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Go to the king's goal,
Chorus.--Poor John! nobody for out him, &c. The words of this song, which must be unintelligible to us, were yet well understood by those for whom it was destined, and, in point of fact it declared this, in terms as impressive as if they were traced in the sunbeams in the sky, that when the bad negroes wanted to do evil, they made for a sign a fire on the hillsides, to burn down the canes. There is nobody up there, to put out the fire; but as a sort of satire, the song goes on to say, me daddy's bo tick," (daddy is a mere term of civility), take some one's dandy stick, and tell the monkeys to help to put out the fire among the canes for John; (meaning John Bull). The chorus means, that poor John has nobody to put out the fire in the canes for him. Then when the canes are burning, go to the goal, and seize the money. The tune to which this is sung, is said to be negro music; it is in a minor key, and singularly resembles an incorrect edition of an old Scotch tune.
We have now concluded our review of this work, and though we have been gratified, and even instructed, by several portions of it, we are led to apprehend that many of its conclusions, particularly as respects the relation of master and slave, are too hastily drawn. It now only remains for us to inform the reader, that the experience which Mrs. Carmichael and her husband had in the two islands, satisfied them to their heart's content that the West Indies presented no prospect to them of doing good in any sense whatever of the word. Seeing that though they pushed their toils to almost an insupportable degree, in order to give effect to their intentions for the improvement of the people or the benefit of the estate, still these labours were fruitless, they returned home.
Art. XI.-Narrative of the Expedition to Portugal in 1832, under
the Orders of His Imperial Majesty Dom Pedro, Duke of Braganza. By G. LLOYD Hodges, Esq., late Colonel in the service of Her Most Faithful Majesty the Queen of Portugal. In
2 Vols. 8vo., with a map. London : Fraser. 1833. The recent fortunes of Portugal, it is scarcely necessary for us to say, are of a nature that will most likely maintain that country for a long time to come in a prominent position, and worthy of commanding the fixed attention of the states of Europe. The interest of England is now perhaps for the first time really excited towards Portugal. Hitherto we only knew the inhabitants of that kingdom in association with that generous beverage with which they supplied
But a commercial intercourse, however intimate it may be, VOL. IV. (1833) NO. I.
does not necessarily involve a sympathy of feeling between two nations, and hence the internal concerns of Portugal were mostly to the people of Great Britain, matters altogether insignificant. But when the cause of mankind, of virtue and humanity, was struggled for in Portugal, and when the people of that country shewed themselves as they have done, to be such worthy disciples of the great apostle of constitutional liberty, such as England may boast of being, then have they a right to expect, that, for that great cause alone, England will hail Portugal as an ally deserving all the affection which is due to a faithful, though a tardy follower of her standard.
Under the impressions that much public attention will be paid in future to the affairs of Portugal, we have deemed it our duty to avail ourselves of the present advantageous opportunity of enabling our readers to obtain a complete knowledge of a portion of the Portuguese history which forms an important subject to be borne in their remembrance in respect of the future destinies of that country. We do not think it necessary to dwell longer on the motives which induce us to present to the reader an account of the able report of Colonel Hodges of this passage in the annals of Portugal.
The intention of placing Donna Maria upon the throne of Portugal had been much longer conceived than the practicability of accomplishing it has been admitted as probable, and, at least, so far as the assistance of this country is concerned, it was not until late in 1831 that a certainty could be counted on that any co-operation would be furnished from this country to promote the cause of Donna Maria. At the period just mentioned, however, something practical was effected here, and an expedition was actually planned in England in the name of Donna Maria for Portugal, to vindicate her title to the crown. Some vexatious delays occurred in the prepartions, chiefly owing to the want of candour in the commercial men who promised to furnish the vessels for the purpose. These procrastinations had the effect, however, of giving to the opposite party an advantage which ultimately proved a source of embarrassment to the projectors of the expedition, and which was employed by the partizans of Dom Miguel, with an infinitely greater degree of zeal than of prudence or virtue. The centre of the intrigues which thus commenced amongst the Miguelites, was, according to Mr. Hodges, no other than Sampayo, the Portuguese consul-general, and an English individual whom he names. But though these were patronized by exalted persons, and though their exertions were unceasing in seeking to throw impediments in the way of Donna Maria's friends, yet they were incapable of producing any obstacle whiclt could materially affect the progress of the cause. Mr. Hodges, after stating his feelings upon the struggle which had thus been made against his exertions, expressed an anxious wish that the difficulties which his friends had to contend with were limited to those just described. But a far more powerful source of opposition was found in that bad
spirit which is found in Portugal. Faction,' says Mr. Hodges, 'of the worst description, tyranny of the deepest dye, selfish ambition, and mean intrigue, are mingled, as it were, in the very blood of the inhabitants, from the palace to the convent, and are yet farther traceable down to the cottage of the meanest peasant. These are the besetting sins of the Portuguese; these have been the fatal causes of their enfeebled condition for ages past; and these will go on to perpetuate their loss of national independence, unless the course of events should be so ordered by Providence as to open their eyes, through a severe and wholesome discipline, to the mischiefs which narrow principles of individual conduct cannot fail to entail upon them as a community. But if Sampayo and his myrmidons were in the least successful, that advantage was more than repaid by the other side by the effect which it had on their zeal, for it seems to have provoked Mr. Mendizabel, for instance, to bestir himself in such a way, and with such efficiency, as that depots through his activity were established in various parts of the town and country for the engagement of men, both for the land and sea-service; and the equipment of the ships proceeded with greater activity. There was, however, one drawback on the hopes of Mr. Hodges's party, arising from the disappointment at seeing, when the expedition was about to sail, that, instead of 1200 men as they expected coming in to enter the force, no more than 400 eventually joined them. The three ships which had been engaged for the expedition were now in readiness; they were cleared for a French port, but through the vigilance of Sampayo that destiny was discovered, and, chiefly by his instrumentality, were seized by the government. Luckily Lord Palmella arrived in the meantime from Terceira, the matter was referred to the law officers of the crown, and the dice of litiga tion most fortunately turning up for the good cause, the ships we'e released. But the men were not in the vessels, which, immediat:ly after the legal decision, proceeded on their destiny to Rolle ble, and Sampayo strained every nerve to stop their departure, sothat the grand object now was to enable these men to elude the vigiance, of the Miguelites and proceed to their destination. As a masure of safety, Colonel Hodges had latterly caused the men to be dvided into three detachments, having their places of rendezvous in dfferent parts of the town, with two officers to superintend the daily payment of each detachment. As the rendezvous were changed neary every other day, the espionage of the Miguelitish sect was in a great measure baffled, and the difficulty was lessened of making arrangements for the embarkation.
He also luckily encountered in his searches a Mr. A., who was, according to the Colonel, admirably qualified by local knowledge to assist in getting our force quietly and safely passed through the river. He was, I had understood, a man of intelligence, enterprise, and coast-wise habits, having also a perfect familiarity with every creek and private landing-place in the serpentine course of the
Thames. With him I immediately communicated. They advantage of his ruddy, bold, and bluff presence, was speedily obtained; and on my making known to him precisely the object I had in view, he entered warmly into it, and, with the frankness and boldness of character peculiar to the individual, admitted of no difficulties in the way of our design.
The Colonel had so succeeded in his arrangements, that, by the 14th December, 1831, he had a transport called the Edward lying off Deptford, ready for sea, and which was to take his men to their destination. The attempt which he made to succeed in his object is so rich in all the circumstances of humourous adventure as to be really worthy of the attention of the reader.
I proceeded on the same day, attended by the useful individual to whom I have before alluded, to select a spot from whence to forward the men to the transport. We pitched upon a yard close to the Nine Elms, public-house, a little way above Vauxhall-bridge, where Mr. A. had al. ready engaged four large barges to be stationed at the flowing of the tide, viz. at nine o'clock in the evening. Those who relate matters of adventure, are expected to be circumstantial; and I should therefore remark, that in these barges there was a provislon of dry straw to lie upon, together with other provision of bread, cheese, portes, tobacco, and pipes.
* Orders were sent in the mean time to the transport, to proceed and station herself off Gravesend, with a red light at her main, and a quarter of fresh beef hanging at her stern. The captain of this vessel knew nothing as to his destination, and was to await information on the subject from the owner, who was to come on board to receive the men, and issue the sailing orders.
During the early part of the day, Mr. A. had engaged six intelligent persons to conduct the men from the respective spots of rendezvous, by the several routes of Waterloo, Westminster, and Vauxhall bridges, to the apointed place of embarkation. The detachments were to arrive at half an our's interval from each other.
The officers handed over their charge to the guides at five o'clock in the aternoon. They had themselves received instructions to repair, at ten o'clog the same evening, to the Bricklayers' Arms, thence to accompany Mr. A to such point as he might conduct them to for embarkation. These gentlenen, having left their baggage to be sent after them in a separate vessel, vere destitute of some of the commonest personal comforts, being without any other change than that what could be contained within a small night-bas, which each of them carried in his hand. One or two, indeed, had takei the precaution to send a portmanteau on board the transport in the mornng; but I had given positive orders that nothing in the shape of uniform, or bearing a military appearance, should be taken on board." To this there was a general assent.
Indeed, so absorbed did these gentlemen appear, one and all, in the great object of the success of the undertaking, that no privation or personal inconvenience seemed in any degree to occupy their thoughts.'--pp. 19-21.
It happened that the Colonel was made acquainted with the movements of the Miguelites, who watched his proceedings, and he was
able to defeat them through his information, derived from an indi. vidual who received ten shillings a-day for his assistance from the Sampayo party, whilst fifteen were given him by the constitutionalists. Through this agent Colonel Hodges was able to effect the embarkation of his men on board the lighters, which would soon carry them without observation to the Edward. During this scene of embarkation in the lighters, Colonel Hodges was in a publichouse close by, of course apparently unconnected with the affair; but it is a curious fact, that the men having, in compliance with his directions, been confined to the holds, absolutely in going down the river shewed their tendency to amusement by singing. This attracted the people of the Thames police-boats, who pulled alongside, and asked them where they were going. The cut-and-dry answer of “hopping to Kent!" was furnished by Mr. A., who was in the leading barge. This queer reply was intelligible enough to the querists, who gave three cheers, and, wishing them success, pushed off.
The lighters only reached the transport the next morning; the men got on board, after which, Major Williams, two captains, four subalterns, and a surgeon, joined the party on board. Discontent and feuds arose in the vessel afterwards, so that it became indispensable to turn away forty-three of the most troublesome of the party, and upon their departure Colonel Hodges gave peremptory orders to the captain of the ship to get out of English waters with all the expedition that could possibly be practised, and make for Flushing. Here the vessel safely arrived, but in consequence of some remnant of the disorderlies still continuing in the vessel, and who in a spirit of discord made an appeal to the Dutch admiral, a prohibition was made against their landing, and it was with great difficulty that two of the officers were allowed to go ashore for four hours to purchase some necessaries. However, after leaving Flushing, the vessel had a prosperous run to Bellaisle, where they found two of the frigates of the expedition, and the smaller vessels of the squadron, all in the eagerness of preparation. As a striking specimen of the spirit for cavils about travels, which so unfortunately distinguishes the Portuguese character, the Colonel relates, that at the moment when it was to be presumed that more weighty matters were at least sharing their attention, three councils (if so they may be seriously styled) were held in Paris to decide on this momentous question! The young queen and the empress themselves were not absent from the discussion. It was proposed by the more liberal of the debaters that the flag-ship should be christened The Constitution, and that the Asia should bear the name she now swims by, the Donna Maria 11. In reference to the former, however, the juste milieu party were emphatic in supporting the appellation of Rainha da Portugal, which was not of so conpromising a character as that proposed by the honourable gentlemen on the opposite side--and their moderate principles prevailed.