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of nervous excitability, were quoted by, but they afford characteristic and pleasing ignorance or malevolence as proofs of a traits of his Majesty's good nature :trivial mind. No man in his doininions had a mind less trivial : he appreciated the

November 7th.-When I rang this morning duties of his station with a correctness of at the garden-door at Mr. Smelt's I was informjudgment, and executed its duties with a

ed the King was up stairs: of course I instantly diligence and ability, of which thrones af- garden, hardly able to make my way, through

retreated, and was walking back through the ford but few examples ; he was, in the the violence of the wind, blowing hard from the highest sense of the word, an honest Tharnes, when I heard a tapping from a window man,--the noblest work of God;' and if he upstairs: I looked up,—and thought I saw the was not what the world calls a great king, King ;-but, too uncertain to trust to eyes so it is only because he lived in times and short-sighted as mine, I hastily looked down under a constitution in which the personal though it was repeated, and louder, I proceeded

again, and affecting not to hear the rap-tapping, action of the sovereign on public councils

on my way. is concealed under the responsibility of his « 'Tis almost inconceivable the inconvenience ministers, and, like the spring of a watch, I suffer, thus placed among the royals of the is to the common eye only visible by the land, from my utter inability to confide in my ostensible movement of the hands on the own sight. I never know whether they look at dial : but we speak advisedly when we

me or at some one beyond me, nor whether they assert, that if ever, and to whatever extent,

notice me, or pass me regardlessly. his daily correspondence with his succes- pursued with a loud call.

*In a few instants my footsteps were hastily

I then thought I sive ministers upon the various business of might venture to turn, and beheld Mr. Smelt, the state shall be published, the world will quite out of breath with running, but highly dethen, and not fully till then, be able to ap- lighted to bring me word that the King had orpreciate his virtues and his talents ; his dered me back, and into the room where they all unwearied affection for his people, too

were assembled, that I might not have two such often ungrateful; his knowledge of and walks in so high a wind, without rest. –Vol. iii., anxiety for their true interests, by themselves too often mistaken; his conscientious And on another occasion:and disinterested love of justice, too often sacrificed to passion and party;, and his lonel Goldsworthy's regiment. Upon their re

* The royal family had all been to review Costeady support of the constitutional liberties turn they saw through my windows that Mrs. of England, of which he always considered Delany was with me, and the King and Queen himself as the first representative and both came in to speak to her. How they love official guardian. Miss Burney has, of her! and what mutual honour does such love course, even less to tell of him than of the confer on all three! The King counselled me to Queen; for though she frequently met

be as much as possible in the air, for the rehim, it was at moments and under circum- that I should walk in the garden for that pur

covery of my strength, graciously naming to me stances in which nothing could be exhibited pose-giving me, in those vords, the licence but his affability and good-nature. She with the advice. You may believe I would not

him occasionally in the Queen's let the day pass without accepting both.'—Vol. dressing-room, and more frequently in the iii., p. 363. evening in the tea-room appropriated to the Queen's attendants and visitors, where

Our readers may perhaps be amused he would look in, either to invite some of with two or three scenes, and we think the the party to the drawing or music rooms, only ones in which Miss Burney describes or to converse—which he would sometimes His Majesty's deportment in his public do for an hour-with some guest of note, character; eveywhere else he is little betas the Provost of Eton, Mr. Bryant, or Dr. ter than Farmer George, a name which, Burney, who he might hear were in the though given by malice, by no means dishouse. On the few occasions in which pleased the King's simple tastes and good anything worth telling occurred, Miss Bur-old English feeling. ney's details confirm what was already

The first is, the King's behaviour on the generally known, that his manners were attempt (22 August, 1786) of Margaret remarkable for their dignified frankness Nicholson to assassinate bim, a species of and ease, and his conversation for its un- atrocity then unheard of, and which filled pretending good sense and unaffected good the nation with astonishment and indignanature.

tion, feelings which the repetition of simiThe following incidents are very slight, lar crimes has, since that first unhappy exand, like almost everything else in the ample, too frequently revived among us. book, relate chiefly to Miss Burney herself:

While the guards and his own people now sur

saw

his own.

rounded the King, the assassin was seized by the four to the bravest and měst experienced of populace, who were tearing her away, no doubt her ancestors, and meeting a fore-known toʻtall the instant sacrifice of her murtherous danger with no other fear than that of expurpose, when the King, the only calm and moderate person then present,

called aloud to

posing her attendants to a risk which she the mob, "The poor creature is mad !-Do not felt it her own personal duty to disregard. hurt her! She has not hurt me!" He then History may be suspected of romancing on came forward, and showed himself to all the the theme of Edward and Eleanor; it does people, declaring he was perfectly safe and un- justice to George III., and will do so to hurt; and then gave positive orders that the Louis Philippe, all subjected to somewhat woman should be taken care of, and went into similar trials; but we cannot hesitate to the palace, and had his levee. There is something in the whole of his behaviour upon this say that nothing in ancient or modern story occasion that strikes me as proof indisputable of can exceed the amiable magnanimity, the a true and noble courage; for in a moment so gentle heroism of Queen Victoria, as attestextraordinary-an attack, in this country, un-ed by the indisputable evidence of the recent heard of before--to settle so instantly that it trial for High Treason. was the effect of insanity, to feel no apprehen. Soon after the attack on King George, sion of private plot or latent conspiracy-to stay the royal family paid that visit to Nuneham out, fearlessly, among his people, and so bene- which was the source of so many tribulavolently to see himself to the safety of one who had raised her arm against his life--these little tions to Miss Burney, and to Oxford, where, traits, all impulsive, and therefore to be trusted, to do her justice, she seems to have almost have given me an impression of respect and forgotten herself in the enthusiasm which reverence that I can never forget, and never His Majesty's appearance after his recent think of but with fresh admiration.

danger lighted up: • The insanity of the woman has now fully been proved; but that noble confidence which gave that instant excuse for her was then all

The theatre was filled with company, all Nor did he rest here; notwithstand-well dressed, and arranged in rows around it, ing the excess of terror for his safety, and doubt The area below them was entirely empty, so of further mischief, with which all his family that there was not the least confusion. The and all his household were seized, he still main-Chancellor's chair, at the head of about a dozen tained the most cheerful composure, and insist- steps, was prepared for the King; and just below ed upon walking on the terrace, with no other him, to his left, a form for the Queen and the attendant than his single equerry. The poor

Princesses. Queen went with him, pale and silent,-the

• The King walked foremost from the area, Princesses followed, scarce yet commanding conducted by the University's Vice-Chancellor. their tears. In the evening, just as usual, the The Queen followed, handed by her own ViceKing had his concert: but it was an evening of

Chamberlain. The Princess-Royal followed, grief and horror to his family; nothing was lis- led by the King's Aide-de-camp, General Har. tened to, scarce a word was spoken ; The Prin- court; and Princess Augusta, leaning on Major cesses wept continually; the Queen, still more

Price. Princess Elizabeth walked alone, no deeply struck, could only, from time to time, other servant of the King being present, and do hold out her hand to the King, and say, “ I have rank

authorising such a conduct, without office.

• Next followed the Duke and Duchess of • The affection for the King felt by all his Marlborough; then the Duchess of Ancaster, household has been at once pleasant and affect- and Marquis of Blandford; next, Lord and ing to me to observe: there has not been a dry Lady Harcourt

, then the two Lady Spencers eye in either of the Lodges on the recital of his and Lady Charlotte Bertie, then the Miss Verdanger, and not a face but his own that has not nons, and then Miss Planta and a certain F. B. worn marks of care ever since.'-Vol. ill., pp. of the theatre shut, than the King, his head

We were no sooner arranged, and the door 35–48.

covered, sat down; the Queen did the same, This conduct might have been expected and then the three Princesses. All the rest from the King, from his innate courage, throughout the theatre stood. The Vice-Chanand from the habitual dignity and self-pos- cellor then made a low obeisance to the King, session which a reign of already six-and-and, producing a written paper, began the Adtwenty years would naturally create ; but for this second visit, and to congratulate him

dress of the University, to ihank his Majesty much more noble, or at least more surprising, and the nation on his late escape from assassiwas the hereditary spirit of his illustrious nation. He read it in an audible and distinct granddaughter on the late more trying oc- voice; and in its conclusion an address was casion, in which we saw, with equal won- suddenly made to the Queen, expressive of much der and admiration, a young woman, a

concern for her late distress, and the highest young sovereign, a young wife, a young and exalted character,

and most profound veneration for her amiable mother, acting, not on a mere impulse, but with calm and considerate courage, and she had already, I doubt not, heard it at Nune

"The Queen could scarcely hear it, though sense of duty, which would have done hon- ham, as these addresses must be first read in

you yet!

private, to have the answers prepared. Never- formality, which was a third and last time reTheless, this public tribute of loyalty to the King, peated as he reached the steps of the altar. and of respect to herself, went gratefully to her Then he made his offering, which, according to heart, and filled her eyes with tears—which she the order of the original institution, was ten would not, however, encourage, but, smiling pounds in gold and silver, and delivered in a through them, dispersed them with her fan, purse: he then knelt down, and made a silent with which she was repeatedly obliged to stop prayer, after which, in the same measured steps, their course down her cheeks. The Princesses, he returned to his stall, when the whole cereless guarded, the moment their father's danger mony concluded by another slow movement on was mentioned, wept with but little control ; and the organ. The air of piety, and the unaffected no wonder, for I question if there was one dry eye grace and dignity, with which the King perin the theatre. The tribute, so just, so honour- formed this rite, surprised and moved me; Mr. able, so elegant, paid to the exalted character Smelt, the most affectionate of his many loyal of the Queen, affected everybody, with joy for subjects, even shed tears from emotion, in lookher escape from affliction, and with delight at ing at him in this serious office. The King, the reward and the avowal of her virtues. I am told, always acquits himself with true When the address was ended, the King took a majesty, where he is necessarily to appear in paper from Lord Harcourt, and read his answer. state as a monarch.'—Vol. iii., pp. 269, 270. The King reads admirably; with ease, feeling, and force, and without any hesitation. His We wish Miss Burney could have given voice is particularly full and fine. I was very much surprised by its effect. When he had

us more of such scenes as these, instead of done, he took off his hat, and bowed to the her squabbles with the Crutchleys, the Chancellor and Professors, and delivered the Turbulents, and the Schwellenbergs. We answer to Lord Harcourt, who, walking back- have already intimated that, though living wards, descended the stairs, and presented it to in the same house and in daily intercourse the Vice-Chancellor.

with their Majesties, her station did not enAfter this, the Vice-Chancellor and Professors able her to form any part of their society; begged for the honour of kissing the King's but still a woman of observation and sagahand. Lord Harcourt was again the backward messenger, and here followed a great mark of city might, if not wholly absorbed in selfgoodness in the King; he saw that nothing less admiration, have given us, without any unthan a thorough-bred old courtier, such as Lord due betrayal of private confidence, or any Harcourt, could walk backwards down these deficiency in duty to her royal patrons, steps, before himself, and in sight of so full a many more valuable anecdotes than the few hall of spectators; and he therefore dispensed which these pages afford. We fully admit with being approached to his seat, and walked that in all she says of the royal family her down himself into the area, where the Vice narration is in better taste than any other Chancellor kissed his hand, and was imitated by every Professor and Doctor in the room. – portion of her Diary. We only lament that, Vol. iii., pp. 95–97.

talking so much, she says so little ; and findThe following is interesting in a different studded with the names of the King and

ing all the pages of the third volume so style :

Queen, we really have not been able to ex· Monday, January 1st.—The king was to tract anything more interesting than we make an offering as Sovereign of the Garter. have presented to our readers. He was seated in the Dean of Windsor's stall, The result of all is that we are conscienand the Queen sat by his side. The Princesses tiously obliged to pronounce these three were in the opposite seats, and all of them at the end of the church. When the service was

volumes to be—considering their bulk and over, the offering ceremony began. The Dean pretensions-nearly the most worthless we and the Senior Canon went first to the commu have ever waded through, and that we do nion-table: the Dean then read aloud, “Let not remember in all our experience to have your light so shine before men,” &c. The organ laid down an unfinished work with less debegan a slow and solemn movement, and the sire for its continuation. That it may not King came down from his stall, and proceeded, mend as it proceeds, we cannot-where with a grave and majestic walk, towards the communion-table. When he had proceeded

there is such room for improvement-ven. about a third of the way, he stopped, and bow- ture to pronounce; and there is thus much ed low to the altar : then he moved on, and i to be said for it, that it can hardly grow again, at an equal distance, stopped for the same

6

worse.

THE

LONDON QUARTERLY REVIEW.

No. CXL.

FOR SEPTEMBER, 1842.

Art. I.- Correspondence between Mr. Pilt to discover, with the Times' or the 'Chro

and the Duke of Rutland, Lord-Lieute-nicle' in his hand-any good points in the nant of Ireland, 1781-1787. (Privately speech which the night before has made printed.) London. 1842. pp. 174. the whole House ring with enthusiastic

cheers ; or, on the contrary, has wondered It has been laid down as a rule by a great at the slight effect produced at the time, orator of ancient times, that writing well is by what he afterwards reads with so much the best and surest preparation for speaking pleasure. We have heard a most eminent well. Stilus optimus et præstantissimus di- living statesman observe bow very errocendi effector et magister are the words of neous an idea, as to the comparative estima Cicero.* On the other hand it seems na- tion of our public characters, would be formtural to suppose that a man able and ready ed by a foreigner who was unacquainted with his tongue should be still more able with our history, and who judged only from and ready with his pen. If he can without Hansard's • Debates.'* Who, for instance, premeditation pour forth acute arguments now remembers the name of Mr. Charles in eloquent language, surely the advantages Marsh? Yet one of the most pointed and of leisure will supply the same acuteness vigorous philippics which we have read in and the same eloquence in at least equal any language stands in the name of Mr. perfection.

Marsh, under the date ofthe 1st of July,1813. Neither of these conclusions, however, It has, therefore, always been a subject of is entirely borne out by experience. Burke, doubt and discussion, notwithstanding the whose writings will delight and instruct oratorical eminence of Mr. Pitt, whether the latest posterity, often delivered his he likewise excelled in written composition. harangues to empty benches or a yawning Up to this time the general impression, we audience, and was known to his contempo- believe, is, that he did not. This impresraries by the nickname of the Dinner-Bell.' sion has, in part perhaps, proceeded from • Too deep for his hearers, he went on refining; Chatham, whose style in his correspondence

the example of his father, the great Lord And thought of convincing, while they thought of dining !

appears by no means worthy of such a mind

-swelling, empty, cumbrous-and, even Fox, so pre-eminent as a debater, appears with small distinction in his authorship.

* We cannot mention Hansard's' Debates' with

out noticing the valuable addition to them now in Nay more, even the high skill of the Re- course of publication-Sir Henry Cavendish's Reporters' Gallery fails to give any just idea ports. These Reports (1768–1774) contain much of the real merits of a speech as well or ill curious matter-inter alia, upwards of one hundred adapted to its hearers. Every one must

new speeches of Burke;- they, in fact, go very far

to fill up a hitherto hopeless gap in our Parliamenhave frequently felt surprise at his inability tary history—and the publication, with its inpor

tant appendices, does great honour to the skill and * De Oratore, lib. i. c. 33.

industry of the discoverer and editor: Mr. Wright. 21

VOL. LXX.

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