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DIAGRAM 3.—Length of school term.

1870-71

1874 -75

1879-80

1884-85

1889-90

1894-95

1899-1900

1901-02

Days, 145 144 143 142 141 140 139 138 137 136 135 134 133 132 131 130 129 128 127 /26

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TABLE 9.- Number and ser of teachers-Percentage of male teachers.

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North Atlantic Division:

Meine
New Hampshire
Vermont.
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey

Pennsylvania
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware
Maryland
District of Columbia
Virginia
West Virginia.
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

Florida
South Central Division:

Kentucky.
Tennessee
Alabama..
Mississippi
Louisiana.
Texas
Arkansas
Oklahoma

Indian Territory e
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indiana.
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska

Kansas
Western Division:

Montana
Wyoming
Colorado
New Mexico
Arizona
Utah
Nevada
Idaho
Washington
Oregon.
California.

4, 638 14, 896

3, 103 ab3, 779

1,316 7,051 4, 386 1,212

241

4, 863 0 4,588

3, 200 a b 4, 736

2, 925 9, 119 3, 337 1, 703

377

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9, 501 b9, 184

6, 303 68,515

4,271 16, 170 7. 723 2, 915

618

a 66.0
a 75.0

66.8
a 60.8

50.9 ( 77.3 a 75.6

49.8
01.8
62.9
49.6
44.7
61.1
68.5

63.8
61.2

46,1
a 75.0

78.4

45.5
a 51.0

30.1
41.2
47.9
48.9
59.7
42.8

48.8 b 51.6

49. 2 b 40.4 31.5 43.6 56.8 41.6 39.0

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b 191 C 89 761 385 118 556

38 359 1,039 1,141 1,275

61,030

0.181 3, 186

325

339 1,037

281

b 1, 221

c570 3, 917

710

457 1,593

319 1, 238 4, 159 4, 510 8,072

55.0

38.5 41.3 36.4 78.0 47.5 54.5 46.7 57.4 37.4 48,3 33. 6

22.9 22. 1

26.2 a 62.2

38.8 46,6

16. 3 a 33.4

16.6
13.6

20,9
a 55.2

27.3 36.5 11.1 31.2 28.9 28.4 17.8

b 15.6 c 15.6

19.3 54. 2 25.8 34.9 11.9 29.0 25.0 25,3 15.8

879 3, 120 3, 369 6,797

32.4 a 64.3 (1 46.5 a 51.7

40.0

40,6
43.3
21.4.

a Approximately.
bIn 1900-1901.

cIn 1899-1900.
d Cities estimated.

e Returns imperfect.

TABLE 10.— Teachers' wages, Number of schoolhouses— Value of school property- Private

school enrollment. Average monthly

Private schools.* salaries of Number

Estimated teachers. of build

Total pub

Per cent

Number State or Territory.

lic and as school- public school of pupils

pils in Males. Females. houses.a

erty. enrolled.

private en-
rollment.

private schools.

of pll

ings used' value of all

5.22

1

3
5

7

8 United States.. 5 $19.05 1 $39.77 254, 076 $601, 571, 307 1,218,600 17, 111, 487

7.11 North Atlantic Division.. b 59.01 6 40.17

43, 467 243, 150, 033 429, 300 4,162,983 10.31 South Atlantic Division.. 630.50 0 28. 60 37, 672 25, 109, 903 126, 200 2, 405, 490 5. 25 South Central Division... 6 44.28 1 36.88

51, 715 29, 875, 383 179, 800 3, 336, 390 5.39 North Central Division... 50.85 39.60 107 265 250, 303, 396 430, 100 6, 296, 496 6. S3 Western Division..

65.90 53. 73 13, 957 53, 132, 592 53, 200 913, 128 5.64 North Atlantic Division: Maine

36.05 27. 24 3,964 4,728, 743 New Hampshire. C 43.58 € 29. 11 1, 847 4, 155, 616 11,513 78, 793 14. 65 Vermont

40.54 29. 13

2,272
d 1,800,000

6, 401

71, 409 8.96 Massachusetts (1900– 110.94 52.75

€ 4, 421 48, 979, 719 82, 325 550,513 14.95 1901). Rhode Island

116.01
51.99

510 5, 476, 951 18,480 87,837 21.01 Connecticut

99.29 44.51

1,586 11, 741,073 35, 063 196, 608 17.83 New York

11, 889 92, 207, 473 168, 057 1,436, 682 11.70 New Jersey

87. 15 52.06 1, 932 18, 065, 764 f 47, 453 $ 370, 028 f 12.82 Pennsylvania

44. 92 33. 78 15, 016 55, 99-1, 694 42, 990 1, 206, 499 3.56 South Atlantie Division: Delaware.

gh 36.60 gh 34.08 $ 550 1,013, 997 Maryland (1900–1901).

2,535 h 4,790,000 District of Columbia d 94.48 d 64.31

141 4, 600, $10 i 5,000 i 47, 461 í 10.53 Virginia (1900–1901)... 32, 66 26. 46 7,417 3,603, 631 21,000 402, 501 West Virginia

6, 021 4,561, 309 j 1, 894 j 220, 709 j 0.86 North Carolina

26. 77 23. SO 7, 293 1, 469, 110 k 26, 199 k 361, 556 k 7.25 South Carolina

d 25. 96 d 23. 20 4,813 h 978,000 Georgia..

6,536

12,995, 809 127, 285 1 442, 932 16.16 Florida

39. 68 33. 67

2,336 1,066,904 2,000 114,384 1.75 South Central Division: Kentucky

50.90 39.18 8,328 5,818, 545 19, 274 518, 263 3. 72 Tennessee

m 7,241 m 3, 691,069 k 41, 428 k 532, 935 18.52 Alabama

s 31.00 f 27.00 en 7,058 2, 200,000 © 26, 722 0388, 7:22 06.87 Mississippi..

132. 18 n 26. 69 mp 6, 790 mh 1, 810,000 n 14, 021 n 381,600 n 3.67 Louisiana 36. 09 31.14 e3, 267 2, 450, 000 12, 905

211, 801 6.09 Texas..

61.00
49.55

11, 326 9, 288, 557
Arkansas
9 36.17 9 32.75 5,063 2, 901, 212

9, 680 350, 375 2. 76 Oklahoma.

031.93 0 26. 20 2,192 1,618, 850 Indian Territory".

eh 430
8 67, 150 1,698

23, 819

7. 13 North Central Division: Ohio.

42.00 37.00 13, 135 48, 257, 961 27, 133 859, 177 3, 16 Indiana

66, 80 48.00 9, 987 * 24, 182, 062 m 4,500 m 561,231 m 0. SO Illinois

64.55 54.18 12, 865 52,761, 922 144, 471 1, 116, 312 12.94 Michigan (1900-1901). 48.68 36,68 8, 066 20, 401, 348 63,016 563, 077 9.42 Wisconsin (1900-1901 53, 33 39.52 7,179 16, 571, 795 55,789 502, 036 11. 11 Minnesota.. 53.56 37. 21 8,598 19, 433, 862 t 20, 073 1 372, 165

1 5. 39 lowa

43, 66 30.17 13, 931 18,989, 923 m 43, 715 m 606, 377 m 7.21 Missouri. 42. 67 42.89 10,320 21, 210, 897 17, 671 720, 728

2. 45 North Dakota

42. 70 37. 14

2,885 2, 899, 181 South Dakota

40. 03 33.52

4,380

3,643,384 j1,888 j 89,914 12.10 Nebraska.

49. 15 38. 51 6, 813 10, 281,548 Kansas 44.24 36.55

11,660, 170 Western Division: Montana (1900-1901).. 73. 86 50.11

712

7, 400, 250 1,816 44,216 4. 11 Wyoming (1899–1900). 73. 69 43. 36

524
453, 607

t 175

1 11,428 t 1.53 Colorado 69.97 53,05 1,831 6,950, 868 2,515

132, 844 1.89 New Mexico.

61.77 64.77

710 1,125, 698 4,553 44,737 10.18 Arizona 85.51 71. 75 u 275

654, 942 1, 531 20, 731 Utah.

66,81 48. 12

712 3, 220, 160 m2, 814 m 79, 315 m 3.55 Nevada.

100.84 61.58

e 273
304,690

03413

7, 295 4.70 Idaho d 56,11 d 44.83

836 1,469,092 Washington

m 54.79 m 45.85 2, 262 6, 896, 407 4,892 141,516 3. 46 Oregon

37.61 2, 125 3, 561, 737 7,416 108, 075 6. 86 California

87.01 67, 19 w 3, 637 21, 105, 141 224, 350 302, 680 8.01 * The reports of private schools d In 1897–98.

j In 1893-91. t In 1894-95. are more or less incomplete, and e Yumber of schools. h In 1891-92. u Number of school districts. the number of pupils' as given In 1899-1900. I In 1892-93. v Reported by school census mac be taken to represent the g In 1889–90. m In 1900-01. enumerators as attending priininimum number of private pu- h Approximately. n In 1896-97. vate schools, pils in the States furnishing this i In 1895-9).

o In 1895-99. w Does not include high-school item, In loring the totals the p Numberof schools, not includ- buildings. States not reporting are esti- ing those in separate districts. * Includes only children 5 to 17 mated.

9 Excluding the Wages of (as reported by school census ancluding buildings rented. teachers holding State certiti- enumerators) who have attended bAverage for those States re cates.

private but not public schools porting salaries.

r Returns imperfect.

during the year. e High-school teachers' wages * Public - school' property y Not including furniture and Dot included. only.

apparatus. ED 1902--VI

9, 106

Average salaries. In computing (for Table 10) the average monthly wages of all the male (or female) teachers in the several groups of States the average wages of each of the States in question is multiplied by the corresponding number of teachers. The sum of the resulting products is then divided by the sum of the teachers, and the quotient is the average wages of all. Each rate of wages thus receives its due weight.

To illustrate: If 48 teachers receive an average of $72.20 per month, they all receive in a month $3,466; if 473 other teachers receive an average of $18.60 per month, these together receive in a month $22,988; the 521 teachers combined, therefore, receive per month $26,451, or an average of $50.77.

Attention is called to this subject for the reason that the practice of taking the arithmetical mean of a number of rates of wages (the mean is $60.10 in the above case) in order to get the average of all is so common as to vitiate, to a considerable extent, the published statistics of average wages.

Table 11.-(1) Length of school term. (2) The aggregate number of days' schooling

given compared with the school population.

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1870-71
1871-72
1872-73
1873-74
1874-75
1875-76
1876-77
1877-78
1878-79
1879-80
1880-81
1881-82
1892-83
1883-84
1881-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1991-92
1892-93
1893-94
189195
1895-96
1896-97
1897-98
1898-99
1899-1900
1900-1901 a.
1901-2a.

132.1
133, 4
129. 1
128.8
130.4
133.1
132.1
132.0
130.2
130.3
130.1
131.2
129.8
129. 1
130.7
130.4
131.3
132.3
133.7
134.7
135.7
136.9
136.3
139.5
139.5
1 10,5
142.0
113.0
143.0
144.3
144.2
145.0

152.0 97.4
151.9 103. 4
154.6 97.4
154.8 95.6
138.7 95.2
158.0 93.6
157.2 91.4
157.6 89.7
160.1

88.6
159.2 92. 4
158.7 92.4
160.6 95.9
161.0 95. 9
150.0 95.6
163,1 93.4
161.6

93. 4 165.9 95. 3 16-1.4 93.7 164.1 95.0 166.6 99.9 168.1 103.8 169.1 105.3 169.6 103, 4 172.3 108,3 172. 8

106.3 173,5 107,8 173.3 110.9 174.3 113.8 174.0 112.3 177.5 112.1 177.2 112. 1 177.3 115,8

91.6 97.7 89.1 81.1 81.0 82.5 80.3 86.7 81.9 79.2 82.1 82.5 82.5 85.9 87.5 86.9 87.5 87.6 88.9 88.2 92.0 94.1 93.0 97.5 92.8 92,2 96.3 97.4 98. 4. 99.8 96.4 100.6

133.9 136.1 129.6 132.6 134.6 139.1 139.8 110.1 136.4 139.8 138.8 137.1 137.1 138.6 139.1 140. 4 139.5 144.0 147.5 148.0 145.8 146.8 146.6 150.2 150.8 151.9 152.8 152.8 151.5 155.9 157.5 156.5

119.2 121.8 118.3 119.0 132.5 130.3 130,1 129.9 132.0 129.2 133.8 136.2 132.6 133.8 131.8 130,8 131.6 130.7 135.7 135.0 136.9 139.1 138.8 137.1 142.4 142.0 118,6 151.7 141.6 141.5 143.0 143.9

48.7 49.5 47.8 49.6 51.0 51.4 51.1 53.2 52.0 53. 1 52.0 52.9 53.8 55.5 66.8 57.3 57.7 58.7 58.9 59.2 60.7 61.5 62.3 65.9 66.9 68.1 69.7 71.2 70.0 71.8 70.4 71.6

70.2 68.9 67.9 70. 4. 72.9 73. 7 73.6 75. 6 75.0 74.5 72. 2 73.3 74.4 72.5 77.2 76.7 77.8 76.8 76.7 76.8 78.1 78.3 78.7 82. 2 84.8 86.8 88.9 90.4 90.0 91.0 90.3 91.2

18.1 20.3 21.7 24.5 26.1 26.8 26.3 26.8 25.7 29.3 28.5 30.6 32.0 32.7 33.7 33.7 34,8 35.5 35.4 37.3 38.1 38.2 39.2 42.4 42.0 42. 1 43.0 46.9 43.6 45.4 46.7 19.2

21.8 25.8 23.4 21.9 23. 5 20.1 19.8 24.3 23.9 24. 2 25.0 25.6 26.8 30.0 31.4 32.0 32.1 33. 6 34.0 33.9 35.8 37.7 37.5 41.3 39.0 39.8 42.3 42.5 43.3 44.8 41.4 43.7

59.6 59.8 56.8 59.8 60.2 62.2 62.3 64.3 62.3 64. 4 62.7 63. 2 63.9 67, 7 67.3 68.7 68.7 71.3 71.6 71.9 73.2 73. 6 75.1 79.1 81.0 82.3 83.1 84.8 83.3 85.7 84.3 84.5

45.9 46.0 45.0 46.1 53.6 54.4 54.3 54.5 56.7 54.9 56.9 58.0 57.3 61.6 58.3 59.6 59.1 57.3 61.7 61.2 65.9 71.1 70.8 72.4 77.6 78.7 82.5 82.1 76,3 76.7 77.1 79.6

a Subject to correction.

TABLE 12.-School moneys received.
Income of
From taxation.

Total perma

revenue nent

From (excludState or Territory. school

other ing balfunds and

From
From local Total from

sources, ances on
rent of
State

State and taxes. taxation.

hand and taxes. school

local. proceeds lands.

of bond

sales). 1

2
3
4
5
6

7
I nited States $10,522, 343 1838, 330, 589 $170, 779,586 $209, 110, 175 $29, 742, 141 $249, 374, 659
North Atlantic Division 951,097 12, 831, 775 69, 984, 121 82, 815, 896
Slith Atlantie Division

10, 847,513 94, 617,506 516, 492 5, 148, 670 7,812, 256 12, 920, 926 Sinth Central Division

1, 150, 494 14, 657, 902 2, 442, 774 6, 398, 383 6,869, 991 13,268, 374 1, 147,567 Vorth Central Division

16,858, 715 5,805, 320 8,374,009 74, 215,693 82,589, 702 Western Division

14,781,748 103, 176, 780 S03, 660 5,577, 752 11, 867, 525 17, 415, 277 1, 814,819 20.063, 756 North Atlantie Division: Maine... 64, 607 535, 896 1, 196, 119 1,732, 315

0 New Hampshire

1, 796, 922 13. 814 54, 729 887, 372 942, 101 73, 276 Vermont.

1, 029, 191 49, 502 88, 795

839, 474 928, 269 70,374 Massachusetts (1900

1,048, 145 160,516 a 108,750 13, 800, 359 1901).

13,909, 109 123, 105 14, 192, 760 Rhode Island

15, 223

132, 681 1,540, 890 1,673, 574 69, 627 Connecticut.

1,758, 424 144, 541 348, 449 2, 763, 368 3, 111, 817 New York o

187, 586 3,413, 944 272, 477 3,871, 443 27,062, 750 New Jersey

30,934, 193 06,530, 984 37, 737,654 233, 387 2,518,687 4,317,550 6, 836, 237 48, 624 Pennsylvania

7, 118, 248 0 5,172, 812 817,575, 939 South Atlantic Division:

22,748, 281 3, 743, 937 26, 492, 218 Delaware (1899–1900). "117, 379 89, 432 175, 735

265, 167 Maryland (1900-1901)

25, 030 407,576 53, 357 716,243 1, 665, 523 2, 381, 766 District of Columbia

170, 156 2,605, 279 0 0 $ 1,734, 371 1,734, 371

0 1,731, 371 Virginia (1900-1901)..

48, 886

989, 187 985, 877 1,975, 364 60, 398 West Virginia..

2,081, 648 53, 995 404, 431 1,693, 611 2,100,012 139, 552 North Carolina

2, 292, 549 0 1,098, 193 185, 973 1, 284, 166 200, 755 1,481,921 South Carolina

0 716, 012 164, 171 880, 183 99, 419 Georgia.

979, 602 212, 052 1,050, 014 562, 722 Ferida

1,612, 736 441, 637 2, 266, 425 30, 813

82,858 9 674, 273 South Central Division:

757, 131 14,547

802, 491 Kentucky (1900-1901)

11,857, 719 932, 866 2, 790,585 Tennessee (1900–1901).

225, 589

3,016, 174 133, 292

0 1,631,089 1,631,589 114, 103 Alabama

1,878, 984 154, 238 806, 580

806, 580 1,753 Misisippi (1900–1901)

962, 571 186, 226 722, 296 g 532, 676 1, 254, 972 69, 280 Louisiana

1,510, 478 61,000 322, 413 742, 915 1,065, 358 105, 373 Teras.

1, 231, 731 1,676, 162 2, 199, 357 1, 233, 514 3, 132, 871 Arkansas

174, 093 5, 283, 426

490,018 91,110,325 1, 600, 343 Oklahoma

40, 703 1, 641, 046 ? 231, 556

0 620, 014 620, 014 45, 465 897, 035 Indian Territory n.

0

0 n 66,062 North Central Division:

66,062 0 371, 208 437, 270 Ohio

249, 160 1,817, 768 12, 149, 340 13, 967, 108 Indiana.

782, 110 14,998, 378 b 562, 190 b 1,667, 115 5,731,817 7,398, 932 624, 233 Illinois.

8,585, 355 845, 366 934, 108 18,062, 573 18, 996, 681 7,744, 250 Michigan (1900–1901)

27,586, 297 333, 822 1, 102, 616 5,932, 794 7,035, 410 Wisconsin (1900–1901)

879, 402 8, 248, 634 167, 391 630,000 4,714,298 5,314, 298 Minnesota

652, 882 6,161, 571 1 600,000 b 828, 123

4,096,018 4,874, 141 P1,530,525 Iowa.

7,004, 666 854, 189

0 8, 105, 667 8, 105, 667 882, 026 Missuri.

9, 841, 881 635, 833 1,188, 290 5,855, 991 7,044, 281 430, 395 North Dakota

8, 113, 509 9288, 128

0 1, 337, 807 1, 337, 807 83,976 South Dakota

1, 709, 911 357, 527

0 1,600, 259 1, 600, 259 Nebraska

68, 730 2, 026, 516 523, 731 205,989 2, 684,024 2, 890, 013 961, 929 Kanes.

4,375, 673 r384, 994

0 Western Division:

3,995, 105 3, 995, 105

141, 290 4,521,389 Montana (1960-1901)

35, 153
747,050

86, 085

833, 135 235, 528 Wsoming (1894-1900)

1, 103, $16 43, 265

0 223, 266 223, 266 25, 223 Colorado

291, 754 139, 131

0 2,697,836 2, 697,836 New Mexico (1900–1901)

457, 283 3, 291, 250 6,857 148, 987

(h)

148, 987 988, 637 Arizona

244, 181 0 22, 951

233, 678 25+), 629 80, 713 337, 372 Iteh

(k)
405, 435

876, 788 1, 282, 223 Vovada

131, 794 1, 414, 017 123, 072 10, 905 101, 229 112, 134

17 Idaho

235, 223 67,615

0 506, 346 506, 316 91, 862 665, 823 Washington.

+1, 265, 266 1, 366, 588 2, 631, 854 Oregon

39, 630 2, 671, 484 169, 875

0 1,874, 968 1,874, 968 Calsiornia.

112, 105 2, 156, 948 218, 692 92, 977, 158 3, 900, 741 6,877,899 u 551, 997 7,619,588 a Reinburement for superin- g Includes poll tax. tendents' and teachers' salaries,

p Includes proceeds of bonds h Not reported separately. sold. high school tuition, and school- i From State treasury.

9 State tuition fund. ing state wards.

j Not reported. 6 Approximately.

r Includey some receipts from * Included, if any, in State “other sources.” e Includes receipts from sale taxes.

* Included in State taxes. of Inds.

1 Apportionment of Territorial 1 Includes income from State Jpcludes receipts from and county school fund.

school fund. "ther sources" in Philadel. m Returns imperfect.

u Includes taxes on railroads phia, if any.

n For " public schools."

($105,504), and on collateral inMayinelude some State taxes. o Some funds from taxation heritances ($287,053). I Includes Cnited States ap- may be included. propriation.

(s)

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