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A MONTHLY MAGAZINE

DEVOTED TO

The Science, Art, Philosophy and

Literature of Education

FRANK HERBERT PALMER, Editor

1

VOLUME XXXIV

SEPTEMBER, 1913— JUNE, 1914

BOSTON
THE PALMER COMPANY

120 BOYLSTON STREET

1 914

CONTENTS

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Adieu. (Poem.) Minnie E. Hays

80

Agave, To a Blooming. (Poem.) Stokley S. Fisher

50

American Notes-Editorial 53, 121, 181, 261, 328, 388, 459, 532, 591, 653

Artist, To an. (Poem.) Minnie E. Hays

300

Book Notices

61, 129, 191, 269, 335, 398, 467, 539, 598, 660

College and Religious Education, The. Wallace N. Stearns .

380
College, Measurements of Efficiency in. Abbott L. Lowell

217

College, What Does it Cost to Build a? Wallace N. Stearns

39

Compensations of a Teacher of English, The. Alice M. Dunbar 646
Composition, Oral. Ernest Cobb

615
Compulsory Education Laws and Retardation and Elimination in
our Public Schools. Charles A. Ellwood

572
Dramatics and Public Speaking in the High School. J. Milnor
Dorey

31
Debating, Group Systems in Interscholastic. Dwight Everett
Watkins

416

Education, Cultural, Oliver H. Howe

320

Education, The Organization of. Frederic W. Sanders

273, 373, 428, 522, 561

Efficiency in College, Measurements of. Abbott Lawrence Lowell 217

Efficiency, In Elementary and Secondary Schools, Measure-

ments of. Frank E. Spaulding

225

Efficiency of Instruction, Is Scientific Accuracy Possible in the

Measurement of? George Drayton Strayer

249

Elementary and Secondary Schools, Measurements of Efficiency,

in. Frank E. Spaulding

225

English Teachers, Compensations of an,

646

English Teachers, The Training of. Report of New England As-
sociation

473

English, The Advance Movement of Teachers of. James Fleming

Hosic

99

Examination Questions. Maud E. Kingsley :

David Copperfield .

Dickens' Christmas Carol,

119

Enoch Arden

179

Gray's Elegy

Mazeppa and the Prisoner of Chillon

386

Miles Standish

588

Quentin Durward.

530

Folksong, The. (Poem.) Ida G. Kent

587

Foreign Notes

58, 126, 188, 266, 333, 394, 464, 536, 595, 657

Girls, Vocational Education for. Edith M. Tuttle

445

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Grammar, How English has been Taught in America. C. Homer
Bean.

301
Grammar, Mental Value of the Study of. Margaret Alton

78
Grenoble, Summer School at. Laura E. Lockwood

421
High School, A Solution for Public Speaking in. C. T. Mauller 162
High School Fallacies, Three Popular. James L. McConaughy . 367
High School in the Community, The Mission of. Frank P.
Bachman

405
History, College Entrance Requirements in. Wm. MacDonald
History, Examinations, The Giving of. J. Madison Gathany

574
History in the Elementary Schools. Samuel Burnett Howe

638
History, Teaching of in the Secondary Schools. E. E. Cates

491
History Teaching, The Reconstruction of. J. Madison Gathany 625
History, The Teaching and Study of from a Teacher's Point of
View. Charles H. Wesley

509
History, The Unification of English. Mary Treudley

295
History, Visualizing. Marion S. Cole .

501
Household Arts, Shall We Teach Them in our Schools? Emma
B. Matterson

312
Infant, To an. (Poem.) • James Leroy Stockton .

508
"Julius Caesar”, Nemesis in, Henry A. Burd

577
Kindergarten, Economy in the. Annie Coolidge Rust

46
Modern Language Question, The Other Side of. Charles E. Young 317
Moral Pedagogy. Kelly Miller

133
Normal School Ideal, The. Frank Webster Smith

104, 541
Oral Composition. Ernest Cobb.

615
Pedagogy, The Mistakes of. W. A. Harper

365
Periodical Notes

67, 132, 196, 272, 340, 404, 472, 540, 604, 664
Pictures, Efficiency in Teaching by. Horace G. Brown

171
Poetry, Problems in the School Reading of. Christobel Abbott

bbot

555
Politics, Teaching Practical, in our Schools. J. Madison Gathany 20
Questionnaires, The Union High School. J. Edgar Coover

81, 153
Reading Bogey, Vanquishing the. Martha J. Mitchell .

668
Reading of Poetry, Problems in the School. Christobel Abbott 555
Reading, Teaching the Beginning of. Laura Emily Mau .

361
Recitation as a Factor in Producing Social Efficiency. L. E. Taft 145
Reconstruction of History Teaching, The. J. Madison Gathany 625
Religious Education and the College. Wallace N. Stearns

380
Roman National Characteristics. John E. Granrud

341
Schoolboy, The Creed of an American, Marion Frances Brown

45
Schoolroom, The Responsibility of the. Helen Abbott

27
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Secondary Schools, The Need of Better Preparation of Teachers
Secondary School Teachers, Aims and Standards for Preparation

for. Elma Ellsworth Brown

201

213

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of. William Orr
Secondary School Teachers, Present Facilities for the Training

of. Raymond MacFarland

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436

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283
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162

Sex Hygiene, Practical Suggestions for the Teaching of.

Harold Molter
Snow-Bound, A Development Lesson on. C. R. Martin
Social Center, Educational Extension through the Rural. Henry

S. Curtis
Social Center, The Rural Church as a. Henry S. Curtis
Speaking, Public, in High Schools. J. Milnor Dorey
Speaking, A Solution for in the High School. C. T. Mauller .
Speech in Children, Impediments of, How to Overcome Them.

A. Chester Tucker

Spelling, A Review of the Pedagogical Studies in the Teaching of.

Mary A. Grupe

Spell, Learning to. Fannie Wilder Brown

Theme Writing. George Wyllys Benedict

Tito, The Unresisting. Gilbert Cosulich

Trigonometry, What is? A Latham Baker .

Vocational Education for Girls. Edith M. Tuttle

Wage Earner, Education for the Industrial Advance of the.

Witt Bowder

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69

Devoted to the Science, Art, Philosophy and Literature

of Education

VOL. XXXIV.

SEPTEMBER, 1913

No. 1

D

A Review of the Pedagogical Studies in the

Teaching of Spelling
By Mary A. GRUPE, ELLENSBURG, WASHINGTON.

ESPITE the fact that a few far-seeing men have,

from the early years of the eighteenth century, inveighed against the dominance of spelling and the

"cruel drudgery” it entailed upon the learner, the UNMILIONAIRLINDULTE subject remained an independent discipline far into

the nineteenth century. To be able to spell was the

criterion whereby to judge the educated man and IMINIMIUDrimum

so ingrained did this become in the popular mind that even to this day our grandfathers, nay our fathers, dubiously shake their heads because spelling no longer occupies a conspicuous place on the schoolroom program and because, as they insist, the rising generation cannot spell.

In 1905 an unexpected discovery of some old examination papers at Springfield, Mass., furnished almost conclusive evidence that although more time used to be devoted to the subject, the boys and girls of 1846 did not spell as well as the boys and girls of the same age today. This old examination consisted of twenty rather difficult words, such as evanescent, feignedly, and chirography, and was given to eighty-five high school pupils, most of whom were in the second year. Only 15 obtained as high as 70%, 23 missed 17 or more words; nine had one right, and two had none.

Just 40% of all the words were correctly spelled. The same test was given in 1905 to 245 ninth grade Springfield pupils with the result that 51.2% of all the words were spelled correctly. The high school of 1846 was in good condition, more

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