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ing of arms
merce, &c, nor
That there shall be, in the department of the treasury, an officer, ment of the trea. to be denominated “Purveyor of Public Supplies," whose duty sury, &c. shall be, under the direction and supervision of the secretary of the treasury,* to conduct the procuring and providing of all His duty, to conarms, military and naval stores, provisions, clothing, Indian ilustratorem procurgoods, and generally, all articles of supply requisite for the service of the United States, and whose compensation shall be, a salary of two thousand dollars per annum.
And all letters to His salary 2,000 and from the said officer shall be received and conveyed by post His letters free vi free of postage.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said officer shall The purveyor net not, directly or indirectly, be concerned, or interested, in carry- trade or coming on the business of trade or commerce, or be
purchase public whole or in part, of any sea vessel, or purchase, by himself lands, &c. or another in trust for him, public lands, or any
other public property, or be concerned in the purchase or disposal of any public securities of any state, or of the United States, or take, or apply, to his own use, any emolument or gain, for negotiating or transacting any business in the said department, other than what shall be allowed by law; and if he shall offend Forfeit of 3,000 against any of the prohibitions of this act, he shall, upon con- ment, and disabiviction, forfeit, to the United States, the penalty of three thou- lity, for offending sand dollars, and may be imprisoned for a term not exceeding bitions of this act, five years, and shall be removed from office, and be forever thereafter incapable of holding any office under the United States.
Sec. 3, And be it further enacted, that the said officer shall, The purveyor to before he enters on the duties of his office, give bond, with sufficient sureties, to be approved by the secretary of the treasury and comptroller, in the sum of twenty thousand dollars, payable to the United States, with condition for the faithful performance The bond to be of the duties of his said office; which bond shall be lodged in fice of the compthe office of the comptroller.
[ Approved, February 23, 1795.]
An act for continuing and regulating the Military Establishment of the United
States, and for repealing sundry acts heretofore passed on that subject.t
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen- The present miditatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, ment, &c. conThat the present military establishment of the United States, tinued. composed of a corps of artillerists and engineers, to consist of nine hundred and ninety-two non-commissioned officers, pri
* Altered by act of 16th July, 1798—Şee chap. 38, sec. 3. , | Repealed and supplied by act of 30th May, 1796–See chap. 26.
The corps of artillerists and engineers to be com
The legion of the
vates, and musicians, and of a legion to consist of four thousand eight hundred non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, be, and the same is hereby, continued.
Sec. 2. And be it further engcted, That the said corps of artillerists and engineers be completed, conformably to the act of the eighth of May last, establishing the same, and prescribing the number and term of enlistments, and the methods of organization.*
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the legion of the lenited States eo United States be also completed, to the number of four thoube completed, &c.
sand eight hundred non-commissioned officers, privates, and
musicians, by voluntary enlistments, for the term of three The sub-legions to years; and that the sub-legions composing the same be orgaPresident may di- nized in such manner as the President of the United States
shall direct. Provided, nevertheless, That no such enlistáster thrce ment shall be made after three years from the passing of this
act. The cavalry to
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it shall be stipuserve as dismount, lated as a condition in the enlistments for the cavalry, that ordered, &c. they shall serve as dismounted dragoons, when ordered so to
do, and that in all cases of enlistments of the troops of every
description, there be expressly reserved to the government a A right to be re-right to discharge the whole, or any part thereof, at such times,
and in such proportions, as may be deemed expedient.
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned ficers in the re- officers who shall be employed in the recruiting service, shall cruiting service als be entitled to receive, for
every able-bodied recruit duly enlisted foriserta person and mustered, of at least five feet six inches in height, and not scription mention- under the age of eighteen, nor above the age of forty-six years,
the sum of two dollars. A bounty of six- Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowter dollars to each ed and paid to each soldier now in the service of the United ing, &c.
States, or discharged therefrom subsequent to the third day of
March last, who shall re-enlist, a bounty of sixteen dollars: Bounty of fourteen And to each person not now in the army of the United States, cruit, not of the or discharged as above, who shall hereafter enlist, a bounty of
fourteen dollars: but the payment of four dollars of the bounty of each and every man so enlisting, shall be deferred until he shall have joined the corps in which he is to serve.
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That every non-commisvates, and musi sioned officer, private, and musician, of the artillery and inCintres and harin: fantry, shall receive, annually, the following articles of uniform lery
, to receive the clothing, to wit: one hat or helmet, one coat, one vest, two pair clothing mention- of woollen and two pair of linen overalls, four pair of shoes,
four shirts, two pair of socks, one blanket, one stock and clasp, Clothing and writike and one pair of buckles. And that there be furnished to the men to be suitable, cavalry and riflemen, such clothing as shall be the most suit
able and best adapted to the nature of the service, having regard
served, &c. to discharge the troops enlisted. Commissioned of
* See chapter 20. There is a discrepance between the date here referred to and that affixed to the act as the date of its approval.
cer, private, &c.
ment of the U.
therein, as nearly as may be, to the value of the clothing allowed, as above, to the infantry and artillery.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That every non-commis- Daily ratiom alar sioned officer, private, and musician, shall receive, daily, the commissioned ofifollowing rations of provisions, to wit: one pound of beef, or three quarters of a pound of pork, one pound of bread or flour, half a gill of rum, brandy, or whiskey, and at the rate of one quart of salt, two quarts of vinegar, two pounds of soap, and one pound of candles, to every hundred rations, or the value thereof at the contract price, where the same shall become due; and if, at such post, supplies are not furnished by contract, then such allowance as shall be deemed equitable, having reference to former contracts, and the position of the place in question.
Sec. 9. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That to Additional allow. those in the military service of the United States, who are, or to the military shall be, employed on the western frontiers, there shall be allow-employed on be ed, during the time of their being so employed, two ounces of flour or bread, and two ounces of beef or pork, in addition to each of their rations, and a half pint of salt in addition to every hundred of their rations.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the monthly pay Monthly pay of of the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and pri- oficero mori.com vates, on the military establishment of the United States, be as musicians, and follows, to wit: General staff: a major-general, one hundred and military establishsixty-six dollars; a brigadier-general, one hundred and four dol- States lars; a quartermaster general, one hundred dollars; adjutant general, to do also the duty of inspector, seventy-five dollars ; chaplain, fifty dollars; surgeon, seventy dollars; deputy quartermaster, fifty dollars; aid-de-camp, in addition to his pay in the line, twenty-four dollars; brigade-major, to act also as deputy inspector, in addition to his pay in the line, twenty-four dollars; principal artificer, forty dollars; second artificer, twenty-six dollars. Regimental: lieutenant-colonel commandant, seyenty-five dollars, major of artillery, and major of dragoons, fifty-five dollars; major of infantry, fifty dollars; paymaster, adjutant, and quartermaster, in addition to their pay in the line, ten dollars; captains, forty dollars; lieutenants, twenty-six dollars; ensigns and cornets, twenty dollars; surgeons, forty-five dollars; surgeon's mates, thirty dollars; sergeant-majors, and quartermaster-sergeants, eight dollars; senior musicians, seven dollars; sergeants, seven dollars; corporals, six dollars; musicians, five dollars; privates, four dollars; artificers allowed to the infạntry, light dragoons, and artillery, nine dollars; matrons and nurses in the hospital, eight dollars.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned Rations for comofficers aforesaid shall be entitled to receive, for their daily subsistence, the following number of rations of provisions, to wit: A major-general, fifteen rations; a brigadier-general, twelve rations; a lieutenant-colonel commandant, and quartermastergeneral, each, six rations; a major, four rations; brigade-major, and aid-de-camp, four rations; a captain, three rations; a
Officers, non-commissioned officers, privates, &c.,
lieutenant, ensign, or cornet, two rations; a surgeon, as well hospital as regimental, three rations; a surgeon's mate, two rations; a deputy quartermaster, two rations; a principal, and
second, artificer, each, two rations; a chaplain, two rations; or Money in lieu of money in lieu thereof, at the option of the said officers, at the
contract price, at the posts, respectively, where the rations shall
become due. Monthly rate of SEC. 12. And be it further enacted, That the officers hereallowance, instead inafter described shall, whenever forage shall not be furnished officers mention by the public, receive at the rate of the following enumerated
sums, per month, instead thereof, to wit: The major-general, twenty dollars: the origadier-general, sixteen dollars; lieutenantcolonel, twelve dollars; quartermaster-general, adjutant-general, and surgeon-general, cach, twelve dollars; major, ten dollars; aid-de-camp, brigade-major, and surgeon, each, ten dollars; captain of cavalry, eight dollars; chaplain and surgeon's mate, each, six dollars; deputy quartermaster and subalterns of cavalry, each, six dollars; principal artificer, paymaster, adjutant, and regimental quartermaster, each, six dollars.
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That if any officer, non
commissioned officer, private, or musician, aforesaid, shall be wounded or dire wounded or disabled, while in the line of his duty, in public placed the list service, he shall be placed on the list of the invalids of the United , &c
States, at such rate of pay, and under such regulations, as shall
be directed by the President of the United States for the time Proviso ; rate of being: Provided always, That the rate of compensation to be compensation to a allowed for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned offiGernot to exceed cer, shall never exceed, for the highest disability, half the monthhalf pay, &
ly pay of such officer, at the time of his being so disabled or Lars per month wounded; and that the rate of compensation to non-commis
sioned officers, privates, and musicians, shall never exceed five Proviso; allowic dollars per month: And provided also, That all inferior dis
abilities shall entitle the person so disabled to receive an allowance proportionate to the highest disability.
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the officers, nonerned by the rules commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, aforesaid, shall wala anticles of be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been
established by the United States in Congress assembled,* as far as the same may be applicable to the constitution of the United States, or by such rules and articles as may hereafter by law be established.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That every officer, nonsubscribe an oath, commissioned officer, private, and musician, aforesaid, shall
take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: "I, A B, do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) to bear true allegiance to the United States of America, and to serve them, honestly and faithfully, against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and to observe and obey the orders
to privates not to
ance for inferior disabilities in proportion.
Officers and soldiers to be gov.
Officers and sol. diers to take and
Form of oath
* See chapter 2, with its supplements, 3, 4, 6, 8.
arm the troops as may think
of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the rules and articles of war.'
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful The President to for the President of the United States to arm the troops afore- he said, whether riflemen, artillerists, dragoons, or infantry, as he per. shall think proper; and that it be also lawful for him to forbear The President to raise, or to discharge after they shall be raised, any part raise, or discharge thereof, in case events shall, in his judgment, render his so do- the troops, in case, ing consistent with public safety, and general convenience and economy.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That every person who Persons procuring shall procure, or entice, a soldier in the service of the United &c. or captains of States to desert, or who shall conceal such soldier, knowing deserters,&c. subhim to have deserted, or who shall purchase from such soldier jeet to fine or imhis arms, or his uniform clothing, or any part thereof, and every captain or commanding officer of any ship or vessel, who shall enter on board such ship or vessel, as one of his crew,
knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, shall, upon legal conviction, be fined, at the discretion of the court, in any sum not exceeding three hundred dollars, or be imprisoned, for any term not exceeding one year.
Sec. 18. And be further enacted, That the several acts, The acts mentionentitled “An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States;">* “An act for raising and adding another. regiment to the military establishment of the United States, and for making further provision for the protection of the frontiers;” | “An act for making further and more effectual provision for the protection of the frontiers of the United States,"I be, and the same are hereby, repealed; and also so much of any act or acts of the present session, as comes within the purview of this act: Provided always, That nothing in this sec-Proviso; nothing tion contained shall be so construed as
vacate the commis- vacate commissions which have been issued, or any appointments, or enlist- siens eelistments which have been made, in pursuance of the acts herein repealed.
[ Approved, March 3, 1795.]
An act allowing compensation for horses killed in battle belonging to officers of the
army of the United States.s
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled That every ofhcer in the army of the United States, whose duty duty requires
them to be on
* See chapter 12.
† See chapter 13.