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Thunder-showers are particularly dangerous,
About Archery. however, from the fact that they almost always make their way directly against the prevailing ARCHERY, as a modern amusement, has only wind. When the two winds meet, and one been fashionable in America for the past two finds one's self in the vortex between them, years. It was being played in England before it is very difficult to command a boat. Each that, but we did not take hold of it until some wind, fighting for the supremacy, will fill the time later. Mr. Maurice Thompson was the sails with gusis, for which one does not more first to call attention to the sport. By his than have time to prepare before a counter-gust articles in various magazines, and later by will throw them aback, or violently to the op- his book, “ The Witchery of Archery," he posite side of the boat. Often, in fact, the wind, aroused enthusiasm all over the country for the blowing a gale all the time, will in less than game. five minutes have visited every point of the From Cupid to Robin Hood the ladies have compass. An anchor down and a furled sail admired bow shooting, and it is no wonder are the best for all small, open, or half-decked that as soon as it was introduced as a pastime boats or yachts in such an emergency.
they became its most ardent adherents. CroBoats are often capsized by persons on board quet was the entering wedge that opened outsuddenly scrambling to the windward, or upper door sports to women, and for that ihey cannot side, when a squall buries the lee gunwale in be too grateful. Archery is, of all games, perthe water. Should the boat at this moment be haps the best for girls. In the first place, it is taken aback by a counter squall or flaw, she performed in an erect attitude ; it calls into will almost surely capsize, for in one moment action both hands and arms, the muscles of the the windward side becomes the leeward side ; shoulders and back, the chest and legs. There and the mass of weight hanging to what was, a is no overstrain on either. In the second place, moment before, the weather-side, will carry the when one braces himself to pull the bowstring boat over. It is too late to try and struggle he is sure to draw a full, deep breath, thus fillback again : the bodies are all' in the wrong ing his lungs with pure, fresh air. A thoroughposition to be able to turn around inboard ly trained archer is a perfectly built athlete. towards the centre of the boat. In their help. | Another thing that should recommend archery less postures they face the waves that are ready to ladies is its exquisite grace. See yonder to devour them.
lady with bow in hand ; she braces herself The safest position in an open boat, when firmly upon the lawn, raises the bow to the propreparing for an approaching squall, is for all per angle, measures the distance with her eye, except the helmsman to sit down in the bottom and the feather-tipped messenger flies through of the boat, as near the centre as possible, thus the air and pierces the gold. No modern being safe from any blows from the boom of the patent has done this. It is all her own strength sail, and increasing the steadiness of the boat and skill. A child may pull a trigger and hit in a marked degree. Here they act as ballast the bull's-eye, but it takes strength to pull the and do much good in keeping the boat upright, bow.
To the above knowledge should be added Bows are of various "weights." By weight also the science of reefing the sails of a boat is meant the number of pounds in strength requickly and neatly, so that she will stand up quired to draw the bow-not the weight of the under a great pressure of wind.
bow literally. A lady should begin with a The mistake most frequently made is to twenty-pound bow. At the end of a month neglect to reef till it is too late. Landsmen she may use one with a stronger resistance. scarcely ever calculate how quickly wind moves, Few ladies, however, pull over fifty pounds; and how suddenly a change in the weather takes their average is between thirty and forty. A place. It is easy to reef while there is time, | man's average is fifty pounds, while some pull but sometimes almost impossible is too long as high as seventy-five, but these are exceptiondelayed. Reefing saves one from much anxiety. al cases and they have to have bows especially The boat that with her whole sail would be prepared. The regulation length of a man's cranky and dangerous plunges along buoyantly bow is six feet from tip to tip, and the “ draw" through the summer gale when her sails are of the arrow twenty-eight inches. Bows should properly reefed.
always be bent flat side out.
The proper With a thorough knowledge of the sheet and length for a lady's bow is five feet six inches. rudder, and how to reef a sail, there ought to be Good well-finished bows of second-growth no accidents, even in very small boats; but the ash and other American woods will this season trouble is that too many tyros are allowed to be sold at from one dollar to three dollars, or invite unsuspecting ladies and young girls even more, according to size. Bows of lanceinto their boats, they not understanding the wood, snakewood, yew, and other foreign woods first rudiments of a real nautical knowledge of cost from two to eight dollars. Target arrows how to manage a craft in times of danger. will range, according to their length, from two
A boat is like a good horse-it will always dollars and a half to five dollars per dozen. do the best it can. It will not capsize if it can Hunting arrows. with barbed piles, for large help it ; but, if mismanaged in time of emer- game, are still higher in price ; while light gency, it is a dangerous plaything. Properly han- birding arrows, with pewter heads, are cheaper. dled, it is amazing, almost incredible, what Bowstrings come at twenty, twenty-five, and up can be done with a small open boat, with a to sixty cents each, and targets range in price common lug-sail, and what weather it will live from one dollar to six dollars. Quivers (with through.
belt) made of tin, and covered with light leathBut without knowledge, and knowing just er, cost from one dollar to two dollars and a what to do in dangerous times, this pleasant half each. But for hunting excursions, quivers summer sail is a treacherous pastime.- From made of stiff harness leather, capable of holding “ Practical Boat-Sailing," by Gen. Douglas Fra- two or three dozen arrows, are best. Of course, sar (Lee and Shepard).
bows, arrows, etc., can be made at home, but
it is poor satisfaction to use cheap tackle if you skirt for ladies, with dark blue blouse belted have the money to buy the best.
in ; for men, white trousers and the same style Expert bowmen are very proud of their im- of blouse. The blouse for both should be cut plements and keep them with great care. Bows high on the shoulder to give the arm full play. should be kept in a dry room but not too near A pretty uniform and quite inexpensive is made the fire. After using and just before putting of unbleached muslin, with belt or sash of Turaway the bow should be rubbed with a woollen key red. rag saturated with boiled linseed oil, mixed Mr. Thompson also believes in the bow as a with a little beeswax. The arrow is an impor- weapon of defence. A lady walking through tant consideration. For target arrows, hard- the fields or on unfrequented roads is well proseasoned pine or old deal is the best wood. tected if she be an expert archer, for a thirtyFor hunting arrows, hickory, ash, elm, and pine pound bow will put an arrow through the are preferable. The shaft, or wooden part, of stoutest tramp: -Compiled from “ The Witchthe arrow is called the stele, and this must be ery of Archery" (Scribner) and oiher sources. perfectly straight and even. Next in importance to the stele is the feathering. For longrange shooting the feather should be narrow.
Is it Going to Rain ? They are generally taken from a goose-quill. " In preparing to shoot,” says Mr. Thompson, sunrise, or Aushed clouds at evening. Many
The old signs seldom fail-a red and angry “place your targets on their stands ten feet farther apart than the length of the range to be sky at sunset. There is truth in the old couplet,
a hope of rain have I seen dashed by a painted shot, and facing each other. Place a mark, as a standing point from which to shoot, ten seet
“ If it rains before seven, from the face of each target. Now carefully
It will clear before eleven." brace your bow as heretofore directed. Put the arrow-nock on the string, at the place
Morning rains are usually short-lived. Betmarked for it, with the cock-feather out to the ter wait till ten o'clock. left. This is done with your right hand, whilst
When the clouds are chilled, they turn blue
and rise up. your left tightly grasps the handle of the bow, holding it nearly horizontal. Now with the
When the fog leaves the mountains, reaching nock thus on the string, hook the first, second, upward, as if afraid of being left behind, the
fair weather is near. and third fingers under the string, taking the arrow between the first and second. Turn the
Shoddy clouds are of little account, and bow to the left with the left hand until it stands soon fall to pieces. Have your clouds show a nearly vertically in front of you, your left arm good strong fibre, and have them lined-not extended towards the gold of the target. Draw
with silver, but with other clouds of a finer texwith your right, and push firmly with your left ture, -and have them wadded. It wants two or hand until your arrow's head rests on the low. three thicknesses to get up a good rain. Espe. est joint of your left forefinger. Your right
cially, unless you have that cloud-mother, that hand will now touch your right ear. Look
dim, filmy, nebulous mass that has its root in straight and hard at the centre of the target's the higher regions of the air, and is the source gold, but do not even glance at your arrow.
and backing of all storms—your rain will be Blindly direct your arrow by your sense of feel light indeed.-Fron "Locusts and Wild Honey,” ing. Let go the string.
by John Burroughs (Houghton, Osgood & Co.). *There is no such thing as 'taking aim' with
He is a bungling archer who attempts it. Shoot from the first by your sense
Seeing Stars. of direction and elevation, It will surprise “ People who don't know," says the Detroit you at first to see how far you will miss, but Tribune, never having lost any stars, may soon you will begin to close in with your ar- think it is easy to find them. Popular ignorrows towards the gold.
ance may even suppose that the easiest way to “When at the full draw, the bow should not find stars is to let 'em alone, and they'll come be held more than a second. Feel for the gold home, bringing their tails behind 'em in the quickly, and let go the string smoothly and form of comets. But this plan will not answer. smartly. The quicker shot you are, the better Even if an intelligent person unskilled in asfor you ; but be careful not to make a little tronomy were given a fine telescope, he would snatch and jerk' when you loose the string. be unable, without instruction, to find any par
“ The position, in shooting, should be grace- ticular star at any particular hour, except a few ful, easy, and firm. To this end, advance the of the most conspicuous and popularly known left foot a half-pace, the toe turned towards the stars and constellations." An ingenious in. target, the knee of the left leg slightly bent. strument to help out star-gazers, called " The Fix the right foot nearly at right angles with Astronomical Lantern," has been invented by the left, the right leg straight. Look directly Rev. Dr. Jas. Freeman Clarke, the well-known over the left shoulder at the target. This posi- Unitarian cleygyman of Boston, who has tion is called 'putting the body into the bow,' also prepared a manual to accompany it called and will lead to powerful shooting.”
“How to Find the Stars." The face of the lan. It is pleasant to organize archery clubs. The tern is of ground glass, behind which are club should have but three officers-a president placed slides of semi-transparent card-board, in or master bowman, who should be the best shot which stars of four magnitudes are represented of the band, a secretary, and a treasurer. At by perforations of the corresponding size. each shooting the archer making the highest There are thirty-two of these, representing the score is entitled to the honorary title of captain leading constellations. Dr. Clarke himself of the target.
In the matter of unisorm the prepared the maps. The lantern is meant to club must exercise its own taste.. A very neat be used out-of-doors, and is a most ingenious and pretty uniform is made of flannel. A white l help for amateur astronomers.
A SUMMER EXCURSION : Ye ProCESSION OF YE Tilers. (Scribner's Monthly.)
| route, or expect to strike such routes, send BY HOWARD CROSBY, D.D.
your valise on by express to the place you ex. The most natural, the most healthy, the pect to reach on the second night. Walk the
first two days with no change of garments, most attractive, the most frugal, the most
roughing it to this extent. Treat the next ready of all exercises is walking. Nature
biduum in the same way. has made the body's locomotion on its legs
4. Choose a cheery companion. It is the a thorough movement of all the bodily or.
salt of the dish. gans, stimulating them all with new life and åriving off the evil humors from each, a method after dinner. Don't try to see how far you can
5. Make ten miles before dinner and ten open to all to use, however small their pecuni. walk in a day. You would thus defeat the ary resources. Only let it be walking and not main end of your trip. Rest two hours in the sauntering. Carry the head erect, expand the middle of the day, one hour of this being after chest and drink in the pure air, and move
dinner. briskly enough to secure your end. Let the
6. The rate of three and a quarter miles an eye turn from one object to another, and not hour is quite sufficient for the average man, be fixed on the ground in contemplation (that This would give a little more than six hours? sort of thing is for the saunter); note the beauties or deformities of the landscape; take walking a day; an hour or two more and
twenty-five miles a day might not be too much. a companion with you if you can, to whom you can refer your opinions on what you see and that there are no inconveniences which a man
7. A long experience in such trips has proved from whom you can receive suggestive thoughts of the least toughness cannot bear with plea: in return ; stop at times and sit upon a rock or fence both for rest and for the enjoyment of sure, even if the journey be through a wild some striking scene, and let not the pleasure district. An ugly dog now and then is the
most interference one meets, and towards him be turned to weariness by any overstraining for the name and fame of fast walker. Such is the that he is not to be coaxed, stoop as if for a
you are not to use your cane, but, if you see normal and I presume Adamic method of bodily exercise, against which we have arrayed fear you and run.
From “ How to Spend the
stone to throw at him, and nearly all dogs will the conventionalities of a money-worshipping Summer" (Christian Union extra). society.
To those citizens who can spare a week or more in the summer let us recommend the
Oxygen! pedestrian journey as a renovator of body and mind. With the physical exercise may be
A Mr. DesERT PASTORAL. joined geological or botanical or geographical
A trifle offered by Lampy without comment, as an exor historical investigation, and the delighted ample the effect that a bracing atmosphere can pro
duce upon conservative natures. mind will help the body to its rejuvenescence. Or, if you are an artist, you can use your sketching power on mountain or stream, and Miss Alice BUNTING, of Philadelphia, ætatis 21 yrs. 6 so provide memorials of your tour. The
MR. ARTHUR FLANNELSHIRT, A.B., LL,B., of Boston, scheme is simple in its general outline, but ætatis 26 yrs. 3 mos. what about details ?
SCENE I.-Mt, Desert. Corridor of Rodick House. Well, thus : 1. Wear a pair of old shoes.
Hour, 10.30 P.M. Some inexperienced walkers think they are Enter Miss BUNTING and Mr. FLANNELSHIRT arm in doing a wise thing to get a pair of new so
Her dress is a blue and white boating-suit, cut called walking-shoes, which are apt to be of
short. A hat with a huge brim and draped with a
large red handkerchief is perched on the back of her very thick soles and very stout leather. The
head. He is attired in a gray shirt of flannel, a pair weight and stiffness of these new brogans soon of patched pantaloons, a scull-cap, and canvas shoes. take down their pride by a literal subduing of He is smoking a pipe. She pauses at Room 20, and
taking a key from her pocket gives it to him. He unthe flesh. Your best plan is to take a pair of
locks the door. She goes in and returns with a small your ordinary shoes that you laid aside some pitcher. months ago because they were too shabby for city use. Your feet know them and feel at AND now, good-night. But ere you go, do get me, home in them. The shoes and feet have
As usual, some hot water from the kitchen. not to learn any details of mutual harmony. The shoes should be high enough to prevent Give me the jug, and in half a jiffy sand or gravel getting in between shoe and foot.
I will be back. (Runs down the corridor.) 2. Carry a cane, which may be either rod or
ALICE (shrieking after him). staff, as occasion may require. It should be a Be sure that it is boiling ! stout one, and should have a crooked handle, She goes into her room and shuts the door., Interval of both for ease in carrying and for use as a reacher.
five minutes. Re-enter ARTHUR, with the pitcher of
hot water and a plate of hard crackers. He knocks, 3. If you are going to walk on a frequented
and she puts her head out.
One from the plate and see if I can catch it.
catch it in her mouth. The cracker falls on the ground. They both stoop to pick up the pieces, and bump their heads.
I brought him round. I'm ready now, if you are. They proceed to the staircase and sit down on the top stair, with the water-pitcher between them.
ALICE (munching crackers).
Nowhere, sad to mention.
ALICE, The very thing! O, what a boon is freedom! They rise from the stairs. She goes to her room and gets a shawl, which he tenderly puts over her shoulders. Arm and arm they go down, leaving the pitcher in the middle of the staircase.
SCENE II.-Bar Harbor. Mt. Desert. A, row-boat is floating on the tranquil water. A nearly
full moon is high in the heavers. She is stretched out in the stern, He slowly paddles with the oars.
Several other boats can be seen in the distance, but not near enough to distinguish the parties.
By way of variety, she gives him a playful spatter with the oar.
He laughs, and spatters her back. He proposes to anchor, and she acquiesces. She stretches her. self out in the stern, he in the bow, with a pipe.
and never weary!
What perfect nonsense !
O lovely being !
'Tis sad to part, but needful. They slowly get to rights and haul up the anchor. Ske
takes the oars and rows towards the shore: he puffs
his pipe pensively. Scene III.- The Corridor of the Rodick House. Hour,
1.15 A.M. They re-enter arm in arm. Somebody has stepped or
and upset the pitcher during their absence. After a few minutes' conversation he goes and gets some more boiling water.
Alice (going into her room).
ALICE (sticking her head out).
All right, I shall be ready,
Kisses her hand to him, and closes the door.
ARTHUR. Good-night, good- ght ! O, why ain't more girls like
Harvard Lampoon (C. W. Sever).
TILE-PICTURES. (Scribner's Monthly.)
Rain me sweet odors on the air ;
And wheel me up my Indian chair,
And spread some book not overwise
Flat out before my sleepy eyes."-Holmes.
INDEX TO SUMMER BOOKS
Mentioned or advertised elsewhere in this issue with select lists of other suitable reading. The abbre
viations of publishers' names will guide to the advertisements, frequently containing descriptive notes.
Burchard, Two Months in Europe, $1..Davis, B. & Co.
California. See Nordhoff. Adirondack Adventures, Murray, $1.50.
Houghton, O. & Co.
Canada. See Appletons' Guide Books. Adirondacks, Headley, $2
Cape Cod, Thoreau, $1.50....... Houghton, O. & Co.
W. Van Loan. — (The) Illustrated, 50 c. and $1.25. Souvenir Album, 50 C...
Central Italy and Rome. See Baedeker.
Park. See Miller's Guide Books. Guide to the, 75 C. and $2.
E. R. Wallace. In the, 75 C
Chautauqua. See Lake Chautauqua.
Clark (A.), Summer Rambles in Europe, $1.25. America. See Morford.
Phillips & Hunt. American Cities. See Appletons' Guide Books.
Coast Guide. See Eastman's Guide Books.
Colorado. See Appletons' Guide Books.
Connecticut River Route. See Taintor. - Seaside Resorts. See Taintor.
Continental Railway Guides, etc. See Bradshaw's. Appletons' Guide Books :-European Guide Book, 2 V., Converse, A Summer Vacation Abroad, $1.50..Converse.
$5.-General Guide to the U. S. and Canada, $2.50.- Crofutt, Overland Tourist, 75 c. and $1. Handbook of American Cities, 75 c. and 50 c.-Hand
Overland Pub. Co. book of Summer Resorts, 75 c. and 50 c.-Handbook of Winter Resorts, 75 C. and so c.-Hudson River, Illus- Darley, Sketches Abroad. $1.50....... Estes & L. trated, 50 c.- New England, and Middle States, and Delaware and Hudson Route. See Taintor. Canada, $1.25. - New York, Illustrated, 60 c.- Railway Dickens' Dictionary of London, 35 C. ....... Macmillan. Guide, 25 c.-Scenery of the Pacific Railways and Colorado, $1.25 and 75 C.-Western and Southern States, Drake, Nooks and Corners of New England Coast, $3.50. $1.25... . Appleton.
Harper. Austria. See Baedeker.
Eastman's Guide Books :--White Mountain Guide, Baedeker's Guide Books :-Belgium and Holland, $1.75. $1.50.-Coast Guide, $1.50.-Mountain and Lake Region
-The Rhine, $2.- Northern Germany, as far as the Ba.
Maps, Pocket ed., 40 C.-Railroad and Township Maps,
Eastman. and Austria, $3.50.--Northern Italy, $2.50.-- Central Italy and Rome, $2.50.-Southern Italy, and Sicily, $2.50.- Egypt. See Baedeker ; Bartlett. Paris and its Environs, $2.50.-Switzerland, $3.- Lower England. See Black's ; Murray's; White's. Egypt, the Fyoom, and Peninsula of Mount Sinai, $5:50. Palestine and Syria, $7.50.- The Traveller's Manual of Erie Route. See Taintor. Conversation, in English, German, French, and Italian, Europe. See Burchard ; Felton ; King ; Morford ; Mur$1.25.- London and its Environs, $2.50.......Estes & L.
ray's; Satchel. Guides to London, Paris, Holland and Belgium, the European Guide Book. See Appletons' Guide Books. Rhine, Germany, Italy, etc.... ......Scribner Sue Co.
Farrar, Guide to Rangeley and Richardson Lakes, 50 c.Bailey, England from a Back Window, $1.50....Lee & S.
Guide to Moosehead Lake and Vicinity, 50 C....Lee & S. Ball, Three Days on the White Mountains, 25 C.
Lockwood, B. & Co. Farrar, Camp Life in the Wilderness : Tale of the Richardson Lakes, 25 C........
A. Williams. Baltimore. See Taintor.
Felton, Letters from Europe, $1.25..
Estes E L. Bartlett, From Egypt to Palestine, $3.50... .Harper.
Field, From Egypt to Japan, $2.-From the Lakes of Beecher, Mrs., Letters from Florida, 50 C.....
.. Appleton. Killarney to the Golden Horn, $2....... Scribner's Sons. Beerbohm, Wanderings in Patagonia, $1..
Florida. See Beecher. Belgium and Holland. See Baedeker.
Gems of the White Mountains, photog. with lens, $3. Black's Guide to Scotland, England, London, etc.
Harroun & Bierstadt. Scribner & W.
Germany. See Baedeker. Block Island. See Livermore.
Guild, Abroad Again.-Over the Ocean. Each, $2.50. Boston, Illustrated, 25 C........ .. Houghton, O. & Co.
Lee SS. Bradshaw's Continental Railway Guides, etc.
H. H., Bits of Travel, $1.-Bits of Travel at Home, $1.50. Scribner & W.
Roberts. Brooklyn. See Miller ; Treat.
Hallock, Sportsman's Gazetteer and General Guide, $3. Buffalo. See Taintor.
Forest and Stream.