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was to want a mother and a mistress to his nu: 1 he blessed the lads, and with his blessing merous family, but where to find ane equall gave his bible to the eldest, afterwards Sir match was the difficulty. If a first marriage David Stewart, Baronet.' was a grand crisis in life, sure a second is to be more critically examined in all circumstances. Sir James, after many perplexing reflections,
• I have seen this bible, and it shows that the fixed his choise on a greave matron, a widdow owner had been much and eamestly exercised of middle age, a woman of approved virtue and in studying the Holy Scriptures, from his markpiety. ... To this widdow lady Sir James ing paralell places on the margent; and bad was married in the end of the year 1648. This any one understood his marks and short-hand contract of marriage was more voluminous than writing, no doubt these notes had been edefeing the first, and great welth appears on the parte
and inierteaning. It was not thought improper of the parties contracting.'--p. 27.
10 say so much of this excellent youth, son of
Mr. Mathew M‘Kell, minister of Bothwell, but Sir James was Provost of Edinburgh in trained up in divinity and good principles in Sir 1649 and 1650. He protested against the his eye, and charged with the education of his
James Stewart's family, and as it were under execution of Charles I., and, presiding grandchildren. His untimely violent death, officially at that of Montrose, is stated by among many losses, was important to his pupour genealogist to have treated the illustrious pils, and Sir James lamented much the loss of so victim with personal courtesy and decorum, eminent a Christian friend; and truly abstractand rebuked the presbyterian zealots who ing from Christian sympathy, (which in this attended on the scaffold for their savage suffers in his friend's caise, and feels with him,
caise cannot well admitt,) every generous mind rudeness. We hope this was so; but the especially where it was thought he underwent most interesting detail of the whole of that harder things for his having connections will deplorable scene recently given by Mr. Sir James his family.'-pr. 41, 42. Mark Napier, from contemporary evidences, does not yield any confirmation of the Colt After an imprisonment of nearly ten ness story.* Sir James, however, seems to years, Sir James was glad to compound for have been loyally disposed at heart, and his liberty by a heavy pecuniary sacrifice; there was no doubt that he earned in con- and thus his history is concluded sequence the bitter personal enmity of Argyle. His fortune was much impaired Some fancifull people observe that men have through the liberality with which he ad certain periods of prosperous or adverse forvanced money for the army defeated at tune in life, and that no man but has the first Dunbar; but he acted as Provost several in some stage of his time, and if he know how times under the government of Cromwell, ence for all his days. Others more justly re
to improve it, he may procure an easy subsistand, being in that office at the restoration, mark, that good men have many tryels and was fined and imprisoned as “stiff and afflictions interspersed in their lott, and that pregmatic.' We do not enter into the these come from a heavenly Father's hand, to particulars of his political bistory. The incress and enliven their faith and patience, and genealogist admits it was lucky for him that frequently more in their last stage of life, in orhe was a prisoner in Edinburgh Castle der to wain their affections from sublunary enwhen the rash insurrection of Pentland joyments. Sir James had this salutary cup in hills took place. His domestic chaplain
great measure in his declining years, but he had
peace at home, and peace in his own minde, was prominent among the spiritual leaders and spent his last therteen years in a devotionall of that outbreak, and justified' accordingly. retreit, most of which it is not proper 10 pro• M.Kell suffered both the torture and the pale from his inward feelings, expressed under gibbet with patience and resignation, and his hand in his Dieries. died in ane ecstasie of heavenly joy and
• To speak of his wrestlings, and prevalency
in His pupils, two of Sir James's
prayer, of sensible returnes, and evidences of grandsons, attended him to the place of and to mention some particulars would be de
assurances from Heaven, were unfathomable; execution at the cross of Edinburgh, Dec. cryed as enthusiasm by generality of professors; 22, 1666. M'Kell, before be bid farewell but the blind can have no idea of collour, and to this life and embraced eternity, and those the things of the Spirit are only to be discemed mantions of glory his faith had apprehended, by the Spirit. I am far from thinking Sir
James pretended to have the spirit of prediction * Life and Times of Montrose. 8vo. Edinburgh, or prophecy; only amidst his persecutions and 1840. This clever and spirited book includes a mass sufferings, as he was full of good works, faith, of original documents from the repositories of the and charity, he expressed in his Diery the many noble families of Montrose and Napier
. It is greatly consolations afforded him -by the Spirit of all superior in all respects to an earlier publication by grace and comfort, both as to his own, and the Mr. Napier on the same subject. principles are those of a resolute Tory of the old future happiness of some of his nearest descendbreed-now, people say, nearly extinct-but the ants : As this, May, 1672, Acts, chapter xxvii., keenest enemies of his creed will allow that ho never verses 6, 23, 24, last clause of the verse—My drops the tone of a generous cavalier.
son Thoma and his six children." But of this
anough, and yet less by far than my mind is im- ground, in Greyfreirs Churchyard, and in his pressed with upon perusing his Day-book, and loving wife, Anna Hope's grave, and many sinihe marginall notes on his familiar closet Bible, cere tears were dropped upon his turf at his for his prayers are before God for his children, buriell. He was taken from the evils to come, and his children's children then unboren. and to his eternall rest and joy :---- Blessed are
• To conclude: his long confinement, want of the dead that die in the Lord!” I know not free air and exercise, impaired his health; and by what direction, but his grave was made more his trouble by unjust prosecution, add to this than ordinary deep; perhaps some had rememthe indifference of relations, and even his own bered what his grand-unkell, the great Lord Adbrother, Sir Walter Stewart: all these brought vocate Sir Thomas Hope, had ordered, “ That he a rupture upon him, but though his constitution should be so inhumate as not to be exhumate." had been much impaired, by his having been And it may be said, Sir James was not exhuthus shutt up and harassed, yet for some years mate vill 1713, that his son, Sir James Stewart, before his death, by the equall balance of his Lord Advocate, was laid in that grave: I stood minde, he came to a more serene state of health; with Mr. Walter Stewart, his grandson, when and, amidst his devotions, lived quietly and re- they were digging up his grave, and when the signed to the divine will, and so died March 31, grave-digger judged it ordinary deepth, Mr. 1681, in his own house at Edinburgh, in the Walter desired he should go deeper, and a foot 730 year of his age.
and ane half or two foot brought up the bones, · He had come from Cultness the October be- and scull with fresh gray hairs upon it; Mr. fore he died, and at parting said, “ I know my Walter, remembered his grandfather's buriell, change is at hand; God hath been with me and said it was his remains, and we caused more in my afflictions, and I value these last make a hole in the bottom of this grave, and years of my life as preferable to my most pros- decently depositate the skull and bones, and perous, and my worldly losses are all more than covered all up, that they might not be loosely made up to myself; but when I consider your scattered about the grave's mouth; and this last numerous and interesting family, (looking at duty I judge due to the relicts of so venerable a his sou and daughter-in-law with complacency), sanct.'-pp. 42-45. if it had not been for the iniquity of ihe times, and the ingratitude of friends, I had been in a
This worthy man, notwithstanding his condition to have provyded plentifully, for all fines and losses, left a fair estate behind your children; but the Lord gives and takes,
him. and blessed be his name. I have seen both
We do not see that the territories sydes of this world, and I have a well-grounded around Coltness were extended, although assurance God will provyde for you and your they were by degrees much improved, by young ones, and though you shall meet with his successors during the last century; and, distresses, he will not forsake my family even when sold a few years ago, they fetched in outward respects, but my children's children upwards of 200,0001. shall prosper, and I have prayed for them. I
The eldest son of the founder, Sir Thomas now parte from Cultness and my native country, Stewart, married early, and devoted himself but am persweded my prayers shall have a returne when I am gone." He prayed with them, entirely to a country life. His descendant's and solemnly blessed them all.' It was a me description of his buildings and beautifyings lancholy scene, but he cheered up his counte- may be amusing to many of our readers nance and endevoured to comfort them; and his for many of them, we are sure, have been concluding advice was-“ Fear not! remember acquainted with the elegant hospitalities his last words before his passion, Be of good of the Coltness of recent times :cheer, for I have overcome the world.' "-John xvi., 33. He stayed a day or two at Alertoun in his passing for Edinburgh, and spoke com- and so to embellishe the place. But as the old
• He sett himself to planting and inclosing, fortably to his son-in-law and to his daughter; mansion-house was straitening, and their family his eldest son Culiness, and Alertoun his nephew. likely to increase, he thought of adding to the and son-in-law, attended him to town. Muiryet, about iwo miles easte from Alertoun, iwo rooms, one above the other, with a small
old toure (which consisted only of a vault and (it is a rysing ground, and draws a large prospect), there he turned his horse, and looked room on top of the turnpike stair, and a garret) around, and said, “Westsheild, Carnewath a large addition on south side the staircase, of church, and Lanrick, my early home and haunts, a good kitchen, celler, meat-room or low parlor, farewell! Alertoun, Cultness, and Cambus- chamber and closet over these, and above that,
a large hall or dyning-room, with a small beda nethan church, my later aboads ! farewell, ye iwo bed-chambers with closets, and yet higher witnesses of my best spent time and of my der in a fourth story, two finished roof rooms. And votions! 'Tis long since I bid to the vanities of thus he made ane addition of a kitchen, six fyerthe world adieu."
rooms with closets; and the vault in the old * He died, as is aforesaid, with absolute assur-tower was tumed 10 a convenient useful celler, ance and resignation. The body of the bur- with a partition for outer and inner repossitaries. gars and inhabitants of Edinburgh did him ho- The office houses of bake-house, brew-house, nour at his death and buriell, and said he had garner-room, and men-servant's bed-chamber, been the father of the city, and a most worthy were on the north of a paved court; and a high majistrate. So he had a numerous and honour front wall toward the east, with ane arched able funerall, and was laid in his own burying- entry or porch enclosed all. Without this arched
gaite was another larger court, with stabells on bushes with scarlet threed, in memory of St. the south syde for the family and strangers' Winifred. horses, and a trained up thorne with a boure in “Nescio quà natale solum dulcedine cunctos it. Opposite to the siables north from the man Ducit, nec immemorem quen sinit esse sui." sion-house, with ane entrie from the small paved inner court, was a large coal-fold, and through where every tree, thicket, or bush were my fa
•I have insisted more largely upon a place it a back entrie to a good spring draw-well, as also leading to the byer, sheep-house, barn, and miliars, and wbere I spent the greener and gayhen-house; all which made a court, to the norther years of life, when I sat easy and sweet, of the other court, and separate from it with a shades, and on the bankes, and in the clefts of
voyd of caires and anxiety, under these lovely stone wall, and on the east parte of this court the rocks by the murmuring streams. There was a large space for a dunghill
. The gardens is a charme in one's early haunts.'--pp. 55-58. were to the south of the house, much improven and enlarged, and the nursery-garden was a This planter and builder was, like lis small square inclosure to the west of the house. father, a zealous Presbyterian, and though The slope of the grounds to the west made the he was bimself at Edinburgh when the south garden, next to the house, fall into three
battle of Bothwell Bridge was fouglit, be The tarras fronting the scuth of the house was a square parterre, or flour- fell into tribulation, was sharply handled by garden, and the easter and wester, or the higher the crown lawyers, and ultimately forced to and lower plots of ground, were for cherry and fly into Holland, and his estate forfeited. nut gardens, and walnut and chestnut trees The genealogist states that the only grounds were planted upon the head of the upper bank, of suspicion were that a party of the insurtowards the parterre, and the slope bank on the
gents had come to Coltness House the east syde the parterre was a strawberry border.
“These three tarrases had a high sione wali evening before the fight, and carried away on the scuih, for ripening and improving finer two cold rosted turkeys,' with one recruit, fruits, and to the south of this wall was a good the gardener. However, ibe laird continued orchard and kitchen garden, with broad grass in exile and in extreme poverty unti] 1696, walks, all inclosed with a good thorn hedge; when he received liberty to return home, and without this a ditch and dry fence, inclosing with a small pension from the crown, through several rows of timber trees for shelter ; to the the good offices of William Penn, who had west of the house, and beyond the square nur- made acquaintance with him at the Hague, sery garden, was a large square timber-iree park; birches toward the house, and on the and used to call bim.Gospel Coliness. A other three sydes rowes of ash and plain, and younger brother, James Siewart, rose early in the middle a goodly thicket of firs. To the to eminence at the bar; but, being openly north of the bain court, and north from the of the ultra-covenanting party, had found it house, was a grass inclosure of four akres, with necessary to escape to Holland somewhat a fish-pond in the corner for pikes and perches. earlier. This gentleman, however, appears All was inclosed with a strong wall and hedge to have bad a rather more elastic conscience; rowes of trees: so the wholl of this policy for he made bis peace much sooner with might consist of ane oblong square, of seven or eight akers of ground, and the house near mi- the court of James II., and was Under Sedle of the square, and the longer syde of the cretary of State at Edinburgh when Gospel square fronted to the scuth: the ordinary ente Coltness' reappeared there •Here,' says ries to the house were from east and west, but the historiau, 'was the failing and faux pas, the main access from the easte. • It was found still a convenient nursery was but afier the Revolution Mr. Stewart acted
the disjointing of a great and good man; wanted for ave interesting young family, and a lower addition was made to the east end of the with so much integrity and wisdom and new buildings, and to run paralell with the such moderation as a great and useful Lord south syde of the high house toward the gar. Advocate, ihat he more than doubly atoned dens. The low room was for a woman-house, for all, both 10 his country and to the and the upper room was the nursery, and both church.' He was Lord Advocate from nursery and woman-house had passage to the 1693 till near his death in 1713; and was great house, by proper doors, and a timber trap undoubtedly a man of large and vigorous stair made a communication betwixt the nursery talents, and a dexterous and successful maand woman-house. In short, after all was finished, the fabric was wholly irregular as to the nager of political parties in most difficult outsyde appearance, and both house and policy times.* It is set down here (p. 368) that were more contrived for convenience and hospi- ' 1500 letters of invitation were issued for tality than for beauty or regular proportion; and his funeral. He appears to have, in his so was the humour of these times, ihat, if there advanced life, preserved all the outward was lodging, warmeness, and plenty within marks of the family sanctity_inter aliadoors, a regular front or uniform roof were little having for dinner on Sunday only ' a bit of thought of
• There is in Coltness wood, below the house, * We find him characterized by a high living a well of some virtue, dedicate to St. Winifred, authority as 'the first Lawyer and Statesman in and called by the corruption Wincie well; in Scotland.'--Riddell's Peerage and Consistorial Law, superstitious times oblations were tyed to the vol. i., p. 272. (Edinburgh, 1812.)
pp. 50, 51.
cold meat or an egg. Both himself and, for active lise. He sett out early in business, by his interest, his elder brother, were cre- and settled soon in a marriage state, and had ated baronets, and, the Gospel laird's line two sons by a daughter of Bennet of Grubet. failing in the person of Sir Archibald, our
He used in railery to call her his popinjay: genealogist, these honours were ultimately the man.
trifling incidents sometimes show the humor of
The occasion was this:-Miss Benunited in the descendants of the lawyer. net had deceived the world in her complexion, We may
afford room for a sketch of two and, by shades of borrowed hair and black lead of the younger branches of that generation. combs, concealed her red locks. Some weeks Gospel Coliness's sister Anna
after marriage, the husband catched her at her *was married to John Robeson, Dean of Gild of toilet, and with surprise said, "Effie, good hea
Ho, Harry! have you Edinburgh and brewer: she lived in great feli- vens, are you so ?'
never seen the hook will now? you're as dead city, and had many children, but after her death their family was rouened by that remarkable often declared against red hair, they would have
as a fish.” He had with his companions so fyer and burning in the Parliament Closs, anno 1700. There all Baillie Thomas Robeson's put the sheer upon him, but he joked them off,
saying that he had got a papingo green. She welth had been laid out in sumptuous houses, and from these buildings he is designed, in his proved a good, prudent, affectionate wife, and
he was contented and happy in a married life. vain-glorious monument yet standing in Grey
• I see in his father Sir James his Diery, freirs church, urbis Edince ornator, si non con
“Harry has too much turmoyll, almost inconditor ; yet in one night and a day all was consumed, and his family rouened, and this John the old man bewaled in his fervent prayers and
sistant with minding the betier parte.” This Robeson, among his other children, brought to poverty. This burning was by the populace was on his death-bed, his father had this note, –
agonizings for his son's happyness. When he called a remarkable judgment, because Baillie
Alas, poor man! his ravings in this fever were Robeson, in his office as youngest magistrate, it much upon his merchandise, but God gave a fell to his share to attend the execution of the calm forty-eight houres before death, and ane sentence of the Restoration Parliament, in igno- answer of prayer; he had deep serious convicminiously burning the nationall Covenants, at tion, and died in a heavenly frame: I am perthe publick cross of Edinburgh, by the hand of suaded of his eternal happiness in our Lord.” the common executioner; and it was remarked that this man's high sumptuous tenements were burnt, and none else, and the fyer stoped at the
Nor must we omit the brief record of the place of execution. Men are ready from events humblest of the Lord Provost's to read judgements as they affect, and find out
progenyjudgements for their neighbours' faults, but never Walter Stewart, remark judicial sirokes for their own or their friends' sins and transgressions, yet some judi- bred 10 merchandise in the Holland trade, in cious folks thought there was something singu- which he made no gains. He lived poor and lar in this stroke upon his family; and upon retired, had a retentive minde, and spent most this his son Hendry, who was ane advocate, of his time in a devole way, and in the amuseand lost his patrimony of 3000 lib., studied di- ments of fishing or angling: he died anno 1735, vinity, and was minister of the gospel at Old-aged seventy-two, and was never married. He hamstocks, in East Lothian. To conclude the wrote the German character superior to any. digression, this was perhaps the greatest con- thing done by printer's types; he had most of flagration could have happened in any city, by the Psalms upon memory; I have heard him the vast hight of houses, for the highest pinicle repeat the 119 Psalm distinctly, and backward was called Babylon, being backward fifteen from last to first verse in mealier.'—pp. 47, 48. storeys high from the foundation, and all was ane immense heap of combustible matter upon a small foundation, and made a prodigious from these sons of the founder to their
In an appendix we have some letters blaze. The Dean of Giid by his losses was
Down to the close of the much impoverished, and was made one of the worthy father. captains of the city guard.'--pp. 48, 49.
old man's life, more than twenty years after The buildings which replaced Baillie uniformly address him as My Lord.' We
he held any civic dignity, his children Robison's were as lofty as bis; and they also perished in a mass by a similar confla- London ever aspired to such prolongation
are not aware that the Lord Mayors of gration in 1824.
An ancient English tra- of their title; and we fancy the Scotch veller, quoted in the Censura Literaria, says proverb.once a Provost, always a Provost,'
the houses of the Scotch are like unto is now obsolete. themselves, high and dirty.'
The heir of the Lord Advocate, Sir James A younger son of the old Provost was a Stewart, was also bred to the bar, rose to prosperous wine merchant.
be Solicitor-General, and had a large family, • Harry was a full-bodied, genteel man,—of who formed some aristocratical alliances ? complexion black, of ane open countenance, his but we have not room for further details of eyes full and lively, of ane easy benign gayety the genealogist's story. The Coltness of in his address, which showed he was formed I the next generation had an eventful life,
and left a distinguished name.
He did not
Neque harum quas colis arborum take arms in 1745, but had committed him Te præter invisas cupressos
Ulla brevem dominum sequetur.' self by attending Charles Edward's court at Holyrood; and, with his wife, Lady This most amiable gentleman, luckily, Frances (a daughter of the Earl of Wemyss, left no family. His two baronetcies passed and sister of the attainted Lord Elcho), was to a distant branch, already, for several geobliged, in consequence, to expatriate him- uerations, in possession of the same rankself immediately after the catastrophe of the Stuarts of Allanbank, in Berwickshire.* Culloden. During his long exile, Sir James But we must now turn to a section of the Stewart resided chiefly in France, and volume which will be more generally interbecame thoroughly skilled in the literature esting than any of its genealogical materials and in all the interior polity of that country. -the Journal of a Tour into England and He is considered as one of the chief Flanders, penned by a lady of the Coltoess founders of the modern science of political family in 1756. The authoress was the economy; and the reputation of his earlier wife of Mr. Calderwood, of Polton, a gentracts on that subject, symptoms of sincere tleman of moderate estate in Mid Lothian ; regret for his rashness in 1745, and the and her husband and she undertook this general appreciation of his and his lady's expedition in order to visit her brother, the amiable qualities in private life, ultimately political economist, who had by this time procured for him a free pardon from King been exiled for ten years, and was taking George III.* Sir James returned from the waters at Aix-la-Chapelle. exile in 1763, and resided constantly, Mrs. Calderwood was about forty when thenceforth, at Coltness, where he culti- this occurred. She had been very handvated his favourite science and his paternal some-as indeed almost all the Stewarts of acres, with equal zeal and skill, until his Coltness were—and married at nineteen. death, in 1780. His son, who was born in Her mother was a daughtert of the cele. 1744, and had of course been entirely brated Lord President Dalrymple, created educated on the Continent, entered the Viscount Slair; so she had good claims to British army in 1761, as a cornet of dragoons, talent on both sides of the house, and most and died in 1839, at the age of ninety-five, certainly no one who reads the journal will colonel of the Scots Greys, and the senior dispute the liveliness and quickness of her general officer in the service. He had
parts. That a remarkably clever woman, been often employed, with considerable bred up in a distinguished crown-lawyer's distinction ; represented Lanarkshire in family, and always accustomed to the first several parliaments; enjoyed much of the society of Scotland, should have been, in personal favour of George IV. and the 1756, at forty years of age, so thoroughly Duke of York; and will be remembered penetrated with the prejudices of her proin the service as the chief author of the vince—so calmly and completely satisfied modern system of our cavalry lactics. The with the vast superiority of Scotland and General had spent the later years of his the Scotch over England and the English-long life at his native place. He inherited the easy promptitude of her self-complacent his father's zeal for agricultural improve conclusions from every comparison--and ments, but indulged that taste too largely. the evidence she unconsciously produces at Between the constant hospitality of a great every turn of the absurdity of these conclucountry-house and the usual results of sions :-it is in this perpeiual intertissue of gentleman-farming on a wide scale, Sir shrewdness, sarcasm, ignorance, and obstiJames contrived to dissipate the whole of the goodly inheritance that had devolved * We believe Sir J. Stuart of Allanbank (well
He died, a landless man, at known as in the first rank of amateur artists) now Cheltenham; but we have heard that he represents also the original stock cf Allantoun : was unconscious of what had occurred as of Castlemilk.
which family was probably an offshoot from that to his worldly fortunes, and might be seen † Another of the president's daughters was the now and then marking trees in the Long Bride of Lammermoor. Mrs. Calderwood's own Walk of the old Spa, as if he were still at sister, Agnes Stewart, was married in 1739 to Henry
David, tenih Earl of Buchan, and was mother of Coltness !
Lord Erskine and his brother Henry. There is a
well-known story of the late Duchess of Gordon * In Lord Wharncliffe's late edition of Lady saying to the late Earl of Buchan when he had been Mary Wortley's Letters, we have some correspon- enlarging on the abilities of his family - Yes, my dence between her and her friends Sir James and Lord, I have always heard that the wit came by Lady Frances Stewart. But those letters are the mother's side and was settled on the younger prinied with many tantalizing lacuna; and we branches. fear, from the silence of Mr. Denniestoun on the Mrs. Calderwood was grandmother to Admiral subject, that the originals have perished in the Sir Philip Durham Calderwood, G.C.B.,- who is, general dispersion of things at Coltness a few years we believe, now thc only survivor of the crew of the