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region of fragrance and its fea- million, which is one of the best tures differ from those of any other nurseries in the world for seamen, lands in any other country. Not a and on which Hult, Peterhead, Fratree is to be seen except upon its zerburgh, and several other towns outer edge, and the blue horizon of the kingdom mainly depend, meets it every where, 'forming a would have been lost to the country: long straight line, without the least For many years a great change has appearance of irregularity or undu- been taking place in the habits of lation. As you cast your eye over those stupendous creatures, which it, it is all one series of deceptions. draw the enterprise of the merSometimes, owing to a particular chants and mariners of England and state of the atmosphere, or the po

Scotland into the Arctic seas. When sition of the sun, distances and ob- the fishery commenced, they were so jects are increased or diminished tame that they were found floating like the vagaries of the phantasma- in all the gulfs and bays of Spitzgoria; things that are near will ap- bergen, fearless of harm, and were pear as if at a great distance, and taken by hundreds, and without any those at a distance, at other times effort. In a few years, however, you

as if

could almost touch them. this dreadful destruction drove them Now a bird will seem as if touching to the more remote 'bays, from the sky with its head, and anon the whence they were soon driven in herds appear like an assemblage of the open sea, far away from Jand. insects.

But the trackless ocean afforded March of Vehicles.There are them no shelter from their enemies; now 76 omnibuses in New York ; they were pursued, and that with besides these there are 194 licensed so much resolution, that the Dutch hackney coaches at the different are calculated to have destroyed upstands ; 2,449 carts ; and 157 por

wards of 50,000 in no very long ters with either barrows or hand- course of years. Retiring before carts,

their ruthless pursuers, they next - A long Deliberation.--About the took refuge along the line of permiddle of the 17th century, two petual ice, which was their habitaparties in France so warmly dis- tion when Scoresby wrote his celeputed respecting the merits of Cham- brated work.

Here as many as pagne and Burgundy wine, that the 1,400 of them were killed in one School of Medicine was appointed year.

At last, worn out by perto determine the great question of petual persecution, they have plungsuperiority. The school took a ed into the regions of eternal ice, term of not less than one hundred where the boldest whaler dares not and twenty years to decide, and pursue them. The consequence is, their judgment was in favour of that the Greenland fishery, which Champagne.

was formerly carried on in tlie sea Utility of the Arctic Voyages.- between Greenland and SpitzberThe following answer may be given gen, is nearly abandoned, and the to those who inquire of what pub- whole trade would soon have been lic use the late Arctic expeditions at an end if Ross had not penehave been. There is every reason to trated, in his first voyage, through believe that, if they had not been the mass of ice which renders the undertaken, the whale-fishery, which entrance to Baffin's Bay so hazardo employs a capital of upwards of a ous, and opened to the whalers vast

seas never before fished, and which applied. In the late voyage of disthe monsters of the deep are found covery by Captain Owen, an ingeto frequent in great numbers. The nious application of the Congreve most northern parts of Baffin's rockets W was effected for scientific Bay, together with Lancaster Sound, purposes. According to experiRegent's Inlet, &c., are now the ments previously tried by the Cape great fishing stations, and all these tain, with the assistance of Sir W. regions have been discovered, or at Congreve, it was found that the least laid down with accuracy, by thirty-two pounders when shot off the recent navigators, who opened attained a perpendicular height of the route to the less adventurous 6000 feet; the twenty-four poundtradeřs--showed them that the seas ers, 4500; and that there was an abounded with whales-broke the exact correspondence between the icy barrier which had never been weight of the pounder and the dispassed since the days of Baffin, and tance to which it could be carried. described the coasts and harbour so The certainty, as an instrument of correctly as to deprive the voyage measurement, of these rockets thus of the greater part of its perils. shot off, suggested their use for The mere pecuniary expense of the ascertaining the difference of longivoyages of discovery has, therefore, tude between two places not very already been repaid many times, in- distant from each other, and a sucdependent of the extension of geo- cessful trial was actually made by graphical knowledge and the im- the above officer in the islands of provement of science.

Cape Verd. Novel Mode of Diffusing Know- Cheap Scientific Traveller. --The ledge. There is at present existing in celebrated naturalist, Linnæus, set the Island of Ceylon a peculiar and out on his mission for exploring valuable application of the art of Lapland on the 18th of May, painting; the time of its introduction 1782, carrying his whole wardrobe there being unknown. To encou- and baggage on his back. The derage good and repress evil, pictures scription of his burden is given by are painted upon the walls of the himself as follows:- My clothes contemples dedicated to Budhoo, re- sisted of a light coat of West Gothpresenting various incarnations of land lindsey-woolsey cloth, withthat divinity, when he is supposed out folds, lined with red shalloon, to have mixed with mortals for be- having small cuffs and collar of neficent purposes,

purposes. Upon these pic shagg'; leather breeches, a round tures the priests expatiate to the wig, a green leather cap, and a pair people, and inculcate, by the exam- of half-boots. I carried a small ples exhibited, the value of a virtu- leathern bag, half an ell in length, ous and religious life; or display but somewhat less in breadth, furthe evils attendant upon a wicked nished on one side with hooks and one. Sir Alexander Johnstone, in eyes, so that it could be opened and his recent evidence before the Par- shut at pleasure. This bag conliamentary Committee on Indian tained one shirt, two pair of false Affairs, strongly recommended that sleeves, two half shirts, an inkstand, a similar plan should be pursued by pen-case, microscope, and spyingGreat Britain, for the purpose of glass; a gauze cap to protect me making the Indian natives compre

occasionally from the gnats, a comb, hendthe benefits of a free government. my journal, and a parcel of paper

Congreve Rockets ingeniously stitched together for drawing plants, both in folio; my manuscript Orni- to the great cause of human imthology, Hora Uplandica, and Cha- provement. There is at a small racteres Genericæ. I wore a hanger distance from Cape Town an obserat my side, and carried a small fowl. vatory built by the liberality of the ing-piece, as well as an octangular East India Company. The situastick, graduated for the purpose of tion in which an astronomer is placed measuring.

in this latitude, enables him to Herschel's Scientific Expedition command a new expanse of horizon, to the Cape of Good Hope.-Sir which will expose to him objects John Herschel has proceeded in the hitherto known to him only through same ship with Sir Benjamin D'Ur- descriptions ; such as the great conban, the new Governor of the Cape · stellation of the Ship, the Cross of of Good Hope, on an expedition of the South, the clouds of Magelscience, which shews the most gene

lan, &c. rous and praiseworthy devotedness

CORRESPONDENCE.

The following letter, sent to us from Hanover, we readily insert; and, in respect of the mis-statements which are charged upon the article in question, we can only say, that they rest on the authority of an experienced military officer, who was in Ireland at the period mentioned, and with whom, we lament to say, it is now utterly impossible for us to communicate. We shall regret if we have been in the least degree a party to any misrepresentation tending to the dishonour of a profession, for which we have always maintained the highest admiration and respect.

To the Editor of the London Monthly Review. SIR,--In a review of Major Beamish's History of the King's German Legion, contained in the third volume, fourth number, of your periodical for 1832, which has just fallen into my hands, I was surprised to find the following commentary upon that part of the work which describes the British expedition to the Elbe in 1806, and the sudden recal of the legion after the treaty of Presburgh:

“ The disappointment which resulted from this announcement produced the worst effects, for the officers and men deserted to a considerable amount. The legion, however, returned to England, having been compensated, as to its numbers, by recruits from Hanover. Several of the corps were sent to Ireland; but in that country their stay was not protracted. Notwithstanding all that the author has said to the contrary, the conduct of the German Legion in Ireland was any thing but creditable to them as men and soldiers. "They behaved with insolence in numerous instances, and acted as if the country'owed them a compliment for the

favour of their protection. The consequence was, that the people were eternally in array against them, and the popular exasperation was at last carried to such a height as to lead to an explosion, in which the loss of lives were involved."--pp. 555, 556.

As this passage contains both a serious reflection on the veracity of the bistorian of the King's German Legion, and a sweeping charge against the whole corps, I feel myself called upon, as the individual through whose humble means the greater part of the materials for compiling the History have been collected, and who may, consequently, presume to speak with some degree of confidence of the general proceedings of the corps, not only directly and distinctly to deny the truth of the assertion respecting the desertion of officers on the occasion alluded to, and the conduct of the corps in Ireland, but further, to maintain, that the general feeling of the inhabitants of Ireland towards the King's German Legion was diametrically contrary to that which you describe.

Sir, it is a very simple matter to make an assertion, but not quite so easy to prove the truth of it; your attack upon the legion is unsupported by a single fact (for the “ explosion” to which you allude was purely a military affray, totally unconnected with popular feeling, in which the Irish militia were the aggressors, and allowed, on all hands, to have been the culpable parties); my justification of them can be substantiated by living witnesses, on whose manuscripts and oral evidence the history of the corps

is founded. But additional evidence is at hand; and I trust, that as you have given publicity to an attack upon the King's German Legion, you will do them the justice to give the same publicity to the refutation of the charge, which will be found in the following authenticated statements :

the corps.

(No. 1.) “ I certify that no officers of the King's German Legion deserted from

(Signed) “Lewis BENNE, Brigade Major,

Late King's German Legion, formerly attached to the Legion Office, and in charge of the official lists, returns, and papers of the above corps.”

6

(No. 2.) Copy of a Correspondence between Colonel Von Alten, commanding First

Light Infantry, King's German Legion, and Michael Green, Esq., Sovereign of Middleton, County of Cork, Ireland.

Middleton, 24th Dec. 1806. “SIR,-At a meeting of the principal inhabitants of Middleton held this day, it was unanimously resolved, • That the exemplary conduct of the First Light Battalion, King's German Legion, during a residence of near three months, has acquired, in an eminent degree, the approbation and esteem of all descriptions of people in this neighbourhood; and they hope that a public testimony of their sincere regret at your departure, while it expresses their own feelings, may not be deemed unacceptable to those of the distinguished corps under your command.', ;

“ Allow me, therefore, Sir, to request, in the name of the inhabitants of Middleton, that you will be pleased to accept for yourself, and make known to the whole corps, this tribute of our respect and esteema" spurg

“ I have the honour to be, Sir, { 1 : * Your most obedient and very humble servant,

(Signed) “ MICHAEL GREEN, Sovereign. " To Colonel Baron Alten, Commandant First Light Battalion, King's German Legion, &c. &c. &c."

“ Middleton, 24th Dec. 1806. “ Sir,— It is not easy for me to find terms to express the sensations which I feel for the respectable testimonial with which you have honoured me. Your approbation of the conduct of my battalion while quartered in this town, and the harmony which has subsisted between us, could not be more pleasing to you than it is gratifying to myself.

“ Allow me, Sir,.to present to you and the inhabitants of Middleton my sincere thanks, and those of my battalion, for the honour of

your communication; and rest assured, that we leave this place with sincere regret, and gratefully impressed with the marked attention which was universally shown to us during our short residence with you.

" I remain, with the greatest respect, Sir,

" Your most obedient servant, (Signed)

“ CHARLES VON ALTEN,

" Colonel First Light Batt., K. G. Legion. " To Michael Green, Esq., Sovereign of Middleton, &c. &c. &c.”

(No. 3.) In the year 1809, the active, benevolent, and efficient services of Dr. Grosskopf, surgeon to the First Dragoons of the King's German Legion, who, voluntarily, took upon himself the duties of physician to the King's County Infirmary, during the severe and protracted illness of the regular medical attendant of that establishment, was acknowledged by as flattering a testimonial as was, perhaps, ever presented to a foreigner in another country. Dr. Grosskopf received from the Governors and Governesses of this institution a valuable chased Cup, bearing the following inscrip

tion :

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Objects of that Charity, when

stationed at Tullamore in 1809."

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