Beyond Self-Interest

Portada
Jane J. Mansbridge
University of Chicago Press, 1990 M04 15 - 402 páginas
A dramatic transformation has begun in the way scholars think about human nature. Political scientists, psychologists, economists, and evolutionary biologists are beginning to reject the view that human affairs are shaped almost exclusively by self-interest—a view that came to dominate social science in the last three decades.

In Beyond Self-Interest, leading social scientists argue for a view of individuals behavior and social organization that takes into account the powerful motivations of duty, love, and malevolence. Economists who go beyond "economic man," psychologists who go beyond stimulus-response, evolutionary biologists who go beyond the "selfish gene," and political scientists who go beyond the quest for power come together in this provocative and important manifesto.

The essays trace, from the ancient Greeks to the present, the use of self-interest to explain political life. They investigate the differences between self-interest and the motivations of duty and love, showing how these motivations affect behavior in "prisoners' dilemma" interactions. They generate evolutionary models that explain how altruistic motivations escape extinction.

They suggest ways to model within one individual the separate motivations of public spirit and self-interest, investigate public spirit and self-interest, investigate public spirit in citizen and legislative behavior, and demonstrate that the view of democracy in existing Constitutional interpretations is not based on self-interest. They advance both human evil and mothering as alternatives to self-interest, this last in a penetrating feminist critique of the "contract" model of human interaction.

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Contenido

A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations
25
Selfishness and Altruism
44
4Varieties of Altruism
53
A Theory of Moral Sentiments
71
Cooperation for the Benefit of UsNot
97
Culture and Cooperation
111
Selfinterest in Americans Political Opinions
147
10Justice Selfinterest and the Legitimacy of Legal
171
Political Selfinterest in Constitutional Law
209
Empathy and International Regimes
227
Dual Utilities and Rational Choice
239
Expanding the Range of Formal Modeling
254
The Secret History of Selfinterest
267
Mothering versus Contract
287
Notes
305
Reference List
349

11 Deregulation and the Politics of Ideas in Congress
183
A Commentary
200
List of Contributors
382
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Acerca del autor (1990)

Jane J. Mansbridge is professor of public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. She is author of Why We Lost the ERA and Beyond Adversary Democracy, both published by the University of Chicago Press.

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