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CHAP. kinsman, having bathed with his apparel, becomes

immediately pure.
79. “ If, during the ten days, another death or ano-
ther birth intervene, a Bráhmen remains impure, only
till those ten days have elapsed.

80. · A spiritual teacher being dead, the sages de' clare his pupil impure for three days; but for a day ' and a night, if the son or wife of the teacher be

deceased : such is the sacred ordinance.


81. ' For a reader of the whole Véda, who dwells ' in the same house, a man is unclean three nights ; but for a maternal uncle, a pupil, an officiating priest, and a distant kinsman, only one night winged with two days. 82.“ On the death of a military king, in whose dominion he lives, his impurity lasts while the sun or 'the stars give light; but it lasts a whole day, on ' the death of a priest, who has not read the whole · Véda, or of a spiritual guide, who has read only part of it, with its Angas.

83. - A man of the sacerdotal class becomes pure ' in ten days; of the warlike, in twelve ; of the com• mercial, in fifteen ;* of the servile, in a month.

84. "Let no man prolong the days of impurity; · let him not intermit the ceremonies to be performed

o with

* See Note on Book V. verse 83.

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with holy fires : while he performs those rites, even CHAP. though he be a sapinda, he is not impure.

He, who has touched a Chandála, a woman in her courses,

an outcast for deadly sin, a newborn child, a corpse, or one who has touched a corpse,

is made pure by bathing.



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86. ' If, having sprinkled his mouth with water, and · been long intent on his devotion, he see an unclean

person, let him repeat, as well as he is able, the • solar texts of the Véda, and those, which confer purity.

87. - Should a Bráhmen touch a human bone moist • with oil, he is purified by bathing; if it be not oily,

by stroking a cow, or by looking at the sun, having sprinkled his mouth duly with water. 88. · A student in theology shall not perform the ceremony of pouring water at obsequies, until he · have completed his course of religious acts; but if, • after the completion of them, he thus make an offering of water, he becomes pure in three nights.

89. · For those, who discharge not their prescribed • duties, for those, whose fathers were of a lower " class than their mothers, for those, who wear • dress of religion unauthorized by the Véda, and for

those, who illegally kill themselves, the ceremony of giving funeral water is forbidden by law;




90. · And for women imitating such hereticks, as wear an unlawful dress, and for such women as live




at their own pleasure, or have caused an abortion, or have stricken their husbands, or have drunk any spirituous liquor. 91. "A student violates not the rules of his order, by carrying out, when dead, his own instructor in the Vedas, who invested him with his holy cord,

or his teacher of particular chapters, or his reverend

expounder of their meaning, or his father, or his (mother.

carry out

92. " Let men

a dead Súdra by the ' southern gate of the town; but the twice-born, in • due order, by the western, northern, and eastern gates.

93. “ No taint of impurity can light on kings or ' students in theology, while employed in discharging their several duties, nor on those who have actually

begun a sacrifice ; for the first are then placed on " the seat of INDRA, and the others are always equally pure with the celestial spirit. 94.To a king, on the throne of magnanimity, the law ascribes instant purification, because his throne was raised for the protection of his people and the supply of their nourishment:

95. - It is the same with the kinsmen of those, who • die in battle, after the king has been slain, or have ' been killed by lightning, or legally by the king him

self, or in defence of a cow, or of a priest; and • with all those, whom the king wishes to be pure.

96. "The


96. “ The corporeal frame of a king is composed CHAP. of particles from So'ma, AGNI, SU'RYA, PAVANA, INDRA,

CuvE'RA, VARUNA, and Yama, the eight guardian • deities of the world :

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97. · By those guardians of men in substance is the king pervaded, and he cannot by law be impure ; ' since by those tutelar gods are the purity and im

purity of mortals both caused and removed.


98. ' By a soldier, discharging the duties of his class, - and slain in the field with brandished weapons, the

highest sacrifice is, in that instant, complete; and
so is his purification : this law is fixed.
99. · A priest, having performed funeral rites, is

purified by touching water; a soldier, by touching * his horse or elephant, or his arms; a husbandman,

by touching his goad, or the halter of his cattle; a servant, by touching his staff.

100." This mode of purifying sapindas, 0 chief of • the twice-born, has been fully declared to you ! learn now the purification required on the death of kinsmen less intimately connected. 101. ' A Bráhmen, having carried out a dead Bráhmen, though not a sapinda, with the affection of a ' kinsman, or any of those nearly related to him by · his mother, becomes pure in three days;

102. But, if he taste the food offered by their sapindas, he is purified in ten days; and in one day,

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if he neither partake of their food, nor dwell in the same house.

103. “ If he voluntarily follow a corpse, whether of
a paternal kinsman or of another, and afterwards
bathe with his apparel, he is made pure by touch-
ing fire and tasting clarified butter.
104. “ Let no kinsman, whilst any of his own class
are at hand, cause a deceased Bráhmen to be carried
out by a Súdra; since the funeral rite, polluted by
the touch of a servile man, obstructs his passage
to heaven,


* Sacred learning, austere devotion, fire, holy aliment, earth, the mind, water, smearing with cowdung, air, prescribed acts of religion, the sun, and

time, are purifiers of imbodied spirits;
106. · But of all pure things, purity in acquiring
wealth, is pronounced the most excellent : since he,

who gains wealth with clean hands, is truly pure; ' not he, who is purified merely with earth and water.

107. “ By forgiveness of injuries, the learned are purified ; by liberality, those who have neglected their

duty; by pious meditation, those who have secret · faults; by devout austerity, those who best know " the Véda.

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108.By water and earth is purified what ought to • be made pure; a river, by its current ; a woman, whose thoughts have been impure, by her monthly


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