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PAGZ mee of mind. – Ditfierit situation of Haroid. – Battle Abbey, — The Roman le Rou" – The two armies opposed. - The minstrel Taillerer. – Dangerous situation of the Normans. – The wording of Harold. — The rout of the Saxons. - & walk t-isy over the battle-field

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CHAPTER IV.
MAGNA CHARTA AND THE RISE OF PARLIAMENT.
Submergence or popular povernment under feudalism. —

Ultimate oui teet at the Norman conquest. — Character
of the ratie ve William I. – Domesday Book. — Persistence
of the text distitutions in tun, hundred, and shire. — Char-
otevi dhe hyetle - Limitation of feudalism in Eng.
lakk,
Wu Wu Neury It in depressing the great vassals.

Serfuom. - Trial by jury. — Acces-
Ovi obu

Uanythede. – Analysis of Magna Charta.

The origin of Parliament. Frehlen was the reporumputative system. - Conditions of its

Who de Montfort and his achievement. — Ed**** in het the beablishment of the House of Commons 38

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THW (LING UP OF THE SERFS. true, balade med ink by week in Burope in the thirteenth century. -als het behind that the early l'artiamonts. - Importance of

The yoomen. -- Unfortunate

The Chapter House at Westmin-
Any diction of tartament into two Houses, – Growth

Ita imperfect character as a

11148 of the farmers and the free The 4**# of Laborera. - Peasant rebellion.

Hearing of Richard II. - Wat Tyler

Treachery of the King. --- Wil-
Alteratie temper of Parliament

(1114 ITIGH VI.

for fama cow w H LLANOASTHIANA, " that ... ii Power of Parliament under

Inity of leury V Hortescue on the

Wunden decay of the power of Par

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PAGE liament. — Misfortunes to representation in the shires and the boroughs. — Jack Cade's rebellion. — Justice of his cause. - The Wars of the Roses. — Extinction of the power of the nobles. — Accession of the Tudor line.

80

CHAPTER VII.

DEPRESSION OF THE POWER OF PARLIAMENT. Great increase of the power of the Crown. – Effect of the

Reformation in producing this. — Position and character of Henry VIII. — Good points of his reign. — Catholic reaction under Mary. - Wyatt's rebellion. — Parliament grows more spirited under Elizabeth. — Sir Thomas Smith's description. — Tact of the Queen — Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity. - Star Chamber and High Commission Courts. — Absolutism restrained under the Tudors. Its triumph everywhere upon the continent. - Growth of the doctrine of the jus divinum. — Cowell's " Interpreter.”

Subserviency of Convocation and the University of Oxford. - Claims of James I. - Opposition of Parliament. — Accession of Charles I. — The Petition of Right. - Laud, Strafford, and the policy of “Thorough.” — Shipmoney

94

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CHAPTER VIII.

SETTLEMENT OF AMERICA.

Charters of the East India and Virginia Companies. — Settle

ment of Jamestown; of Plymouth. – Revival of ancient Anglo-Saxon polity in New England. — Submergence in England of the popular moots. — Methods of Puritan settlement in New England. - The town-meeting. - Reproduction of contemporary England in Virginia. - The parish, the county, the court of Quarter Sessions. — Scene at the county court. — Reasons for the contrast between New England and Virginia. — The yeoman settlers of the former.- The great planters, the slaves, the poor whites of the South. — Disrepute of labor. – Virtues of the Virginia society. - Spirit of the House of Burgesses. - Condition of South Carolina; of Maryland. - Feudalism in New York and Pennsylvania. — The popular moot the

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CHAPTER XI.

THE REVOLUTION OF 1688.

Enthusiasm for Charles II. – Reaction from the ideas of

the Commonwealth. — Benefits flowing from the bad char.

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acters of Charles II and James II.- The nation forced into resistance. — The Bill of Rights and the Revolution.

- William and Mary. -Extinction of liberty elsewhere. Whigs and Tories. — Important part played by the nonconformists and commercial classes. — The Huguenots and other refugees.- Doubtful struggle between Whigs and Tories. — Establishment of modern forms in the polity. Rise of the Cabinet. — Unsatisfactory condition of Parliament. — Power of the nobles and men of wealth

163

.

CHAPTER XII.

ERA OF PARLIAMENTARY CORRUPTION.

Equal responsibility of Whigs and Tories for parliamentary

corruption. — Stooping of honest men to bribery. - Degeneracy of the county representation. - Decline of yeomen.

Assumptions of the great land-holders. — Bad condition of the boroughs. — Destruction of the popular franchise. Rotten boroughs. — Their growth under the Tu. dors and Stuarts. — Large towns unrepresented. — Cases of Buckingham, Bewdley, Oxford, Salisbury, Bath, New Shoreham, Sudbury.- Condition of Scotland. Case of the shire of Bute. — Price of seats in Parliament. - The “ nabobs.” — Testimony of Sir Samuel Romilly. — The people unrepresented. Case of Wilkes. Mass-meetings. Rise of the great newspapers.

Dangers to freedom 177

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CHAPTER XIII.

THE COMING ON OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

Condition of the Thirteen Colonies in the first half of

eighteenth century. — The approach of the American Rev. olution. -- The title to the colonies in the Crown, not in the Parliament. — Inconsistency of Kings and colonists. The ecclesiastical grievance. — The commercial grievance.

Selfishness of the trading-spirit. The Sugar Act. The rights and privileges of Englishmen. – Effect of the destruction of French power. - Enforcement of customs regulations. — The Writs of Assistance. — The Stamp Act. - Debate in Parliament. — Burke, Chatham, Camden, Mansfield. — The question summed up. — Superior appre

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