« AnteriorContinuar »
ous ploughed fields. Every grain of soil and
- as the window-seat - suggestive of every root and rootlet purrs in satisfaction. placid repose : a strange opposite mixture Because something more than water comes throughout of flowery peace and silence, with down when it rains ; you cannot produce this an almost total lack of modern conveniences effect by simple water; the good-will of the ele- and appliances of comfort - as though the ments, the consent and approbation of all the sinewy vigor of the residents disdained artiskyey influences, come down; the harmony, ficial ease. the adjustment, the perfect understanding of In the oaken cupboards—not black, but a deep the soil beneath and the air that swims above tawny color with age and frequent polishingare implied in the marvellous benefaction of may be found a few pieces of old china, and on the rain.-From “ Locusts and Wild Honey" the table at tea-time, perhaps, other pieces, (Houghton, Osgood & Co.).
which a connoisseur would tremble to see in use, lest a clumsy arm should shatter their fra. gile antiquity. Though apparently so little
valued, you shall not be able to buy these Spring and Summer.
things for money-not so much because their In spring we note the breaking
artistic beauty is appreciated, but because of Of every baby bud,
the instinctive clinging to everything old, charIn spring we note the waking of wild flowers of the wood;
acteristic of the place and people. These have In summer's fuller power,
been there of old time : they shall remain still. In summer's deeper soul,
Somewhere in the cupboards, too, is a curiousWe watch no single flower,
ly carved piece of iron, to fit into the hand, with We sce, we breathe the whole !
á front of steel before the fingers, like a skele- From “ Apple-Blossoms," by Dora Read Goodale
ton rapier guard ; it is the ancient steel with which, and a flint, the tinder and the sulphur
match were ignited. An Old Homestead.
Up in the lumber-room are carved oaken
bedsteads of unknown age ; linen-presses of The stream, after leaving the village and the black oak with carved panels, and a drawer at washpool, rushes swistly down the descending the side for the lavender-bags; a rusty rapier, slope, and then entering the meadows, quickly the point broken off ; a flintlock pistol, the loses its original impetuous character. Not barrel of portentous length, and the butt weight. much more than a mile from the village it flows ed with a mace-like knob of metal, wherewith placidly through meads and pastures, a broad, to knock the enemy on the head. deep brook, thickly fringed with green flags, The parlor is always full of flowers—the man. bearing here and there large yellow flowers. By telpiece and grate in spring quite hidden by some old thatched cattle-sheds and rick-yards, fresh green boughs of horse-chestnut in bloom, overshadowed with elm trees, a strong bay or or with lilac, bluebells, or wild hyacinths ; in dam crosses it, forcing the water into a pond summer nodding grasses from the meadows, for the cattle, and answering the occasional roses, sweet-brier ; in the autumn two or three purpose of a ford; for the laborers in their great apples, the finest of the year, put as orna. heavy boots walk over the bay, though the cur- ments among the china, and the corners of the rent rises to the instep. They call these sheds, looking-glass decorated with bunches of ripe some few hundred yards from the farmhouse, wheat. A badger's skin lies across the back of the “ Lower Pen.” Wick Farm-almost every the arm-chair; a fox's head, the sharp white village has its outlying “ wick”-stands alone tusks showing, snarls over the doorway; and in the fields. It is an ancient, rambling build. in glass cases are a couple of stuffed kingfishing, the present form of which is the result ofers, a polecat, a white blackbird, and a diversuccessive additions at different dates, and in rare here—shot in the mere hard by.-From various styles.
“Wild Life in a Southern County" (Roberts). When a homestead like this has been owned and occupied by the same family for six or seven generations, it seems to possess a distinct personality of its own. A history grows up round about it; memories of the past accumulate, and
Honey-Flowers. are handed down fresh and green, linking to.
BY JOHN BURROUGHS, day and seventy years ago as if hardly any lapse of time had intervened. The inmates talk fa. The first spring wild flowers, whose shy miliarly of the “
comet year," as if it was but faces among the dry leaves and rocks are so just over ; of the days when a load of wheat welcome, yield no honey. The anemone, the was worth a little fortune ; of the great snows hepatica, the bloodroot, the arbutus, the nuand floods of the previous century. They date merous violets, the spring beauty, the coryevents from the year when the formeads were dalis, etc., woo all lovers of nature, but do not purchased and added to the patrimony, as if woo the honey-loving bee. It requires more that transaction, which took place ninety years sun and warmth to develop the saccharine elebefore, was of such importance that it must ment, and the beauty of these pale striplings of necessarily be still known to all the world. the woods and groves is their sole and suffi
The house has somehow shaped and fitted cient excuse for being. The arbutus, lying low itself to the characters of the dwellers within it: and keeping green all winter, attains to perhidden and retired among trees, fresh and green fume, but not to honey. with cherry and pear against the wall, yet the The first honey is perhaps obtained from the brown thatch and the old bricks subdued in flowers of the red maple and the golden willow. tone by the weather. This individuality ex- The latter sends forth a wild, delicious perfume. tends to the furniture; it is a little stiff and The sugar maple blooms a little later, and from angular, but solid, and there are nooks and lits silken tassels a rich nectar is gathered. My
bees will not label these different varieties for
The Same Old Story. me as I really wish they would. Honey from She read until she could not see the maple, a tree so clean and wholesome, and
(Did Ivanhoe e'er weary ?), full of such virtues every way, would be some
Then dropped the book upon her knee
And said her life was dreary ; thing to put one's tongue to. Or that from the
“From day to day I still must tread blossoms of the apple, the peach, the cherry,
The same dull round of duty, the quince, the currant-one would like a card Of darning socks and baking bread, of each of these varieties to note their peculiar
Without one glimpse of beauty,
From week to week my land-marks arequalities. The apple-blossom is very important
A sermon dull on Sunday, to the bees. A single swarm has been known And Friday night the Plumville Star.
The weekly wash on Monday: to gain twenty pounds in weight during its And oh! there's never a line of grace continuance. Bees love the ripened fruit, too,
And never a hint of glory," -and in August and September will suck them- She sighed and lengthened her pretty faceselves tipsy upon varieties, like the sops-of
"It's always the same old story." wine.
She dried her eyes and curled her hair The interval between the blooming of the
And went to the conference meeting,
From the garden gate to the vestry stair fruit-trees and that of the clover and raspberry
The self-same words repeating. is bridged over in many localities by the honey
At last the final hymn was sung locust. What a delightful summer murmur
And all the prayers were ended,
And one from the doorway crowd among these trees send forth at this season. I know
Her homeward steps attended. nothing about the quality of the honey, but it They left at length the village street ought to keep well. But when the red rasp
And sprang the low wall over,
To cross through Captain Peaslee's wheat berry blooms, the fountains of plenty are un
And Deacon Bascombe's clover. sealed indeed ; what a commotion about the The moon seemed shining overhead hives then, especially in localities where it is
To flood their path with glory ;
They whispered low, but what they said extensively cultivated, as in places along the
Was-only the same old story! Hudson. The delicate white clover, which be
_"Ruth Mariner,” in Springfield Republican. gins to bloom about the same time, is neglected ; even honey itself is passed by for this modest, colorless, all but odorless flower. A field
Collecting Ferns. of these berries in June sends forth a continu- Most people, in their summering, try to ous murmur like that of an enormous hive. take home a few ferns for cultivation. Mr. The honey is not so white as that obtained from John Robinson in his pleasant book about clover, but it is easier gathered ; it is in shallow " Ferns in their Homes and Ours" (S. E. cups, while that of the clover is in deep tubes. Cassino) tells how to do it successfully : The bees are up and at it before sunrise, and it. When we meet them in their full beauty takes a brisk shower to drive them in. But the they are in the most unfavorable state for clover blooms later and blooms everywhere, transplanting, as, in the vigor of its growand is the staple source of supply of the finesting condition in its natural home, a fern quality of honey. The red clover yields up will endure little rough handling, and requires its stores only to the longer proboscis of the tender care to persuade it to grow in any other bumble-bee, else the bee pasturage of our agri- place. It would be better to wait till the seacultural districts would be unequalled.
son's activity is passed, which it is probable The rose, with all its beauty and perfume, we cannot do; or collect our ferns in the early yields no honey to the bee, unless the wild spe spring, before the croziers unroll; but when cies be sought by the bumble-bee.
the plants are in this condition, only an exAmong the humbler plants let me not forget perienced botanizer knows what to look for and the dandelion that so early dots the sunny where to find it. Suppose, then, that in July slopes, and upon which the bee languidly or August we wish to obtain a small collecgrazes, wallowing to his knees in the golden tion of our native ferns in their living state. but not over-succulent pasturage. From the The best way of transporting them is, of course, blooming rye and wheat the bee gathers pollen, with their fronds uncrushed, in a box or basket also from the obscure blossoms of Indian corn.
of sufficient size. But this is not always pracAmong weeds, catnip is the great favorite. Itticable. It may be necessary to condense them lasts nearly the whole season and yields richly. into the smallest possible space. As we collect It could no doubt be profitably cultivated in them the ferns can be kept in a bowl or basket some localities, and catnip honey would be a till we are preparing for our journey home. novelty in the market. It would probably par. When we gather them the roots should be caretake of the aromatic properties of the plant fully dug up, not wrenched from their sur. from which it was derived.
roundings; and, when we begin to get them Among your stores of honey gathered before ready for their travels, should not be very wet. midsummer you may chance upon a card, or Suffer the plants to remain without water a day mayhap only a square inch or two of comb, in or two before packing, only do not allow them which the liquid is as transparent as water, of a to become exactly dry. Then we may shake delicious quality, with a slight favor of mint. off as much of the earth as will readily fall This is the product of the linden or basswood, away, and, wrapping each fern with a bit of of all the trees in our forest the one most be- damp (not wet) moss, roll it up in a bit of paloved by the bees. Melissa, the goddess of per large enough to hold all together, tying honey, has placed her seal upon this tree. The the parcel with a thread. The fronds should wild swarms in the woods frequently reap a all project beyond the moss and paper, and choice harvest from it. I have seen a mountain only enough of them be left to insure a healthy side thickly studded with it, its straight, tall, start the next season-three or four on an ordismooth, light-gray shaft carrying its deep-green nary and six on a very large plant. To rememcrown far aloft, like the tulip or maple.-From ber how the ferns looked (for we are not yet sup"Locusts and Wild Honey” (Houghton, O. & Co.). I posed to know their names), it is a good plan
to press a frond of each, and number it, tying a tag with the corresponding number to the specimen itself. When this is done, all the packages should be arranged with the fronds lying in the same direction, and a number of fresh fronds should be collected and tied around the fronds of the ferns to be carried home. Then the whole may be rolled up firmly into a bundle, covered with several thicknesses of stout manila paper and tied securely. The package is now ready to place in a trunk to deliver to the expressman or carry under the arm.
Unless it is exposed to the sun, or in a very dry place, this bundle will not suffer in vitality or health for two or three weeks. At the journey's end the ferns must be carefully unwrapped and firmly planted in a good light trout streams, soil, whether out of doors or in the fernery. and to pens At first nearly all the fronds will lie quite pros- than axes; if trate on the ground, but if they are frequently they twinge and grumble sprinkled on both sides and their roots kept it is not the fault of stream only damp, the plants will establish themselves
Lastly, lay in a and reward the pains bestowed upon them by a good stock of dry old fine healthy growth the next season.”
clothes, black coffee in lieu For collecting specimens to press, the happy of whiskey, patience and device of the Field Portfolio serves excel- good humor, and our word lently. This is a portfolio made to carry con- for it, the camp will be a veniently on the arm, furnished with sheets of success.- From the N. Y. blotting paper, between which to place the Tribune. ferns or plants, and by which the moisture is
Collect the wits of your soon absorbed and the specimens quickly party at leisure before the dried, and with strips of gummed paper by eventful day of starting which to fasten them to the sheets.
arrives, and make a com- ExploRATIONS. (Scribplete list of the articles ner's Monthly.)
which you will be likely to absolutely need. It Camping Out.
is awkward to get all settled in camp and find There is a good deal of camping out the frying pan, tea, or some other indispensable going on just now. The average American thing missing. Avoid all useless luggage. has seized the idea that it is a sign of cul- Carry all camp equipage with you, tent-poles, ture and artistic aspiration to turn his face tent-stakes, etc., included. Always, if possible, to Nature once a year, for a week, or ten ask permission of the owner of the land to pitch days, or as long as he can get away from your tent in his domain, and in any case avoid the shop or office. Also, that to do this in committing trespass, such as cutting green tima tent will put an end to his lumbago, dys- ber or even shrubs, injuring crops, etc.; just pepsia, or whatever other ailment afflicts him. as strictly respecting the rights of private propSo he hires a tent, borrows Smith's breech- erty-holders even in uninhabited parts as if loader and Jones' rod, and fees and hies him you were in the most valuable improved to repose on the bosom of Mother Earth. On grounds. You will always find plenty of exthe aforesaid bosom he fights with spiders, cellent fuel on the beach, near which you will gnats, and mosquitoes all night, and arises camp, if wise. Use the smallest quantity of from dreams of spring mattresses to find a fuel-a handful of dry bits of bark will suffice garter snake in the coffee pot, the bread swarm- to boil your tea-kettle or potatoes. Avoid blazing with ants, and the matches forgotten. Ten ing camp-fires, especially in a dry time, and to one it has rained in torrents, and his wife always be sure to pour water on the fire before and the girls have laid in a puddle all night. | leaving the camp alone, until you are sure every Smith's breech-loader is ruined, the camp-fire smouldering spark is extinguished. Never mud. Before noon they strike their tents, like pitch a tent in a hollow where it will be flooded the Arabs, and as silently steal away to the in case of rain, and ditch around it if necesnearest boarding-house.
sary. Yet, in spite of all this, camping out is by all Burn up all waste scraps of food ; they will odds the most comfortable, cheapest, and health- soon attract vermin. Do your fishing near fullest way of spending the vacation ; bit you sunrise and sunset, and lay off during the heat can't camp out without learning how, any more of the day. Always use bathing-dresses when than you can preach a sermon or cook an oys- bathing near inhabited points or where parties ter. In the first place, don't buy a cheap out- are liable to pass. Treat all with whom you fit ; you want a tent that will keep out the rain, come in contact with courtesy ; the good-will the best quality of rubber blankets, etc., etc. of a dog is better than his ill-will. Leave all They will serve you for years. Next, hunt up chronic grumblers, and those who are the nearest neighbor who served in the Shenan- willing to make the best of everything, at home. doah or the Mud Campaign, and get from him Exception-one such in a party will be found some practical hints as to pitching your tent, endurable as a butt. These suggestions are trenches, hemlock-beds, cookery, etc., etc. offered by an old camper, who hopes you may Thirdly, take things leisurely ; have patience have a pleasant party and good weather, and with your legs and arms. They are more used take great comfort and "much fysshe."to tramping up Broadway than to ice-cold From the Plattsburgh (l'1.) Republican.
Some Conditions of Camping.
along a whole sporting establishment. One
rifle and one fly-rod, one pair of boots and a BY REV. W. H. H. MURRAY.
small valise, are about as much as a man of orTHERE are certain requisites of happiness in dinary Christian attainments can stand.-especamping out which must not be ignored by one cially in a hot day on a bad carry. These are who would be happy in his camp experiences, enough to lug if you stand up; and if you sudand it may not be amiss in the interest of the penly sit down, I never knew a man that didn't general reader if the author of this article should say they were ample. — From “ How to Spend the enumerate them. Here, then, are the condi- Summer" (Christian Union extra). tions of a happy camping experience, especially on the shores of the inland lakes and streams, in relation to which most of our experience has been : Condition No. I. If you wish to escape all
The Voyage. inconvenience and deprivations, don't go at
Down falls the sun; the dusky mountains gloom ; all. I do not know what a supernal camping Beside the water's edge we lay us down ground would be ; but I never saw a terrestrial
Upon the bosom of the grateful earth. camping-ground that did not have in it more or
Each with his oar, upon the dry sea sand
We rest our bodies here and there, while sleep less trouble and inconvenience. Heaven can't
Bedews our weary limbs. Yet scarce the night, be found in New York state ; at least, not while Chased by the hours, mid-heaven doth climb, when up Albany stands and the legislature meets. II
Springs wary Palinurus from his bed,
Sniffs at the wind, and leans his car to catch these could be eliminated it would undoubtedly Its breath. He notes each star that trembles down make a vast difference with the moral condi. The silent sky, Arcturus, the Two Bears, tion of the Empire State, and the happiness of
The rainy Hyades, takes a good look
Next at Orion with his golden sword, those within its borders. But unfortunately we And finding all is calm, the sky serene, must treat of things as they are.
And so I say,
Blows from the stern a ringing bugle-call. with solemn deliberation, that while things are
We strike our camp, pull out to sea, and spread
Our sails like wings. as they are heaven in New York state is an im
Scarce fled the stars or blushed possibility. Nor do I believe that New York. The dawn, when we beheld the hazy line ers are sinners above all other sinners; and
Of distant hills, low-lying Italy:
Achates first cries, “ Italy!" the men hence I dare say the prediction is a safe one, With glad huzza greet ITALY. With flowers that perfect peace and happiness can't be found Father Anchises wreathes a mighty cup, by camping out anywhere else-no, not even in
Fills it with wine, and standing high astern the state of Maine, although I am fully aware
Invokes the gods : "Ye gods, sovereigns o'er sea
And land and sky, let the wind to speed there isn't a Maine man that would agree Our way, and breathe ye kindly on our voyage !" with me. In respect to this I used to be very
Freshens the grateful breeze, still nearer lifts positive; but I received an argument to the
The port, and Pallas' temple looms aloft.
The sailors reef the sails, and turn the prows contrary from Maine last week in the form of a
To shore. The harbor, curving like a bow seven-pound brook trout that Providence, To hold the tide inflowing from the east, through some angling angel, sent, which I must
The salt spray dashing 'gainst its rocky sides,
Itself lies out of sight. The towering cliffs confess has opened the whole question anew. Send out their spurs like arms on either hand : I declare myself at the present writing open to The temple seems receding from the shore. conviction, and if there are four or five more
-From Virgil's Æneid, translated by John D. Long trout of the same size swiniming about in any
(Lockwood, Brooks & Co.). pond or lake in the Pine Tree State I am rather inclined to confess that on that lake, about the hour of four in the morning, a man with a com
Advice to Bathers. fortable conscience, a good fly-rod, and nobody within ten miles of him, might find perfect hap- With a view of diminishing the loss of piness. But with this possible exception, it is life which annually occurs from drowning, safe to say that no one will ever find perfect the Royal Humane Society of England ishappiness in camping out.
sues the following important advice to bathNo. 2. None but good-natured people should ers : “Avoid bathing within two hours after camp out. A cross man can't live in camp, and a meal, or when exhausted by fatigue or from he ought not to live anywhere else, and a cross any other cause, or when the body is coolwoman in camp is ten times worse than a crossing after perspiration, and avoid bathing alman. This is one of those ultimate conclusions together in the open air if, after being a short that should be accepted as a fact is in a court time in the water, there is a sense of chilliness, of law.
No beauty of surroundings, no abun. with numbness of the hands and feet, but bathe dance of game and sport, no sweetness of com- when the body is warm, provided no time is panionship, no restoratives to health which na- lost in getting into the water. Avoid chilling lure ministers to those who put themselves into the body by sitting or standing undressed on her çare, can make good the loss of peace, the banks or in boats, after having been in the quiet, and happiness that one peevish, sour, water, or remaining too long in the water, but
disgruntled” person brings to a camp. Civ- leave the water immediately there is the slightilization in its amusements, in its diversions, est feeling of chilliness. The vigorous and and even in its employments, has recompense strong may bathe early in the morning on an for such an affliction ; but camp life has none. empty stomach, but the young and those who are A sour face at the bark table spoils the venison weak had better bathe two or three hours after and takes the charm from the pancakes.
a meal ; the best time for such is from two to No. 3. The third condition, and the last I three hours after breakfast. Those who are shall mention, is this : If you are going into subject to attacks of giddiness or faintness, and camp, "go in light," as the phrase is; don't who suffer from palpitation and other sense of take the kitchen or parlor with you-a grocery discomfort at the heart
, should not bathe withor a dry-goods store. Especially, don't carry out first consulting their medical adviser."
Practical Hints on Boat-Sailing.
| bringing the boat into the wind until the sail
shakes, with the sheet still fast. This gives REMEMBER, in the first place, that no small more control of the boat than would be the boat fit to be called a sail-boat can capsize, un- case if the boom were out to leeward, perhaps less the sail is confined by the sheet being made dragging in the water, on account of the presfast.
sure of the wind upon the hull and mast. If the sail is loose, and the boom, or lower The very best thing to do in a sudden squall leach of the sail, as the case may be, can move is to use a modification of both these methods in a direction parallel to the wind, or in the --i.l., slack off the sheet for a foot or two, so "wind's eye" as sailors would say, the boat the sail, before it can fill with wind, will be at cannot be upset by an ordinary gust of wind. such an angle with the hull that the shock upon
In other words, in all fore-and-aft sails, such the latter cannot be great. This gives one more as are used almost the world over for small sail. command of the boat, and insures quicker boats, the sheet, or rope that confines the after- movement of the hull, and hence quicker obedi. part of the sail to the stern-part of the boat, is ence to the helm, should a sudden change ocThe key to the whole science of boat-sailing.
This slacking of the sheet also prevents If one knows how to use the sheet properly, the boat from going about on the other tack, one knows how to sail a boat with comparative should she be brought 100 suddenly to the safety. Of course it is supposed that he should wind. also understand flaws of wind and their effects. With an experienced hand at the helm, unless
It is the flaws of wind caught by the sail — the squall is very severe, there is no need of more than it can bear—that capsize a boat ; and, luffing so as to shake the sail to any great de. if the wind that has force enough to do this gree. The slightest movement of the tiller will could be “spilled” out of the sail, the boat keep the sail just quivering in the wind, the would be immediately relieved.
boat still advancing, so that she will not lose Therefore to insure safety, the person steering steerage-way; thus enabling one to at once luff a boat should never belay the sheet, but keep it up nearer to the wind, or change the boat's in hand, so as to be able to slack it off gradu- position rapidly, should the wind, which is often ally, or cast it off entirely at a moment's notice. the case, shift its direction suddenly. To do this, only one turn should be taken round Nothing is of more importance than to keep the cleat; so that the sheet will slip under the steerage-way on the boat, as it is only in the force of a gust of wind, when the hand retaining utmost emergency that the sheet should be it in place slackens it in the slightest degree. slacked wholly off, and the headway lost.
If the whole sail points towards the wind's If the boat is well under command when the eye, it no longer has any effect upon the boat. squall is seen advancing, then the method of The sail then shakes in the wind exactly as a steering into the wind's eye may be safely flag does from the top of a flag-staff, the wind adopted, and is, in fact, the better and more passing by on both sides. Should the sheet be seamanlike method. hauled aft, the sail would be filled with wind In small sail-boats on ponds, or arms of the upon one side, and if the wind had strength to sea, when a thunder-shower is coming upovercome the gravity of the boat, capsize her. which can always be seen in time—it is, as a
Or if the boat is so heavy ballasted that its rule, much the safest plan to take the boat as gravity cannot be readily overcome, the mast or quickly as possible towards the nearest harbor sail are liable to be carried away, and danger or land, unless rocky, inaccessible, or dangerincurred on account of the towing mast and ous; in which case, furl all sail and let go sail. These would most likely draw the boat an anchor, paying out such a scope of cable into the trough of the sea, where she would be that the boat will ride easily. Then wait for swamped almost instantly.
the coming blast. It does not follow, because the slacking of However severe it may be, the thunder-gust the sheet is a safe thing to do, that it should can then do no harm. With an oar you can always be done. With boatmen who are thor- head the boat towards the coming blast, so that oughly practised it seldom is done ; for they she will feel but little of its force, and prevent can obtain the same result with the rudder by the dragging of the anchor.