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little while without speaking, and then, sud- , and very few attendants, it was the King's denly, but very gently, said, “Will you read a pleasure to live very much in the style of a paper while I work ?

I was quite “consternated!" I had not country gentleman, riding a great deal, huntthen the smallest expectation of such a request. &c. The royal ladies lived in the same

ing, farming, superintending his workmen, I said nothing, and held the book unopened.

“She took it from me, and pointed out the unceremonious fashion: drove out and paid place where I should begin. She is reading visits in the mornings, and read and worked îhem regularly through, for the first time. I round the tea-table in the evenings, while had no choice : I was forced to obey; but my the King chatted, or played backgammon voice was less obedient than my will, and it be with the equerry in waiting, commonly his came so husky, and so unmanageable, that nothing more unpleasant could be heard. The only attendant. There was also generally paper was a curious one enough-all concerning music, of which the audience was ihe royal a court favourite. I could hardly rejoice when family and their very small suite, now and my task was over, from my consciousness how then an occasional visitor, and a few perill it was performed. The Queen talked of the sons like Mrs. Delany, who might be called paper, but forbore saying anything of any sort private friends. Every now and then this about the reader. I am sorry, however, to have domestic circle, but on a still smaller scale, done so ill.'—Vol. iii., pp. 117-119.

was, for a little variety and change of air The mortification of Miss Burney at the for the royal children, removed to Kew: Queen's having forborne to say anything of any sort about the reader' is obvious; but from the Windsor. As there are no early pray

You will perceive the Kew life is different we suspect that it had a more serious and ers, the Queen rises later; and as there is no permanent effect on her temper and pros- form or ceremony here of any sort, her dress is pects, by dissipating all the hopes in which plain, and the hour for the second toilette exshe had indulged of being elevated from tremely uncertain. The Royal family are here the menial service of keeper of the robes to always in so very retired a way, that they live the higher and more lady-like duty of has not even an equerry with him, nor the

as the simplest country gentlefolks. The King Reader, When she found that she really Queen any lady to attend her when she goes her was to be Mrs. Schwellenberg's deputy, airings.'--Vol. iii., p. 37. and like all other deputies subordinate to her principal—her vexation took a perma- Once or twice a-week the King, and less nent shape and colour. She had not learn- frequently the Queen, would come to Loned from honest Dogberry that, an two don, either for public business or for levees ride of a horse, one must ride behind,' and and drawing-rooms. To this regular and henceforward the struggle between her simple style of life their Majesties added place and her pride made her, we have no early hours and strict punctuality; and livdoubt, exceedingly uncomfortable to her- ing, as they did, in small houses and in so self and others.

privale a way, they received few visitors At this period their Majesties' residence themselves, and expected—not unreasonaat Windsor was in a plain barrack-looking bly—that in this respect they should be imihouse, called the Queen's Lodge, erected a tated by their attendants.

Miss Burneylittle to the south-eastward of the Castle, (who, no doubt, regretted the gross flattery by Sir William Chambers, for George III., of other circles, and had been regaling herbut fortunately demolished in the recent self with the idea of playing lioness in a improvements. It is due to the memory of royal den)-was very much disposed to inthe Sovereign and the architect to say, that fringe this rule, and it required some gentle this excrescence, of which both the style hints from the Queen herself to bring her and the position were, with reference to into discipline on this and some other points ; the Castle, exceedingly incongruous, was for she had a wonderful alacrity at getting never meant to be permanent; but the into petty scrapes, partly from ignorance, Castle was not habitable for the royal fa- and partly from presumption. Miss Bur

mily, nor capable of being made so at any ney's ordinary duties may be compressed - reasonable expense, nor within any reason into the following summary :

able time; and George III., designing to restore it gradually, and wishing in the "I rise at six o'clock, dress in a morning. meanwhile to have the pleasure of living gown and cap, and wait my first summons [to at Windsor, ran up, as we have understood, the Queen), which is at all times from seven to this lodge for a temporary residence, with near eight, but commonly in the exact half-hour

between them.... The Queen never sends for the obvious intention of removing it when me till her hair is dressed : this, in a morning, the Castle should be completed. In this is always done by her wardrobe-woman, Mrs. house, with very limited accommodation | Thielky, a German, but who speaks English

19

VOL. LXX.

perfectly well. Mrs. Schwellenberg, since the the equerry, whoever he is, comes to tea confirst week, has never come down in a morning at stantly, and with him any gentleman that the all. The Queen's dress is finished by Mrs. King or Queen may have invited for the evening; Thielky and myself. No maid ever enters the and when tea is over he conducts them and goes room while the Queen is in it. Mrs. Thielky himself to the concert-room. This is commonly hands the thin to me, and I put them on. By about nine o'clock. From that time, if Mrs. eight o'clock, or a little after, for she is extreme- Schwellenberg is alone, I never quit ber for a ly expeditious, she is dressed. She then goes minute till I come to my little supper at near out to join the King, and be joined by the prin- eleven. Between eleven and twelve my last cesses, and they all proceed to the King's chapel summons usually takes place, earlier and later in the castle, to prayers, attended by the gover- occasionally. Twenty minutes is the customary nesses of the princesses and the King's equerry. time then spent with ihe Queen; half an hour, Various others at times attend ; but only these I believe, is seldom exceeded. I then come back, indispensably. I then return to my own room and after doing whatever I can to forward my to breakfast: I make this meal the most plea- dress for the next morning, I go to bed—and to sant part of the day; I have a book for my com- sleep, too, believe me: the early rising, and a panion, and I allow myself an hour for it... At long day's attention to new affairs and occupanine o'clock I send off my breakfast-things, and tions, cause a fatigue so bodily that nothing relinquish my book, to make a serious and steady mental stands against it, and to sleep I fall the examination of everything I have upon my hands moment I have put out my candle and laid down in the way of business-in which preparations my head.'—Vol. iii., pp. 27-31. for dress are always included, not for the present day alone, but for the court-days, which require

These are the materials out of which a particular dress ; for the next arriving birth; Miss Burney contrived to make herself-or day of any of the royal family, every one of which requires new apparel; for Kew, where at least says that she was made-exceeding. the dress is plainesi ; and for going on here, ly miserable ; and we have little doubt that where the dress is very pleasant to me, requir- she did make herself exceedingly ridiculous ing no show nor finery, but merely to be neat, and disagreeable to her companions. Her not inelegant, and moderately fashionable. That grand grievance is the domineering spirit over, I have my time at my own disposal till a and tyrannical oppression of Mrs. SchwelSaturdays, when I have it only to a quarter belenberg, We can easily believe that this

and fore eleven. ... These times mentioned call me good lady, the Queen's countrywoman to the irksome and quick-returning labours of the oldest friend and favourite—and now grown toilette. The hour advanced on the Wednes- old, sickly, and probably peevish---was not days and Saturdays is for curling and craping particularly pleased at the introduction of a the hair, which it now requires twice a-week. young English authoress in the place of her A quarter before one is the usual time for the old German associate, Mrs. Haggerdorn ; Queen to begin dressing for the day. Mrs. and particularly as the new-comer's awkSchwellenberg then constantly attends ; so do. I; wardness, ignorance, and dissatisfaction at her off with her gown, and on with her powder- her subordinate situation created additional ing-things, then the hair-dresser is admitted: trouble and a species of annoyance which she generally reads the newspapers during that had never before broken the even tenour of operation. When she observes that I have run Mrs. Schwellenberg's life. But, on the othto her but half-dressed, she constantly gives me er hand, we think it is clear that Miss Bur. leave to return and finish as soon as she is seat- ney's personal pretensions forced Mrs. dismisses me, whether I am dressed or not; but Schwellenberg into something of a hostile at all times she never forgets to send me away

vindication of her own position and the etiwhile she is powdering, with a consideration not quette of her office : take for instance, the to spoil my clothes that one would not expect be- most frequent and fruitful cause of dissatislonged to her high station. Neither does faction to Miss Burney---the supreme comshe detain me without making a point of read. mand exercised by Mrs. Schwellenberg at ing here and there some little paragraph aloud. the dinner and tea tables. In those days no ... Few minutes elapse ere I am again summoned. I find her then always removed to her state invited to dine at the royal table—but there

gentleman and very few ladies were ever dressing-room, if any room in this private mansion can have the epithet of state ; there was a regular andwell-appointed table kept in a very short time, her dress is finished. nominally for Mrs. Schwellenberg, but in reShe then says she won't detain me, and I hear ality for her and her assistant, and such attenand see no more of her till bed-time.... At five dants and occasional visitors as their Majeswe have dinner. Mrs. Schwellenberg and I ties—and particularly the Queen-might inmeet in the eating-room. ... When we have vite or cause to be invited to it. A similar dined we go upstairs to her apartment, which is directly over mine. Here we have coffee till table for the equerries was more specially the terracing is over; this is at about eight filled by the King's invitation ; and the o'clock. Our tête-à-tête then finishes, and we guests at both tables were in the habit of come down again to the cating-room. There meeting at tea in Mrs. Schwellenberg's

6

p. 14.

apartments, where his Majesty would often belonged to her predecessor, by entertaincondescend to walk in, and invite some of ing her own visitors in the King's house, the party (but never persons of Mrs. and by acting in a way which she confessSchwellenberg's or Miss Burney's rank) ed must have been so • offensive' to Mrs. to the music or drawing room. In the Schwellenberg, ' who had begun very civilQueen's first offer to Miss Burney her place ly and attentively. Yet, before she had at this table was clearly marked :

completed seven full days in office we find

her writing, Her Majesty proposed giving me apartments in the palace; making me belong to the table of We [Mrs. S. and Miss B.) are commonly Mrs. Schwellenberg, with whom all her own vis-tête-à-tête at dinner: when there is any body itors-bishops, lords, or commons-always dine; added, it is from her invitation only. Whatever keeping me a footman, and settling on me 2001. right my place might afford me of also inviting a-year.'—Vol. ii., p. 418.

my friends to the table I have now totally lost

by want of courage to claim it.'--Vol. iii., pp. 30. This is plain enough-the table was 31. Mrs. Schwellenberg's, to which Miss Bur. ney was to be added, together with Her She forgets that she had just before told Majesty's occasional visitors. But Miss us that it was Mrs. Schwellenberg's tableBurney attempted from the very first to she forgets that she had refused to take alter the established forms:

Mrs. Haggerdorn's place--she forgets her

offensive' separation from the tea-party "When summoned to dinner (the first day) I on the first day; and then she complains was offered the seat of Mrs. Haggerdorn, which that she has lost prerogatives enjoyed by was at the head of the table; but that was an Mrs. Haggerdorn, through Mrs. Schwellenundertaking I could not bear. I begged leave 10 decline it; and, as Mrs. Schwellenberg left me berg's encroachment and her own meek. at my own choice, I planted myself quietly at

ness and want of spirit ; and all this within one side.'-Vol. ii.,

the first week !

This table, its etiquettes, and its guests, The reason of this move, we presume, became to Miss Burney a frequent occasion was that the seat of Mrs. Haggerdorn was for all sorts of petty miseries, of wbich we not the post of honour; but it is certain that really can comprehend no more than that Miss Burney, whether from shyness or she seems to have resolved never to be pride, chose to depart from the practice of pleased with anything, and that, in spite her predecessor. "At tea she repeated a of her professions of humility, resignation, similar pretension, under a similar guise of and so forth, she plagued herself and everyhumility :

body near her with absurd jealousies and

pretensions. Of course all the blame is "I find it has always belonged to Mrs. Schwell- laid upon the arrogance of Mrs. Schwellenenberg and Mrs. Haggerdorn to receive at tea whatever company the King or Queen invite to

berg; but, by and by, it happens that M1s. the Lodge, as it is only a very select few that

Schwellenberg falls sick, and removes to can eat with their Majesties, and those few are town for medical advice, leaving Miss Buronly ladies; no men, of what rank soever, being ney the presidency '-as she affects to permitted to sit in the queen's presence. I mean call it—of the table. Let us see how she and hope to leave this business wholly to Mrs. exercised it : Schwellenberg, and only to succeed Mrs. Hag: gerdorn in personal attendance upon the Queen.' * No sooner did I find that my coadjutrix ceased -Vol. iii., p. 17.

to speak of returning to Windsor, and that I be

camne, by that means, the presidentess of the And she had previously, on this the dinner and tea table, than I formed a grand devery first evening of her residence, attempt- signno other than to obtain to my own use the ed a still higher stretch of independence disposal of my evenings. instead of accompanying Mrs. Schwellen

• From the time of my entrance into this

court, to that which I am writing, I had never berg into the tea-room, as her predecessor been informed that it was incumbent upon me had always done and as all the rest of the to receive the King's equerries at the tea-table; company did, she ordered tea in her own yet I observed that they always came to Mrs. room for herself and a visitor, who had Schwellenberg, and that she expected them so called to congratulate her on her appoint- entirely as never to make tea till their arrival. ment.

Nevertheless, nothing of that sort had ever been Thus we find her, at the very outset, intimated to me, and I saw no necessity of fall

ing into all her ways, without commands to taking upon herself to innovate on the es- that purpose: nor could I conclude that the tablished order, by declining duties or ho- King's gentlemen would expect from me either pours, whichever they may have been, that the same confinement or readiness of reception

ney, to

as had belonged to two invalid old ladies, gład | bête noire, old Madam Schwellenberg,' of company, and without a single connexion who, after all, really seems to have treated to draw them from home.'-Vol. iii., pp. 171, her young associate's very perverse pro172.

ceedings with considerable forbearanceIn vain did the gentlemen assemble every for Miss Burney, with all her avowed maevening as usual—in vain did they'regu- levolence towards Mrs. Schwellenberg, aclarly tend their compliments to Miss Bur; knowledges several instances of civility and

say that they were come to tea, and kindness from her, particularly at first; waiting for her.'

while, on the other hand, she specifies but I determined not to notice this; and conse- one single cause of complaint, and we may quently, the first time Mrs. Delany was not well be assured that if she had more to tell it enough to give me her valuable society at the would not have been suppressed. But that lodge, I went to her house, and spent the evening there, without sending any message to the specific complaint is, it must be owner, a

serious one. eguerries, as any apology must imply a right on

In one of the journeys from their part that must involve me in future con- Windsor to town, Mrs. Schwellenberg and finement.

Miss Burney being in the royal coach apThis I did three or four times, always with propriated to their use, with Miss Planta so much success as to gain my point for the and Mr. De Luc, two other of the attendmoment, but never with such happy conse-ants, Mrs. Schwellenberg desired that one quences as to ensure it me for the time to come; of the glasses should be down—no very since every next meeting showed an air of pique, and since every evening had still

, unremittingly, unreasonable wish with four people in a the same message for John.?-Vol. iii., pp. 172, coach—but unfortunately she preferred its 173.

being down at Miss Burney's side; and we This kind of proceeding went on for se- must say that, considering Mrs. Schwellenveral days, till at last it produced a direct berg's age, ill health, and relative rank, remonstrance from Col. Goldsworthy, the and her long 'presidency' in that coach, her King's first equerry, on the part of himself wishes ought to have prevailed. But Miss and the rest; and then Miss Burney disco. Burney's eyes were weak, and the cold vered—as she says-that her own footman,

air was exceedingly uncomfortable to her. who had so regularly announced that the Mr. De Luc first pulled up the glass for her gentlemen were waiting for her, had also relief, but Mrs. Schwellenberg objected to previously announced to the gentlemen that that-Mr. De Luc then goodnaturedly proshe was waiting for them. We can hardly posed that Miss Burney should change believe this for though the footman may places with Miss Plauta, who sat opposite to have delivered the routine message the Mrs Schwellenberg, and consequently on first evening in the usual way, yet when the sheltered side;' to this all agreed except both be and the gentlemen found that the Miss Burney, who told them— briefly'lady was not waiting, and that the lady ne- that is, angrily—that she was always sick ver came, it seems scarcely possible that in riding backwards.' (vol. iii., p. 460.) The such a mistake could have been repeated elegance of the fact and of the phrase is night after night; but, be that as it may, it worthy rather of Miss Branghton ihan Ercdoes not alter the substance of the case. lina. We suspect, however, that it was Miss Burney, according to her own state- not so much the fear of sickness as the ment, 'formed a grand design' of assuming supposed loss of dignity from 'riding backa personal authority where she had none, wards,' that operated on Miss Burney; and and of innovating on an established usage

we cannot but smile at the hant-en-bus style of the King's family in a most offensive in which she always affects on all occasions way; and it seems to us, that her whole to treat Miss Planta, who had been the temper and deportment were on all occa- governess, and was now the companion, of sions marked with different shades of the the elder Princesses, and therefore, we besame perversity and impertinence.

lieve, impofficial station, as she certainly was These miserable tracasseries

may

in good manners, good sense, good nature, to our readers--as, indeed they are --very and everything-except self-opinion-at paltry and tedious; but they form so large least the equal of the second keeper of the a feature in the book, and develope so

robes. This adventure of the coach-glass is clearly the author's character, that we can- made the occasion of much harsh language not, in justice to all parties, omit to place and malignant insinuation against poor Mrs. them in what we consider their proper light; Schwellenberg, which would not be worth and with this object we shall say a few our notice, except as affording additional words more on the subject of Miss Burney's proofs of the style of exaggeration and mis

seem

representation in which the Memoirs are the sacrifice of a little accuracy-as a generally written.

heroine of romance who touched the heart, It would be insufferably tedious to wade or turned the head of every man who apthrough a tithe of the blunders, squabbles, proached her. Her innate propensity was complaints, and miseries in which Miss to make mountains of mole-hills. That is a Burney contrived by her own vanity and leading defect in her novels, and is still vulgarity to involve herself--but there is more prominent in these memoirs; and one transaction of so peculiar and prominent though we do not accuse her of downright an aspect, that we cannot pass it over with fabrication, we see that she frequently inthe contempt that its intrinsic absurdity Alates and discolours her anecdotes into would deserve.

something very like falsehood ;--and this Amongst the Queen's attendants--a observation--true as it is of the whole frequent guest at the table and companion work--applies with peculiar force to this in the coach -was a gentleman whom Miss individual story of Mr. Giffardier, for we Burney chooses to call Mr. Tur lent, but have he positive proof from her own pen whose real designation was the Reverend of serious inaccuracy on her part. She Charles Giffardier,* French reader to the professes-be it observed—to write a diary Queen and Princesses, and very much in in letters to her sister-which are dethe favour and confidence of all those illus- spatched as soon as the sheet is full: such trious ladies. With him Miss "Burney a diary, we need hardly say, can tell the managed very early in their acquaintance story only of to-day or yesterday, but never to get into a series of most extraordinary of to-morrow. Now the first distinct mendiscussions and perplexities, amounting to tion of Mr. Turbulent is on the 4th Novempassionate transports on his part and awk- ber, 1786, when he dined as a new comer, ward indecision and embarrassment on and by the Queeu’s command, at the table, hers. If we gave implicit credit to her and then she addsstatements we must believe that Mr. Giffardier, though a beneficed clergyman, and in “Shall I introduce to you this gentleman such the highest confidence of Queen Charlotte, as I now think him at once? or wait to let his was lax in his moral views and unsteady the same manner that it did to me? I wish I

character open itself to you by degrees, and in in his religious principles, and, though a could hear you answer! So capital a part as married man, violently enamoured of Miss

you

will find him destined to play hereafter Fanny, who represents herself as so aston- in my concerns, I mean, sooner or later, to the ished and awed by the turbulence of the best of my power, to make you fully acquainted man's language and deportment, that she with him.'-Vol. iii., p. 207. had not courage to disentangle herself from his visits. We need hardly remark,

Here is manifest inaccuracy and selfher wishes to do so had been sincere, a

contradiction. She confounds now' and single word, a single look-situated as the hereafter,' and betrays, clumsily enough, parties

that the pretended Diary' was in this were-would have sufficed to silence

any

Mr. Turbulent that ever lived. instance at least-dressed up at a subseNor can we understand on what principles quent period, when the novelist chose to of good faith or good taste she should have metamorphose poor Mr. Giffardier into a thought herself justified in thus elaborately hero, 'destined to play so capital a part in recording for circulation and publication her concerns.' so much idle, and, as she affects to have

And such a part! We know not how thought it, offensive trash.

But idle and to describe it; for Miss Burney's style of dull as, in her representation, it certainly narrative unites the contradictory qualities is, it clearly was not to her-whatever she of being too diffuse to be extracted, and may say - offensive : it flattered her amour- too obscure to be abridged. In fact, we propre more than it alarmed her prudery- can very seldom make our what her squah

bles with Mr. Turbulent were she received it with a sentimental flutter

about. as a homage to her attractions, and she The two main points seem to have been was delighted—as she had been in the bis anxiety that Miss Burney (Mrs. SchwelCrutchley and some other affairs-at the lenberg being absent) should invite Colonel opportunity of exhibiting herself-even at Greville, the equerry in waiting and a par

ticular favourite of his own, to the tea-iable, and that he himself wished for more of the

enchanting conversation and company of So he was commonly called, but his name cor: Miss Burney than it seems she chose to rectly written was, we believe, De Guiffardière. He had a prebendal stall at Salisbury, and was vicar allow him. These very ordinary matters of Newington and rector of Berkhampstead. are discussed between the parties in a style

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