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“A MASQUE OF POETS." is an evil, as every owner of a library will at “A MASQUE of Poets.” recently published in
once feel, when, looking at his handsome copies Boston by Messsrs Roberts Brothers, and no.
of Wallace's Russia," Baker's “Turkey," ticed in these columns, has given rise to several
McCoan's Egypt,” and Sergeant's “ New curious errors of judgment with regard to the Greece," he longs to put Geary's “Through authorship of different poems. We learn from
Asiatic Turkey" by the side of its companions unquestionable authority that the lines entitled
on his shelves, and knows that it does not and " Question and No Answer," universally as
cannot exist in a form suited to such a purcribed to Dr. O. W. Holmes, were in fact pose. written by Lord Houghton ; that One Hun
If only one book was affected by this state of dred and One,” which has been set down as the facts, there would be compensation enough in production of R. W. Emerson, was written
the reflection that good literature is made popby Miss H. W. Preston ; that E. C. Stedman is ular, but unluckily the prospect now is that the the author of “Provençal Lovers," and not Mr.
rule which excludes this work from publica. Stoddard or Miss Preston as stated by the
tion in book form will presently produce a newspapers. It may also be mentioned that like effect in the case of all books of foreign auTransfiguration" was written by Miss Alcott; thorship, while the public will not really gain Pilgrims,” by the late H. D. Thoreau ; “Red anything in return, because in any case books Tape,” and “ My Heart
, I Cannot Still It," by likely to be popular at low prices will be pubJames Russell Lowell ; and “A Lover's Tests,
lished in cheap form as well as in more durable by Bayard Taylor. Mr. G. H. Boker is the shape. author of " A Song Before Singing," which has this: Those publishers who have done a large
There is one comfort to be extracted from also been fathered upon Tennyson and Long business in the republication of foreign books, fellow; the ballad of “ Husband and Wife" is by Miss Rossetti; and “Horizon” and « À paying the authors gratuitous copyright out of Woman's Death Wound” by “H. H.” W. E. their profits, and who have opposed internaChanning writes the “Children's Song ;" Wm. tional copyright measures as likely to interfere Allingham writes Amy Margaret.” Aubrey
with their business, will now find it the part of de Vere is the author of Eld," A. B. Alcott of wisdom to favor just and proper legislation on "Eumenides," and Mrs. Annie Fields of
this subject. So long as the courtesy of the “Theocritus,” which has been claimed as a
trade protected them from ruinous competition matter of course for Mr. Stedman. "The Un- they were content with matters, and preferred seen Preacher” is by Miss E. S. Phelps, Oc voluntarily; but now that a class of publishers
to do what justice they could to foreign authors tober Sunday" by John Weiss, “Benedicam Domino” by Susan Coolidge (attributed also by is no such word as courtesy, and who do not
has sprung up in whose bright lexicon there the riddle-guessers to “H. H.”), “Through a Window Pane" by J. J. Piatt, “Awakening," scruple to publish a foreign book without payby Mrs. Celia Thaxter, and “The Marshes of ing the author, in competition with the edition Glynn" by Sidney Lanier. The volume is certains of a publisher who does pay the author, the ly graced with contributions from many favorite great houses will find their own only protection poets, and it will be no less heartily enjoyed in the adoption of a just and equitable law on the by the reader because he is not obliged to tread subject. The public of book-buyers and readon eggs. - Tribune,
ers, whose interest it is that all books of worth shall be accessible in decent shape for perma
nent use, will welcome the co-operation of NEW LIGHT ON THE COPYRIGHT
these great publishing houses in their efforts to
secure a copyright law founded in justice and QUESTION
reason, and not upon narrow geographical (From the Evening Post, 3d Jan.)
grounds. The lack of a law of copyright in this coun
ENGLISH BOOK PRODUCTION IN try for literary works of foreign authorship is beginning to produce a result not foreseen,
1878. which is worth considering. We yesterday re- The Publishers' Circular (London) gives its viewed Mr. Grattan Geary's “Through Asiatic | annual summary and analysis of books recordTurkey," a work of permanent value as well as ed in 1878—and in improved classification. of great present interest, and in doing so noted | Out of the total of 5314 volumes issued in the its appearance in the form of a number in the twelve months, 3049, or three fifths, were abFranklin Square Library—that is to say, in the solutely new books, and 2046, or two fifths, form of an unbound quarto pamphlet. In this new editions and reprints There were 620 shape a book of the sort has its uses certainly ; | American imported works. Classifying the figit is so cheap that anybody may own and read ures, we find that out of the total of 5314 works, it, and that is a gain ; but there is the unfortu- Theology and Biblical literature, including Ser. nate fact behind it that the lack of an interna mons, claim 739, nearly one seventh ; Educa. tional copyright law prevents the publication of tional, Classical, and Philological works, 586, this and all other works of the kind in any more than one tenth ; Juvenile works and tales, worthy, permanent form, thereby shutting the 448 nearly one twelfth ; Novels, tales, and other book and similar books out of our libraries, fiction, 879, nearly one sixth ; Law books, 129, or public and private, which is a calamity.
one in every forty one ; Treatises on Political In the absence of a law of international copy. and Social Economy, Trade and Commerce, right, anybody who chooses may print a foreign 181, nearly one thirtieth ; Artistic, Scientific, book here; and with the certainty of competi- and illustrated works, 147, or one in every tion by the cheap “libraries"-as they are thirty-six ; Voyages, Travels, and Geographical called-before his eyes, no publisher will take books, 215, nearly one sin twenty-five ; History, the risk of publishing a work of the kind in Biography, etc., 430, more than one twelfth ; any but the very cheapest form. This, we say, ' Poetry and the Drama, 356, nearly one fifteenth;
51 131 13
I 20 501 2,222 2,270
Prints and cuts.
Year-books, and annual volumes of Serials, 240, The business of copyright entries and deposor one in every twenty-two ; works on Medicine, its, placed by law in charge of the Librarian of Surgery, etc., 233, also one in twenty-two ; Congress, has slightly increased during the Belles Lettres, Essays, Monographs, 531, one year now closed. There were entered in the tenth ; and miscellaneous publications, 200, or office during the calendar year 1878, 15,798 one in twenty-six. The total for the year 1878 publications of all kinds against 15,758 entries is 219 in excess of the number registered in 1877, for the calendar year 1877. The copyright fees and the increase 'lies chiefly in the theological received and paid into the Treasury amounted works, where the new books numbered 531 in to $13,134.50. The year preceding, the aggre.
78, as gainst 485 in 1877; in educational gate fees received were $13,076 ; showing an inworks, which rose to 424 from 329 in 1877—an crease of $58.50. The copyrights of the year increase of nearly one hundred, probably due exhibit the following division as to classes of to the growing activity of School Boards and publications entered at the office: other scholastic agencies ; in history and biogra
5,632 phy, which rose from 241 in 1877 to 312 in 1878 ; Periodicals. in year-books and annual volumes of serials, Musical compositions which stood at 225 last year year, as cornpared
Photographs. with 70 in 1877-an increase probably more ap- Engravings and chromos.
1,053 parent than real ; and in belles lettres, 409 as Maps and charts.
1,081 against 249. The number of new novels and
Prints. works of fiction registered was almost station- Paintings.
Designs and drawings. ary in the two years, being 447 in 1878 and 446
Total.. in 1877. The figures in the new book column
15.798 of 1878 showed an increase on 1877 in every class except in works on art and science, where right exhibit the following accessions to the col.
The deposits of publications to perfect copythere was a slight falling off. In the issues of lections, under each designation of copyright new editions the past year showed a decrease publications deposited under the law: on every class except in novels and fiction, which rose from 408 in 1877 to 432 in 1878. In
Periodicals the total issues during the various months of Musical compositions.
7,585 the year, November takes the lead with 671 vol- Dramatic compositions. umes, December follows with 590, October Photographs... with 522 ; and the lowest point is reached in
Engravings and chromos
Maps and charts.. August, when the total, both of new books and new editions, was only 290"; but this is the only Designs... month in which the figures are below 300. It
Total.. may be added that the full titles of all the volumes thus brought into account have been As two copies of each publication are requirgiven in the Publishers' Circular, issued by ed to be deposited, the net additions to the col. Messrs. Sampson Low & Co., during the year. lections of copyright material are 15.013 articles,
of which 4675 are books, besides periodicals numbering 3930.
The funds under charge of the Joint Commit. LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS' REPORT.
tee on the Library exhibit the following unexLIBRARY OF CONGRESS, ? pended balances on the ist of January, 1879: WASHINGTON, January 2, 1879. I
Fund for the increase of Library. T'he undersigned has the honor to submit Fund for ornamenting the Capitol with works of herewith his annual report, exhibiting the prog
Fund for portraits of Presidents of the United ress of the Library of Congress and the busi- States
2,840 00 ness of the copyright department during the Fund for purchase and printing of unpublished year closing December 31, 1878.
historical documents relating to early French
discoveries in the Northwest and on the MissisThe annual enumeration of the books just
5.964 04 completed exhibits a gratifying growth in all Fund for salaries in Botanic Garden and greenthe collections which go to make up the Libra
4,811 0 7 The additions to the law department have
Fund for improving Botanic Garden. ry.
1,367 45 been 3881 volumes, and to the miscellaneous The printing of the new general catalogue of library 17,656 volumes, besides 11,689 pam- the Library, which promises to make about six phlets and 2344 maps and charts. At the date royal octavo volumes, has advanced to the close of my last report, January 1, 1878, the whole of the letter B, and is now being prosecuted Library numbered 331,118 volumes and about with as much rapidity as is consistent with ac110,000 pamphlets. The aggregate increase curate editing and printing. Its value will bednring theyear has been 21,537 volumes, and come increasingly apparent as the volumes apswells the aggregate contents of the Library to pear, embracing, as they do, in one alphabet, 352,655 volumes of books, besides about 120- the entire contents of the Library, whether books 000 pamphlets. The accessions of the year or pamphlets, up to the year 1878. have come from the following sources :
AINSWORTH R. SPOFFORD, Books. Pamphlets. By purchase..
Librarian of Congress. 7,864 By copyright.
6,740 To Hon. T. 0. Howe, By deposit of the Smithsonian Insti
Chairman of the Joint Committee on the Li2,396
2,416 By donation (including State and
brary. municipal documents)..
348 [We have omitted only the annual appeal By exchange...
for more room, which it is to be hoped Congress Total..
11,689 will at last heed.-En.]
BY THEO. L. DE VINNE.
WOODCUTS: CONCERNING THE TAK- we know no engraver audacious enough to proING OF PROOFS AND PRINTS.
pose it to a publisher.
The question may be asked, Why do engravers make use of a method of taking proofs which cannot be repeated in practical printing? The
usual answer of the engraver is that he has a (Reprinted, with the author's permission, from the London right to show his work to the best advantage. Printing Times.)
The right, and indeed the duty, of the engraver
to take an impression of every block he has enThe contrast of the cost of proofs with that of graved in the highest style of the printer's art prints will be most instructive. This cost is not
is not to be questioned. It is but just that he easily defined by figures, for there are differences should show to the publisher for whom the in the size of blocks, in the quality of the en- block has been cut what he has done in engravgraving, and in the method of proving. Some ing, and what can be done by printing. And he engravers prefer to take proofs with their own
has a right to put the standard very high ; to hands, rubbing an impression by the aid of an
make use of every process known in practical ivory burnisher, cheerfully devoting an hour or
printing. But this right should stop with the more to this work. Others (in New York City! legitimate processes of the art. prefer to give their blocks to a professional For his own pleasure and guidance in the proof-taker, who does the work on a hand-press, subsequent cutting of tints he may overload or and who, by constant practice and familiarity rub in black in any portion of the block injuwith the ways of engravers, has acquired great diciously cut too light, or he may wipe off the skill in manipulating woodcuts. By many en. ink on the edges, and change the hard blacks gravers these hand-press proofs are preferred to
to soft grays, or in any other way he may repair burnished proofs. They are often smoother and by skilful proving any fault in the cutting. more silvery in tint; but their greatest merit is Proofs taken with this purpose are instructive, that “they were taken on a press ;" and this is but they are commendable for this purpose supposed to imply to the publisher and the only. printer that what has been done on one press The right of an engraver to submit to a pubcan be done on another. The hand-press proof lisher a proof of this character as an evidence of is offered as an incontestable voucher of the his skill in engraving, when its greatest merits existence of certain merits in the engraving have been attained by tricks of printing, is which can be reproduced on the machine- quite another matter. To fill pale parts with press.
black ink, to substitute grays for blacks, to misFifty cents may be fixed on as a low average lead, even by indirection, the publisher to the in an estimate of the cost of artists' proofs. The belief that the brilliant effect of the proof can price of proofs from large blocks is sometimes be reproduced in the presswork of a machinethree or four times as much. Engravers who press-these, surely, do not deserve any provalue their time would probably rate the average longed consideration. It is an abuse of lancost of a burnished proof at much more than fifty guage to call an impression made by these and cents. At this rate, reckoning, as is just, at a other meretricious processes a proof. Why a uniform price per square inch, the cost of each proof? It does not truly show the engraver's sheet of 500 square inches of mixed cuts and work on the block; it is not a truthful model of types, artistically” printed on a machine-press, the work that will be done by the pressman; it would be five dollars. This reckoning is en- is, in most cases, only an illustration of what tirely fair ; for the labor of inking and manipu- the engraver wishes he had done and has not lating the cuts for an artistic proof increases done ; of what he wishes would be, but which with increase in the size of form ; and if the he well knows will not be, done. It is, in sad engraver's and hand-prover's methods are imi. earnest, an exhibition of faith more than of tated, the cost cannot be greatly diminished works ; for it is fairly covered by the theologiwhen many proofs are taken. Duplicates are cal definition-" the substance of things hoped never less than half the price of the first proof. for, the evidence of things not seen" in the If we accept the lowest price named by an ex
block nor in the print. pert as the average cost of each artist's proof, this price will be found greater than the price paid for proofs to the most famous printer of etchings or line engravings. In other words,
COMMENTS ON BOOKS. the artist's proof of an engraving on wood costs MR. MEREDITH TOWNSEND, one of the editors more, size being equal, than an artist's proof of of the London Spectator, and for fourteen years an engraving on copper or steel.
a resident of India, says : Bayard Taylor's is No author or publisher can afford to have a the only book I ever saw on India in which I book of illustrations printed by the methods found no mistake." that have been used in taking proofs of the cuts of that book. Here and there a wealthy man “Ą BOOK," says the Examiner (N. Y.), “which might be found who would not grudge the no teacher of English can afford to overlook, is money, but he would not consent to the delay. Edwin A. Abbott's 'How to Parse,' which has He may, as is often the case, allow the cuts to recently been republished in this country. Mr. be printed together by a separate impression, Abbott's ideas about parsing are radically differbut he will not pay the cost nor suffer the delay ent from those of Lindley Murray and his serof having them printed one by one, with a spe- vile imitators—and to our mind, worthy of cial beating and a special washing or wiping of general adoption ; but whether one accepts the block before every impression. With some them or not, he will find in Mr. Abbott's book knowledge of fine books and editions, and some a good deal of incidental information and inacquaintance with the methods of famous print- spiriting suggestion with reference to our ers, we know no book printed by this process : 1 mother tongue.”
DEFRAUDING THE PUBLISHERS. obscure newspapers. This plan has also been (From the Burlington, Vt., Saturday Review, Jan. 18.)
adopted by the publishers of magazines and
the costly reviews and weekly publications. Our attention was called yesterday by a By this plan the publisher is able to procure prominent business man of this city to a species nine of each of the New York papers, includ. of fraud which is being penetrated by a well-ing the New York Herald, Sun, Times, Tribune, known newspaper publisher, not a thousand World, Post, Express, and Star, besides nine of iniles from Burlington, by which not only a nearly every important magazine in the country, large number of the large publishers of the including the three publications of the Harpers, country are being defrauded, but many persons for which he pretends to publish the prospoorer and less able to stand the drain upon pectus of each of them in his legitimate publithem. The modus operandi is as follows: The cation, and in each of his eight papers without publisher in question purports to publish a circulation (but for which he claims a large large number of newspapers. On September 28 circulation). The prospectus is set up only last the number was nine. These papers are once, and as the press-work for all the papers got up on the patent outside plan, the outside
is done at the same time, and the form is the of the publication being printed by the New same except a change of head, the prospectus York Newspaper Union. Now as each of these
of necessity must go through the whole. It is nine publications are precisely alike, there difficult for a person to see how a quarter of a seems to be no especial reason why there should column prospectus in the North Hero Recorder, be a different head or title except for the pur- which has a circulation of 24 copies, can pose of fraud, which is charged on the streets. benefit the New York Herald, or at least be Not only are all of these papers alike, but none worth $10. The same can be said as to the of them, except at the place where the publish-other New York dailies. er resides, have even an office. Without an But it is not for defrauding such men as abiding place, without a desk, without a clerk James Gordon Bennett, or George Jones, or or a chick of a clerk, without any local em- Whitlaw Reid, or Mr. English, or the heirs of ployé, except a person employed to pick up Wm. Cullen Bryant, or John Kelly, or the an item or two, what can be the object of pub- Harpers, that we make this exposé. They can lishing to the world that a newspaper bearing afford to be occasionally defrauded and suffer such and such a name is published in such and no inconvenience, but it is for the advertisers such a place except it be for a fraudulent pur- at large. Not long since a number of sewing: pose ?
machines were obtained in this same way, and The names of some of these newspapers a gentleman said to us a few days since that he whose existence is a myth, and which can be but purchased a $5 book for 75 cents of the puba delusion and a snare, we give below, together lisher of these papers, indicating that some. with the number of outsides printed for each by thing is rotten nearer home than Denmark, the Newspaper Union for September 28, 1878: The enormous profit of this manner of pub
lishing newspapers can readily be seen.
The Record, North Hero, Vt..
edition of the North Hero Recorder costs the Star, Chateaugay, N. Y.
publisher about 25 cents per week-or about Record, Port Henry, N. Y
$10 per year, estimating for its customary Herald, Nicholville, N. Y. Journal, Champlain, N. Y.
temporary suspensions. As the publisher has
a store where the product of “this splendid News, Plattsburg, N. Y
advertising medium" with its “large circula. Home Visitor, St. Albans.
tion” is sold, it is fair to say that the full sub. Journal, Moria, N. Y.
scription price of each of the publications re.
ceived in exchange is obtained. Add to this a Eight newspapers, total circulation..
sewing-machine or two, an order for partial pay Average circulation....
on an organ and a piano, one for a carriage and The following local advertisement of the the large amount of Burlington advertising put publisher illustrates his idea of these news
in especially to reach North Hero, and it will not papers :
be difficult to figure out at least a $500 income
alone. Multiply this by eight and you have the BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
profit of doing this newspaper publishing on
credence. Their large local subscription list makes these newspapers most valuable advertising mediums. Advertising space can
There is one view of this subject which we
must admit amazes us. be secured at reasonable rates. Correspondence solicited.
There are, as it is well Orders from respectable and responsible sources receive pal cities which profess to be a guide to ad;
known, a number of publications in the principrompt attention. Address,
vertisers, and which claim to expose fraud But the legitimate circulation of these papers when attempted by the newspaper publishers is not nearly as great as even the table gives of the country. In New York there is Rowell's them. By an arrangement with the Newspaper newspaper list, while Pettingill has a similar Union, the firm which prints the patent outside, publication at Boston, and Ayers in Phila. the publisher must send to each of the Union's delphia. Instead of giving any light to their advertisers a free copy of the paper. This we advertising patrons, their publications white. understand was one week no less than sixteen wash such a fraud by publishing that such copies. Subtract sixteen copies from each of papers are published in their different places, these publications and the exchanges, and what and yet a person cannot be found in North is left ?
Heru, and not a person in St. Albans, who ever Now for the object. As most of our readers saw the paper purporting to be published there, know, the New York and Boston dailies require or who knows anything about them. Probably the publication of a prospectus a certain num- the same can be said of those which are dated ber of times before they will exchange with l from New York State.
72 96 96
A DISCUSSION ON INTERNATIONAL to be the cleverest, most practical, and most
effective discussion of the subject yet made. COPYRIGHT.
Among others present were Mr. A. C. Arm. On Thursday evening, January 30th, Mr. G. strong, Mr.F.W. Christern, Mr. G. W. Carleton, P. Putnam read his paper on “International Rev. B. F. De Costa, and Mr. W. R. Sperry, Copyright in its Relations to Ethics and Politi- managing editor of the Evening Post; Capt. cal Economy,”—which we hope to print en- John Codman presided. tire later,-betore the New York Free Trade Club, at its rooms, 21 West Twenty-fourth
OBITUARY. Street. Mr. Putnam asserted the right of property in literary production, reviewed the copy
EDWARD HOPKINS CUSHING. right arrangements of other countries, gave a On the 14th inst., near midnight, Edward valuable historical summary of the efforts for Hopkins Cushing died at his home in Houston, international copyright made in this country, Texas. quoted and answered in a satiric vein the “ Phil- Mr. Cushing was born at Royalton, Vt., June adelphia resolutions," showed the present prac. 11, 1829, graduated at Dartmouth College, New tical difficulties in the way of international | Hampshire, in June, 1850, and almost immedicopyright pure and simple, and summarized ately after his collegiate course was finished his own conclusions as follows:
went to Texas. As early as September of that “Rejecting the suggestion of open publish- year he took up a school at Galveston, and ing, the plan of giving protection only to books from that time to the end of his life he continof which the type had been set and the print- ued to be a public teacher in Texas, either in ing done in this country, and the authors' prop- the school room, as a journalist, in which proosition to extend
right of copyright fession he long occupied a prominent place, or without limitation or restriction, we would as an active and intelligent bookseller. He recommend a measure based upon the sugges. taught school at Galveston, and subsequently tion of the British Commission, coupled with at Brazoria until 1853, when he took editorial one or two of the provisions that have been in-charge of the Columbian Democrat, at Columbia, cluded in the several American schemes : Brazoria Co.; and three years later he edited
and published the Houston Telegraph, which "1. That the title of the foreign work be registered in the owes to his labors its prominence. United States simultaneously with its publication abroad. Al the close of the war he engaged in the
" 2. That the work be republished in the United States within six months of its publication abroad.
book trade in Houston and Galveston, dealing 43. That for a limited term, say ten years, the stipulation chiefly in school books, and winning for him. shall be made that the republishing be done by an Ameri- self the reputation of a patron and promoter can citizen. ** 4. That for the same term of years the copyrighted pro
of learning and letters. It is said of him that tection be given to those books only that have been printed “there is scarcely a scholar in Texas who has and bound in this country, the privilege being accorded of importing foreign stereotypes and electrotypes of cuts.
not enjoyed his friendship, and not a writer * 5. That subject to these provisions the foreign author or
who has not received his hearty and substantial his assigns shall be accorded the same privileges now con- encouragement, and in the entire South the re. ceded to an American author."
public of letters did not have a more earnest,
active, and able member. In every relation of A general invitation had been issued to those life Mr. Cushing was distinguished, and, while interested in copyright, and many publishers he was well qualified to be a leader among men, and literary men took part in the ensuing dis- he was none the less a sympathetic and true cussion. Dr. S. I. Prime made a strong appeal, friend, an entertaining and instructive com, in a humorous vein, in favor of the author's panion, a sterling man, an excellent citizen, and unrestricted right, on the ground of conscience; a Christian gentleman.” but he thought not only the House of Representatives but the public opposed international copyright. Mr. Randolph thought the public,
COMMUNICATIONS. when aroused to the question, would be in its favor ; the question of copyright would be set
A QUESTION OF UNDERSELLING. tled as soon as the reprinting difficulty was
SELMA, ALA., January 6, 1878. settled, and he prophesied that there would be F. Leypoldt, Esq.: international copyright within five years. Mr. DEAR SIR: I have your bill of $3.20, and John Elderkin was called on, but responded by would have remitted before, but that I see the calling out Mr.Charlton T. Lewis, who opposed WEEKLY quoted by the Subscription News Co., the preceding speakers, and insisted that an 99 Nassau Street, at $3, and have written to author enjoyed his reward in the influence he ascertain the responsibility of the said comexerted, and that he could not expect compen- pany. If it is responsible, it will be somewhat sation outside his own country. Mr. R. R. a saving to obtain the WEEKLY through it; and Bowker combated this view, but argued that the if it is not responsible, it ought to be so reported copyright question could not be settled without in your columns. due regard to existing tariff and manufacturing The saving is small, but it is on equality with conditions. Mr. Horace White gave it as his profits of the book trade, which all seem to be experience as a journalist that the public were going to other than the members thereof. Webneither in favor nor against international copy- ster's Dictionary, 4to, cannot be brought to this right, being totally uninterested in the subject. place and sold without positive loss at the price Mr. J. Appleton Morgan claimed as his own it costs as a premium with a numerous array of suggestion Mr. W. C. Prime's plan of settling periodicals; the trade in school books and the matter, by changing the word "citizen” in stationery was opened up to the dry-goods our copyright law to person," and supported and other lines, by jobbing Webster's spellthat project. A vote of thanks was passed to ers at same prices to them as to the regular Mr. Putnam, whose paper was said by several book trade; and if the book trade as a trade has