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Wood; and it is almost incredible with what rapidity a spacious and comfortable house was erected; residences were also as quickly provided for the persons of his establishment, and at the expiration of two months the whole party were removed to their respective abodes.
* The boundary which limits Buonaparte's excursions is a circle round Long Wood, twelve miles in circumference: nearly the whole is level ground, well adapted for exercise on foot, in a carriage, or on horseback.'--p. 174–7.
In return for all this supererogative kindness, Sir G. Cockburn and Sir Hudson Lowe are told that their conduct has been guided by a rancorous design against the life of the person whom they were labouring to oblige!
Buonaparte next finds that the house at Longwood is only a barn, unfit to be inhabited; but he adds, every new building would prolong the inconvenience of the presence of workmen-(p.59.)
We reply, that if his wayward Majesty will neither be content with the accommodation which satisfied the Lieutenant-Governor of the island, nor yet permit alterations to be made, we have 110 pity for him; but it appears that here again there are concealment and misrepresentation. The house, it is well known, though not regularly built, was agreeable and commodious even when inhabited by the Lieutenant-Governor ; when it was hired for Buonaparte, all the means which the island or the squadron afforded, were employed, as we have seen, by Sir G. Cockburn in enlarging and rendering it, as far as could be, satisfactory to Buonaparte, and Lord Bathurst distinctly stated that, at first, he was satisfied : but when he found that Longwood, in addition to its being the best countryhouse on the island, (except the Governor's,) and to its having a space for walking, riding, or driving, had the further advantages of of being easily watched, and of being difficult of access from the coast, he suddenly altered his favourable opinion of the place. The Governor's house then became the great object of his desire, not merely because he might be there less securely guarded, but because it was the Governor's; the same imperious spirit which induced him to attempt to usurp Sir George Cockburn's cabin in the Northumberland, makes him long for the Plantation House; because it is the residence of the first man in the island ; and though he complains of the heat of Longwood, and that Plantation House is of a higher mean teinperature by four or five degrees, he makes serious complaints that from residing at this house he was expressly restricted.
Upon all this, we have a very different complaint to allege-we think that too much attention has been paid to Buonaparte's wbims in several particulars. His opinion should not have been asked as to his residence; no expense should have been incurred in enlarging I 14
and beautifying a house which had been considered as sufficient for a British officer; and above all, he should not have had an offer, which it seems Sir Hudson Lowe made, to erect a house for him in any other part of the island which he should prefer. Anxious that the whole of this case should be fully understood, we shall, at the risk of being prolix, quote Lord Bathurst's account of these transactions.
'It was now said, that the residence pitched upon for General Buonaparte was unpleasant and unwholesome. I can only say, that this was not the general account of that place. It had formerly been the House of the Lieutenant-Governor, and it was not usual for Lieutenant-Governors to choose the most unpleasant and unwholesome spots. Neither had this been the former opinion of General Buonaparte himself. When the General had first been sent there, it was left to the discretion of Sir G. Cockburn to fix on a residence for him, with only one exception, namely, the house of the Governor. That choice was to be directed by a view to the safe custody, and as far as was consistent with that, by the consideration due to his comfort.. Soon after his landing, General Buonaparte rode out with Sir George Cockburn, till he reached Longwood, with which, at first sight, he was so much captivated, that he wished to remain there, and not to go back to the town. He was told that it would be impossible so soon to remove the Lieutenant-Governor's family. He then wished a tent to be erected; which it was also represented would much incommode the LieutenantGovernor, but he was assured that the occupants should be removed as soon as possible. As they returned they came to a house prettily situated, which belonged to Mr. Balcombe, near which a detached room had been built. General Buonaparte expressed a wish to occupy. room,
and after Sir G. Cockburn had in vain endeavoured to dissuade him from it, he took up his abode there for the time. It was but two days after, however, that his attendants complained of this harsh usage, as they termed it, in placing the Emperor in a single room. This was the manner in which the compliance of Sir G. Cockburn was received. So many alterations were made at Longwood, that General Buonaparte remained in that room two months. Constant improvements or alterations suggested by himself or his suite delayed his removal; for the fact was, that he was unwilling to remove from Mr. Balcombe's, on account of the facility of communication with the town. During his residence there, he was circumscribed to a small garden, beyond which he never moved without a guard; he did not, however, at that time, make any complaint; but he now, for the first time, complained of restrictions on his liberty, when he was allowed to range within a circuit of eight miles, if he pleased, unattended. When the prisoners were first sent to St. Helena, orders were given to send out a frame for the purpose of constructing a house for General Buonaparte. When the materials arrived, Sir H. Lowe wrote to the General, whether he would like to have a new house erected, or additions made to the old one. ceived no answer; in two or three weeks he went to the General to en
deavour to obtain a decision from him. The General at last answered, that " if he were to answer him officially, he should say build a new house;' but as that must take five or six years, and as he knew that in two or three years either the Administration in this country would be ocera turned, or a change would take place in the Government of France, and in either case he should be released, he was privately of opinion that ad ions should be made to Longwood.” In compliance with this suggestion Sir Hudson Lowe proceeded to make alterations in the present house. General Buonaparte then objected to this, though it was done by his own desire, and for the purpose of lodging his attendants. I do not object to General Buonaparte's choice either of the new house or the old ove, or between alterations and no alterations, but I object to this --that every attempt to render his residence convenient is made the foundation of a charge against the Governor, and that he watches the moment when an attention is paid to his wishes, to make that very attention a source of complaint.'
Nothing of this should be done, no change should be made, no further expense incurred, and Buonaparte should be taught to understand that Longwood, Longwood as it is, and nothing but Longwood, is to be his residence for the remainder of his days. He will not be satisfied with it
We are aware of that: but what would satisfy him?--he had St. Cloud and Fontainebleau, and yet he could not rest without the Escurial and Schönbrunn. If he had been contented with the palaces of the ancient sovereigns of France, he would not now be reduced to make comparisons between the houses of the Governor and Deputy Governor of St. Helena-nay, if he had been satisfied with his castle at Porto Ferrajo, and his villa at San Martino, he would not now be afflicted with the cold warmth and dry wet which he has discovered at Longwood; and we think we may venture to assure him that, even though the administration should be changed, his situation would not be altered, and that he would find Lord Holland, if he became Secretary of State, acting, to the best of his abilities, on the principles of Lord Bathurst.
He says, that Sir Hudson Lowe has aggravated his unfortunate situation.'-He is mistaken: -Sir Hudson Lowe seems only to have executed regulations which he found established, and which are proper
and necessary. But it is the mind of the man himself which is getting more exasperated—his hopes are declining -his patience is wearing out—the vigilance of the Governor affords no prospect of escape,-and it is therefore that from day to day he feels his situation more irksome; -every
month of in Europe is an age of misery to him, because it increases the chances of solid and universal tranquillity.
But we really think that Sir Hudson Lowe would be perfectly justified in taking some measures of additional precaution when we perceive that Buonaparte fancies he is in a condition to tamper
with the troops.—He presumes to say, in the style of one of his old bulletins,
The Emperor has every reason to be satisfied with the spirit' which anzmates the officers and men of the Brave 53d.'
That the officers and men of the 53d regimentare brave, we did not want the obliging evidence of his majesty to authenticate; their bravery was proved, by rather more satisfactory evidence than his, at Talavera, Salamanca, and Thoulouse; but we beg to ask, what spirit it is which animates them with which he has every reason to be satisfied ?-He complains with vehemence of the restrictions under which he is placed-of the camp formed near his residence of the sentinels placed around him. If the officers and inen do their duty with alacrity, he cannot surely be pleased at that spirit which executes exactly the regulations of which he complains ; he might perhaps respect, or forbear to complain of, them for fulfilling their duty as soldiers; but it is not possible that he should applaud the spirit which animates them, unless he wished to have it understood that this spirit is at variance with their orders. We know very well, that neither the officers nor men of this excellent regiment care a farthing for these cajoleries; but we insist that this passage affords an additional reason for restricting Buonaparte. Absurd as his evident design is, it is not the less atrocious; and his ignorance of the British character—which leads him to suppose that we are to be seduced by the epithets of great, free, and brave, whenever he shall condescend to honour us with them—ought not to relieve him from the consequences of his criminal intentions.
In concluding his Manifesto, Buonaparte, who, as we have seen, fancied himself some years ago Julius Cæsar, intimates that he now looks upon himself as Cato of Utica, and modestly applies to himself the compliment which was paid to the adversity of that repub, lican, who died on his own sword rather than acknowledge an emperor.
• Are not your ministers aware that the spectacle of a great man struggling with adversity is the most sublime of all others? are they ignorant that Napoleon, at St. Helena, in the midst of persecutions of every kind, to which he opposes only the firmness of resolution, is GREATER, more SACRED, and more venerABLE than when he was seated on the first throne in the world, where he was so long the arbiter of kings? What shall we think of the man who could dictate such sentences of self-adulation!
Our final observation on this Letter, so characteristic of its authors, is, that it seems to have been dictated by Buonaparte, written by Las Cases, and signed by Montholon, (triformis Chi. mæra,) in order to divide, or, rather, elude, the responsibility of such infamous falsehoods. Buonaparte will protest that he did not write
it ;-Las Cases will swear that he declined to put his name to it ;-and Montholon is ready to make affidavit that it is none of liis letter.--And so the very outward form and manual preparation of this precious document are exactly of a piece with its internal composition.
Next we have Signor Santini, who is so good as to inform us that he is, like bis Emperor, a Corsican; and that at the age of thirteen he entered (he omits to say as a drummer) the battalion of Corsican sharp-shooters. This fellow details his history with great complacency: it will suffice our readers to know, that, previously to his becoming AUTHOR of an Appeal to the English Nation, he was a private soldier, a courier, and at last a huissier, (porter) to Buonaparte; and that on a reduction of the establishment at Longwood, he, two grooms, and an under-butler, were dismissed. This fellow, who has been, we know not why, permitted to land in England, brought a copy of Montholon's Manifesto, which he has printed with a preface and appeal, purporting to be his own. This preface and appeal must have been written for him : the preface probably in England; the Appeal, or notes on which it has been made, lie obviously brought with him from St. Helena. The style and spirit are much the same as those of Montholon's letter; and if they are not both by the same hand, we have only to say, that Buonaparte has infected his porter with the same style which he has taught to his secretary—the same complaints, calumnies as atrocious, and falsehoods as impudent, only a little more in detail. We should not insult our readers by entering into any discussion with such a person as Sautini; but as he is the ambassador and representative of Buonaparte, and has been so received by some persons in England; as his story has obtained what countenance Lord Holland could give it by his motion in the House of Lords, and as Lord Bathurst condescended to observe on it, our readers will excuse our amusing them with some of these statements which charge Sir H. Lowe with a design to starve Buonaparte.
• It is not, however, economy which the new Governor has introduced into the household of the Emperor, it is absolute want.'-p. 13.
• It has often happened that, on finding himself without any butcher's meat for the Emperor's table, the steward has sent me to purchase a sheep, for which I have paid four guineas, and often could only procure pork for making soup:
"Captain Poppleton, of the 53d regiment, appointed to guard the Emperor, if he is the man of honour I believe him to be, will not fail to bear witness that he has often lent candles to lighten this abode of desolation, as well as bread, butter, poultry, and even salt. I was even, from necessity, in the habit of repairing sēCRETLY to the English camp to purchase butter, eggs and bread, of the soldiers' wives, otherwise the Emperor would often have been without breakfast, and even without dinner!