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BY THEO. L. DE VINNE.
WOODCUTS: CONCERNING THE TAK- we know no engraver audacious enough to pro
pose it to a publisher. ING OF PROOFS AND PRINTS.
The question may be asked, Why do engravers make use of a method of taking proofs which cannot be repeated in practical printing? The
usual answer of the engraver is that he has a (Reprinted, with the author's permission, from the London right to show his work to the best advantage. Printing Times.)
The right, and indeed the duty, of the engraver
to take an impression of every block he has en. The contrast of the cost of proofs with that of graved in the highest style of the printer's art prints will be most instructive. This cost is not is not to be questioned. It is but just that he easily defined by figures, for there are differences should show to the publisher for whom the in the size of blocks, in the quality of the en- block has been cut what he has done in engravgraving, and in the method of proving. Some ing, and what can be done by printing. And he engravers prefer to take proofs with their own has a right to put the standard very high ; to hands, rubbing an impression by the aid of an
make use of every process known in practical ivory burnisher, cheerfully devoting an hour or
printing. But this right should stop with the more to this work. Others (in New York City) legitimate processes of the art. prefer to give their blocks to a professional For his own pleasure and guidance in the proof-taker, who does the work on a hand-press, subsequent cutting of tints he may overload or and who, by constant practice and familiarity rub in black in any portion of the block injuwith the ways of engravers, has acquired great diciously cut too light, or he may wipe off the skill in manipulating woodcuts. By many en. ink on the edges, and change the hard blacks gravers these hand-press proofs are preferred to to soft grays, or in any other way he may repair burnished proofs. They are often smoother and by skilful proving any fault in the cutting. more silvery in tint; but their greatest merit is Proofs taken with this purpose are instructive, that “they were taken on a press " and this is but they are commendable for this purpose supposed to imply to the publisher and the only. printer that what has been done on one press The right of an engraver to submit to a pubcan be done on another. The hand-press proof lisher a proof of this character as an evidence of is offered as an incontestable voucher of the his skill in engraving, when its greatest merits existence of certain merits in the engraving have been attained by tricks of printing, is which can be reproduced on the machine- quite another matter. To fill pale parts with press.
black ink, to substitute grays for blacks, to misFifty cents may be fixed on as a low average lead, even by indirection, the publisher to the in an estimate of the cost of artists' proofs. The belief that the brilliant effect of the proof can price of proofs from large blocks is sometimes be reproduced in the presswork of a machinethree or four times as much. Engravers who press—these, surely, do not deserve any provalue their time would probably rate the average longed consideration. It is an abuse of lancost of a burnished proof at much more than fifty guage to call an impression made by these and cents. At this rate, reckoning, as is just, at a other meretricious processes a proof. Why a uniform price per square inch, the cost of each proof? It does not truly show the engraver's sheet of 500 square inches of mixed cuts and
work on the block ; it is not a truthful model of types, “artistically" printed on a machine-press, the work that will be done by the pressman ; it would be five dollars. This reckoning is en- is, in most cases, only an illustration of what tirely fair ; for the labor of inking and manipu- the engraver wishes he had done and has not lating the cuts for an artistic proof increases done ; of what he wishes would be, but which with increase in the size of form ; and if the he well knows will not be, done. It is, in sad engraver's and hand-prover's methods are imi- earnest, an exhibition of faith more than of tated, the cost cannot be greatly diminished works; for it is fairly covered by the theologiwhen many proofs are taken. Duplicates are cal definition—"the substance of things hoped never less than half the price of the first proof. for, the evidence of things not seen” in the If we accept the lowest price named by an ex
block nor in the print. pert as the average cost of each artist's proof, this price will be found greater than the price paid for proofs to the most famous printer of etchings or line engravings. In other words, the artist's proof of an engraving on wood costs MR. MEREDITH TOWNSEND, one of the editors more, size being equal, than an artist's proof of of the London Spectator, and for fourteen years an engraving on copper or steel.
a resident of India, says : “Bayard Taylor's is No author or publisher can afford to have a the only book I ever saw on India in which I book of illustrations printed by the methods found no mistake." that have been used in taking proofs of the cuts of that book. Here and there a wealthy man “Ą BOOK,” says the Examiner (N. Y.), “which might be found who would not grudge the no teacher of English can afford to overlook, is money, but he would not consent to the delay. Edwin A. Abboti's 'How to Parse,' which has He may, as is often the case, allow the cuts to recently been republished in this country. Mr. be printed together by a separate impression, Abbott's ideas about parsing are radically differbut he will not pay the cost nor suffer the delay ent from those of Lindley Murray and his serof having them printed one by one, with a spe vile imitators—and to our mind, worthy of cial beating and a special washing or wiping of general adoption ; but whether one accepts the block before every impression. With some them or not, he will find in Mr. Abbott's book knowledge of fine books and editions, and some a good deal of incidental information and inacquaintance with the methods of famous print- spiriting suggestion with reference to our ers, we know no book printed by this process : I mother tongue."
COMMENTS ON BOOKS.
DEFRAUDING THE PUBLISHERS. obscure newspapers. This plan has also been (From the Burlington, Vt., Saturday Review, Jan. 18.)
adopted by the publishers of magazines and
the costly reviews and weekly publications. Our attention was called yesterday by a By this plan the publisher is able to procure prominent business man of this city to a species nine of each of the New York papers, includ. of fraud which is being penetrated by a well-ing the New York Herald, Sun, Times, Tribune, known newspaper publisher, not a thousand World, Post, Express, and Star, besides nine of iniles from Burlington, by which not only a nearly every important magazine in the country, large number of the large publishers of the including the three publications of the Harpers, country are being defrauded, but many persons for which he pretends to publish the prospoorer and less able to stand the drain upon pectus of each of them in his legitimate publithem. The modus operandi is as follows: The cation, and in each of his eight papers without publisher in question purports to publish a circulation (but for which he claims a large large number of newspapers. On September 28 circulation). The prospectus is set up only last the number was nine. These papers are once, and as the press-work for all the papers got up on the patent outside plan, the outside
is done at the same time, and the form is the of the publication being printed by the New same except a change of head, the prospectus York Newspaper Union. Now as each of these
of necessity must go through the whole. It is nine publications are precisely alike, there difficult for a person to see how a quarter of a seems to be no especial reason why there should column prospectus in the North Hero Recorder, be a different head or title except for the pur- which has a circulation of 24 copies, can pose of fraud, which is charged on the streets. benefit the New York Herald, or at least be Not only are all of these papers alike, but none worth $10. The same can be said as to the of them, except at the place where the publish-other New York dailies. er resides, have even an office. Without an But it is not for defrauding such men as abiding place, without a desk, without a clerk James Gordon Bennett, or George Jones, or or a chick of a clerk, without any local em- Whitlaw Reid, or Mr. English, or the heirs of ployé, except a person employed to pick up Wm. Cullen Bryant, or John Kelly, or the an item or two, what can be the object of pub- Harpers, that we make this exposé. They can lishing to the world that a newspaper bearing afford to be occasionally defrauded and suffer such and such a name is published in such and no inconvenience, but it is for the advertisers such a place except it be for a fraudulent pur- at large. Not long since a number of sewing: pose ?
machines were obtained in this same way, and The names of some of these newspapers a gentleman said to us a few days since that he whose existence is a myth, and which can be but purchased a $5 book for 75 cents of the puba delusion and a snare, we give below, together lisher of these papers, indicating that some. with the number of outsides printed for each by thing is rotten nearer home than Denmark, the Newspaper Union for September 28, 1878: The enormous profit of this manner of pub
lishing newspapers can readily be seen.
The Record, North Hero, Vt..
edition of the North Hero Recorder costs the Star, Chateaugay, N. Y.
publisher about 25 cents per week-or about Record, Port Henry, N. Y
$10 per year, estimating for its customary Herald, Nicholville, N. Y. Journal, Champlain, N. Y.
temporary suspensions. As the publisher has
a store where the product of “this splendid News, Plattsburg, N. Y
advertising medium" with its “large circula. Home Visitor, St. Albans.
tion” is sold, it is fair to say that the full sub. Journal, Moria, N. Y.
scription price of each of the publications re.
ceived in exchange is obtained. Add to this a Eight newspapers, total circulation..
sewing-machine or two, an order for partial pay Average circulation....
on an organ and a piano, one for a carriage and The following local advertisement of the the large amount of Burlington advertising put publisher illustrates his idea of these news
in especially to reach North Hero, and it will not papers :
be difficult to figure out at least a $500 income
alone. Multiply this by eight and you have the BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
profit of doing this newspaper publishing on
credence. Their large local subscription list makes these newspapers most valuable advertising mediums. Advertising space can
There is one view of this subject which we
must admit amazes us. be secured at reasonable rates. Correspondence solicited.
There are, as it is well Orders from respectable and responsible sources receive pal cities which profess to be a guide to ad;
known, a number of publications in the principrompt attention. Address,
vertisers, and which claim to expose fraud But the legitimate circulation of these papers when attempted by the newspaper publishers is not nearly as great as even the table gives of the country. In New York there is Rowell's them. By an arrangement with the Newspaper newspaper list, while Pettingill has a similar Union, the firm which prints the patent outside, publication at Boston, and Ayers in Phila. the publisher must send to each of the Union's delphia. Instead of giving any light to their advertisers a free copy of the paper. This we advertising patrons, their publications white. understand was one week no less than sixteen wash such a fraud by publishing that such copies. Subtract sixteen copies from each of papers are published in their different places, these publications and the exchanges, and what and yet a person cannot be found in North is left ?
Heru, and not a person in St. Albans, who ever Now for the object. As most of our readers saw the paper purporting to be published there, know, the New York and Boston dailies require or who knows anything about them. Probably the publication of a prospectus a certain num- the same can be said of those which are dated ber of times before they will exchange with l from New York State.
72 96 96
EDWARD HOPKINS CUSHING.
A DISCUSSION ON INTERNATIONAL to be the cleverest, most practical, and most
effective discussion of the subject yet made. COPYRIGHT.
Among others present were Mr. A. C. Arm. On Thursday evening, January 30th, Mr. G. strong, Mr.F.W. Christern, Mr. G. W. Carleton, P. Putnam read his paper on International Rev. B. F. De Costa, and Mr. W. R. Sperry, Copyright in its Relations to Ethics and Politi- managing editor of the Evening Post ; Capt. cal Economy,”—which we hope to print en- John Codman presided. tire later,-before the New York Free Trade Club, at its rooms, 21 West Twenty-fourth
OBITUARY. Street. Mr. Putnam asserted the right of property in literary production, reviewed the copyright arrangements of other countries, gave a On the 14th inst., near midnight, Edward valuable historical summary of the efforts for Hopkins Cushing died at his home in Houston, international copyright made in this country, Texas. quoted and answered in a satiric vein the “ Phil- Mr. Cushing was born at Royalton, Vt., June adelphia resolutions,” showed the present prac-11, 1829, graduated at Dartmouth College, New tical difficulties in the way of international | Hampshire, in June, 1850, and almost immedi. copyright pure and simple, and summarized ately after his collegiate course was finished his own conclusions as follows:
went to Texas. As early as September of that "Rejecting the suggestion of open publish- year he took up a school at Galveston, and ing, the plan of giving protection only to books from that time to the end of his life he continof which the type had been set and the print- ued to be a public teacher in Texas, either in ing done in this country, and the authors' prop- the school-room, as a journalist, in which pro. osition to extend the right of copyright fession he long occupied a prominent place, or without limitation or restriction, we would as an active and intelligent bookseller. He recommend a measure based upon the sugges. taught school at Galveston, and subsequently tion of the British Commission, coupled with at Brazoria until 1853, when he took editorial one or two of the provisions that have been in charge of the Columbian Democrat, at Columbia, cluded in the several American schemes: Brazoria Co.; and three years later he edited
and published the Houston Telegraph, which *1. That the title of the foreign work be registered in the owes to his labors its prominence. United States simultaneously with its publication abroad. **2. That the work be republished in the United States
At the close of the war he engaged in the within six months of its publication abroad.
book trade in Houston and Galveston, dealing shall be made that the republishing be done by an Ameri- self the reputation of a patron and promoter
That for a limited term, say ten years, the stipulation chiefly in school books, and winning for him"+. That for the same term of years the copyrighted pro- of learning and letters. It is said of him that tection be given to those books only that have been printed 'there is scarcely a scholar in Texas who has and bound in this country, the privilege being accorded of not enjoyed his friendship, and not a writer importing foreign stereotypes and electrotypes of cuts. 5. That subject to these provisions the foreign author or
who has not received his hearty and substantial his assigns shall be accorded the same privileges now con- encouragement, and in the entire South the receded to an American author."
public of letters did not have a more earnest,
active, and able member. In every relation of A general invitation had been issued to those life Mr. Cushing was distinguished, and, while interested in copyright, and many publishers he was well qualified to be a leader among men, and literary men took part in the ensuing dis- he was none the less a sympathetic and true cussion. Dr. S. I. Prime made a strong appeal, friend, an entertaining and instructive com. in a humorous vein, in favor of the author's panion, a sterling man, an excellent citizen, and unrestricted right, on the ground of conscience ; a Christian gentleman." but he thought not only the House of Representatives but the public opposed international copyright. Mr. Randolph thought the public,
COMMUNICATIONS. when aroused to the question, would be in its favor; the question of copyright would be set
A QUESTION OF UNDERSELLING. tled as soon as the reprinting difficulty was
SELMA, ALA., January 6, 1878. settled, and he prophesied that there would be F. Leypoldt, Esq.: international copyright within five years. Mr. Dear Sir: I have your bill of $3.20, and John Elderkin was called on, but responded by would have remitted before, but that I see the calling out Mr. Charlton T. Lewis, who opposed WEEKLY quoted by the Subscription News Co., the preceding speakers, and insisted that an 99 Nassau Street, at $3, and have written to author enjoyed his reward in the influence he ascertain the responsibility of the said comexerted, and that he could not expect compen- pany. If it is responsible, it will be somewhat sation outside his own country. Mr. R. R. a saving to obtain the WEEKLY through it; and Bowker combated this view, but argued that the if it is not responsible, it ought to be so reported copyright question could not be settled without in your columns. due regard to existing tariff and manufacturing The saving is small, but it is on equality with conditions. Mr. Horace White gave it as his profits of the book trade, which all seem to be experience as a journalist that the public were going to other than the members thereof. Webneither in favor nor against international copy. ster's Dictionary, 4to, cannot be brought to this right, being totally uninterested in the subject. place and sold without positive loss at the price Mr. J. Appleton Morgan claimed as his own it costs as a premium with a numerous array of suggestion Mr. W. C. Prime's plan of settling periodicals; the trade in school books and the matter, by changing the word "citizen" in stationery was opened up to the dry-goods our copyright law to person,” and supported and other lines, by jobbing Webster's spellthat project. A vote of thanks was passed to ers at same prices to them as to the regular Mr. Putnam, whose paper was said by several book trade; and if the book trade as a trade has
any special advantages over other lines of busi- Sioux FALLS, DAKOTA. — C. A. Natesta, ness, I do not know of them now. Other lines bookseller and stationer, has sold out to T. get our goods, which unfortunately assort well Russell. with any of the lighter trades, at same prices we pay, and the only advantage publishers can now
TIDIOUTE, PA.-W. R. Dawson succeeds
Evans & Dawson, booksellers. extend to us they are backward about-i.e., to furnish the book trade, and it only, regularly with WASHINGTON, D. C.-Solomons & Chapman, their issues on sale, and have an accounting day books and stationery, have dissolved partnerthree or four times a year.
ship, and James J. Chapman will continue the Yours truly,
WM. G. BOYD. business. [The subscription price of the Publishers' Weekly is $3 plus postage 20 cents. We have LITERARY AND TRADE NOTES. no relations with the company named, or with
The business of the firm of Chas. Scribner's other subscription agencies, authorizing any re: Sons will go on without interruption from the duction, and commission is allowed to such only on condition of their holding to our rates. death of Mr. Blair Scribner, as provided by the This is a principle which the PUBLISHERS: latter's will, Mr. Chas. Scribner taking the Weekly means to practise as well as preach. headship of the house. If a subscriber prefers to wait for his paper un
ROBERTS BROTHers will publish this season til it can be inclosed in a package from the news a new and revised edition of Rev. J. H. Allen's agencies, we have, however, no objection to their “Hebrew Men and Times.” It is an admirable dedụcting or to his saving the postage. We do work in its department of religious history, and, not mail directly in such cases, unless in igno- in its revised form, ought to have a large circurance of the reduction.]
D. LOTHROP & Co. have nearly ready_Miss
Yonge's popular and excellent “ Young Folks' AUTHORS AT WORK.
History of England," with many illustrations, Mr. John Fiske proposes to give in Boston, forming a very agreeable and 'inviting introthis winter, six lectures on Early American duction to English history. The volume on History. The first lecture will treat of the dis- Rome is in preparation. covery of America ; the second of the different
A. D. F. RANDOLPH & Co. will presently social types of colonist, Spanish, French, and issue the third Old Testament volume of Gray's English, and their aims; the third of the over- - Biblical Museum;" “Studies in the Life of throw of French colonial empire, and rise of the Christ,” by Principal Fairbairn, a book of pracEnglish race to the foremost rank ; the fourth tical theology; and a of the Puritans and the constitutional questions pleasant pen of Rose Porter, entitled “ In the
new story from the at issue between the crown and the colonies; Mist."
“The American Almanac and Treasury of Facts," edited by A. R. Spofford, has among
its many new features articles on the History BANGOR, ME.—The firm of J. T. Bowler & and Principles of Taxation, Homestead and ExCo., dealers in books, stationery, etc., has been emption Laws in all the States, Facts concerning dissolved, and the business will be continued the Census, Statistics of Coal, the Iron Industries by F. H. Smith.
of the United States, a History of the Continent
al and Confederate Currency, the Budgets of OSCEOLA, Iowa.-E. H. Wilson has pur. Nations, the World's Stock of Precious Metals, chased the book and stationery business of the Insolvent Laws of all the States, Sugar Pro
duction, Silver Money and the Paris ConferSt. Stephen, N. B.-C. H. Smith, book- ence, History of Resumption in England, Vital seller, was burned out in the recent fire at this Statistics of various nations, Cotton Production place.
of the United States, etc.
the fifth and sixth of the Revolution.
R. R. B., Box 4295, N. Y.
Sermons in Stones. By Rev. D, McCausland.
CHAS. L. WOODWARD, 78 NASSAU ST., N. Y.
Melish's Map of the United States. Published at PhilaLouis Hennepin Travels. 2 v. in 1, with
BOOKS FOR SALE.
LARGE lot of good miscellaneous second-hand books One Year or Two Homes, by Peard.
unincumbered real estate. A good chance for any one deJ. FENIMORE, Box 4295, N. Y.
sirous of engaging in the book business to obtain a stock of Cooper, Afloat and Ashore. Good condition. Townsend 686, Washington, D.C.
books on easy terms. Address "ExcHANGE," P. O. Box imp. Original cl. binding. G. S., P. O. Box 686, WASHINGTON, D. C.
BOOKS FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE, Life of Alexander Hamilton. Published by authority of
Congress, and edited by John C. Hamilton. 7 vols. 8o.
hand school-books. Back numbers of 56,789 differcheap.
ent periodicals for sale cheap.
views, and back numbers of some three thousand dif. Hyde, Genealogy.
ferent periodicals, for sale, cheap, at the AMERICAN AND Brown's History of New York.
FOREIGN MAGAZINE DEPOT 24 Dey Street, New York.
BOOKS FOR SALE.
BUSINESS WANTED. ABOUT Tols of assorted subscription books for sale ANinterest in an book business wanted by a gentleman
buy the entire business if sold low. Address B. K. S., care
of this office. SITUATION WANTED.
BUSINESS FOR SALE. A
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N old-established book, stationery, and wall-paper store best of references given from former employers, also from book men in New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Cincinnati, and cash trade. A rare bargain offered. Address H. G., No. 16 Indianapolis. Address T., care "Publishers' Weekly." Walnut St., Cleveland, O. NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT RENEWAL
scription business. ,, Satisfactory reasons for selling: Address SUBSCRIPTION,” care of "Publishers' Weekly,
that on the ad of January, 1879, G. P. QUACKENBOS, of New York, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the title or description of which is in the following | DEATH OF DEATH, words, to wit : "First Lessons in Composition, in which the Principles of the Art are developed in connection with the J. W. RANDOLPH & ENGLISH, RICHMOND. Principles of Grammar: embracing full directions on the subject of Punctuation, with copious Exercises. By G. P.
Price, $1.25, by mail paid. Quackenbos, LL.D. Two Hundredth Thousand New THE DEATH OF DEATH; OR, A STUDY OF GOD'S York: D. Appleton & Company. 1878 :" the right whereof HOLINESS IN CONNECTION WITH THE EXhe claims as Author and Proprietor, in conformity with the ISTENCE OF EVIL, in so far as intelligent beings are laws of the United States respecting, Copyrights.
concerned. By an orthodox layman. A. R. SPOFFORD, Librarian of Congress.
This is a book worth reading. In renewal for fourteen years from January 23, 1879, when the first term of twenty-eight years will have expired.
For sale by C. T. DILLINGHAM, New York.
No. 18 Beekman Street, New York,
Writing, Book, News and Manila Papers.
SPECIAL SIZES MADE TO ORDER.
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MARCUS WARD & CO.,
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Have pleasure in announcing that their new and elegant Presentation Book,
SHORES OF THE POLAR SEA.
A Narrative of the Arctic Expedition of 1875-76, by Dr. Edward L. Moss, H. M. S. “ Alert,"
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