and collecting the same;" and the retary of the Treasury.

act, entitled " An act to provide additional revSec. 16. And be it further enacted, That no other enues for defraying the expenses of Government, bank shall be established by any future law of the Uni- and maintaining the public credit

, by laying duted States, during the continuance of the corporation ries on household furniture, and on gold and silver hereby created; for which the faith of the United watches," reported it with amendments

. States is hereby pledged : Provided, Congress may re

The Senaie resumed, as in Committee of the new existing charters for banks in the District of Co Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled "An lumbia, not increasing the capital thereof; and may act for the better regulation of the Ordnance degrant charters, if they deem it expedient, to any banking associations now in operation in the said District, partment,” together with the amendments reand renew the same, not increasing the capital thereof. ported thereto by the select committee; and the And notwithstanding the expiration of the term for amendments having been agreed to, the Presiwhich the said corporation is created, it shall be lawful dent reported the bill to the House accordingly. to use the corporate name, style, and capacity, for the On motion, by Mr. Giles, the bill as amended purpose of suits, for the final settlement and liquidation was recommitted to the Committee on Military of the affairs and accounts of the corporation, and for Affairs, further to consider and report thereon. the sale and disposition of their estate, real, personal, The Senale resumed, as in Committee of the and mixed, but not for any other purpose, or in any Whole, the consideration of the bill making apother manner whatsoever: nor for a period exceeding propriations for repairing or rebuilding the public two years, after the expiration of the said term of in-buildings within the City of Washiogloo. corporation.

On motion, by Mr. Mason, that the further LANGDON CHEVES,

consideration thereof be postponed to the second Speaker House of Representatives.

Monday in March next, it was determined in the
JOHN GAILLARD,
President of the Senate, pro tem.

negative-yeas 7, nays 22, as follows:

Yras–Messrs. Dana, German, Hunter, King, Lam. The President's objections were also again bert, Mason, and Wells. read; and on motion, by Mr. BARBOUR, the fur- Nars-Messrs. Barbour, Bibb, Brown, Chace, Conther consideration thereof was postponed to, and dit, Daggett, Fromentin, Gaillard, Giles, Goldsborough, made the order of the day for, Thursday next. Horsey, Kerr, Lacock, Morrow, Roberts, Smith, Tait,

Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Walker, and Wharton.

Mr. FROMENTIN moved to recommit the bill to Wednesday, February 1.

a select committee, further to consider and report The bill to allow a drawback of duties on spirits thereon. The motion was postponed until 10distilled, and certain goods, wares, and merchan- I morrow.

SENATE.

Defence of the City of Baltimore.

FEBRUARY, 1815.

[There took place on the subject an interesting of the military authority, round about the whole exdebate. Messrs. Lacock, BARBOUR, Daggert, tent of the city ; and they have aided, as far as in their and KERR, were the principal advocates of the power, in procuring and mounting the ordnance necesbill, and Messrs. Mason, Dana, and GERMAN, sary and suitable to the works so erected. When its principal opponents.]

those lines and forts shall be well and fully manned,

Baltimore will feel perfectly secure; its citizens may DEFENCE OF THE CITY OF BALTIMORE. then with confidence set the enemy at defiance; but

Mr. Smith presented the memorial of the Com- not till then. mittee of Vigilance and Safety of the city and

Your memorialists deem it unnecessary to state the precincts of Baltimore, praying effectual protec- strength of the regular force now stationed here, betion against the enemy, as is slated in the memo- cause the most correct sources of information upon rial; which was read, and on motion, by Mr. this subject are at the seat of Government. It is, howSmith, ordered to be printed for the use of the ever, confessedly very inferior, and inadequate to the Senate, and that it be referred to the Committee defence of the city. Your memorialists have not been on Military Affairs, to consider and report thereon able to ascertain with precision the number of men by bill or otherwise.

requisite for the defence of Baltimore ; but from a The memorial is as follows:

consideration of the ease with which the city may be

approached, both by land and water, as manifested in To the President of the United States, and the Senate the late attack; of the various points to be defended ;

and House of Representatives of the United States of the reported threats and disposable force of the enof America, in Congress assembled, the memorial of emy; and also of information obtained from some of the Committee of Vigilance and Safety of the city the most experienced and intelligent military characand precincts of Baltimore.

ters, they are strongly impressed with a belief that a Your memorialists beg leave to draw your attention considerable permanent force of regulars is indispensa to the necessity of providing a force adequate to the ble to the safety of the city. Whether such a force defence of the city of Baltimore, during the next cam- can be detached from the military establishment now paign, and, in doing so, they would take the liberty to on foot, is more than your memorialists can undertake submit the following statement and reflections for your to say; but every expectation that it would be done, consideration :

has thus far been withheld from them, and they have Nothing has so strikingly illustrated the easy ac- uniformly been given to understand that their reliance cessibility of the city of Baltimore to an invading must be placed, during the next campaign, as heretoenemy, as the demonstration made upon it during the fore, on the militia to be called together as occasion last Summer. It then appeared that large frigates, may require. Against such an arrangement your meand any number of bomb vessels, could, without mo- morialists, on behalf of their fellow-citizens, the people lestation from the shore, approach and lie within shell of Baltimore and its precincts, must beg leave warmly range of Fort McHenry, the chief strung hold of the to remonstrate and most decidedly to protest. The city; and that, unless the channels should be season inefficiency of militia alone for any regular or imably and effectually obstructed, they might approach portant operation of war, has been so often and so within reach of the city itself along a prong of the fully tested that it cannot now be necessary to Patapsco, called Ferry Branch. It also appeared that adduce either proofs, or arguments, to show what any number of troops may with ease be landed on that has been so long and universally admitted. The long narrow slip of land, called Patapsco Neck, the experience of this, as well as that of the Revolumost remote point of which is about twelve miles from tionary war, shows that, to repel the hasty predatory Baltimore, and that, when landed, unless checked or incursions of an enemy, militia may often be brought repelled by an equal or superior force, they may, in a to act with much effect, and that they are a useful, and very short time, be marched to the assault of any part often powerful auxiliary force in partisan warfare ; it of the city. Thus much has been clearly evinced by also shows that it would be extremely unsafe to rely the late attack of the enemy. The other directions upon them solely for the defence of the extensive lines from which assaults were seriously apprehended, it of a large city against any very considerable invading might be highly imprudent to point out and explain regular force. An army of militia, to be equal in in a paper, with the contents of which the enemy may strength to that of a regular one, must always be vasthereafter become acquainted; and the more especially ly superior in numbers ; yet, however, the history of since that enemy, everywhere barbarous and malig- military affairs in all times has shown, that a mere nant, may well be supposed to cherish a peculiarly mass of armed men, or undisciplined militia, beyond a rancorous spirit of hostility against a city from which certain number, brings with it little or no additional he has been driven back with disappointment and dis- strength. Taking this principle as correct, your megrace, and to be anxiously attentive to all the means morialists do humbly conceive that scarcely any militia by which he may best explore every avenue to assault

, force that could be hastily collected about their city, and be enabled to select the weakest and most vul- could secure it against a large invading army of well nerable.

disciplined regulars. Your memorialists have no reaThe people of Baltimore, apprized of the power and son to doubt the courage of their fellow-citizens comtemper of the enemy with whom they had to contend, posing the militia ; far otherwise; they insist only have, during the last Summer, exerted every means that, without the combined movement, concert, and in their power to render their city as strong and as discipline of a regular army, courage can do nothing, defensible as possible. They hold in readiness ob- and numbers produce only confusion and disorder. A structions prepared to be thrown into the channels of militia force, hastily assembled, is not only the most the river leading to the city, at the shortest notice; unsafe, it is also the most expensive. They are not, it have, chiefly by their own personal labor or contribu- is true, usually retained in service during a whole camtions, caused forts, redoubts, or breastworks, to be paign; but being necessarily far more numerous than thrown up, and nearly completed, under the direction regulars, and infinitely more wasteful of all the muni

FEBRUARY, 1815.

Defence of the City of Baltimore.

SENATE.

tions of war, they are in the end much more costly ment. Exposed and vulnerable as Maryland is, to its and burdensome. But the exclusive use of a militia centre, harassed and plundered as it has been, it feels, force brings with it other evils, of a nature so striking with the most lively sensibility, that it is now, indeed, and fatal, as, even if it were not liable to the charge of wholly dependent upon the Union for salvation ; for, prodigality and insecurity, might induce us to avoid it. alone, it is utterly unequal to the contest. The presIt interrupts the pursuits of husbandry, and einbar- ent war has, however, clearly shown that the most porasses every branch of industry, to the impoverishment tent of the States is not altogether equal to its own of individuals and the ruin of the State. It draws in defence, and that one of the smallest has compelled the to the field men who are not prepared, either in mind enemy to fly from its territory, when aided by the powor body, for its hazards or fatigues; possessing little ers of the Union. When your memorialists consider capacity to annoy the enemy, and yet less to endure how very obvious it must be to the mind of any one, the privations and hardships of a camp. It is known who will reflect only for a moment upon the subject, to destroy by disease and to break down the constitu- that a single campaign, undertaken by Maryland alone, tions of more than double the numbers of those who in defence of its own shores, would not only prostrate perish or are permanently injured loy sickness in a reg- its finances, but, perhaps, mortgage its resources for ular army; and to augment the sum of human misery, ages to come, without, in the end, effecting any valufar more than enlistments could, by diffusing more able purpose ; they feel inspired with the highest dewidely anxiety among families in proportion to the su- gree of confidence that their National Government, so perior numbers of the militia force, and the superior eminently characterized for its impartial and liberal importance of the greater part of it to those who are justice, will with alacrity and promptitude afford them connected with or depend upon them.

the succor so necessary to their safety ; nor do they Your memorialsts are aware that it may be difficult, feel less confident that there is not a single citizen of perhaps impossible, to provide a body of regulars, en- Maryland, so lost to a just regard for his own best inlisted upon the terms of the existing laws, in season terests, as to hesitate one moment in co-operating with for the defence of their city during the next campaign, the General Government in the lawful and vigorous but they flatter themselves that a law might be framed exercise of those powers of conducting war, by which and passed, by virtue of which the necessary number alone they can be protected, defended, or even saved, of able-bodied men might be called into the field for from absolute ruin. local, stationary, or limited service, during one cam- Your memorialists, in speaking of the merits of Balpaign, at the least, if not longer.

tiinore, and her pretensions to the special consideration Your memorialists would here beg leave to observe and regard of the Government, feel very sensibly the that, as among the most important powers of the Gen- delicacy and embarrassment of the undertaking. The eral Government is that of the right to declare war, so relative commercial importance of this city is best the providing supplies, and all the means for its active known at the seat of Government; it will, therefore, be prosecution, and the superintending its faithful and sufficient barely to refer to official documents there, by vigorous management, are among its most sacred trusts which it will appear that, in this respect, it ranks as and binding obligations. The rapid and decisive move the third city of the Union. But the commercial loss ments of war imperatively require, to insure even safety, and ruin, consequent upon the fall of Baltimore, cermuch more success, a corresponding promptitude and tainly is not the only, nor is it, perhaps, the greatest decision of the Government by which it is waged; a evil to be apprehended. It is the loss of a post, the war of enterprise and vigor not only drives danger relative position of which would be so highly advanfrom the door of every citizen, calls forth a bold, manly tageous to the enemy, that will produce in the mind of spirit of patriotism, and adorns the nation with rays of every impartial and thinking man the greatest alarm. imperishable glory, but is also the least costly, the least The prodigious extent of country commanded by Bal. wasteful of human life, the least tedious, and almost timore, and the facility with which the enemy might, always terminates in the most sure and lasting peace. from thence, push his predatory incursions in every While, on the other hand, the shrinking policy of bare direction, are obvious, and may more properly be left defence paralyzes the powers of the nation, impercep- to the reflections of Government, than, under existing tibly wastes its resources, and invites the aggressions of circumstances, be strongly urged or fully explained. an enemy. Under such impressions, it would be the Lest the people of Baltimore should be numbered earnest wish of your memorialists that the energies of among those who forget the duty of a citizen, when their country should be so actively and forcibly exerted every man should struggle to be foremost in discharging as to drive their present enemy, with his barbarous sys- it, your memorialists will take leave to say a few words tem of warfare, far from their homes ; but, since that of their patriotism. What they have to say shall be seems to be at present impracticable, owing to his great comprised in a small compass, and shall be no more ly superior powers, they do, therefore, humbly beg and than what they believe will be the award of an impar. entreat that the means for their defence may be pro- tial world. The people of Baltimore have dearly vided by a timely and adequate exercise of the legiti- earned the privilege of speaking in the most frank and mate and wholesome powers of the nation. Unless unreserved terms to the representatives of the nation. the General Gevernment does, by a seasonable and Yet they feel too tenderly for the honor and welfaro vigorous effort, provide for the common defence along of their country, even if they could be so indulged, the Atlantic border, your memorialists are very seri- publicly to rebuke and reproach the rulers of their ously apprehensive that they will be amongst the first, choice for any errors that are past; they had rather aid and, perhaps, the most signal, of the victims of the than weaken, applaud than condemn. Let the folruinous policy of relying altogether upon an inefficient lowing unequivocal acts and sufferings speak their militia force, or of lea

ng every State

defend itself arden love for their Government and country. The according to its ability; for a crisis has now arrived, metropolis of the nation was threatened; a portion of when not only the city of Baltimore, but the State of the militia of Baltimore was called on; at a very few Maryland itself, can only hope for protection and safety moments' warning, they marched, with alacrity, to the through the powers and means of the National Govern- 1 aid of their country, and, on the unfortunate 24th

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