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THE REVOLUTION OF 1688.
Enthusiasm for Charles II. — Reaction from the ideas of
the Commonwealth. - Benefits flowing from the bad char-
acters of Charles II and James II.- The nation forced
- William and Mary. Extinction of liberty elsewhere.
ERA OF PARLIAMENTARY CORRUPTION.
Equal responsibility of Whigs and Tories for parliamentary
corruption. — Stooping of honest men to bribery. - Degen-
eracy of the county representation. — Decline of yeomen.
Assumptions of the great land-holders. — Bad condi-
tion of the boroughs. — Destruction of the popular fran-
chise. Rotten boroughs. Their growth under the Tu-
dors and Stuarts. — Large towns unrepresented. Cases
of Buckingham, Bewdley, Oxford, Salisbury, Bath, New
Shoreham, Sudbury. Condition of Scotland. - Case of
the shire of Bute. — Price of seats in Parliament. — The
"nabobs.” — Testimony of Sir Samuel Romilly.
ple unrepresented. - Case of Wilkes. — Mass-meetings.
Rise of the great newspapers. Dangers to freedom 177
THE COMING ON OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
Condition of the Thirteen Colonies in the first half of
eighteenth century.- The approach of the American Rev-
olution. - The title to the colonies in the Crown, not in
the Parliament. — Inconsistency of Kings and colonists.
The ecclesiastical grievance. — The commercial grievance.
- Selfishness of the trading-spirit. — The Sugar Act. –
The rights and privileges of Englishmen. Effect of the
- Debate in Parliament. — Burke, Chatham, Camden,
French anticipations of England's ruin at close of American
Revolution. - How they were frustrated. — Why Canada
did not join the United States. — Voyages of Cook. — Dis-
Reaction on ac-
- Colonial Exhibition of 1886.- Extension of Anglo-Saxon
The idea of an Anglo-Saxon brotherhood. — Views of J. R.
Seeley, of John Bright, of Sir Henry Parkes, of Sir George