A dramatic transformation has begun in the way scholars think about human nature. Political scientists, psychologists, economists, and evolutionary biologists are beginning to reject the view that human affairs are shaped almost exclusively by self-interest—a view that came to dominate social science in the last three decades.
In Beyond Self-Interest, leading social scientists argue for a view of individuals behavior and social organization that takes into account the powerful motivations of duty, love, and malevolence. Economists who go beyond "economic man," psychologists who go beyond stimulus-response, evolutionary biologists who go beyond the "selfish gene," and political scientists who go beyond the quest for power come together in this provocative and important manifesto.
The essays trace, from the ancient Greeks to the present, the use of self-interest to explain political life. They investigate the differences between self-interest and the motivations of duty and love, showing how these motivations affect behavior in "prisoners' dilemma" interactions. They generate evolutionary models that explain how altruistic motivations escape extinction.
They suggest ways to model within one individual the separate motivations of public spirit and self-interest, investigate public spirit and self-interest, investigate public spirit in citizen and legislative behavior, and demonstrate that the view of democracy in existing Constitutional interpretations is not based on self-interest. They advance both human evil and mothering as alternatives to self-interest, this last in a penetrating feminist critique of the "contract" model of human interaction.
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A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations
Selfishness and Altruism
4Varieties of Altruism
A Theory of Moral Sentiments
Cooperation for the Benefit of UsNot
Culture and Cooperation
Selfinterest in Americans Political Opinions
10Justice Selfinterest and the Legitimacy of Legal
Political Selfinterest in Constitutional Law
Empathy and International Regimes
Dual Utilities and Rational Choice
Expanding the Range of Formal Modeling
The Secret History of Selfinterest
Mothering versus Contract
11 Deregulation and the Politics of Ideas in Congress
List of Contributors
action actual altruism American argue argument assume authorities basis behavior beliefs benefits better chap child choice claim commitment common conception concern Congress consider context contract cooperation costs course cultural decisions defection depends develop discussion economic effects equal example expected experience explain fact fair feel give human Hume idea important increase individual influence institutions interest involve issues judgments least less means moral mothering motives nature normative one's outcomes particular party payoff person political possible preferences Press principle problem procedures question rational reason reflect relations relatively require response result reward role rule Science selection self-interest selfish Senate sense situation social society studies subjects suggests theory thought tion United University University Press usually utility vote welfare York
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The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes
Vista previa limitada - 1999