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Commons, House of, definitely sep- dicating respect for it, 327, 328;

arated from House of Lords, 68; summary of, Appendix D.
becomes the active and aggres- Convocation, assembly of the
sive force of Parliament, 81; Church, approves absolutism un-
ceases to be fairly representa- der James I, 104.
tive, 85; its character depressed Cook, Captain James, explores
by restriction of the franchise, coasts of Australasia, 247.
86; preponderates over House Coote, H. C., his “ Romans of
of Lords under the Tudors, 98; Britain ” cited, 16, 17 (note).
gains in spirit under Elizabeth, Coroner, elected in the shire-moot,
103; journal of, cited, 150, 154; 115.
abolishes kingship and House of Corruption, of Parliament, in 18th
Lords, 1649, 164; its decline in century, 177, etc.; in American
character during 18th century, cities, 300, etc.; Dilke's hopeful
175; a majority of, returned by view as to its disappearance
154; individuals, 186; people de- in English-speaking world, 307
clare it not representative of (note).
them, 189; furnishes model for Cortes, the national assembly of
United States House of Repre- Spain, 62; overthrown in 16th
sentatives, 240; worst corruption

century, 103.
of, in 1816, 252; supremacy of, Cotton and Payne, their “ English
established in 1832, becomes then Colonization and Dependence”
truly representative, 255; its pres- quoted, 272.
ent omnipotence in English poli- County, unimportant in New Eng-

tics, 262 (see also Parliament). land, 118; important in Virginia,
Commonwealth, English, its birth, its organization, 120; scene at

career, and overthrow, 154, etc. court of, 121; important in Penn-
Congress, its resemblance to Par- sylvania, 127; not changed at
liament, 240, 241.

Revolution, 237 (see also Shire).
Connecticut, agreement of the County Councils, established in

towns Hartford, Wethersfield, England in 1888, significance of,
and Windsor, as related to a 260.
Rigid Constitution, 234.

County system, of local self-govern-
Constitution, Federal, of the United ment in America, 277; prevailed

States, uniqueness of the idea, until Civil War generally in the
232; its value in a polity, 233; South, 294, etc.
its origin, 234; its provisions of Cowell, his Interpreter advo-
English derivation, 235, 236; cates jus divinum under James
the President the King of the I, 104.
18th century, 238; Electoral Creighton, M., his “Simon de Mont-
College borrowed from Holy fort" quoted, 58.
Roman Empire, 239; Congress Cromwell, Oliver, named
from Parliament, 240; Supreme side” by Prince Rupert at Mars-
Court from English precedents, ton Moor, at Naseby, 138; at first
241; admiration for, of Sir H. not in favor of popular govern-
Maine, 244; substantially un- ment, 144; reconciled with the
changed since 1789, 274; a sim- army December, 1647, 145; his


some day expedient prowess in 1648, 147; his Irish
for England, 263; enthusiastic campaign, danger at Dunbar,
celebration of its centennial as in- 157; victorious there and at Wor-


ilar one

cester, 158; becomes hostile to Edward II, deposed by Parliament,
the Rump, 159; dissolves it, 1327, 68.
160; as Protector, 160; Milton's Edward III, growth of power of
panegyric upon, 161.

Parliament under, 69.
Curia Regis, King's Court under Edward IV, decay of power of Par-

the Norman and Angevin Sover- liament under, 92.
eigns, 44.

Elbe, country near mouth of, the

primitive Anglo-Saxon home, de-
Dakota, North and South, local scribed, 2.
government in, 294.

Electoral College, borrowed from
Danes, effect of their incursions, Holy Roman Empire for Federal
22, 23.

Constitution, a failure in prac-
Declaration of Rights, 1688, 166, tice, 239.

Eliot, President, of Harvard, on
Deerfield, Franklin Co., Mass., the success of democracy, 336,
town-meeting at, 279, etc.

De la Mare, Sir Peter, speaker of Elizabeth, accedes, 1558, rising
the Good Parliament, 69.

temper of Parliament under, 99;
Democracy (see Plain People). her character and rule, 100; ef-
Denmark, partially adopts Anglo- fect of her popularity, 102.
Saxon freedom, 271.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, on the
De Tocqueville, on the Constitu- value of the New England town-

tion, 232, 241; on value of New meeting, 284.
England town-meeting, 283, 284; England, its germ in the ancient
on feebleness of French coloniza- Teutonic communities, 10; its un-
tion, 288.

broken development to the pres-
Dilke, Sir Charles, his “ Problems ent day, 15; its fitness for repre-

of Greater Britain” cited, 266, sentative government in 1265, 54,
267, 272, 299, 318, 328.

55; freedom preserved to it by
Dissenters (see Non-conformists). American Revolution, 222; its
Dobell, Sidney, his Sonnets quoted, masses pro-American in Ameri.

can Revolution, 224; its great-
Domesday Book, description of, 40, ness apparently destroyed by loss

of the Thirteen Colonies, 245; ac-
Dunbar, Cromwell's victory at, 158. quires at once a new colonial em-

pire, 246; much sympathy in, at
East India Company, chartered first, for the French Revolution,

1600, beginning of British domin- 251; reaction from this, 252; be-
ion in India, 111.

comes in modern times practi-
Eaton, Dorman B., cited, 188. cally a republic, 263; present em-
Edgehill, battle of, 1642, 137.

barrassments of, from the Irish
Edinburgh, restriction of the fran- question, 322, 323; love in, for
chise in 18th century, 184.

Anglo-Saxon freedom, 328.
Edward the Confessor, decay under Earl, Anglo-Saxon noble, 5.

him of the Anglo-Saxon polity,

Farmers, rise of class of, in 14th
Edward I, importance of his influ- century, 71.

ence, 59; his character, 60; great Feudalism, rise of, among the Sax.
development under him of repre- ons, 22, 23; its Frankish and
sentative government, 61.

Norman development, 39; estab-



lishment of the latter in Eng- 255; its extension in England at
land, 40; in full sway under Ste-

present, 258.
phen, 43.

Franklin, Benjamin, at the bar of
Filmer, Sir Robert, his absolutist the House of Commons in 1766,
theories, 164.

Firth, J. C., of New Zealand, on a Franks, their origin and polity, 38,

coming brotherhood of English- 39.
speaking men, 345; on the Chi- Frederick II (Hohenstaufen), insti-
nese, 355, 356.

tutes in Italy popular assemblies,
Folk-moot (see Moot).
Fortescue, Sir John, on Lancas- Freedom (see Anglo-Saxon Free-
trian England, 84, 179.

Fox, Charles James, believes Eng-Free-laborers, rise of class of, 72.

lish freedom preserved by Amer- Friends of the People, democratic
ican Revolution, 222; eulogizes society at end of the 18th cen-
Montgomery, American general tury, 250.
killed at Quebec, 224; favors Freeman, E. A., cited, 2, 7, 9, 10, 53,
parliamentary reform, 250; fa- 86, 116, 118, 119, 256.
vors self-government in colonies, Froissart, his“ Chronicles

on the

Peasant Rebellion in the 15th
France, dying out in, of popular century, 74.

freedom, 168; saves cause of the Froude, on benefit to individuals
colonies in American Revolution, from unification of nations, 368.
226; contrast between her con-
stitution-makers and those of Galloway, an American Tory, tes-
America, 236; rejoices in appar- tifies in House of Commons as to
ent downfall of England in strength of his party, 226.
American Revolution, 245; ex- Galpin, S. A., in Walker's Statisti-
cesses of Revolution in, arrest cal Atlas, cited, 276.
the progress of reform in Eng- Gardiner, S. R., cited, 98, 133, 138,
land, 250, 251; partially adopts

152, 156.
Anglo-Saxon freedom, 271; insta- George III, his education and char-
bility of her freedom, 353.

acter, 218, 219; his embarrass-
Franchise, right of, held by the ments in dealing with the Thir-

ceorls, 5; interfered with by in- teen Colonies, 221, etc.
cipient feudalism, 23; possessed George, Henry, on decay of the me-
as to local matters by the people, diæval yeomen, 135; his scheme
under the Norman Kings, 52; pos- of land-holding a revival of the
sessed by the yeomen as to dic- primitive tenure, 262.
tion of knights-of-the-shire, 65; Germany, its partial adoption of
greatly restricted in 1429, 86, 87; Anglo-Saxon freedom, 271; its
people try to vindicate it under present greatness due rather to
Jack Cade, 90; broad franchise its rulers than its people, 330,
proposed by the English Com- 331.
monwealth, 153; causes of its Gesith, retinue of the heretoga, 7;
great limitation in the shires gives rise to the thegns, 19.
after 1688, 179, 180; in the bor- Gladstone, concedes to America the
oughs, 181, 182; A. Bland, of Vir- primacy among English-speaking
ginia, on, in Great Britain, 213; lands, 312; on jealousy and fear
its educative effect after 1832, of liberty at Oxford University,

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333; on coming greatness of Eng. Anglo-Saxon polity, 6 (note); on
land and Russia, 357.

the value of a Rigid Constitution,
Glasgow, restriction of franchise 233.
in, in 18th century, 184.

Hampden, John, parliamentary
Gneist, Rudolph, his constitutional leader in 1640, 131; his popular-
history cited, 2, 96, 162.

ity, his views, his death, 137.
Godwin, William, his “History of Harold, his accession, 24; his em-

the Commonwealth” cited, 144. barrassments at Hastings, 28;
Goethe, on a narrow national feel- his appearance and character, 31;
ing, 365.

his death, 35.
Gordon, his “ History of the Inde- Hastings, present appearance of

pendence of the United States," battle-field of, importance of the
on a New England town-meeting, battle, 25.
117, 118.

Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles
Grace, ex-mayor of New York, on I, 132.

municipal government, 302. Henry I, character of his rule,
Grand Remonstrance, of the Long 43.

Parliament, November, 1641, 133. Henry II, puts down feudalism, 43;
Grand Army Remonstrance, 1647, establishes the jury-system in
147, etc.

England, 44, 45.
Greeks, ignorant of representation, Henry III, confirms Magna Charta,

50; defeated at Lewes by Simon
Green, John Richard, his “ History de Montfort, 57.

of the English People,” “Short Henry IV, power of Parliament at
History of the English People, time of his accession, 81.
and “Making of England," cited, Henry V, his popular and heroic
3, 16, 68, 70, 75, 79, 84, 97, 105, qualities, 82; his democratic
178, 189, 309.

spirit, 83.
Green, Thomas Hill, his “Works” Henry VI, growth of idea of jus

quoted on the results of the Eng- divinum under, 86.

lish Commonwealth, 162. Henry VII, weakness of the nobil-
Grenville, George, enforces revenue ity under, 94.

laws in the Thirteen Colonies, Henry VIII, great increase of royal
204; believes the American cause power under, 94; strikes down
anti-Whig, 222.

the Church, 95; his character and
Grey, Earl, supporter of the Re- influence, 96, etc.
form Bill of 1832, 254.

Heretoga, the primitive army-lead-
Grey, Sir George, on a league of

the English-speaking race, 344. High Commission, Court of, its es-
Guizot, his “History of the Eng- tablishment and character, 101,

lish Revolution," cited, 145; on 102; its activity under the Stu-
necessity to existence of the

arts, 106.
United States, of preserving Eng-Holland, its ocean-war with the
lish traditions, 324.

Commonwealth, 158; an oligar-

chy at end of 17th century, 168;
Hallam, his “ Middle Ages " cited, partially adopts Anglo-Saxon in-

7; his “ Constitutional History stitutions, 271.
cited, 164.

Howard, George E., his “Introduc-
Hammond, Dr. W. G., denies pres- tion to the Local Constitutional

ence of representation in early History of the United States "

er, 7.

cited, 3, 9, 113, 116, 119, 120, 126, meeting, December, 1647, 145;
127, 286, 290, 294, 296, 297.

prepares Grand Army Remon-
Huguenots, their number in Eng- strance, 147; prepares other

land after the Revocation of the army manifestoes, 150; prepares
Edict of Nantes, 172.

the second Agreement of the
Hundred, the division between the People, 152.
tun and the scire, 6.

Irish, sustain American cause in
Hungary, partially adopts Anglo- American Revolution, 226; heavy
Saxon institutions, 271.

immigration into America, 277,
Hutchinson, Thomas, his “History 278; England embarrassed by

of Massachusetts Bay" cited, question concerning, 322, 323;

embarrassment to America from,

Illinois, local government in, 290, Ironsides, name given Cromwell

and his troopers at Marston
Immigration, in Bryce's view so Moor, by Prince Rupert, 138; ad-

far not injurious to the United vocate popular government, 140;
States, 316; danger to be appre- their manifestoes, 141, etc.; win
hended from, in the future, 324, their chiefs to their side, their

prayer-meeting, 145; their prow-
Imperial Federation, a popular ess in 1648, 147; in Ireland, 157;

idea in British Empire, 343. at Dunbar and Worcester, 158.
Indented servant, analogous to the Italy, death of freedom in, 168;

læt, 9; condition of, in early partially adopts in modern times
Virginia, 123.

Anglo-Saxon freedom, 271.
Independents, their rise and prin-

ciples, 139; seize the power in Jack Cade, justice and dignity of
England in 1648, 147; ideas of his cause in 15th century, 89, etc.
the party, 154; difficulties in James I, his autocratic ideas, 105.
their way, 155; establish a Coun- James II, his accession, his evil
cil of State, 156; make war policy, and good effect of it,
against Ireland, Scotland, and 165, 166.
Holland, 157, 158; dissensions Jamestown, settled, 1607, charac-
among them in 1653, 159.

ter of the settlement, 111.
India, character of English domin- Jefferson, Thomas, on the value of

ion in, 248; village-communities the New England town-meeting,
of, as showing a capacity for 284.
self-government, 271; a native ad- John, accession of, 46; Magna

ministration for, anticipated, 272. Charta extorted from, 47; his
Indiana, local government in, 293. insincerity and death, 50.
International Review, on munici- Johns Hopkins University, Histori-
pal government, 302.

cal and Political Tracts of, cited,
International tribunal, suggested 3, 8, 9, 115, 116, 278.

by Sir Edwin Arnold, 318. Joseph II, of Austria, favors re-
Iowa, local government in, 287, form, 251.

Jury, trial by, established in Eng-
Ireton, army-leader in English land by Henry II, 45.

Civil War, 139; at first not in Jus divinum, not claimed by Nor-
favor of popular government, man Kings, 42; idea gains
144; reconciled at army prayer- strength in 15th century, 86; be-

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