Imágenes de páginas

so thrown their shadows before that there ing of MSS. illustrative of Scottish history is no mistaking them. Prometheus has and antiquities, was follower speedily by registered his vow to keep the fateful secret some gentlemen of Glasgow and the neigh. of which he is the depository, until he is bouring counties, who forined the Maitland set at liberty. Again, the introduction of Club on an exactly similar scale of expense, Io has elicited the prophecy (v. 871), that but undertook especially the preservation one of her descendants shall release him. of documents connected with their own We

e are to suppose, then, that after a long part of the country. These two clubs print series of years (thirty thousand, according their books in the same shape-handsome to Schol. Prom. v., v. 94), Prometheus is quartos; and they have from the beginning brought back from Tartarus, with the eagle acted on the principle of submitting to each preying on his liver. Time and suffering other a specimen of every work about to have now bowed the Titan's heart; while be sent to the press, and allowing additional his constancy has wearied out the invete-copies to be thrown off for the members of racy of his tormentor. All, therefore, is the sister association, if these desire to have ripe for a compromisc. Hercules appears

them. Each club has now put forth several to shoot the eagle. The Titans are present scores of volumes; and though we are far in full chorus to console their brother. from thinking that all the MSS. patronised Prometheus and Hercules hold high con- by either deserved 10 be printed at length, verse, during wbich the wanderings and or even in abridgment, there is no doubt labours of the hero (as those of Io in the that out of their two collections a highly extant play) are prophesied. Chiron, who, curious library of Scottish antiquarian misthough” immortal, had been incurably cellanies may already be arranged on the wounded by one of the poisoned arrows shelves of any judicious subscriber. Their of Hercules, offers to satisfy Destiny by influence was soon felt on this side of the surrendering his helpless eternity of suffer- Tweed; and both here in London, and in ing, and becoming the substitute of Pro- several of the English counties, institutions metheus in the nether world. Zeus sets of much the same character have met with Prometheus at liberty, on the condition (for ready support. As far as we know, the he, too, had sworn an oath) that he always Southern clubs of recent origin affect less wears, as nominal bonds and symbols of of luxury in the style of their imprints. captivity, a wreath of the agnus castus, * The Camden, for example, produces quartos and an iron ring made from the metal of of much smaller size, and gives more mathis fetters. The secret is then revealed, ter (and good matter too) at a far less anthat a son more mighty than his father is to nual cost. And the Grainger, whose pecube born of Thetis, whom Zeus is at that liar object is the engraving of historical and time wooing. On this she is condemned family portraits (with brief biographical to marry Peleus; and at their nuptial feast, accompaniments), deserves to be more parwhere all the gods are present, Prome- ticularly recommended for the extreme theus -sits, the reconciled friend and hon-moderation of its demands on the purses of oured guest of Zeus,

its members. We are of opinion that the • Extenuata gerens veteris vestigia pænæ,

Scotch clubs ought to have adopted from Quam quondam, silici restrictus membra the first the plan of a double series of books catena,

-presenting works of general importance Persolvit, pendens e verticibus præruptis.'t in one form, and things of inferior or more

limited interest in auother. By and bye, if they continue to go on and prosper,


accumulation of these bulky quartos will Art.111.— The Coltness Collections, M. DC:- become alarming, even in a good-sized

VIII.-M.DCCC.XL. ; Printed for the country house.
Maitland Club. Edinburgh. 4to. 1842. It is to be observed, that, though the an-

nual subscription even for these Scotch

clubs is not heavy, they seem to expect that The example of the Bannatyne Club, insti


member shall sooner or later print tuted at Edinburgh in 1823 for the print- some one book at his own expense, and * Æschyl. Fragm., 219.

present it to the Society. The slenderest Τώ δε ξένο γε στίφανος, αρχαίον στέφος,

volume thus given in either of these collecδεσμών άριστος, εκ Προμηθέως λύγου,

tions could not have been printed for less as must be read for dóyov, according to the certain than 501. The majority must have cost correction of Heyne: compare Fragm. 19), and 1001. each at the least; and not a few have

+ Catullus, Epithalainium, Pelci et Thetidos (lxiv. been produced at a much higher expense. 1 Catullus, Epithalainium, Pelci et Thetidos (lxiv. The Duke of Buccleuch, for example, pre

. 290).

pp. 437.

sented, as his contribution to the Banna-, modern peerage-lawyers. We venture to tyne, the large and valuable Chartulary of say that, however slow to admit any stateMelrose, at a cost of more than a thousand ments from such a source as evidences of guineas to himself; and the Earl of Glas- fact in the tracing of a remote pedigree, gow, not contented with printing the Char- every intelligent peerage-lawyer would tulary of Paisley at about the same rate for have been delighted to have as much as the Maitland, is at this moment conducting could have been afforded from either Sir through the press the MSS. Analecta of Archibald's or his great-grandfather's pa. Wodrow (the ecclesiastical historian) in a pers—and would have studied such relics, series of four or five quartos, the aggregate however abounding in dreamy flatteries, expenses of which cannot come short of without the least disposition to judge another 10001. It is no wonder that such harshly of the penman. Men of the calibre munificence should be imitated, according of Mr. Riddell

, or Sir F. Palgrave, or Sir to private gentlemen's more moderate re- Harris Nicolas, bave not dimmed their sources; and if the result is that among eyes over these already numerous volumes we find a considerable proportion to consist of docu

".... all such reading as was never read,' ments which neither club might have been likely to print as a club, but which were without learning to smile gently and cbarirecommended to individual care by feelings tably upon the unconscious exaggerations of family pride or tenderness, we are not and romantic embellishments of such woramong those who complain of that result. thy persons as were here in question.

The Coltness Collections form a vol. They know that the seemingly wildest stoume of the class now alluded to. It is ries found in such repositories had grown edited by Mr. Dennieston, of Dennieston, a into shape by slow degrees among good, gentleman connected by marriage with the simple, sequestered people, whose historifamily of Stewart of Čoltness, in Lanark- cal and geographical attainments were shire, now extinct in the male line.

scanty, and full of all manner of confusion ; The contents are miscellaneous enough,

who had not the least idea of applying as may be guessed from the dates on the critical acumen to any subject with which title-page; but taken together they seem

no immediate issue as to pounds, shillings, to us to form a singularly curious speci- and pence was connected; who were promen of family history. Indeed we doubt bably shrewd and practical enough as to if there be a book of the kind that throws the narrow path of their direct personal more light on the details of Scottish life in interests in the world—but knew too little past time we should hardly except the of anything besides that, to be able to keep Memorie of the Somervilles'-and we

reason and imagination each to its proper know of none by half so striking for its working—for whom all beyond their own illustration of the changes that have taken hard beat was an intellectual desert, the place in the economical and social condi- natural soil of the mirage. Moreover, it is tion of Scotland since the period of the not now the fashionable canon that, because Union.

a tradition contains in it some palpable The first article in the miscellany is a absurdity, it cannot contain anything worfragment of a regular .Genealogy of this thy of attention even as to matter of fact. branch of the Stewarts, drawn up by a Sir

However dates and names may be perArchibald Stewart, who died in 1773 at the plexed and transmuted, there is very often age of ninety, and appears to have had for reality in the outline of the transactions ; materials a vast variety of ancient family

and finally, even when the transaction can papers, among others a detailed · Narra- be proved to be quite fabulous, we must tive' penned by an ancestor who died in remember that the story was believed; 1608–of which Narrative' the original

wherefore the circumstances of it must be MS. has not been discovered. Mr. Den framed upon actual manners, and the ima. nieston gives only the latter chapters of Sir ginary motives and impulses such as found Archibald's genealogical performance ; al- a ready response among existing men. As leging for the omission of the earlier part a

our philosophical poet says of the Roman reason which we humbly think ought not legends dissipated in the laboratory of Nieto have had much weight at this time of

buhr: day-namely, that the Narrative' from which Sir Archibald drew with unques

Complacent fictions were they ; yet the same tioning faith, had sundry statements as to

Involved a history of no doubtful sense, the primeval splendour of the tree, which

History that proves by inward evidence would not bear the cross-examining of Ne'er could the boldest eulogist have dared

From what a precious source of truth it came.

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Such deeds to paint, such characters to frame,, changing the climate might do good, and the But for coeval sympathy prepared

south of France, Montpellier, was the place. Togreet with instant faith their loftiest claim.'* Amidst all this humanity and politeness, he

omitted not in person to return thanks to God in It seems to us extremely doubtful a pointed grace after his repast, and after this whether the Memorie of the Sumervilles' hasted on his returne to joyn the army. The could bear close sifting as to many of its lady had been a strenuous royalist, and her [eld

est) son a captain in command at Dunbar: yet, • facts,' but its details of manners are upon this interview with the generall, she abathardly on that account legs valuable than ed much of her zeall. She said she was sure Pitscottie's. We are sorry, therefore, that Cromwell was one who feared God, and had the present editor shrunk from printing that fear in him, and the true interests of relithis family story entire as he found it. The gion at heart. A story of this kind is no idle chapters omitted belong, however, 10 the digression; it has some small connection with Stewarts of Alertoun (or Alanton) before the the family concerns, and shows some little of

the genious of these distracted times. Our knightly branch of Coltness sprung from James, the captain, grew up a sagatious, pru, their tree; and of that branch we have dent, country gentleman, noi of much acquired here a sufficiently full account.

polishing.'-pp. 9, 10. Before we come to it we must give a single extract as to the parent stem. The There is also a sketch of another of old genealogist, treating of Sir Walter Stew- Alertoun's sons which we must quote for art of Alertoun, the elder brother of the the queer insight it affords :first laird of Coltness, mentions that he had a fifth son, who ‘in his younger years was

Robert, the youngest, was of a strange mixcalled the Captain of Alertoun, from this ture of mind, had frequently a diabolick amaincident, viz. :

nia, would for days curse and blaspheme, and have returns of deep remorse and prayer, and

then seemed to incline to what was best. He • Oliver Cromwell, Captain-General of the had intelligence of all that passed in the counEnglish sectarian army, after taking Edinburgh try, and was naturally satiric to every one he Castle, was making a progress through the west stumbled on, saying bitter things, and was exof Scotland, and came down towards the river cessively pleased with his own sarcasms. He Clyde, near Lanrick, and was on his march back scarce spoke intelligibly but to such as were acagainst King Charles II.'s army, then with the quent with his dialect. He was a great freKing at Stirling; and, being informed of a near quenter of Knowsyde* preachings, (so he called way through Aughtermuir, came with some field conventicles), and was much disgusted at general officers to reconaiter, and had a guide his mother's brother for accepting a bishoprick; along. Sir Walter, being a royalist and cove, and when the Bishop of Galloway was praying nanter, had absconded. As he passed, he called in Alerton's family, that God would heal the in at Alertoun for a further guide, but no men rents and divisions in the church, Robert called were to be found, save one valetudinary gentle out thrise in the tyme of prayer audibly, “Wayt man, Sir Walter's son. He found the road not th’self, auntie's Billet the Bish'p!" He meant practicable for carriages, and upon his returne all the episcopall clargie by the Bishop, and it he called in at Sir Walter's house. There was went into a proverb when any one did wrong; none to entertain them but the lady and chil contrair to light and knowledge. He lived till dren, and her sickly son. The good woman after King William's death, and was a strong was as much for the King and Royall family as Revolution man, and upon Queen Anne's accesher husband, yet offered ihe generall the civili-sion grumbled much. His course expression ties of her house, and a glace of canary was

was—“Hussy King! no God's will a Hussy presented. The generall observed the formes of King !” and mocked extremely at it. He had a these times (I have it from good authority), and sagatious wise face and look, but had ane unihe asked a blessing in a long pathetick grace versall palsy. His sinows shrunk, and his body before the cupe went round; he drunk his good gradualy contracted; and when I first saw him, wishes for the family, and asked for Sir Walter, about fifty, he walked with staffs; in his older and was pleased to say his mother was a Stew

age he lost the use of his limbs, and carryed art's daughter, and he had a relation to the himself about by the strength of his armes. I name. All passed easy, and our James, being the hilt of one of the swords, upon which Oli- mind, and there was somewhat more singular a lad of ten years, came so near as to handle give his character more fully, because it affected

me much to see the various schemes pass in his ver strocked his head, saying, “ You are my lit- in the clouds, and the seren intervalls in his tle captain ;” and this was all the commission temper, than in any human creature ever I our Captain of Alertoun ever had. The general knew; and if ever there was in our time what called for some of his own wines for himself we call a possession by devils, there was at and other officers, and would have the lady try times a legion in this man. He expressed himhis wine, and was so humain, when he saw the self sensible thereof at times, and said the devil young gentleman maiger and indisposed, he said, was running away with his heart, when the

* Wordsworth's 'Poems, chiefly of Early and * Knoll-side. Late Years. 1842. p. 116.

+ " Blame thyself, aunt's brother, the Bishop."

fitt seased him, and in his penitancy charged al|burgh, and his son, by Bessie or Elisabeth Cum. these blasphemies to the evil feind. At times ming, is marked as a member of our first Prohe was in a high flow of spirits, and in his mirth testant Generall Assemblie, anno 1560. This had much the air of his cusin-german, the great geutleman, in way of his business, went to and wise Sir James Stewart, Lord Advocate; France to purchase velvets, silk, gold and silver and David Earle of Glasgow, his nephew, had laces, &c., and at Paris married one Jagish or much of his look and likeness. He was a great Jacoline de Tot, and of this marriage was Hen. smoker of tobacco, and in his frensies would dry Hope, father to Anna; though this Hendry, promise to smoke a pipe at the devil's fyersyde, the elder brother, had no sons, yet his younger and seemed to converse with him under kind brother, Lord Advocate Sir Thomas Hope's famepithets : but of this more than enough.'—pp. ily spread in many beautiful male branches. 11, 12.

This is our family tradition of the Hopes, how

ever fictitious genealogies may be invented to But it is time to take up the chapter in filatter a noble overgrown rich family, as is now

Earl Hopton's. which the author introduces directly the

“Thus was Anda Hope descended from credifounder of his own branch, James Stewart; table, substantiall burgar families; it was not and here he gives many particulars which her being niece to Thomas Hope was the motive the student of old manners and habits will induced the marriage, but her intrinsick virtue, consider curious and instructive. James, with her prudence to conduct a family, and their he says, ' was a promising genious, and loves were mutuall and reciprocall. A trifting soon put to his apprenticeship with a

story may illustrate this, and that plain down. marchant in E Jinburgh, whose favour he right ingenuity of these times. I have heard

that James Stewart, when exercising his agility gained by steady attention and 'a winning near where Heriot's Hospitle was then building, behaviour.' When his time was up he and in jumping across a draw well, now the established himself in the marchant-factor covert well in the middle of the square, (his and banker way;' and had he only minded mistress was by accident walking at some little the private affairs in his employment, and distance), in this youthful frolick, his hat struck not by little and little been dragged into on the pully of the well and drop into the pitt; high spheres of politicks in Church and Anna, hearing of this accident, in surprise faint

he escaped, as was said, a great danger, and State,' his descendant doubts not that be ed away. They made some innocent mirth must have become

after, and she was by this discovered to be James

Stewart's sweetheart; by this name a mistress • immensely rich.

But his generous was then called. principles did not incline to graspe at welth, but "At this time he was one-and-twenty, and she rather to be useful, benevolent, and beneficent. about a year younger. They were wedded in The patriarchal characteristick has alwise much about a year after, and his mother's brother, of the benevolent patriot or hero in it, and Prov. James first Lord Carmichel, the Lord Treasuridence has for ordinary distinguished by some our-depute, on his part, and Sir Thomas Hope, eminence of genious such as are to be, as it Lord Advocate, for her, takes burthen on him were, the root of nations, or more eminent fam- for the conditions on his piece's parte, for Anna's ilies, and even small families have this in pro- father was now sometime dead. It were needportioun. In otio et negotio probus. Thus less to narrate articles and conditions in this probity and benevolence were the shining char- contract;—it is not the largest provisions at first acteristicks of Sir James, the first of Culiness: outsett that makes the happiesi marriages or the in these he excelled, and was a true Christian richest testaments. Both were in the marchant heroe.

way, he in the marchant-factor and exchange * Entering into the marriage state was earely business, and she following a branch of her Sir James his cair. Wedlock is a more solemn father's traffick in the retealing shop trade, which concerning caise than most men imagine; the she prosecute thereafter to good account, and contexture of all economicall blessings arises had her distinct branch of business in accurate out of a wise choise. Here our young banker account and method, for she purchased these did not sett himself to court what is called a shops in Luckenbooths that bad been in her fortune, nor a distinguished beauty; a helpe- father's, grandfather's, and great-grandfather's mate for him was his devout wish, a compain- possession as tennants, and a chamber over ion he might be assured of, in good or bad con them; and she left at death to her husband and dition. And such was Anna Hope, daughter of family 36,000 merks, thus acquired by her inHendry Hope, and Katherine Galbreath, a dustry, enduring the sixteen or eighteen years daughter of Galbraith of Kilcroich; and Kath- the marriage subsisted. She made few demands erine's mother was a daughter of Provost Little for family expenses, but answered most of these The Hopes are of French extraction, from Pi- from her profites in her own way: “ Many cardy: it is said they were originally Houblon, daughters have done virtuously, (as in the Heand had their name from the plant, and not from brews), and gott riches, but thou excellest all." esperance, the virtue in the mind. The first The offspring of such perfect love and industhat came over was a domestick of Magdelene try must needs resemble their parents, and have of France, Queen to King James V., and of him a happy turne. She brought her husband seren are descended all the eminent families of Hopes. sons and one daughter, youngest child of all. This John Hope sett up as marchant of Edin-1 She was not of those that choose to lett out

their infant children to hyrlings. Her children, tionate or over-fond wife; she was sometimes sucked genuine food from her tender breasts, in the streets, then at the Privy-Councell door, and so may be said to have imbibed their vir- and many times crying and in tears. To give tues from a loving mother's heart. This she one remarkable insiance: her husband was a could undergoe among all her other toyls, and staunch Protestant of the Geneva forme, and she neglected no duty of a most affectionate thought our nationall covenant a barrier or outmother during their most tender years. When work of his religion, and some may think he her busband from affection pressed her upon was too much upon the punctilio in this. He these points, she said alwise she should never gave remarkable offence to King Charles's think her child wholly her own, when another Court thus. When that King in person held discharged the most part of the mother's duty, his Parliament in 1633 in Scotland, after his and by wrong nourishment to her tender babe coronation, our Mr. Stewart was Town-com. mighi induce wrong habits or noxious diseases, mandant, or Moderator-captain, as it was then or words to this purpose; and she added, “I called, and the City of Edinburgh's melitia or have often seen children take more a strain of train-bands were then the Parliament's guards. their nurse than from either parent.” Thus Commandant Stewart was upon duty; the was Sir James happy in a nursing mother to a King at this time had some English and Irish numerous family, for six children survived her, popish Peers in his retenew and train; Stewart and came to man's estate.'

gave strict orders that none of his Majesty's

popish Lords or gentry should enter the ParliaIf our reader be acquainted with Mr. R. ment-house or Tolbooth, and when the dispute Chambers's . Traditions of Edinburgh' ran high, the commandant snatched a halbert, (1825)-or indeed with the latter notes to

stood cross the entry, and checked their inso

lence. the Waverley Novels, he will not be sur. Privy-Councell where the King was present,

He was upon this called before the prised with the familiar intermixture of and with surprising firmness stood his ground, social orders and employments, now and and was dismissed; but ane expedient was long since widely separated, which this ex- found ; for the popish gentry gott battons of pritract sets before us. Until the Scotch had vilege, as the High Constable's and Chief free admission to the English colonies, Marischall's guards. However, this fixed Mr.

Stewart high in the esteem of all or most citi. their gentry, and even their nobility, considered it as no derogation to breed younger Court frowns, yet many of our Scotish Lurds

zens, and though it made him obnoxious to the sons for the industry of the shop; and while underhand approved his conduct.'-pp. 15-19. the wives and daughters of tradesmen, of every description, took a principal part, as In process of time James Stewart came a matter of course, in the business by which to be a Baillie of Edinburgh, and was the family subsisted, unmarried and widow. knighted; and, not to contradict the old ed gentlewomen, when scantily provided adage, that “as soon as a Scotchman gets for in worldly goods, appear very often to his head above water he becomes a landed have preferred establishing themselves as man,' Sir James turned his attention to a mereers, milliners, or the like, to encroach- property then in the market, situated in ing on the resources of a father or elder the same parish with his elder brother's brother, who had probably enough to do to bereditary lairdship. This Coltness is two support the dignity of his ancient • Tower- miles west from Alertoun, and had a conhouse' on the edge of the Moorland. It venient little Tower-house: it is a freehold may be seriously doubted whether the of the crown, and gives a rote at elections.' modern changes, in some of these matters, have not operated unfortunately on the • After Sir James had made the above pur. substantial happiness of the men, and still chase, he lost the most loving wife and carefull more so of the women. But to proceed provident mother any family was ever blessed with the history:

with. He bewailed the death of Anda Hope

sincerely and as a Christian husband. This • If the wife had any fault, it was in being considerable iurne in his family fell out in anno too anxious, either when she imagined her hus- 1646. The marriage had subsisied sixteen or band in any danger, or upon bis necessary ab- seventeen years, it may be said in a kind of prisences abroad. No occasion of writing was to mitive innocent state, for there were no broylls be omitted, else it was next to death, and with nor differences. She was laid in Sir James bois her even writing in ordinary course was not suffi- burying-ground, in the higher parte of the Greycient to satisfy ihat affection, which could figure friars' church-yard, Edinburgh, on the west side from love's diffidency a thousand disasters. wall, near where the passage goes to Heriot's Soon after their marriage religious and political Hospitle; and on account of the publick passage disputes ran so high, that there were frequent being too near this grave, Sir James, by act of occasions for her first kind of disquiet. In Town Council!, bad the entrie removed, and it such giddy times 'tis impossible one can stand was carryed about fifiy yards farther south, to neuter, without being obnoxious to both parties, the place where it now is: the vestige of the and, where all are embroyled, men are surround- old entrie is yet to be seen, on the back parte of ed with perils. It is easy to imagine what im- the wall, near by where she lyes interred. pressions distracted the mind of such an affec • Sir James was soon sensible what a loss it



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