Imágenes de páginas

CHAP. - liness, freedom from wrath, and want of precipi

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236. " Let all the dressed food be very and · let the Bráhmens eat it in silence; nor let them de' clare the qualities of the food, even though asked by the giver. 237. - As long as the messes continue warm, as long as they eat in silence, as long as the qualities of the food are not declared by them, so long the manes

feast on it.

238. - What' a Bráhmen eats with his head covered, ' what he eats with his face to the south, what he eats with sandals on his feet, the demons assuredly devour.

239. - Let not a Chandála, a town-boar, a cock, a • dog, a woman in her courses, or an eunuch, see • the Bráhmens eating :

240. " That, which any one of them sees at the ob"lation to fire, at a solemn donation of cows and

gold, at a repast given to Bráhmens, at holy rites to the gods, and at the obsequies to ancestors, produces not the intended fruit : 241. " The boar destroys it by his smell; the cock, by the air of his wings; the dog, by the cast of a ' look ; the man of the lowest class, by the touch.

242. " If a lame man, or a man with one eye, or a man with a limb defective or redundant, be even

a servant

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' a servant of the giver, him also let his master re- CHAP. move from the place. 243. • Should another Bráhmen, or a mendicant, come

to his house for food, let him, having obtained per' mission from the invited Bráhmens, entertain the stranger to the best of his power. 244. ' Having brought together all the sorts of food, as dressed rice and the like, and sprinkling them ' with water, let him place them before the Bráhmens, who have eaten; dropping some on the blades of cusa-grass, which have been spread on the ground.

245. " What remains in the dishes, and what has ' been dropped on the blades of cusa, must be consi• dered as the portion of deceased Bráhmens, not girt ' with the sacrificial thread, and of such as have deserted unreasonably the women of their own tribe. 246. The residue, that has fallen on the ground at the sráddha to the manes, the wise have decided

to be the share of all the servants, who are not • crooked in their ways, nor lazy and ill-disposed.

247. · Before the obsequies to ancestors as far as ' the sixth degree, they must be performed to a Bráh

men recently deceased; but the performer of them must, in that case, give the sraddha without the ce

remony to the Gods, and offer only one round cake; ' and these obsequies for a single ancestor should be annually performed on the day of his death : 248. When, afterwards, the obsequies to ancestors



as far as the sixth degree, inclusively of him, are

performed according to law, then must the offering • of cakes be made by the descendants in the manner • before ordained for the monthly ceremonies.

249. " That fool, who, having eating of the sráddha, gives the residue of it to a man of the servile class, • falls headlong down to the hell, named Calasútra.

250. • Should the eater of a sráddha enter, on the same day, the bed of a seducing woman, his ances' tors would sleep for that month on her excrement. 251. .

Having, by the word swaditam, asked the Bráhmens if they have eaten well, let him give them, r being satisfied, water for an ablution, and cour

teously say to them: “ Rest either at home or here."

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252. · Then let the Bráhmens address him, saying swadhá; for in all ceremonies relating to deceased ancestors, the word swadhá is the highest benison, 253. ' After that, let him inform those, who have eaten, of the food which remains ; and, being instructed by the Bráhmens, let him dispose of it, as they may direct.

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254. - At the close of the sraddha to his ancestors, · he must ask, if the Bráhmens are satisfied, by the ' word swadita ; after that for his family, by the word

susruta ; after that for his own advancement, by the word sampanna ; after that, which has been offered to the gods, by the word ruchita.

255. "The




255.. The afternoon, the cusa-grass, the cleansing CHAP. ' of the ground, the tilas, the liberal gifts of food, • the due preparation for the repast, and the company

of most exalted Bráhmens, are true riches in the
obsequies to ancestors.
256. · The blades of cusa, the holy texts, the fore-

noon, all the oblations, which will presently be enumerated, and the purification before mentioned, are to ' be considered as wealth in the sráddha to the gods :

Such wild grains as are eaten by hermits, ' milk, the juice of the moon-plant, meat untainted, ' and salt unprepared by art, are held things fit, in • their own nature, for the last mentioned offering.

258. · Having dismissed the invited Bráhmens, keeping his mind attentive, and his speech suppressed,

let him, after an ablution, look toward the south, ' and ask these blessings of the Pitržs :

259. “ “ May generous givers abound in our house ! may the scriptures be studied, and progeny increase, ' in it! may faith never depart from us! and may we - have much to bestow on the needy !”


260. “ Thus having ended the sráddha, let him cause a cow, a priest, a kid, or the fire, to devour what remains of the cakes; or let him cast them into the waters.

261. ' Some make the offering of the round cakes ' after the repast of the Bráhmens ; some cause the

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6 birds

CHAP. - birds to eat what remains, or cast it into water or




262. Let a lawful wife, ever dutiful to her lord, ' and constantly honouring his ancestors, eat the mid• dlemost of the three cakes, or that offered to his

paternal grandfather, with due ceremonies, praying · for offspring :

263. ' So may she bring forth a son, who will be long-lived, famed, and strong-minded, wealthy, having numerous descendants, endued with the best of qualities, and performing all duties religious and civil. 264.Then, having washed both his hands and sipped water, let him prepare some rice for his pa• ternal kinsmen; and, having given it them with due reverence, let him prepare food also for his maternal relations.


265. • Let the residue continue in its place, until " the Bráhmens have been dismissed ; and then let him

perform the remaining domestick sacraments.

266. • What sort of oblations, given duly to the manes, are capable of satisfying them, for a long ' time or for eternity, I will now declare without omis• sion.

267. • The ancestors of men are satisfied a whole • month with tila, rice, barley, black lentils or vetches,

water, roots, and fruit, given with prescribed ceremonies;

268. • Two

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