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Page.

169

Recruits, premium for procuring or enlisting, 47, 49, 58, 63, 81, 91, 102, 157, 159,
abolished,

233
persons furnishing, exempt from militia duty,

179
Recruiting service, suspension of,

132
Redress of grievances of commissioned officers,

20, 30, 113
of inferior officers and soldiers,

20, 113
Re-enlisting before discharge, reputed desertion,

17, 111
Ke-enlisted men, penalty for receiving, before discharge,

17, 111
Refusal to receive prisoners,

27, 36, 119
Regulations, general, to be prepared,

165
to be binding until altered,

165
recognized and re-established,

189
subject to be altered,

189
Release and escape of prisoners, .

27, 36, 119
Relieving the eneiny, penalty for, .

23, 116
Relinquishment of bounty land for pensions,

185, 198, 206
Reproachful and provoking speeches,

18, 111
Retainers subject to the rules and discipline of war,

24, 116
Retiring to tent or quarters,

22, 114
Retreat, all non-commissioned officers and soldiers to retire to quarters at beating of, 22, 114
Returns, false, penalty for making,

17, 110
monthly, to be remitted to Congress,

17
to War Department,

110
neglecting or oinitting to inake,

110
of money to be made,

130
Resistance to military superiors,

15, 108
Riflemen, organization of a regiment of,

125, 171
of a battalion,

92
three regiments of, to be raised,

170
one regionent of, to be raised,

284
organization of,

284
pay and allowances of,

284
Ripley, Brigadier General, gold medal voted to,

289
Road, inilitary, on western frontier, authorized,

256
Rules and articles of war, 1776, established,

13
repealed,

123
1806, established,

107
alterations of,

151
officers to subscribe to,

13, 107
to be read to recruits at time of enlisting,

15, 109
to be read to the troops once in two iponths,

29
to be read to the troops once in six months,

123
declared applicable,

33, 39, 41, 44, 60, 66, 86,
101, 122, 135, 143, 158, 214

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Safe-guards, forcing,

23, 116
Sappers, miners, and pontoniers, organization of,

282
subject to rules and articles of war,

283
on the same footing as other troops of the United
States,

283
to be attached to, and officered from, the corps of
engineers,

283
duties of,

283
vehicles, pontons, implements, &c., for use of, by
whom prescribed,

283
Scandalous behavior,

36
Scott, Major General, gold medal voted to,

289
Secretary of War, duties of,

40, 163
to prescribe general regulations,

165
of the Treasury authorized to borrow money,

270
military, comunanding general may appoint,

286
Sentence of death,

29, 35, 37, 120
general courts-martial, how to be acted upon,

26, 31, 34, 65, 101, 117
Sentinels sleeping on post,

22, 114
Selling, embezzling, or misapplying military stores,

21, 113
losing or spoiling horses, arms, clothing, or accoutrements,

21, 113
or wasting ammunition by non-commissioned officers or soldiers,

21, 113

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275, 276

232

Page.
Servants, private, of officers, allowance for,

155, 190
number fixed,

172
Shelby, Governor, thanks of Congress and gold medal voted to,

291
Sites, military, (see military sites.)
Sleeping on posts, penalty for,

22, 114
Special minister to Great Britain,

270
Spies, punishment of,

123
Spoiling cultivated grounds,

23, 115
Standards taken from enemy to be preserved,

177
Staff, general, organization of, as such,

164, 187, 200, 263
officers of, authorized, 45, 63, 67, 74, 92, 99, 134, 150, 151, 154, 213, 214, 262, 263
clothed with brevet rank,

164, 165
officers of, not to hold commissions conferring equal rank in the line, 236
additional officers of, authorized for a limited time,

286
Stores, public, taken from the enemy to be preserved,

23, 116
sale, embezzlement, or misapplication of,

21, 113
safe-keeping of,

163
senserviceable, inspection and sale of,

219
Store-keepers, military, to be appointed,

163, 189, 214
number and pay of, limited,
to give security,

276
of ordnance, pay limited,

266
Stripes and lashes authorized,

29, 37, 120
abolished,

151
revived in case of deserters,
Striking superior officers,

15, 108
Sub-legions, organization of,

58
Subsistence, allowance of, to officers, 43, 49, 59, 64, 67, 81, 84, 90, 100, 125, 126, 183, 264
to soldiers,

43, 49, 59, 64, 91, 100, 125, 126, 183
rate of commutation for,

43, 59, 127, 137
to be provided by contract,

202
commissary general of, authorized,

201
and assistants not to deal in articles composing the
ration,

202
commissaries of, authorized,

214, 224, 263
assistant commissaries of, subject to do duty in Quartermaster's Depart-
ment,

214
for volunteers and militia, money in lieu of,

287
Suit to be brought when demanded,

223
Suits, agent of the Treasury to superintend, .

209
Summary process against delinquents,

209
not to have retrospective effect on sureties,

210
statement of money to be rendered,

130
Supplies, Public Purveyor of, to be appointed,

57
duties of,

57
office abolished,

141
Suppression of mutiny, :

14, 108
of insurrections,

123
Superintendent of national armories to be appointed,

53, 97, 192
compensation fixed,

267
abolished,

275
general of military supplies authorized,

162
abolished,

194
Surgeon General, appointment authorized,

74, 83, 165, 201, 214
rations and forage for,

172, 174, 268
number of servants of,

172
Surgeons to be app and surgeons' mates to be appointed,
,

133, 214

83, 134, 188
post, to be appointed,

188
assistant, to be appointed,

214, 257
ten, abolished,

276
to be attached to garrisons and posts,

99
to appoint stewards, nurses, &c.

83, 84
and assistants to be approved by a medical board,

234
additional, may be appointed,

229, 257, 267
two abolished,

276
and assistants, additional, may be appointed for a limited time,

286
Survey of the Chesapeake to be completed,

203
Suspension from command,

36, 119

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Suspension of pay and emoluments,

36, 119 of punishment,

120 Sutlers and retainers subject to the rules and discipline of war,

24, 116 to supply good articles at market price,

19, 112 sale of liquors by,

18, 112 exorbitant rent not to be exacted from,

19, 112 commanding officers not to be in any manner interested in the sale of articles by, 19, 112

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253

Taylor, Major General, thanks and medal voted to,

291, 292 Thanks of Congress voted to Major General Brown, &c.

289 Major General Gaines, &c.

289 Major General Macomb, &c.

289 Major General Jackson, &c.

290 Major General Harrison, &c.

291 Governor Shelby, &c.

291 Major General Taylor, &c.

291 Titles of sites or lands, (see military sites.) Topographical Engineers, appointment of, authorized, .

164 pay and emoluments of,

165 disbanded,

183 three to each division of the army,

188 pay and emoluments,

189 retained without alteration at the reduction of the army, 1821,

213 one clerk allowed to bureau of, organization and increase of,

262 vacancies ir., how shall be filled,

262 to make disbursements for fortifications, or other public works under their superintendence,

266 shall not be separated from their corps for employment on civil works,

267 not allowed to engage in the service of incorporated companies,

267 no compensation allowed, for disbursing public money,

268 Traitorous or disrespectful words against Congress, &c.

14 Travelling allowance to discharged officers and soldiers,

95, 104, 137, 160 Transfers of appropriations limited and restrained,

197, 207 Treasury, better organization of,

209 agent of, to be appointed,

209 to superintend suits against debtors,

209 Trials not to take place a second time for the same offence,

persons not liable to, for offences of more than two years' standing,
hours for conducting,

25, 35, 119

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Vacancies in the army and navy to be filled,
Vice-President of the United States, penalty for speaking disrespectfuly of,
Violence to persons bringing supplies to camp or garrison,

to superiors on duty, penalty for offering, Vessels, public armed, President authorized to complete,

and steamboats on northern lakes and rivers,

88

108 22, 115 15, 108 269, 281

269

President to purchase, charter, arm, &c., steamboats and merchant,
Volunteers, President authorized to accept the services of,

exempt from militia duty,
to serve twelve months,
to furnish their own clothes, horses, and equipments,
to be armed at the expense of the United States,
subject to rules and articles of war,
money in lieu of clothing for,
officers of, how appointed,
organization of,

281 73, 254, 269, 280

77 280 281 281

281 281, 286

281 281, 282, 285, 287

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281

282
282
282
283
285
285
287

Volunteers, provision for invalids and wounded of,

to have the organization, pay, and allowances of the army of the United

States,
allowed pay for use and risk of horses,
not keeping themselves provided with horses to serve on foot,
President to organize, into brigades and divisions,
organization of a battalion of,

of a company of,
money in lieu of subsistence and forage for,
and militia, Secretary of War to refund to the Governors of States and in-

dividuals expenses incurred in fitting out, &c.
called out by Ġeneral Gaines, Secretary of War to cause to be

paid,
States or individuals having paid

expenses or transportation of,

to be refunded,
surgeons, assistant surgeons,

quartermasters, and commis-
saries of, compensation of,

292

293

293

293

W.

Wagon-masters authorized,

142, 166
pay of, .

142, 263
not to deal in means of transportation,

142, 263
abolished,

201
re-established,

263
Waste or spoil not to be coinmitted,

23, 115
and sale of aminunition,

21, 113
Watchword, imparting, to persons not entitled to it, or giving a wrong one, · 23, 115
War Department, establishment of,

39
Secretary of, his duties,

40, 163, 165
chief clerk, his duties,

40
Warrants, military land, to be issued,

147
remedy for loss of,

190
time for procuring extended,

199
time for issuing and locating extended,

204, 217
which remain ungaristied may be entered,

273
time for issuing and locating further extended,

273
time for procuring further extended,

273
to be located within five years,

273
certificates of location of, not assignable,

273
of distress against delinquents,

209
appeal from, :

211
Waiters of officers, allowance for, .

155, 190
numbers fixed,

172
Western frontier, provision for protection of,

256
Whipping, liinitation of,

29, 37, 120
abolished,

151
re-established,

232
Witnesses to be examined on oath,

25, 118
refusing to give evidence,
Widows and orphans, provisions for,

56, 68, 103, 136, 159, 184, 284
of militia, provisions for,

25

.

185, 197
entitled to bounty land,

178
Wounds, provisions respecting,

43, 60, 66, 102, 136, 159, 187, 205
Worship, divine,

14, 107
Wrongs of officers, redress of,

20, 30, 113
of inferior officers and soldiers, redress of,

20, 113


.

MILITARY LAWS

OF THE

UNITED STATES.

CHAPTER 1.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure

domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general :relfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION 1.

1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SECTION 2.

1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

2. No person shall be å representative who'shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of

years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of

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