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sound judgment could be found to advocate a measure so entirely opposed to right policy and true principle, as that here recommended. It has ever been the cherished system of the worst governments, in the worst times, and has tended more than any other policy, to debase and to lower the character of nations. Venice and France, in the most degraded periods of their history, were distinguished by the flagrant treachery of their governments; and there are few persons who do not remember, with disgust and abhorrence, the unhappy times, when, for political purposes, similar measures were resorted to in our own country. The results of such a system are what may naturally be expected. Fraud is met by fraud, and deception by deception; the worst means are put in practice, in order to force from the offender the desired information; and at last the spy, whose duty it is to provide the expected number of criminals, is compelled, for his own professional credit, to create the crimes himself. No advantages gained in the detection of offenders can counterbalance the demoralizing influences of such a system.

We have no space for a further examination of Mr. Wakefield's book; which, together with the evidence given by him before the Select Committee of the House of Commons, appointed to report upon the subject of secondary punishments, we recommend to the attention of those whose inquiries are directed to the state of our criminal jurisprudence.

PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS.

No. I.

The following are Summary Statements of the Number of Persons charged with Criminal Offences, who were committed to the different gaols in England and Wales, for trial at the assizes, and sessions, held for the several counties, cities, towns, and liberties therein, during the years 1823-1829 inclusive, distinguishing the number in each year; and showing the nature of the crimes respectively of which they were convicted, acquitted, and with which those were charged, against whom no bills were found, and who were not prosecuted; the sentences of those convicted; and the number executed who received sentence of death :

Number of Persons charged with Criminal Offences, committed to the different Gaols in

England and Wales, for Trial, in each County.

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Anglesey
Bedford
Berks
Brecon
Bucks
Cambridge
Cardigan
Carmarthen.
Carnarvon
Chester
Cornwall
Cumberland
Denbigh
Derby
Devon
Dorset
Durham
Essex
Flint
Glamorgan
Gloucester

(Bristol)
Hants
Hereford
Herts
Huntingdon

Lancaster
Leicester
Lincoln
Merioneth
Middlesex
Monmouth
Montgomery
Norfolk
Northampton
Northumberland
Nottingham
Oxford
Pembroke
Radnor
Rutland
Salop
Somerset
Stafford
Suffolk
Surrey
Sussex
Warwick
Westmoreland
Wilts
Worcester.
York

996 1,223 1,094 1,29

Total

12,263 13,698 14,43716,164 17,921 16,564 18,675 * The prisoners for Trial at the Special Assizes commencing in December, upon the Home Circuit

in each year, are incladed in the numbers in the following Year. The prisoners for Trial at the Assizes commencing in December 1829 are therefore not included hercia.

Number of Persons Committed, Convicted, Sentenced, Acquitted, &c. &c.

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Committed for Trial:

Viz, Males

Convicted and Sentenced :

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Imprisonment, and severally

to be Whipped, Fined, kept to Hard Labour, &c.

8,516

6 Months and } | 4,040 4,861 5,408 5,819 6,251 5,991 6,646 39,016
under
266 214 281

310
321
322 336

2,050 Whipping and Fine Total Convicted

8,204 9,425 9,964 11,107 12,564 11,723 13,261 76,248 Acquitted

2,480 2,611 2,788 3,271 3,407 3,169 3,614| 21,340 No Bills found, and not Prosecuted. 1,579 1,662 1,685 1,786 1,950 1,672 1,800 12,134

Total 12,263 13,698,14,437| 16,164 17,921 16,564 18,675 109,722 Of whom were Executed *54

*49
*50

*57 *70 *79 *74 433

* See pages 137 and 138 for their Crimes and also for the Number Esecuted.

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Number of Persons Convicted. Nature of the Crimes of which Per

sons were Convicted in the Years) 1823. 1824. 1825. 1826. 1827. 1828. 1829. Arson, and other wilful Burning of Property

6 7 3 3 2) 8 Bigamy

19 22 25 35

23

31 Burglary

302 276 311 3681 171

108 Breaking into a Dwelling-house and Larceny

124

128 112 125 240 350 561 Breaking into a Building, Shop, &c.

(not communicating with Dwellinghouse), and Larceny

151 164 Cattle Stealing 24 19 24 21 31 28

25 Cattle, Feloniously Killing and Maiming

2 2

1

2 2 Child Stealing

1

3 1 5 3 3 Coining

1 2. 1 7

6 Coin Counterfeit, Putting off,

Uttering, and Having, &c.

175 206 176

210 223 205 256 Embezzlement (by Servants)

64 71

91 101 135 130 Forgery, and Uttering Forged Instruments

29 22

23 46 42 37 Forged Bank Notes, Having in Possession, &c.

4

1 Fraudulent Offences

147
142 176 157 206 215)

282 Game Laws, Offences against . 153 140 109 128 212 306

174 Horse Stealing

134 104 165 121 147 138 147 Larceny (not otherwise described) 5,977 6,914 7,293 8,089 8,858| 8,199 9,444 Larceny in a Dwelling-house, &.c. 145

186 222 223 74 81 Larceny in a Shop, &c.

1 Larceny from the Person

329 446

532 658 722 682 724 Letters, containing Bank Notes, &c. Secreting and Stealing

3

1 Letters, sending Threatening

1 Manslaughter

53 50 62 62 83 72 56

12 17 12 13 12 20 13 Murder, Shooting at, Stabbing,

Wounding, and Administering
Poison, with intent to Murder, &c. 14 21 17 14 35 20! 65
Murder, Concealing the Birth of
their Infants

9
7

5 5 23 4

4

2 Rape, &c.

111 9

11

7 Rape, Assault with intent to commit 46 43 42 83 647 78 Riot and Felony

48 Robbery of the Person, on the Highway, and other Places

113 124 93 144 201 155 147

4 4 1 4 8 7 Sheep Stealing, and Killing with intent to Steal

79 105 104 127 153 120 155 Sodomy

3 1 2 1 1 Sodomy, Assault with intent to com

mit, and other Unnatural Offences 27 15 25 20 231 27 14 Stolen Goods, Receiving

117 184 131 157 235 229 277 Transports being at large, &c.

4

12 12 7 8 Felony, Cutting down Trees growing, Felony, Stealing Part of a Wreck 1 Felony, Armed to assist Smugglers, &c.

2

16 11 Felony and Misdemeanor (not otherwise described)

116

120 272 196 273 207 231 Total Number of Persons Convicted in each Year

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Number of Persons Acquitted.
Nature of the Crimes for which
Persons were Tried and Ac-

1823. 1824. 1825. 1826. 1827 1828. 1829. quitted in the Years Arson, and other wilful Burning of Property

14 8 8] 6 4 15 Bigamy:

6 3 7 5 5 6 7 Burglary

991 881 101 115 136 45 35 Breaking into a Dwelling-house, and Larceny 26 33 27 27 44 102

167 Breaking into a Building, Shop, &c.

(not communicating with Dwellinghouse), and Larceny

35 28 Cattle Stealing

3

10 2) 10 8 4 Cattle, Feloniously Killing and Maiming

2

2 5 31 7 1 Child Stealing

1

3 1 1 Coining

2 의

2 Coin Counterfeit, Putting off, Uttering, and Having, &c. 28 41 19 48 28 30

33 Embezzlement (by Servants) 231 36 26 39 39

35 Forgery, and Uttering Forged In. struments.

14

141 32 18 14 Forged Bank Notes, Having in Possession, &c.

1 1 Fraudulent Offer ces 52 50 51 44 76

79 Game Laws, Offences against

43 18 31 34 53 9) 42 Horse Stealing

30 32 491 36 60 92 Larceny (not otherwise described) 1,498 1,580 1,727 1,918 1,969 1,768 2,036 Larceny in a Dwelling-house, &c. 40 54 461 59

33 31 Larceny from the Person

108 125

236 203

232 236 Letters, containing Bank Notes, &c. Secreting and Stealing

2 Letters, sending Threatening

4 4

3 2 2 Manslaughter

54 49] 56 71 53 54 66 Murder

35 28 61 32 34| 48 27 Murder, Shooting at, Stabbing,

Wounding, and Administering

Poison, with intent to Murder, &c. 29 351 29 26 29 41 99 Murder, Concealing the Birth of their Infants

9 Perjury

7

6 Piracy 25

47 Rape, &c.

22. 16 201 14 20 23 30 Rape, Assault with intent to commit 20 12 17 16 27 31 25 Riot and Felony

12

5 Robbery of the Person, on the Highway, and other Places

64 108 781

115 128 113 Sacrilege

1

2 2 2 Sheep Stealing, and Killing with intent to Steal

231 32 41 40 60 57 63 Sodomy

6 9 4 3

31 6 Sodomy, Assault with intent to commit, and other Unnatural Offences 7 4 10

13 10 8 Stolen Goods, Receiving

141 156 113 193 205 191) 265 Transports being at large, &c. Felony, Cutting down Trees, growing,

&c. Felory and Misdemeanor (not otherwise described)

59 65 61

1221

92 Total Number of Persons Acquitted in each Year

2,480 2,611 2,788 3,271 3,407 3,169 3,614

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