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CHAPTER III. — Arrival in London - Finds his Letters are Worthless

Intimacy with Ralph – Gets Work in a Printing-house — Metaphysical

Treatise — Frequents a Club - A Promise to see Sir Isaac Newton — Sir

Hans Sloane - - A Dangerous Acquaintance - Offends Ralph — Watts's

Printing-house — Press-work - Mode of Life Habits of London Printers

Makes a Reform - A Landlady and a Recluse — Swimming - Anec-

dote of Mr. Denham — New Employment Almost a Swimming-teacher

- Sir William Wyndham .

CHAPTER IV. - Embarks for Philadelphia - Arrival - Illness and Disap

pointment - Foreman to Keimer - Breaks with him Resolves to set

up for himself — Meredith - Engraves Plates — Views of Religion - His

London Dissertation - New Convictions Types from London - A Part-

ner — A Croaker - The Junto - Writes the Busy-body – Sets up a News-

paper - Friends in need Dissolves with Partner — Tract on a Paper

Currency — Opens a Stationer's Shop - Thrifty Habits - Matrimonial

Designs - Miss Read — Marriage Ā Subscription Library . .

CAAPTER V. - Second Part of the Autobiography - The Philadelphia

Library - - A Good Wife — Family Habits - Religious Views - Moral

Perfection aimed at — A Group of Virtues — Scheme for their Attainment

Mottoes and Prayers — Story of the Speckled Axe - Result of the

Scheme — Project of a Treatise on the Art of Virtue .

...179

CHAPTER VI. — Plan of a United Party for Virtue - Poor Richard's Al-

Summary of Maxims — Mode of Conducting his Newspaper-

Caution to Young Printers Hint to Young Women Rev. Mr. Hemp-

hill — On the Study of Languages – Visit to Boston — To his Brother

James at Newport - The Junto - Clerk of the Assembly – Postmaster

- Public Reforms - - The Watch - Forms the first Fire-company . . 192

CHAPTER VII. - Arrival of Whitefield Effects of his Preaching — Church

for all Sects — Anecdote Vindication of Whitefield — His Clear Voice

Elocution improved by Practice — Mistake in Publishing - Franklin's

Partnerships in Printing - Proposals for an Academy - Philosophical

Society – Active in Measures for Defence — Chosen Colonel — Proposes a

Fast – The Quakers — James Logan — Anecdote of Penn — The Dunkers

- The Franklin Fire-place— Refuses a Patent for it.

202

CHAPTER VIII. — Moves in the Cause of Education – An Academy - A

Trustee - New Partnership — Electrical Experiments — Public Employ-

ments — A Member of the Assembly - Commissioner to treat with Indi.

ans — The Pennsylvania Hospital - Advice in procuring Subsoriptions-

Street Paving, Cleaning and Lighting - Project for Cleaning Streets in

London - Postmaster-general of America - Honorary Degrees 213

CHAPTER IX. - Delegate to the Albany Convention — Proposes a Plan of

Union - Confers with Gov. Shirley at Boston - Meets Gov. Morris at

New York - Anecdote — Proprietary Quarrels – War with France

Assists Mr. Quincy in procuring Supplies — Visits Braddock's Army-

Procures Horses and Wagons for it Character of Braddock -His Defeat

-Poor Beward of Franklin's Servioes .

224

CHAPTER X. Commissioner for Disbursing Money for Public Defense-

His Militia Bill — Appointed to take Charge of the Frontier and build
Forts — March Military Preparations — Indian Massacre - Arrival at
Gnadenhutten New Mode of securing Punctuality at Prayers — The
Moravians Their Marriages - Colonel Franklin - Journey to Virginia

Offered a Commission as General - Account of his Electrical Discover-
ies - A Member of the Royal Society - Receives the Copley Medal . 237
CHAPTER XI. - Overtures from Gov. Denny - The Assembly and the Pro-

prietaries -- Franklin deputed to go to England as Agent of the Assembly
- Discussion before Lord Loudoun - Vexatious Delays — Anecdote -
Departure with his Son for England - Anecdote of Shirley Incidents
of the Voyage — Arrival in London .

248

HIS POLITICAL PAPERS.

Interviews with Lord Chatham

257
A Prussian Edict, assuming Claims over Britain

266
Rules for Reducing a Great Empire to a Small One; presented to a late
Minister when he entered upon his Administration

270
An Algerine Speech .
On Gratitude to the Ministry

280

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HIS PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS.

• 292

The Electrical Kite

281
Various Experiments - Treatment of Inventors

283
Fire in Bodies — Experiment.

286
Protection from Lightning

288
Of the Effects of Electricity in Paralytic Cases

. 291
Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures .
On Cold produced by Evaporation .

294
Salt Water rendered fresh by Distillation Method of relieving Thirst
by Sea-water

302
Tendency of Rivers to the Sea -Effects of the Sun's Rays on Cloths of

Different Colors
Effect of Air on the Barometer - The Study of Insects

. 307
Effect of Vegetation on Noxious Air .

309
The Art of Swimming .
Bathing and Swimming .

312
On the Free Use of Air

314
On the Causes of Colds

315
Theory of the Earth .

315
New and Curious Theory of Light and Heat

319
On the Prevailing Doctrines of Life and Death

321
On Smoky Chimneys .

322

. 304

. 309

HIS MORAL AND MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

On Searching after B'dden Treasures

333
Adrantages of Veracity

335
On True Happiness

. 337
On Self-denia.

339
Rivalship in Almanac-making

341
The Waste of Life.

343
Dialogue I.

345
Dialogue II.

349

Poor Richard's Almanac

Advice to a Young Tradesman

360

Hints necessary to those that would be Rich

. 361

The Handsome and Deformed Leg

. 362

The Savages of North America.

364

Dialogue between Franklin and the Gout

369

The Whistle.

375

Questions for the Junto .

The Internal State of America.

. 381

On Discoveries

Positions to be examined concerning National Wealth

387

Government

389

Morals of Chess

A Parable on Persecution

394
A Parable on Brotherly Love

396
The Ephemera ; an Emblem of Human Life

897
A Dialogue between Britain, France, Spain, Holland, Saxony and Amer-
ica.

399
Extracts

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405

To Josiah Franklin, Boston. April 13, 1738

A Man's Religion to be judged of by its Fruits - Freemasons.
To Miss Jane Franklin. January 6, 1726–7.

On Presenting a Spinning-wheel.
To the same. July 28, 1743 .

Religious Notions - Doctrine and Worship.
To James Read. 17 August, 1745 .

406
On Differences between Man and Wife.

To Peter Collinson. 9 May, 1753 .

English Poor Laws — Amending the Scheme of Providence-

Anecdotes Aversion from Labor among American Indians.

Germans in Pennsylvania — Their Peculiarities — Hopes for Eng-

land.

To George Whitefield. June 6, 1753

412

Good Works – On Meriting Heaven - Prayers and Deeds -

Example of Christ.

. 419

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To Miss Catherine Ray, at Block Island. 4 March, 1775 .
To Miss Catherine Ray. 11 September, 1755

416
To Miss E. Hubbard. 23 February, 1756 .

418
On the Death of his Brother, John Franklin.
To his Wife Nov. 13, 1756.

418
A Humorous Rebuke.
To Lord Kames. May 3, 1760

419
His Lordship’s Principles of Equity - Franklin's Plan of Writing

The Art of Virtue.
To Miss Mary Stevenson. May 16, 1760

421
Advice in Reading.
To George Whitefield. 19 June, 1764 .

422
Trust in Providence.
To the Editor of a London Newspaper. 20 May, 1765

422
Satirical Defence of Newspaper Paragraphs and their False Re-

ports.
To Mrs. Deborah Franklin June 22, 1767 .

. 425
State of his Affairs -- Proposed Marriage of his Daughter
To Miss Mary Stevenson. 14 September, 1767 .

426
Visit to Paris - French Women and Fashions — King and Queen

- Versailles — Paris — French Politeness — Travelling.
To Lord Kames. February 21, 1769 .

431
Use of Oxen in Agriculture Congratulations Political Pros

pects.
To John Alleyne. August 8,1768 .

432
On Early Marriages.
To William Franklin. Dec. 19, 1768 .

434
The Boston Resolutions - Parliamentary Anecdote.
To William Franklin. April 16, 1768 .

435
Riots in London.
To Mr. Ross, Philadelphia. May 14, 1768

436
Riots in London — Wilkes — Divisions among the Ministry, The

Church in America.
To Joseph Galloway, May 14, 1768

437
The Wilkes Riots More Mischief Brewing - Preparations for

Return.
To Miss Mary Stevenson. October 1768

439
Advice on Family Matters.
To a Friend. 28 November

440
The Difficulties between England and her Colonies Ends of

Providence.
To Miss Mary Stevenson. 2 September, 1769

441
Mother and Daughter – Reason and Enthusiasm.
To Mrs. Jane Mecom. 30 December, 1770

442
On Resigning his Office - Theories of Preëxistence.
To Samuel Cooper. 5 February, 1771 . .

Minutes of a Remarkable Conference with Lord Hillsborough.

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. 450

To Joshua Babcock. 13 January, 1772

Agriculture the most Honorable Employment — Condition of the

Poor in Ireland - Savage Life and Civilization.
To Samuel Franklin. 13 January

How to Choose a Wife.
To William Franklin. 19 August .

. 451
Modes of Exercise — Importance to Health.
To Joseph Priestley. 19 September .

. 452
Moral Algebra, for arriving at Decisions in Doubtful Cases.
To the same.
27 January, 1777 .

. 453
The Philosopher's Stone - Wickedness of the American War.
To Josiah Quinoy. 22 April, 1779

454
Providence Rules — National Characteristics — American Super-

fuities.
To Joseph Priestley. 8 February, 1780

455-6
Progress of Science - All Situations have their Inconveniences

Illustrative Anecdote.
To Miss Georgiana Shipley. 8 October .

. 457
To Francis Hopkinson. 24 December, 1782 .

458
On Planting Trees — Newspaper Abuse.
To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 27 January, 1783

459
On the Death of Friends - Folly of War Protracted Friend-

ship.
To John Sargent. 27 January

460
Gratitude to Providence - Matrimony, &o.
To Sir Joseph Banks. 27 July .

. 461
Against War.
To Jonathan Shipley. 17 March

On the Establishment of Peace.
To Mrs. Bache. January 26, 1784

464
The Order of the Cincinnati — Ascending and Descending Honors

- Absurdity of the System of Hereditary Nobility.
To Dr. Mather, Boston. May 12

469
Cotton Mather - Anecdote - On visiting Boston.
To B. Vaughan. July 26

470
American Extravagance - Anecdote Commerce Forest Lands

Elements of Wealth.

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To William Strahan, M.P. August 19.

474
On visiting England - Public Salaries - Vagrancy of Congress
- The War - British Disdain for Yankees — Consequences
Evidences of Providence — Comparison of Fortunes - English

Copyrights in America - Emigration.
To George Whatley. May 23, 1785 .

478
Privileges of Old Age On a Good Epitaph - Reasons for Con-
fidence in a Future State - The American Constitution - Eng-
land — Anecdote.

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