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residue; the son of the Cshatriyà-wife, two shares; CHAP. • the son of the Vaisyà-wife, a share and a half; and • the son of the Súdrà-wife, may take one share.
152. · Or, if no deduction be made, let some person learned in the law divide the whole collected
estate into ten parts, and make a legal distribution ' by this following rule :
153. • Let the son of the Brahmanì take four parts; ' the son of the Cshatriyà three ; let the son of the
Vaisyà have two parts ; let the son of the Súdrà
than a tenth part must be given to the son of a Súodrà.
155. “ The son of a Bráhmen, a Cshatriya, or a • Vaisya by a woman of the servile class, shall inhe‘rit no part of the estate, unless he be virtuous ; nor jointly with other sons, unless his mother was law-. fully married : whatever his father may give him, let o that be his own.
156. “ All the sons of twice-born men, produced by wives of the same class, must divide the heritage
equally, after the younger brothers have given the · first-born his deducted allotment.
157. - For a Súdra is ordained a wife of his own class, and no other : all, produced by her, shall have equal shares, though she have a hundred sons.
158. " OF
158. • Of the twelve sons of men, whom MENU, sprung from the Self-existent, has named, six are • kinsmen and heirs ; six, not heirs, except to their own fathers, but kinsmen.
159. · The son begotten by a man himself in law'ful wedlock, the son of his wife begotten in the
manner before described, a son given to him, a son ' made or adopted, a son of concealed birth, or whose • real father cannot be known, and a son rejected by ' his natural parents, are the six kinsmen and heirs :
160. “ The son of a young woman unmarried, the son of a pregnant bride, a son bought, a son by a twice-married woman, a son self-given, and a son by a Súdrà, are the six kinsmen, but not heirs to collaterals.
161. · Such advantage, as a man would gain, who ' should attempt to pass deep water in a boat made ' of woven reeds, that father obtains, who passes the gloom of death, leaving only contemptible sons, who are the eleven, or at least the six, last mentioned.
162. " If the two heirs of one man be the son of ' his own body and a son of his wife by a kinsman,
the former of whom was begotten after his recovery from an illness thought incurable, each of the sons, exclusively of the other, shall succeed to the whole estate of his natural father.
163. The son of his own body is the sole heir to
' his estate, but, that all evil may be removed, let
СНАР. « him allow a maintenance to the rest ;
• And, when the son of the body has taken an account of the paternal inheritance, let him give a
sixth part of it to the son of the wife begotten
165. " The son of the body, and the son of the wife,
only succeed in order to the family duties and to
excluded by any one of the preceding.
166. · Him, whom a man has begotten on his own • wedded wife, let him know to be the first in rank, as the son of his body.
167. · He, who was begotten, according to law, on " the wife of a man deceased, or impotent, or dis• ordered, after due authority given to her, is called
the lawful son of the wife.
168. ' He, whom his father, or mother with her • husband's assent, gives to another as his son, pro
vided that the donee have no issue, if the boy be
of the same class and affectionately disposed, is • considered as a son given, the gift being confirmed by pouring water.
169. · He is considered as a son made or adopted, r whom a man takes as his own son, the boy being
equal in class, endued with filial virtues, acquainted ' with the merit of performing obsequies to his adopter, and with the sin of omitting them.
170. . In whose mansion soever a male child shall
discovered, but if it be probable that he was of an
171. ' A boy, whom man receives as his own
173. “ If a pregnant young woman marry, whether
called a son received with his bride.
174. "He is called a son bought, whom a man, • for the sake of having a son to perform his obsequies, purchases from his father and mother, whether the boy be equal or unequal to himself in good qualities, for in class all adopted sons must be equal.
75. " He
175. He, whom a woman, either forsaken by her CHAP. ' lord or a widow, conceived by a second husband, • whom she took by her own desire, though against law, is called the son of a woman twice married : 176. ' If, on her second marriage, she be still a virgin, or if she left her husband under the age ' of puberty and return to him at his full
she ' must again perform the nuptial
nuptial ceremony either ' with her second, or her young and deserted, hus( band.
177. He, who has lost his parents, or been aban. doned by them without just cause, and offers him' self to a man as his son, is called a son self-given.
178. ' A son, begotten through lust on a Súdrà by • a man of the priestly class, is even as a corpse,
though alive, and is thence called in law a living corpse:
179. But a son, begotten by a man of the servile " class on his female slave, or on the female slave ' of his male slave, may take a share of the heritage, ' if permitted by the other sons : thus is the law established.
180. “ These eleven sons (the son of the wife, and 'the rest as enumerated) are allowed by wise legis·lators to be substitutes in order for sons of the
body, for the sake of preventing a failure of obse-